Abstract

A detailed analysis of the vibration fringes obtained by phase stepping on a time-averaged electronic speckle pattern interferometer is presented. It is shown that the contrast of the fringes remains relatively high for any phase step between 30° and 180° for low electronic noise and fringe density. Also, for the four-phase-stepped method, the vibration fringes have the same contrast as that of the π-phase-shift method except that the high-frequency speckles are smoothed. The contrast of the fringes obtained with extra phase steps along with incoherent superimposition is shown to be higher than the single- or four-phase-step method. Both theory and experimental results are presented.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

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