Abstract

Two azo dyes were introduced in polyvinyl alcohol matrices giving thin solid colored films on which they can record polarization volume holograms in real time. These new azo dye polymer photosensitive systems have been holographically studied. Holographic characterization was investigated to determine its optimal and dynamical recording application conditions. Under a light exposure of 300 mJ/cm2, polarization volume real time holograms having 0.27% diffraction were produced. We present three simple uses based on the facts that these photosensitive films are erasable and reusable for many thousand write/read/erase cycles and that they may show a memory effect in specific conditions.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. A. Bartolini, H. A. Weakleim, B. F. Williams, “Review and Analysis of Optical Recording Media,” Opt. Eng. 15, 99–108 (1976).
  2. P. Hariharan, “Holographic, Recording Materials: Recent Developments,” Opt. Eng. 19, 636–641 (1980).
  3. B. J. Chang, “Dichromated Gelatin Holograms and Their Applications,” Opt. Eng. 19, 642–648 (1980).
  4. E. Chesneau, J. P. Fouassier, “Polymérisation induite sous irradiation laser visible,” Die Angew. Makro. Chemie 135, 41–64 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. Calixto, “Dry Polymer for Holographic Recording,” Appl. Opt. 26, 3904–3910 (1987).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. S. T. Kowel, L. Ye, Y. Zhang, L. M. Hayden, “Organic and Polymeric Thin Films for Nonlinear Optics,” Opt. Eng. 26, 107–112 (1987).
  7. T. Todorov, L. Nikolova, N. Tomova, “Polarization Holography. 2: Polarization Holographic Gratings in Photoanistropic Materials with and Without Intrinsic Birefringence,” Appl. Opt. 23, 4588–4591 (1984).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. D. J. Lougnot, D. Ritzenthaler, C. Carré, J. P. Fouassier, “A New Gated System for Two-Photon Holographic Recording in the Near Infrared,” J. Appl. Phys. 63, 4841 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  9. L. Nikolova, T. Todorov, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, “Polarization-Preserving Wavefront Reversal by Four-Wave Mixing in Photoanisotropic Materials,” Appl. Opt. 27, 1598–1602 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. J. J. A. Couture, R. A. Lessard, “Modulation Transfer Function Measurements for Thin Layers of Azo Dyes in PVA Matrix Used as an Optical Recording Material,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3368–3374 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. J. J. A. Couture, R. A. Lessard, “Effective Thickness Determination for Volume Transmission Multiplex Holograms,” Can. J. Phys. 64, 553–557 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  12. J. J. A. Couture, R. A. Lessard, “Diffraction efficiency changes induced by coupling effects between gratings of transmission holograms,” Optik 68, 69–80 (1984).

1988 (3)

1987 (2)

S. Calixto, “Dry Polymer for Holographic Recording,” Appl. Opt. 26, 3904–3910 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. T. Kowel, L. Ye, Y. Zhang, L. M. Hayden, “Organic and Polymeric Thin Films for Nonlinear Optics,” Opt. Eng. 26, 107–112 (1987).

1986 (1)

J. J. A. Couture, R. A. Lessard, “Effective Thickness Determination for Volume Transmission Multiplex Holograms,” Can. J. Phys. 64, 553–557 (1986).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

E. Chesneau, J. P. Fouassier, “Polymérisation induite sous irradiation laser visible,” Die Angew. Makro. Chemie 135, 41–64 (1985).
[Crossref]

1984 (2)

J. J. A. Couture, R. A. Lessard, “Diffraction efficiency changes induced by coupling effects between gratings of transmission holograms,” Optik 68, 69–80 (1984).

T. Todorov, L. Nikolova, N. Tomova, “Polarization Holography. 2: Polarization Holographic Gratings in Photoanistropic Materials with and Without Intrinsic Birefringence,” Appl. Opt. 23, 4588–4591 (1984).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1980 (2)

P. Hariharan, “Holographic, Recording Materials: Recent Developments,” Opt. Eng. 19, 636–641 (1980).

B. J. Chang, “Dichromated Gelatin Holograms and Their Applications,” Opt. Eng. 19, 642–648 (1980).

1976 (1)

R. A. Bartolini, H. A. Weakleim, B. F. Williams, “Review and Analysis of Optical Recording Media,” Opt. Eng. 15, 99–108 (1976).

Bartolini, R. A.

R. A. Bartolini, H. A. Weakleim, B. F. Williams, “Review and Analysis of Optical Recording Media,” Opt. Eng. 15, 99–108 (1976).

Calixto, S.

Carré, C.

D. J. Lougnot, D. Ritzenthaler, C. Carré, J. P. Fouassier, “A New Gated System for Two-Photon Holographic Recording in the Near Infrared,” J. Appl. Phys. 63, 4841 (1988).
[Crossref]

Chang, B. J.

B. J. Chang, “Dichromated Gelatin Holograms and Their Applications,” Opt. Eng. 19, 642–648 (1980).

Chesneau, E.

E. Chesneau, J. P. Fouassier, “Polymérisation induite sous irradiation laser visible,” Die Angew. Makro. Chemie 135, 41–64 (1985).
[Crossref]

Couture, J. J. A.

J. J. A. Couture, R. A. Lessard, “Modulation Transfer Function Measurements for Thin Layers of Azo Dyes in PVA Matrix Used as an Optical Recording Material,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3368–3374 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. A. Couture, R. A. Lessard, “Effective Thickness Determination for Volume Transmission Multiplex Holograms,” Can. J. Phys. 64, 553–557 (1986).
[Crossref]

J. J. A. Couture, R. A. Lessard, “Diffraction efficiency changes induced by coupling effects between gratings of transmission holograms,” Optik 68, 69–80 (1984).

Dragostinova, V.

Fouassier, J. P.

D. J. Lougnot, D. Ritzenthaler, C. Carré, J. P. Fouassier, “A New Gated System for Two-Photon Holographic Recording in the Near Infrared,” J. Appl. Phys. 63, 4841 (1988).
[Crossref]

E. Chesneau, J. P. Fouassier, “Polymérisation induite sous irradiation laser visible,” Die Angew. Makro. Chemie 135, 41–64 (1985).
[Crossref]

Hariharan, P.

P. Hariharan, “Holographic, Recording Materials: Recent Developments,” Opt. Eng. 19, 636–641 (1980).

Hayden, L. M.

S. T. Kowel, L. Ye, Y. Zhang, L. M. Hayden, “Organic and Polymeric Thin Films for Nonlinear Optics,” Opt. Eng. 26, 107–112 (1987).

Kowel, S. T.

S. T. Kowel, L. Ye, Y. Zhang, L. M. Hayden, “Organic and Polymeric Thin Films for Nonlinear Optics,” Opt. Eng. 26, 107–112 (1987).

Lessard, R. A.

J. J. A. Couture, R. A. Lessard, “Modulation Transfer Function Measurements for Thin Layers of Azo Dyes in PVA Matrix Used as an Optical Recording Material,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3368–3374 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. A. Couture, R. A. Lessard, “Effective Thickness Determination for Volume Transmission Multiplex Holograms,” Can. J. Phys. 64, 553–557 (1986).
[Crossref]

J. J. A. Couture, R. A. Lessard, “Diffraction efficiency changes induced by coupling effects between gratings of transmission holograms,” Optik 68, 69–80 (1984).

Lougnot, D. J.

D. J. Lougnot, D. Ritzenthaler, C. Carré, J. P. Fouassier, “A New Gated System for Two-Photon Holographic Recording in the Near Infrared,” J. Appl. Phys. 63, 4841 (1988).
[Crossref]

Nikolova, L.

Ritzenthaler, D.

D. J. Lougnot, D. Ritzenthaler, C. Carré, J. P. Fouassier, “A New Gated System for Two-Photon Holographic Recording in the Near Infrared,” J. Appl. Phys. 63, 4841 (1988).
[Crossref]

Todorov, T.

Tomova, N.

Weakleim, H. A.

R. A. Bartolini, H. A. Weakleim, B. F. Williams, “Review and Analysis of Optical Recording Media,” Opt. Eng. 15, 99–108 (1976).

Williams, B. F.

R. A. Bartolini, H. A. Weakleim, B. F. Williams, “Review and Analysis of Optical Recording Media,” Opt. Eng. 15, 99–108 (1976).

Ye, L.

S. T. Kowel, L. Ye, Y. Zhang, L. M. Hayden, “Organic and Polymeric Thin Films for Nonlinear Optics,” Opt. Eng. 26, 107–112 (1987).

Zhang, Y.

S. T. Kowel, L. Ye, Y. Zhang, L. M. Hayden, “Organic and Polymeric Thin Films for Nonlinear Optics,” Opt. Eng. 26, 107–112 (1987).

Appl. Opt. (4)

Can. J. Phys. (1)

J. J. A. Couture, R. A. Lessard, “Effective Thickness Determination for Volume Transmission Multiplex Holograms,” Can. J. Phys. 64, 553–557 (1986).
[Crossref]

Die Angew. Makro. Chemie (1)

E. Chesneau, J. P. Fouassier, “Polymérisation induite sous irradiation laser visible,” Die Angew. Makro. Chemie 135, 41–64 (1985).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. J. Lougnot, D. Ritzenthaler, C. Carré, J. P. Fouassier, “A New Gated System for Two-Photon Holographic Recording in the Near Infrared,” J. Appl. Phys. 63, 4841 (1988).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (4)

S. T. Kowel, L. Ye, Y. Zhang, L. M. Hayden, “Organic and Polymeric Thin Films for Nonlinear Optics,” Opt. Eng. 26, 107–112 (1987).

R. A. Bartolini, H. A. Weakleim, B. F. Williams, “Review and Analysis of Optical Recording Media,” Opt. Eng. 15, 99–108 (1976).

P. Hariharan, “Holographic, Recording Materials: Recent Developments,” Opt. Eng. 19, 636–641 (1980).

B. J. Chang, “Dichromated Gelatin Holograms and Their Applications,” Opt. Eng. 19, 642–648 (1980).

Optik (1)

J. J. A. Couture, R. A. Lessard, “Diffraction efficiency changes induced by coupling effects between gratings of transmission holograms,” Optik 68, 69–80 (1984).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (15)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Condensed structural formula of the three studied azo dyes.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption spectra of unexposed azo-dye/PVA films: (A) mordant yellow 3R/PVA (2 × 10−2 M, D = 30 μm); (B) chrysoidine/PVA (2 × 10−3 M, D = 15 μm); and (C) methyl orange/PVA (2 × 10−4 M, D = 30 μm).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spatial frequency analyzer setup.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Kinetic grating growth and erasing in mordant yellow 3R/PVA films under orthogonal left and right polarized beams.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Kinetic curve for chrysoidine/PVA films.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Kinetic curves for methyl orange/PVA films.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Kinetic grating growth of mordant yellow 3R/PVA films under linear crossed polarized beams exposure.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Kinetic grating growth with respect to beam ratio for mordant yellow 3R/PVA films.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

MTF curves for mordant yellow 3R/PVA films.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

MTF curves for chrysoidine/PVA films.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

MTF curves for methyl orange/PVA films.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Real time laboratory detector using a simple HOE.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Laboratory vibrations detection by using real time recording in azo-dye/PVA films.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Holographic optical element construction and utilization as a beam splitter-combiner.

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

Real time interferometric measurement of small mechanical movement by using compound azo-dye/PVA films.

Metrics