Abstract

We describe measurements using coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) of the local temperature field near a combusting droplet stream. Synchronizing the CARS measurements with the droplets in the stream permits correlations between the temperature field and the droplet position.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. A. J. Druct, J. P. E. Taran, “CARS spectroscopy,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 7, 1–72 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. J. Valentini, “Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy,” in Spectrometric Techniques IV, G. A. Vanasse, ed. (Academic, New York, 1985), pp. 1–59.
  3. A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species (Abacus, Cambridge, Mass., 1988).
  4. J. B. Snow, S.-X. Qian, R. K. Chang, “Stimulated Raman scattering from individual water and ethanol droplets at morphology-dependent resonances,” Opt. Lett. 10, 37–39 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. Chýlek, M. A. Jarzembski, V. Srivastava, R. G. Pinnick, J. D. Pendleton, J. P. Cruncleton, “Effect of spherical particles on laser-induced breakdown of gases,” Appl. Opt. 26, 760–762 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. K. Chang, J. H. Eickmans, W.-F. Hsieh, C. F. Wood, J.-Z. Zhang, J.-B. Zheng, “Laser-induced breakdown in large transparent water droplets,” Appl. Opt. 27, 2377–2385 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. R. N. Berglund, B. Y. H. Liu, “Generation of a monodisperse aerosol standard,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 7, 147–153 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. E. Palmer, “The carsft computer code for calculating coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectra: user and programmer information,” Tech. Rep. SAND 89-8206 (Sandia National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1989).
  9. R. L. Farrow, R. P. Lucht, W. L. Flower, R. E. Palmer, “Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy measurements of temperature and acetylene spectra in a sooting diffusion flame,” in Proceedings of 20th Symposium (International) on Combustion (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1984), pp. 1307–1312.
  10. R. P. Lucht, R. E. Teets, R. M. Green, C. R. Ferguson, “Unburned gas temperatures in an internal combustion engine, I, CARS temperature measurements,” Combust. Sci. Technol 55, 41–61 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. W. Boyack, “A study of turbulent nonpremixed jet flame of CO/N2 using coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy,” Ph.D. dissertation (Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, 1990).
  12. R. L. Farrow, R. P. Lucht, L. A. Rahn, “Measurements of the nonresonant third-order susceptibilities of gases using coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1241–1246 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J.-Y. Zhu, D. Dunn-Rankin, G. S. Samuelsen, “CARS temperature measurements near a combusting droplet stream,” presented at the Western States Section of the Combustion Institute Fall Meeting, San Diego, Calif., 14–16 October 1990.

1988

1987

1985

1981

S. A. J. Druct, J. P. E. Taran, “CARS spectroscopy,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 7, 1–72 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1973

R. N. Berglund, B. Y. H. Liu, “Generation of a monodisperse aerosol standard,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 7, 147–153 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Berglund, R. N.

R. N. Berglund, B. Y. H. Liu, “Generation of a monodisperse aerosol standard,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 7, 147–153 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Boyack, K. W.

K. W. Boyack, “A study of turbulent nonpremixed jet flame of CO/N2 using coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy,” Ph.D. dissertation (Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, 1990).

Chang, R. K.

Chýlek, P.

Cruncleton, J. P.

Druct, S. A. J.

S. A. J. Druct, J. P. E. Taran, “CARS spectroscopy,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 7, 1–72 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Dunn-Rankin, D.

J.-Y. Zhu, D. Dunn-Rankin, G. S. Samuelsen, “CARS temperature measurements near a combusting droplet stream,” presented at the Western States Section of the Combustion Institute Fall Meeting, San Diego, Calif., 14–16 October 1990.

Eckbreth, A. C.

A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species (Abacus, Cambridge, Mass., 1988).

Eickmans, J. H.

Farrow, R. L.

R. L. Farrow, R. P. Lucht, L. A. Rahn, “Measurements of the nonresonant third-order susceptibilities of gases using coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1241–1246 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Farrow, R. P. Lucht, W. L. Flower, R. E. Palmer, “Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy measurements of temperature and acetylene spectra in a sooting diffusion flame,” in Proceedings of 20th Symposium (International) on Combustion (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1984), pp. 1307–1312.

Ferguson, C. R.

R. P. Lucht, R. E. Teets, R. M. Green, C. R. Ferguson, “Unburned gas temperatures in an internal combustion engine, I, CARS temperature measurements,” Combust. Sci. Technol 55, 41–61 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Flower, W. L.

R. L. Farrow, R. P. Lucht, W. L. Flower, R. E. Palmer, “Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy measurements of temperature and acetylene spectra in a sooting diffusion flame,” in Proceedings of 20th Symposium (International) on Combustion (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1984), pp. 1307–1312.

Green, R. M.

R. P. Lucht, R. E. Teets, R. M. Green, C. R. Ferguson, “Unburned gas temperatures in an internal combustion engine, I, CARS temperature measurements,” Combust. Sci. Technol 55, 41–61 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Hsieh, W.-F.

Jarzembski, M. A.

Liu, B. Y. H.

R. N. Berglund, B. Y. H. Liu, “Generation of a monodisperse aerosol standard,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 7, 147–153 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Lucht, R. P.

R. P. Lucht, R. E. Teets, R. M. Green, C. R. Ferguson, “Unburned gas temperatures in an internal combustion engine, I, CARS temperature measurements,” Combust. Sci. Technol 55, 41–61 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Farrow, R. P. Lucht, L. A. Rahn, “Measurements of the nonresonant third-order susceptibilities of gases using coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1241–1246 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Farrow, R. P. Lucht, W. L. Flower, R. E. Palmer, “Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy measurements of temperature and acetylene spectra in a sooting diffusion flame,” in Proceedings of 20th Symposium (International) on Combustion (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1984), pp. 1307–1312.

Palmer, R. E.

R. L. Farrow, R. P. Lucht, W. L. Flower, R. E. Palmer, “Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy measurements of temperature and acetylene spectra in a sooting diffusion flame,” in Proceedings of 20th Symposium (International) on Combustion (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1984), pp. 1307–1312.

R. E. Palmer, “The carsft computer code for calculating coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectra: user and programmer information,” Tech. Rep. SAND 89-8206 (Sandia National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1989).

Pendleton, J. D.

Pinnick, R. G.

Qian, S.-X.

Rahn, L. A.

Samuelsen, G. S.

J.-Y. Zhu, D. Dunn-Rankin, G. S. Samuelsen, “CARS temperature measurements near a combusting droplet stream,” presented at the Western States Section of the Combustion Institute Fall Meeting, San Diego, Calif., 14–16 October 1990.

Snow, J. B.

Srivastava, V.

Taran, J. P. E.

S. A. J. Druct, J. P. E. Taran, “CARS spectroscopy,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 7, 1–72 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Teets, R. E.

R. P. Lucht, R. E. Teets, R. M. Green, C. R. Ferguson, “Unburned gas temperatures in an internal combustion engine, I, CARS temperature measurements,” Combust. Sci. Technol 55, 41–61 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Valentini, J. J.

J. J. Valentini, “Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy,” in Spectrometric Techniques IV, G. A. Vanasse, ed. (Academic, New York, 1985), pp. 1–59.

Wood, C. F.

Zhang, J.-Z.

Zheng, J.-B.

Zhu, J.-Y.

J.-Y. Zhu, D. Dunn-Rankin, G. S. Samuelsen, “CARS temperature measurements near a combusting droplet stream,” presented at the Western States Section of the Combustion Institute Fall Meeting, San Diego, Calif., 14–16 October 1990.

Appl. Opt.

Combust. Sci. Technol

R. P. Lucht, R. E. Teets, R. M. Green, C. R. Ferguson, “Unburned gas temperatures in an internal combustion engine, I, CARS temperature measurements,” Combust. Sci. Technol 55, 41–61 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Environ. Sci. Technol.

R. N. Berglund, B. Y. H. Liu, “Generation of a monodisperse aerosol standard,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 7, 147–153 (1973).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Lett.

Prog. Quantum Electron.

S. A. J. Druct, J. P. E. Taran, “CARS spectroscopy,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 7, 1–72 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Other

J. J. Valentini, “Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy,” in Spectrometric Techniques IV, G. A. Vanasse, ed. (Academic, New York, 1985), pp. 1–59.

A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species (Abacus, Cambridge, Mass., 1988).

R. E. Palmer, “The carsft computer code for calculating coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectra: user and programmer information,” Tech. Rep. SAND 89-8206 (Sandia National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1989).

R. L. Farrow, R. P. Lucht, W. L. Flower, R. E. Palmer, “Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy measurements of temperature and acetylene spectra in a sooting diffusion flame,” in Proceedings of 20th Symposium (International) on Combustion (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1984), pp. 1307–1312.

K. W. Boyack, “A study of turbulent nonpremixed jet flame of CO/N2 using coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy,” Ph.D. dissertation (Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, 1990).

J.-Y. Zhu, D. Dunn-Rankin, G. S. Samuelsen, “CARS temperature measurements near a combusting droplet stream,” presented at the Western States Section of the Combustion Institute Fall Meeting, San Diego, Calif., 14–16 October 1990.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experiment. IPDA, intensified photodiode array camera.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Relative spatial scale of CARS sample volume, methanol droplet, and flame zone.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

CARS temperature measurements across the droplet stream flame 70 mm downstream of the ignition source. (a) The on-droplet profile, (b) the between-droplet profile.

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