Abstract

A method is presented which permits control of the reconstruction wavelength of reflection holograms and holographic optical elements. This approach makes use of developer and bleach which minimize emulsion shrinkage combined with control of ambient humidity to control the emulsion shrinkage during formation and reconstruction. A simple index matching approach to the elimination of the wood grain effect in reflection holograms is also presented.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. L. H. Lin, K. S. Pennington, G. W. Stroke, A. E. Labeyrie, “Multicolor Holographic Image Reconstruction with White Light Illumination,” Bell Sys. Tech. J. 45, 659–660 (1966).
  2. J. Upatnieks, J. Marks, R. Fedorowicz, “Color Holograms for White Light Reconstruction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 286–287 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. H. R. Vilkomerson, D. Bostwick, “Some Effects of Emulsion Shrinkage on a Holograms Image Space,” Appl. Opt. 6, 1270–1272 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  4. O. Bryngdahl, “Can Detrimental Effects in Photographic Volume Holograms be Compensated for?,” Appl. Opt. 11, 195 (1972).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. H. J. Caulfield, Handbook of Optical Holography. (Academic, New York, 1979).
  6. Y. Denisyuk, I. R. Protas, “Improved Lippman Photographic Plates for Recording Stationary Light Waves,” Opt. Spectrosc. USSR 14, 381–383 (1963).
  7. G. Saxby, Practical Holography (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1988).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. M. Boone, “Some Problems Associated with Processing Agfa-Gevaert 8E75HD Sheet Film for Reflection Holography,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 600, 172–177 (1985).
  9. D. J. Cooke, A. A. Ward, “Reflection Hologram Processing for High Efficiency in Silver Halide Emulsions,” Appl. Opt. 23, 934–941 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. L. Walker, S. A. Benton, “In-Situ Swelling for Holographic Color Control,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1051, 192–199 (1989).
  11. P. Hariharan, “Improved Techniques for Multicolour Reflection Holograms,” J. Opt. Paris 11, 53–55 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. M. Hubel, A. A. Ward, “Color Reflection Holography,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1051, 18–24 (1989).
  13. K. M. Johnson, L. Hesselink, J. W. Goodman, “Multiple Exposure Holographic Display of CT Medical Data,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 367, 149–154 (1982).
  14. N. Nishida, M. Sakaguchi, “Improvement of Nonuniformity of the Reconstructed Beam Intensity of a Multiple-Exposure Hologram,” Appl. Opt. 10, 439–440 (1971).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989

J. L. Walker, S. A. Benton, “In-Situ Swelling for Holographic Color Control,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1051, 192–199 (1989).

P. M. Hubel, A. A. Ward, “Color Reflection Holography,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1051, 18–24 (1989).

1985

P. M. Boone, “Some Problems Associated with Processing Agfa-Gevaert 8E75HD Sheet Film for Reflection Holography,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 600, 172–177 (1985).

1984

1982

K. M. Johnson, L. Hesselink, J. W. Goodman, “Multiple Exposure Holographic Display of CT Medical Data,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 367, 149–154 (1982).

1980

P. Hariharan, “Improved Techniques for Multicolour Reflection Holograms,” J. Opt. Paris 11, 53–55 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1972

1971

1966

D. H. R. Vilkomerson, D. Bostwick, “Some Effects of Emulsion Shrinkage on a Holograms Image Space,” Appl. Opt. 6, 1270–1272 (1966).
[CrossRef]

L. H. Lin, K. S. Pennington, G. W. Stroke, A. E. Labeyrie, “Multicolor Holographic Image Reconstruction with White Light Illumination,” Bell Sys. Tech. J. 45, 659–660 (1966).

J. Upatnieks, J. Marks, R. Fedorowicz, “Color Holograms for White Light Reconstruction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 286–287 (1966).
[CrossRef]

1963

Y. Denisyuk, I. R. Protas, “Improved Lippman Photographic Plates for Recording Stationary Light Waves,” Opt. Spectrosc. USSR 14, 381–383 (1963).

Benton, S. A.

J. L. Walker, S. A. Benton, “In-Situ Swelling for Holographic Color Control,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1051, 192–199 (1989).

Boone, P. M.

P. M. Boone, “Some Problems Associated with Processing Agfa-Gevaert 8E75HD Sheet Film for Reflection Holography,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 600, 172–177 (1985).

Bostwick, D.

Bryngdahl, O.

Caulfield, H. J.

H. J. Caulfield, Handbook of Optical Holography. (Academic, New York, 1979).

Cooke, D. J.

Denisyuk, Y.

Y. Denisyuk, I. R. Protas, “Improved Lippman Photographic Plates for Recording Stationary Light Waves,” Opt. Spectrosc. USSR 14, 381–383 (1963).

Fedorowicz, R.

J. Upatnieks, J. Marks, R. Fedorowicz, “Color Holograms for White Light Reconstruction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 286–287 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Goodman, J. W.

K. M. Johnson, L. Hesselink, J. W. Goodman, “Multiple Exposure Holographic Display of CT Medical Data,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 367, 149–154 (1982).

Hariharan, P.

P. Hariharan, “Improved Techniques for Multicolour Reflection Holograms,” J. Opt. Paris 11, 53–55 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Hesselink, L.

K. M. Johnson, L. Hesselink, J. W. Goodman, “Multiple Exposure Holographic Display of CT Medical Data,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 367, 149–154 (1982).

Hubel, P. M.

P. M. Hubel, A. A. Ward, “Color Reflection Holography,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1051, 18–24 (1989).

Johnson, K. M.

K. M. Johnson, L. Hesselink, J. W. Goodman, “Multiple Exposure Holographic Display of CT Medical Data,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 367, 149–154 (1982).

Labeyrie, A. E.

L. H. Lin, K. S. Pennington, G. W. Stroke, A. E. Labeyrie, “Multicolor Holographic Image Reconstruction with White Light Illumination,” Bell Sys. Tech. J. 45, 659–660 (1966).

Lin, L. H.

L. H. Lin, K. S. Pennington, G. W. Stroke, A. E. Labeyrie, “Multicolor Holographic Image Reconstruction with White Light Illumination,” Bell Sys. Tech. J. 45, 659–660 (1966).

Marks, J.

J. Upatnieks, J. Marks, R. Fedorowicz, “Color Holograms for White Light Reconstruction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 286–287 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Nishida, N.

Pennington, K. S.

L. H. Lin, K. S. Pennington, G. W. Stroke, A. E. Labeyrie, “Multicolor Holographic Image Reconstruction with White Light Illumination,” Bell Sys. Tech. J. 45, 659–660 (1966).

Protas, I. R.

Y. Denisyuk, I. R. Protas, “Improved Lippman Photographic Plates for Recording Stationary Light Waves,” Opt. Spectrosc. USSR 14, 381–383 (1963).

Sakaguchi, M.

Saxby, G.

G. Saxby, Practical Holography (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1988).
[CrossRef]

Stroke, G. W.

L. H. Lin, K. S. Pennington, G. W. Stroke, A. E. Labeyrie, “Multicolor Holographic Image Reconstruction with White Light Illumination,” Bell Sys. Tech. J. 45, 659–660 (1966).

Upatnieks, J.

J. Upatnieks, J. Marks, R. Fedorowicz, “Color Holograms for White Light Reconstruction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 286–287 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Vilkomerson, D. H. R.

Walker, J. L.

J. L. Walker, S. A. Benton, “In-Situ Swelling for Holographic Color Control,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1051, 192–199 (1989).

Ward, A. A.

P. M. Hubel, A. A. Ward, “Color Reflection Holography,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1051, 18–24 (1989).

D. J. Cooke, A. A. Ward, “Reflection Hologram Processing for High Efficiency in Silver Halide Emulsions,” Appl. Opt. 23, 934–941 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. Upatnieks, J. Marks, R. Fedorowicz, “Color Holograms for White Light Reconstruction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 286–287 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Bell Sys. Tech. J.

L. H. Lin, K. S. Pennington, G. W. Stroke, A. E. Labeyrie, “Multicolor Holographic Image Reconstruction with White Light Illumination,” Bell Sys. Tech. J. 45, 659–660 (1966).

J. Opt. Paris

P. Hariharan, “Improved Techniques for Multicolour Reflection Holograms,” J. Opt. Paris 11, 53–55 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Spectrosc. USSR

Y. Denisyuk, I. R. Protas, “Improved Lippman Photographic Plates for Recording Stationary Light Waves,” Opt. Spectrosc. USSR 14, 381–383 (1963).

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.

P. M. Boone, “Some Problems Associated with Processing Agfa-Gevaert 8E75HD Sheet Film for Reflection Holography,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 600, 172–177 (1985).

J. L. Walker, S. A. Benton, “In-Situ Swelling for Holographic Color Control,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1051, 192–199 (1989).

P. M. Hubel, A. A. Ward, “Color Reflection Holography,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1051, 18–24 (1989).

K. M. Johnson, L. Hesselink, J. W. Goodman, “Multiple Exposure Holographic Display of CT Medical Data,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 367, 149–154 (1982).

Other

H. J. Caulfield, Handbook of Optical Holography. (Academic, New York, 1979).

G. Saxby, Practical Holography (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1988).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Setup used for recording reflection HOEs at different levels of constant humidity.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Refractive index matching configuration using glass plates with sugar water film.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Reconstruction wavelength vs relative humidity at reconstruction, for optimum angles (given in Fig. 6). Wavelength at formation was 633 nm. Formation humidities were: ⊡, 95%; ◆, 80%; ■, 60%; ◇, 40%; ■, 20%.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Average change in reconstruction wavelength for optimum angles (given in Fig. 6) vs change in relative humidity at reconstruction for the five test HOEs.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Average effect of relative humidity at formation on reconstruction wavelength for a constant reconstruction humidity, for optimum angles, as given in Fig. 6.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Angle of diffracted beam vs reconstruction humidity, at peak wavelengths, as given in Fig. 3 (data point symbols same as in Fig. 3).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Diffraction efficiency vs relative humidity at reconstruction for various values of relative humidity at formation RHf at peak wavelengths and optimal angles (data point symbols same as in Fig. 3).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table I Processing Procedures for Experimental HOEs

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