A single-mode fiber is employed as a detector in a confocal scanning optical microscope (CSOM) instead of a pinhole and its optical property is studied. The optical system is always coherent, which is fundamentally different from the CSOM with a finite-sized pinhole. The coherent transfer function and the axial response are calculated. Experimentally, the coherent image is taken and the axial response is also measured.
© 1991 Optical Society of America
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