Abstract

The specific features of optical digital computers in integrated circuit form, whose principle of operation is based on electrooptic light modulation, are considered. The design of an array processor unit is described. It is shown that the optical communication channels introduced into integrated circuit structures with the help of thin film light modulators enable one to reduce, compared to electronics with equivalent functional capability, the total number of device components by 2 orders of magnitude, the interconnections area by an order of magnitude, and to increase performance by a factor of m (m is the image dimension). The experimental results of studying a cell of dynamic memory constructed with the above components are presented.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. M. Solomon, “Comparison of Semiconductor Devices for High-Speed Logic,” Proc. IEEE 70, 489–510 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. L. Fraser et al., “Gigabit Logic Circuits with Scales NMOS,” in ESSARC Digest of Technical Papers (1981), pp. 202–204.
  3. M. Abe, T. Mimura, N. Yokoyama, H. Ishikawa, “New Technology Toward GaAs LST/VLSI for Computer Applications,” IEEE Trans Electron Devices ED-29, 1088–1094 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W. R. Iversen, “A New High-Power Model of the CRAY Series of Supercomputers,” Electronics V55, N9, pp. 39–40 (1982).
  5. T. T. Dao, “Author, Add Title to the Galleys,” in IEEE COMPCON Spring (1981), p. 184.
  6. R. W. Keyes, “Fundamental Limits in Digital Data Processing,” Proc. IEEE 69, 267–278 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. W. Sumhey, “VLSI with a Vengeance,” IEEE Spectrum 17, No. 4, 24–27 (1980).
  8. T. Chiba, “Impact of the LSI on High-Speed Computer Packaging,” IEEE Trans. Comput. C-27, 319–325 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. S. Landman, R. L. Russo, “On a Pin Versus Block Relationship for Partition of Logic Graphs,” IEEE Trans. Comput. C-20, 1469–1479 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. I. Elinson, A. A. Shikanov, “Interconnection Problems in Modern Microelectronics,” Mikroelektronika 13, 179–195 (1984).
  11. A. Lou, “Physical Realization of Digital Logic Circuits,” in Micropower Electronics (Sovetskoe Radio, Moscow, 1967), in Russian.
  12. A. Abraham, K. T. Seaton, S. D. Smith, “An Optical Computer,” V Mire Nauki, No. 4, 15–25 (1983).
  13. W. F. Kosonocky, “Laser Digital Devices,” in International State Circuit Conference N. (1965), p. 269.
  14. K. Smith, “The Optical Transistor Operating at Room Temperature—The Forerunner in the Design of Super-High-Speed Computers,” Electronics 56, No. 6, 76–78 (1983).
  15. L. Waller, “Components for Optical Logic Start to Click,” Electronics 55, No. 26, 31–32 (1982).
  16. E. G. Kostsov et al., “Features of the Physical Realization of an Optical RAM,” Avtometriia, No. 4, 3–7 (1976).
  17. E. G. Kostsov, V. K. Malinovsky, Y. E. Nesterichin, A. J. Potapov, “Some Peculiarities of Realization of Operation Optical Memory,” in Optical Information Processing (publisher, Washington, DC, 1975).
  18. E. G. Kostsov, A. I. Mishin, “Photoelectrooptical Logic Elements,” Avtometriia, No. 1, 28–34 (1976).
  19. V. M. Egorov, E. G. Kostsov, “Features of Communications Arrangement in Optical Digital Computers Based on the Light Beam Modulation,” Avtometriia, No. 5, 111–113 (1981).
  20. E. G. Kostsov, A. I. Mishin, “Features of the Construction of Optical Computers,” Mikroelektronika 6, 139–151 (1977).
  21. E. G. Kostsov, A. N. Potapov, “A Threshold Logic Element,” Avtometriia, No. 5, 93–94 (1976).
  22. I. L. Baginsky et al., “Some Peculiarities of Strontium Barium Niobate Films and Their Electrophysical Properties,” Ferroelectrics 22, 783–784 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  23. V. M. Egorov, E. G. Kostsov, “The Prospects for Constructing High-Performance Optical Digital Computers,” Autometriia, No. 1, 114–126 (1985).
  24. V. A. Bobylev et al., “Amplitude Light Modulators Based on the Franz-Keldysh Effect, Made on Heteroepitaxial Structures,” Z. Tech. Phys. 51, 2172–2173 (1981).
  25. V. D. Anshigin, E. G. Kostsov, L. N. Sterelychina, “Pulsed Electrooptical Modulation of Light in Thin Ferroelectric Films,” Avtometriia, No. 5, 98–100 (1983).
  26. T. H. Wood et al., “High-Speed Optical Modulation with GaAs/GaAlAs Quantum Wells in a p-i-n Diode Structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 16–18 (1984).
    [CrossRef]

1985

V. M. Egorov, E. G. Kostsov, “The Prospects for Constructing High-Performance Optical Digital Computers,” Autometriia, No. 1, 114–126 (1985).

1984

N. I. Elinson, A. A. Shikanov, “Interconnection Problems in Modern Microelectronics,” Mikroelektronika 13, 179–195 (1984).

T. H. Wood et al., “High-Speed Optical Modulation with GaAs/GaAlAs Quantum Wells in a p-i-n Diode Structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 16–18 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983

V. D. Anshigin, E. G. Kostsov, L. N. Sterelychina, “Pulsed Electrooptical Modulation of Light in Thin Ferroelectric Films,” Avtometriia, No. 5, 98–100 (1983).

A. Abraham, K. T. Seaton, S. D. Smith, “An Optical Computer,” V Mire Nauki, No. 4, 15–25 (1983).

K. Smith, “The Optical Transistor Operating at Room Temperature—The Forerunner in the Design of Super-High-Speed Computers,” Electronics 56, No. 6, 76–78 (1983).

1982

L. Waller, “Components for Optical Logic Start to Click,” Electronics 55, No. 26, 31–32 (1982).

P. M. Solomon, “Comparison of Semiconductor Devices for High-Speed Logic,” Proc. IEEE 70, 489–510 (1982).
[CrossRef]

M. Abe, T. Mimura, N. Yokoyama, H. Ishikawa, “New Technology Toward GaAs LST/VLSI for Computer Applications,” IEEE Trans Electron Devices ED-29, 1088–1094 (1982).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Iversen, “A New High-Power Model of the CRAY Series of Supercomputers,” Electronics V55, N9, pp. 39–40 (1982).

1981

T. T. Dao, “Author, Add Title to the Galleys,” in IEEE COMPCON Spring (1981), p. 184.

R. W. Keyes, “Fundamental Limits in Digital Data Processing,” Proc. IEEE 69, 267–278 (1981).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Fraser et al., “Gigabit Logic Circuits with Scales NMOS,” in ESSARC Digest of Technical Papers (1981), pp. 202–204.

V. A. Bobylev et al., “Amplitude Light Modulators Based on the Franz-Keldysh Effect, Made on Heteroepitaxial Structures,” Z. Tech. Phys. 51, 2172–2173 (1981).

V. M. Egorov, E. G. Kostsov, “Features of Communications Arrangement in Optical Digital Computers Based on the Light Beam Modulation,” Avtometriia, No. 5, 111–113 (1981).

1980

L. W. Sumhey, “VLSI with a Vengeance,” IEEE Spectrum 17, No. 4, 24–27 (1980).

1979

T. Chiba, “Impact of the LSI on High-Speed Computer Packaging,” IEEE Trans. Comput. C-27, 319–325 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978

I. L. Baginsky et al., “Some Peculiarities of Strontium Barium Niobate Films and Their Electrophysical Properties,” Ferroelectrics 22, 783–784 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977

E. G. Kostsov, A. I. Mishin, “Features of the Construction of Optical Computers,” Mikroelektronika 6, 139–151 (1977).

1976

E. G. Kostsov, A. N. Potapov, “A Threshold Logic Element,” Avtometriia, No. 5, 93–94 (1976).

E. G. Kostsov et al., “Features of the Physical Realization of an Optical RAM,” Avtometriia, No. 4, 3–7 (1976).

E. G. Kostsov, A. I. Mishin, “Photoelectrooptical Logic Elements,” Avtometriia, No. 1, 28–34 (1976).

1971

B. S. Landman, R. L. Russo, “On a Pin Versus Block Relationship for Partition of Logic Graphs,” IEEE Trans. Comput. C-20, 1469–1479 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1965

W. F. Kosonocky, “Laser Digital Devices,” in International State Circuit Conference N. (1965), p. 269.

Abe, M.

M. Abe, T. Mimura, N. Yokoyama, H. Ishikawa, “New Technology Toward GaAs LST/VLSI for Computer Applications,” IEEE Trans Electron Devices ED-29, 1088–1094 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Abraham, A.

A. Abraham, K. T. Seaton, S. D. Smith, “An Optical Computer,” V Mire Nauki, No. 4, 15–25 (1983).

Anshigin, V. D.

V. D. Anshigin, E. G. Kostsov, L. N. Sterelychina, “Pulsed Electrooptical Modulation of Light in Thin Ferroelectric Films,” Avtometriia, No. 5, 98–100 (1983).

Baginsky, I. L.

I. L. Baginsky et al., “Some Peculiarities of Strontium Barium Niobate Films and Their Electrophysical Properties,” Ferroelectrics 22, 783–784 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Bobylev, V. A.

V. A. Bobylev et al., “Amplitude Light Modulators Based on the Franz-Keldysh Effect, Made on Heteroepitaxial Structures,” Z. Tech. Phys. 51, 2172–2173 (1981).

Chiba, T.

T. Chiba, “Impact of the LSI on High-Speed Computer Packaging,” IEEE Trans. Comput. C-27, 319–325 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Dao, T. T.

T. T. Dao, “Author, Add Title to the Galleys,” in IEEE COMPCON Spring (1981), p. 184.

Egorov, V. M.

V. M. Egorov, E. G. Kostsov, “The Prospects for Constructing High-Performance Optical Digital Computers,” Autometriia, No. 1, 114–126 (1985).

V. M. Egorov, E. G. Kostsov, “Features of Communications Arrangement in Optical Digital Computers Based on the Light Beam Modulation,” Avtometriia, No. 5, 111–113 (1981).

Elinson, N. I.

N. I. Elinson, A. A. Shikanov, “Interconnection Problems in Modern Microelectronics,” Mikroelektronika 13, 179–195 (1984).

Fraser, D. L.

D. L. Fraser et al., “Gigabit Logic Circuits with Scales NMOS,” in ESSARC Digest of Technical Papers (1981), pp. 202–204.

Ishikawa, H.

M. Abe, T. Mimura, N. Yokoyama, H. Ishikawa, “New Technology Toward GaAs LST/VLSI for Computer Applications,” IEEE Trans Electron Devices ED-29, 1088–1094 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Iversen, W. R.

W. R. Iversen, “A New High-Power Model of the CRAY Series of Supercomputers,” Electronics V55, N9, pp. 39–40 (1982).

Keyes, R. W.

R. W. Keyes, “Fundamental Limits in Digital Data Processing,” Proc. IEEE 69, 267–278 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Kosonocky, W. F.

W. F. Kosonocky, “Laser Digital Devices,” in International State Circuit Conference N. (1965), p. 269.

Kostsov, E. G.

V. M. Egorov, E. G. Kostsov, “The Prospects for Constructing High-Performance Optical Digital Computers,” Autometriia, No. 1, 114–126 (1985).

V. D. Anshigin, E. G. Kostsov, L. N. Sterelychina, “Pulsed Electrooptical Modulation of Light in Thin Ferroelectric Films,” Avtometriia, No. 5, 98–100 (1983).

V. M. Egorov, E. G. Kostsov, “Features of Communications Arrangement in Optical Digital Computers Based on the Light Beam Modulation,” Avtometriia, No. 5, 111–113 (1981).

E. G. Kostsov, A. I. Mishin, “Features of the Construction of Optical Computers,” Mikroelektronika 6, 139–151 (1977).

E. G. Kostsov et al., “Features of the Physical Realization of an Optical RAM,” Avtometriia, No. 4, 3–7 (1976).

E. G. Kostsov, A. I. Mishin, “Photoelectrooptical Logic Elements,” Avtometriia, No. 1, 28–34 (1976).

E. G. Kostsov, A. N. Potapov, “A Threshold Logic Element,” Avtometriia, No. 5, 93–94 (1976).

E. G. Kostsov, V. K. Malinovsky, Y. E. Nesterichin, A. J. Potapov, “Some Peculiarities of Realization of Operation Optical Memory,” in Optical Information Processing (publisher, Washington, DC, 1975).

Landman, B. S.

B. S. Landman, R. L. Russo, “On a Pin Versus Block Relationship for Partition of Logic Graphs,” IEEE Trans. Comput. C-20, 1469–1479 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Lou, A.

A. Lou, “Physical Realization of Digital Logic Circuits,” in Micropower Electronics (Sovetskoe Radio, Moscow, 1967), in Russian.

Malinovsky, V. K.

E. G. Kostsov, V. K. Malinovsky, Y. E. Nesterichin, A. J. Potapov, “Some Peculiarities of Realization of Operation Optical Memory,” in Optical Information Processing (publisher, Washington, DC, 1975).

Mimura, T.

M. Abe, T. Mimura, N. Yokoyama, H. Ishikawa, “New Technology Toward GaAs LST/VLSI for Computer Applications,” IEEE Trans Electron Devices ED-29, 1088–1094 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Mishin, A. I.

E. G. Kostsov, A. I. Mishin, “Features of the Construction of Optical Computers,” Mikroelektronika 6, 139–151 (1977).

E. G. Kostsov, A. I. Mishin, “Photoelectrooptical Logic Elements,” Avtometriia, No. 1, 28–34 (1976).

Nesterichin, Y. E.

E. G. Kostsov, V. K. Malinovsky, Y. E. Nesterichin, A. J. Potapov, “Some Peculiarities of Realization of Operation Optical Memory,” in Optical Information Processing (publisher, Washington, DC, 1975).

Potapov, A. J.

E. G. Kostsov, V. K. Malinovsky, Y. E. Nesterichin, A. J. Potapov, “Some Peculiarities of Realization of Operation Optical Memory,” in Optical Information Processing (publisher, Washington, DC, 1975).

Potapov, A. N.

E. G. Kostsov, A. N. Potapov, “A Threshold Logic Element,” Avtometriia, No. 5, 93–94 (1976).

Russo, R. L.

B. S. Landman, R. L. Russo, “On a Pin Versus Block Relationship for Partition of Logic Graphs,” IEEE Trans. Comput. C-20, 1469–1479 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Seaton, K. T.

A. Abraham, K. T. Seaton, S. D. Smith, “An Optical Computer,” V Mire Nauki, No. 4, 15–25 (1983).

Shikanov, A. A.

N. I. Elinson, A. A. Shikanov, “Interconnection Problems in Modern Microelectronics,” Mikroelektronika 13, 179–195 (1984).

Smith, K.

K. Smith, “The Optical Transistor Operating at Room Temperature—The Forerunner in the Design of Super-High-Speed Computers,” Electronics 56, No. 6, 76–78 (1983).

Smith, S. D.

A. Abraham, K. T. Seaton, S. D. Smith, “An Optical Computer,” V Mire Nauki, No. 4, 15–25 (1983).

Solomon, P. M.

P. M. Solomon, “Comparison of Semiconductor Devices for High-Speed Logic,” Proc. IEEE 70, 489–510 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Sterelychina, L. N.

V. D. Anshigin, E. G. Kostsov, L. N. Sterelychina, “Pulsed Electrooptical Modulation of Light in Thin Ferroelectric Films,” Avtometriia, No. 5, 98–100 (1983).

Sumhey, L. W.

L. W. Sumhey, “VLSI with a Vengeance,” IEEE Spectrum 17, No. 4, 24–27 (1980).

Waller, L.

L. Waller, “Components for Optical Logic Start to Click,” Electronics 55, No. 26, 31–32 (1982).

Wood, T. H.

T. H. Wood et al., “High-Speed Optical Modulation with GaAs/GaAlAs Quantum Wells in a p-i-n Diode Structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 16–18 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Yokoyama, N.

M. Abe, T. Mimura, N. Yokoyama, H. Ishikawa, “New Technology Toward GaAs LST/VLSI for Computer Applications,” IEEE Trans Electron Devices ED-29, 1088–1094 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

T. H. Wood et al., “High-Speed Optical Modulation with GaAs/GaAlAs Quantum Wells in a p-i-n Diode Structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 16–18 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Autometriia

V. M. Egorov, E. G. Kostsov, “The Prospects for Constructing High-Performance Optical Digital Computers,” Autometriia, No. 1, 114–126 (1985).

Avtometriia

E. G. Kostsov, A. N. Potapov, “A Threshold Logic Element,” Avtometriia, No. 5, 93–94 (1976).

V. D. Anshigin, E. G. Kostsov, L. N. Sterelychina, “Pulsed Electrooptical Modulation of Light in Thin Ferroelectric Films,” Avtometriia, No. 5, 98–100 (1983).

E. G. Kostsov et al., “Features of the Physical Realization of an Optical RAM,” Avtometriia, No. 4, 3–7 (1976).

E. G. Kostsov, A. I. Mishin, “Photoelectrooptical Logic Elements,” Avtometriia, No. 1, 28–34 (1976).

V. M. Egorov, E. G. Kostsov, “Features of Communications Arrangement in Optical Digital Computers Based on the Light Beam Modulation,” Avtometriia, No. 5, 111–113 (1981).

Electronics

K. Smith, “The Optical Transistor Operating at Room Temperature—The Forerunner in the Design of Super-High-Speed Computers,” Electronics 56, No. 6, 76–78 (1983).

L. Waller, “Components for Optical Logic Start to Click,” Electronics 55, No. 26, 31–32 (1982).

Electronics V55

W. R. Iversen, “A New High-Power Model of the CRAY Series of Supercomputers,” Electronics V55, N9, pp. 39–40 (1982).

ESSARC Digest of Technical Papers

D. L. Fraser et al., “Gigabit Logic Circuits with Scales NMOS,” in ESSARC Digest of Technical Papers (1981), pp. 202–204.

Ferroelectrics

I. L. Baginsky et al., “Some Peculiarities of Strontium Barium Niobate Films and Their Electrophysical Properties,” Ferroelectrics 22, 783–784 (1978).
[CrossRef]

IEEE COMPCON Spring

T. T. Dao, “Author, Add Title to the Galleys,” in IEEE COMPCON Spring (1981), p. 184.

IEEE Spectrum

L. W. Sumhey, “VLSI with a Vengeance,” IEEE Spectrum 17, No. 4, 24–27 (1980).

IEEE Trans Electron Devices

M. Abe, T. Mimura, N. Yokoyama, H. Ishikawa, “New Technology Toward GaAs LST/VLSI for Computer Applications,” IEEE Trans Electron Devices ED-29, 1088–1094 (1982).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Comput.

T. Chiba, “Impact of the LSI on High-Speed Computer Packaging,” IEEE Trans. Comput. C-27, 319–325 (1979).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Landman, R. L. Russo, “On a Pin Versus Block Relationship for Partition of Logic Graphs,” IEEE Trans. Comput. C-20, 1469–1479 (1971).
[CrossRef]

International State Circuit Conference N

W. F. Kosonocky, “Laser Digital Devices,” in International State Circuit Conference N. (1965), p. 269.

Mikroelektronika

N. I. Elinson, A. A. Shikanov, “Interconnection Problems in Modern Microelectronics,” Mikroelektronika 13, 179–195 (1984).

E. G. Kostsov, A. I. Mishin, “Features of the Construction of Optical Computers,” Mikroelektronika 6, 139–151 (1977).

Proc. IEEE

P. M. Solomon, “Comparison of Semiconductor Devices for High-Speed Logic,” Proc. IEEE 70, 489–510 (1982).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Keyes, “Fundamental Limits in Digital Data Processing,” Proc. IEEE 69, 267–278 (1981).
[CrossRef]

V Mire Nauki

A. Abraham, K. T. Seaton, S. D. Smith, “An Optical Computer,” V Mire Nauki, No. 4, 15–25 (1983).

Z. Tech. Phys.

V. A. Bobylev et al., “Amplitude Light Modulators Based on the Franz-Keldysh Effect, Made on Heteroepitaxial Structures,” Z. Tech. Phys. 51, 2172–2173 (1981).

Other

E. G. Kostsov, V. K. Malinovsky, Y. E. Nesterichin, A. J. Potapov, “Some Peculiarities of Realization of Operation Optical Memory,” in Optical Information Processing (publisher, Washington, DC, 1975).

A. Lou, “Physical Realization of Digital Logic Circuits,” in Micropower Electronics (Sovetskoe Radio, Moscow, 1967), in Russian.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Cell of dynamic memory: M, light modulator; F, photodetector; Ir1,Ir2, readout light signal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Time distribution of voltages on electrodes of photodetectors Vf1, Vf2, light modulators Vm1, Vm2, and intensity distribution of readout light beams Ir1,Ir2: (a) calculated curves; (b),(c) experimental curves.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Element of the 2-D shift register.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Cell automatic machine.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Element of the matrix processor.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Structure optical connection of the element of the matrix processor.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Block diagram of the computer.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

y = i 7 [ ( a i ~ b i ) C i ]
y = i 5 [ ( a i ~ b i ) C i ) ] , y = i 5 [ ( a i b i ) c i ] ,
y = i 5 a i , y = k 6 [ i 5 ( a i c i k ) ] , y = k 4 [ i 5 ( a i c i k ) ] , y = [ ( i 5 a i ) ( i 5 a ¯ i ) ]

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