Abstract

Global optical interconnects can provide high data rate parallel communication capability through access to the internal nodes of very large scale integrated circuits. Topographic arrays of polymeric electrooptic multilayer devices such as etalons or multilayer mirrors broadcast the data stored on the surface of the chip. Differential detection of this image permits interconnection without the need for high contrast ratios. An experimental demonstration of a point-to-point interconnection using a Fabry-Perot etalon with a polymeric thin film spacer is presented.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  7. S. T. Tewksbury, L. A. Hornak, “Communication Network Issues and High-Density Interconnects in Large-Scale Distributed Computing Systems,” IEEE J. Selected Areas Commun. 6, 587–609 (Apr.1988).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. T. Lewis, “The VLSI Package- An Analytical Review,” IEEE Trans. Components Hybrids Manuf. Technol. CHMT-7, 197–201 (June1984).
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  9. S. K. Tewksbury, L. A. Hornak, “Wafer Level System Integration,” IEEE Circuits Devices Mag.22–30 (Sept.1989).
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  13. R. K. Kostuk, J. W. Goodman, L. Hesselink, “Optical Imaging Applied to Microelectronic Chip-to-Chip Interconnections,” Appl. Opt. 24, 2851–2858 (1985).
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  14. M. R. Feldman, S. C. Esener, C. C. Guest, S. H. Lee, “Comparisons Between Optical and Electrical Interconnects Based on Power and Speed Considerations,” Appl. Opt. 27, 1742–1751 (1988).
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  15. J. A. Fried, “Optical I/O for High Speed CMOS Systems,” Opt. Eng. 25, 1132–1141 (1986).
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    [CrossRef]
  19. L. A. Bergman et al., “Holographic Optical Interconnects for VLSI,” Opt. Eng. 25, 1109–1118 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. C. Kirsch, D. G. Gregory, T. D. Hudson, D. J. Lanteigne, “Design of Photopolymer Holograms for Optical Interconnect Applications,” Opt. Eng. 27, 301–308 (1988).
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  23. R. J. Simes et al., “Electrically Tunable Fabry-Perot Mirror Using Multiple Quantum Well Index Modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 637–639 (1988).
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    [CrossRef]
  31. F. Gires, P. Tournois, “Interféromètre Utilisable Pour la Compression d’Impulsions Lumineuses en Fréquence,” C.R. Acad. Sci. 258, group 5, 6112–6115 (1964).
  32. C. A. Birnbach, “Device for Modulating and Reflecting Electromagnetic Radiation Employing Electro-Optic Layer Having a Variable Index of Refraction,” U.S. Patent4,786,128 (22Nov.1988).
  33. C. A. Eldering, S. T. Kowel, A. Knoesen, “Electrically Induced Transmissivity Modulation in Polymeric Thin Film Fabry-Perot Etalons,” Appl. Opt. 28, 4442–4445 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. A. Dulic, C. Flytzanis, “A New Class of Conjugated Molecules with Large Second Order Polarizability,” Opt. Commun. 25, 402–406 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  35. D. J. Williams, “Organic and Non-Polymeric Materials with Large Optical Nonlinearities,” Angew. Int. Ed. Eng. 23, 690–703 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  36. G. F. Lipscomb, A. F. Garito, R. S. Narang, “An Exceptionally Large Linear Electro-Optic Effect in the Organic Solid MNA,” J. Chem. Phys. 75, 1509–1516 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  37. K. D. Singer, M. G. Kuzyk, J. E. Sohn, “Second-Order Nonlinear Optical Processes in Orientationally Ordered Materials: Relationship Between Molecular and Macroscopic Properties,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 968–976 (1987).
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  38. A. Knoesen, M. A. Mortazavi, S. T. Kowel, A. Dienes, “Corona-Onset Poling of Nonlinear Molecularly Doped Films,” in Digest of Topical Meeting on Nonlinear Optical Properties of Materials, Vol. 9 (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1988), pp. 244–247.
  39. M. A. Mortazavi, A. Knoesen, S. T. Kowel, B. G. Higgins, A. Dienes, “Second Harmonic Generation and Absorption Studies of Polymer/Dye Films Oriented by Corona-Onset Poling at Elevated Temperatures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 733–741 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  40. B. L. Anderson, R. C. Hall, B. G. Higgins, G. Lindsay, P. Stroeve, S. T. Kowel, “Quadratically Enhanced Second Harmonic Generation in Polymer-Dye Langmuir-Blodgett Films: A New Bilayer Architecture,” Synth. Met. 28, D683–D689 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  41. B. L. Anderson, J. M. Hoover, G. A. Lindsay, B. G. Higgins, P. Stroeve, S. T. Kowel, “Second-Harmonic Generation in Langmuir-Blodgett Multilayers of Stilbazolium Chloride Polyethers,” in Fourth International Conference on Langmuir-Blodgett Films (Tsukuba, Japan, Apr. 1989); to appear in Thin Solid FilmsXX, (1990).
  42. C. A. Eldering, S. T. Kowel, A. Knoesen, B. L. Anderson, B. G. Higgins, “Characterization of Modulated Spin-Coated and L/B Thin Film Etalons,” in Fourth Intenational Conference on Langmuir-Blodgett Films (Tsukuba, Japan, Apr. 1989); to appear in Thin Solid FilmsXX, (1990).
  43. S. H. Wemple, M. DiDomenico, Applied Solid State Science, R. Wolfe, Ed. (Academic, New York, 1972), pp. 265–383.
  44. A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Academic, New York, 1978).
  45. S. T. Kowel, “Beam Spread and the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle,” J. Franklin Inst. 297, 135–140 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  46. B. L. Kasper, C. A. Burrus, J. R. Talman, K. L. Hall, “Balanced Dual-Detector Receiver for Optical Heterodyne Communication at Gbit/s Rates,” Electron. Lett. 22, 413–415 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  47. K. D. Singer, J. E. Shon, S. J. Lalama, “Second Harmonic Generation in Poled Polymer Films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 248–250 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  48. M. A. Mortazavi, A. Knoesen, J. M. Hoover, R. A. Henry, S. T. Kowel, G. A. Lindsay, “Second Order Nonlinear Properties of COPET Coumaromethacrylate Copolymers,” in preparation.

1989 (4)

S. K. Tewksbury, L. A. Hornak, “Wafer Level System Integration,” IEEE Circuits Devices Mag.22–30 (Sept.1989).
[CrossRef]

B. L. Anderson, R. C. Hall, B. G. Higgins, G. Lindsay, P. Stroeve, S. T. Kowel, “Quadratically Enhanced Second Harmonic Generation in Polymer-Dye Langmuir-Blodgett Films: A New Bilayer Architecture,” Synth. Met. 28, D683–D689 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Mortazavi, A. Knoesen, S. T. Kowel, B. G. Higgins, A. Dienes, “Second Harmonic Generation and Absorption Studies of Polymer/Dye Films Oriented by Corona-Onset Poling at Elevated Temperatures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 733–741 (1989).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Eldering, S. T. Kowel, A. Knoesen, “Electrically Induced Transmissivity Modulation in Polymeric Thin Film Fabry-Perot Etalons,” Appl. Opt. 28, 4442–4445 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (6)

M. R. Feldman, S. C. Esener, C. C. Guest, S. H. Lee, “Comparisons Between Optical and Electrical Interconnects Based on Power and Speed Considerations,” Appl. Opt. 27, 1742–1751 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. D. Clymer, J. Goodman, “Timing Uncertainties for Receivers in Optical Clock Distribution for VLSI,” Opt. Eng. 27, 944–954 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Kirsch, D. G. Gregory, T. D. Hudson, D. J. Lanteigne, “Design of Photopolymer Holograms for Optical Interconnect Applications,” Opt. Eng. 27, 301–308 (1988).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Tewksbury, L. A. Hornak, “Communication Network Issues and High-Density Interconnects in Large-Scale Distributed Computing Systems,” IEEE J. Selected Areas Commun. 6, 587–609 (Apr.1988).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Simes et al., “Electrically Tunable Fabry-Perot Mirror Using Multiple Quantum Well Index Modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 637–639 (1988).
[CrossRef]

K. D. Singer et al., “Electro-Optic Phase Modulation and Optical Second Harmonic Generation in Corona-Poled Polymer Films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1800–1802 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (4)

1986 (7)

B. L. Kasper, C. A. Burrus, J. R. Talman, K. L. Hall, “Balanced Dual-Detector Receiver for Optical Heterodyne Communication at Gbit/s Rates,” Electron. Lett. 22, 413–415 (1986).
[CrossRef]

K. D. Singer, J. E. Shon, S. J. Lalama, “Second Harmonic Generation in Poled Polymer Films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 248–250 (1986).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Bergman et al., “Holographic Optical Interconnects for VLSI,” Opt. Eng. 25, 1109–1118 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Fried, “Optical I/O for High Speed CMOS Systems,” Opt. Eng. 25, 1132–1141 (1986).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Haugen, R. Rychnovsky, A. Husain, L. D. Hutcheson, “Optical Interconnects for High Speed Computing,” Opt. Eng. 25, 1076–1085 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Hartman, “Digital High Speed Interconnects: A Study of the Optical Alternative,” Opt. Eng. 25, 1186–1102 (1986).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Lee, S. C. Esener, M. A. Title, T. J. Drabik, “Two-Dimensional Silicon/PZLT Spatial Light Modulators: Design Considerations and Technology,” Opt. Eng. 25, 250–260 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (2)

1984 (3)

J. W. Goodman, F. J. Leonberger, S. Y. Kung, R. A. Athale, “Optical Interconnections for VLSI Systems,” Proc. IEEE 72, 850–865 (1984).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Williams, “Organic and Non-Polymeric Materials with Large Optical Nonlinearities,” Angew. Int. Ed. Eng. 23, 690–703 (1984).
[CrossRef]

E. T. Lewis, “The VLSI Package- An Analytical Review,” IEEE Trans. Components Hybrids Manuf. Technol. CHMT-7, 197–201 (June1984).
[CrossRef]

1982 (3)

L. S. Hayes, R. L. Lau, D. P. Siewiork, D. W. Mizell, “A Survey of Highly Parallel Computing,” IEEE Comput. Mag.9–24 (Jan.1982).

H. M. Ahmed, J. M. Celosme, M. Morf, “Highly Concurrent Computing Structures for Matrix Arithmetic and Signal Processing,” IEEE Comput. Mag.65–82 (Jan.1982).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Kingston, B. E. Burke, K. B. Nichols, F. J. Leonburger, “Spatial Light Modulation Using Electroabsorption in a GaAs Charge-Coupled Device,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 413–415 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (2)

V. D. Antsigin, E. G. Kostov, V. K. Malinovsky, L. N. Sterelyukhina, “Electrooptics of Thin Ferroelectric Films,” Ferroelectrics 38, 761–763 (1981).
[CrossRef]

G. F. Lipscomb, A. F. Garito, R. S. Narang, “An Exceptionally Large Linear Electro-Optic Effect in the Organic Solid MNA,” J. Chem. Phys. 75, 1509–1516 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

A. Dulic, C. Flytzanis, “A New Class of Conjugated Molecules with Large Second Order Polarizability,” Opt. Commun. 25, 402–406 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

P. H. Enslow, “Multiprocessor Organization—a Survey,” Comput. Surv. 9, 103–129 (Mar.1977).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

S. T. Kowel, “Beam Spread and the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle,” J. Franklin Inst. 297, 135–140 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

J. T. Ruscio, “A Coherent Light Modulator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-1, 182–183 (1965).
[CrossRef]

1964 (1)

F. Gires, P. Tournois, “Interféromètre Utilisable Pour la Compression d’Impulsions Lumineuses en Fréquence,” C.R. Acad. Sci. 258, group 5, 6112–6115 (1964).

1963 (1)

E. I. Gordon, J. D. Rigden, “The Fabry-Perot Electrooptic Modulator,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 42, 155–179 (Jan.1963).

Ahmed, H. M.

H. M. Ahmed, J. M. Celosme, M. Morf, “Highly Concurrent Computing Structures for Matrix Arithmetic and Signal Processing,” IEEE Comput. Mag.65–82 (Jan.1982).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, B. L.

B. L. Anderson, R. C. Hall, B. G. Higgins, G. Lindsay, P. Stroeve, S. T. Kowel, “Quadratically Enhanced Second Harmonic Generation in Polymer-Dye Langmuir-Blodgett Films: A New Bilayer Architecture,” Synth. Met. 28, D683–D689 (1989).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Eldering, S. T. Kowel, A. Knoesen, B. L. Anderson, B. G. Higgins, “Characterization of Modulated Spin-Coated and L/B Thin Film Etalons,” in Fourth Intenational Conference on Langmuir-Blodgett Films (Tsukuba, Japan, Apr. 1989); to appear in Thin Solid FilmsXX, (1990).

B. L. Anderson, J. M. Hoover, G. A. Lindsay, B. G. Higgins, P. Stroeve, S. T. Kowel, “Second-Harmonic Generation in Langmuir-Blodgett Multilayers of Stilbazolium Chloride Polyethers,” in Fourth International Conference on Langmuir-Blodgett Films (Tsukuba, Japan, Apr. 1989); to appear in Thin Solid FilmsXX, (1990).

Antsigin, V. D.

V. D. Antsigin, E. G. Kostov, V. K. Malinovsky, L. N. Sterelyukhina, “Electrooptics of Thin Ferroelectric Films,” Ferroelectrics 38, 761–763 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Athale, R. A.

J. W. Goodman, F. J. Leonberger, S. Y. Kung, R. A. Athale, “Optical Interconnections for VLSI Systems,” Proc. IEEE 72, 850–865 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Bergman, L. A.

L. A. Bergman et al., “Holographic Optical Interconnects for VLSI,” Opt. Eng. 25, 1109–1118 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Birnbach, C. A.

C. A. Birnbach, “Device for Modulating and Reflecting Electromagnetic Radiation Employing Electro-Optic Layer Having a Variable Index of Refraction,” U.S. Patent4,786,128 (22Nov.1988).

Burke, B. E.

R. H. Kingston, B. E. Burke, K. B. Nichols, F. J. Leonburger, “Spatial Light Modulation Using Electroabsorption in a GaAs Charge-Coupled Device,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 413–415 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Burrus, C. A.

B. L. Kasper, C. A. Burrus, J. R. Talman, K. L. Hall, “Balanced Dual-Detector Receiver for Optical Heterodyne Communication at Gbit/s Rates,” Electron. Lett. 22, 413–415 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Celosme, J. M.

H. M. Ahmed, J. M. Celosme, M. Morf, “Highly Concurrent Computing Structures for Matrix Arithmetic and Signal Processing,” IEEE Comput. Mag.65–82 (Jan.1982).
[CrossRef]

Clymer, B. D.

B. D. Clymer, J. Goodman, “Timing Uncertainties for Receivers in Optical Clock Distribution for VLSI,” Opt. Eng. 27, 944–954 (1988).
[CrossRef]

DiDomenico, M.

S. H. Wemple, M. DiDomenico, Applied Solid State Science, R. Wolfe, Ed. (Academic, New York, 1972), pp. 265–383.

Dienes, A.

M. A. Mortazavi, A. Knoesen, S. T. Kowel, B. G. Higgins, A. Dienes, “Second Harmonic Generation and Absorption Studies of Polymer/Dye Films Oriented by Corona-Onset Poling at Elevated Temperatures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 733–741 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Knoesen, M. A. Mortazavi, S. T. Kowel, A. Dienes, “Corona-Onset Poling of Nonlinear Molecularly Doped Films,” in Digest of Topical Meeting on Nonlinear Optical Properties of Materials, Vol. 9 (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1988), pp. 244–247.

Drabik, T. J.

S. H. Lee, S. C. Esener, M. A. Title, T. J. Drabik, “Two-Dimensional Silicon/PZLT Spatial Light Modulators: Design Considerations and Technology,” Opt. Eng. 25, 250–260 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Dulic, A.

A. Dulic, C. Flytzanis, “A New Class of Conjugated Molecules with Large Second Order Polarizability,” Opt. Commun. 25, 402–406 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Eldering, C.

N. Matloff, S. T. Kowel, C. Eldering, “OPTIMUL: An Optical Interconnect for Multiprocessor Systems,” in Proceedings, 1988 International Conference on Supercomputing (St. Malo, France, 1988).

S. T. Kowel, N. Matloff, C. Eldering, “Electro-Optical Interface,” U.S. Patent4,813,772 (21Mar.1989).

Eldering, C. A.

C. A. Eldering, S. T. Kowel, A. Knoesen, “Electrically Induced Transmissivity Modulation in Polymeric Thin Film Fabry-Perot Etalons,” Appl. Opt. 28, 4442–4445 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. A. Eldering, S. T. Kowel, A. Knoesen, B. L. Anderson, B. G. Higgins, “Characterization of Modulated Spin-Coated and L/B Thin Film Etalons,” in Fourth Intenational Conference on Langmuir-Blodgett Films (Tsukuba, Japan, Apr. 1989); to appear in Thin Solid FilmsXX, (1990).

C. A. Eldering, “Evaluation of the Use of p-n Structures as Photodetectors in Silicon Integrated Circuits,” M.S. Thesis, Syracuse U. (1985).

Enslow, P. H.

P. H. Enslow, “Multiprocessor Organization—a Survey,” Comput. Surv. 9, 103–129 (Mar.1977).
[CrossRef]

Esener, S. C.

M. R. Feldman, S. C. Esener, C. C. Guest, S. H. Lee, “Comparisons Between Optical and Electrical Interconnects Based on Power and Speed Considerations,” Appl. Opt. 27, 1742–1751 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Lee, S. C. Esener, M. A. Title, T. J. Drabik, “Two-Dimensional Silicon/PZLT Spatial Light Modulators: Design Considerations and Technology,” Opt. Eng. 25, 250–260 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Feldman, M. R.

Ferry, D. K.

D. K. Ferry, “Interconnection Lengths and VLSI,” IEEE Circuits Devices Mag. 1, 39–42 (July1985).
[CrossRef]

Flytzanis, C.

A. Dulic, C. Flytzanis, “A New Class of Conjugated Molecules with Large Second Order Polarizability,” Opt. Commun. 25, 402–406 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Fried, J. A.

J. A. Fried, “Optical I/O for High Speed CMOS Systems,” Opt. Eng. 25, 1132–1141 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Garito, A. F.

G. F. Lipscomb, A. F. Garito, R. S. Narang, “An Exceptionally Large Linear Electro-Optic Effect in the Organic Solid MNA,” J. Chem. Phys. 75, 1509–1516 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Gires, F.

F. Gires, P. Tournois, “Interféromètre Utilisable Pour la Compression d’Impulsions Lumineuses en Fréquence,” C.R. Acad. Sci. 258, group 5, 6112–6115 (1964).

Goodman, J.

B. D. Clymer, J. Goodman, “Timing Uncertainties for Receivers in Optical Clock Distribution for VLSI,” Opt. Eng. 27, 944–954 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Goodman, J. W.

R. K. Kostuk, J. W. Goodman, L. Hesselink, “Optical Imaging Applied to Microelectronic Chip-to-Chip Interconnections,” Appl. Opt. 24, 2851–2858 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Goodman, F. J. Leonberger, S. Y. Kung, R. A. Athale, “Optical Interconnections for VLSI Systems,” Proc. IEEE 72, 850–865 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, E. I.

E. I. Gordon, J. D. Rigden, “The Fabry-Perot Electrooptic Modulator,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 42, 155–179 (Jan.1963).

Gregory, D. G.

J. C. Kirsch, D. G. Gregory, T. D. Hudson, D. J. Lanteigne, “Design of Photopolymer Holograms for Optical Interconnect Applications,” Opt. Eng. 27, 301–308 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Guest, C. C.

Hall, K. L.

B. L. Kasper, C. A. Burrus, J. R. Talman, K. L. Hall, “Balanced Dual-Detector Receiver for Optical Heterodyne Communication at Gbit/s Rates,” Electron. Lett. 22, 413–415 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hall, R. C.

B. L. Anderson, R. C. Hall, B. G. Higgins, G. Lindsay, P. Stroeve, S. T. Kowel, “Quadratically Enhanced Second Harmonic Generation in Polymer-Dye Langmuir-Blodgett Films: A New Bilayer Architecture,” Synth. Met. 28, D683–D689 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Handschy, M. A.

K. M. Johnson, M. A. Handschy, L. A. Pagano-Stauffer, “Optical Computing and Image Processing with Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals,” Opt. Eng. 26, 385–391 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Hartman, D. S.

D. S. Hartman, “Digital High Speed Interconnects: A Study of the Optical Alternative,” Opt. Eng. 25, 1186–1102 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Haugen, P. R.

P. R. Haugen, R. Rychnovsky, A. Husain, L. D. Hutcheson, “Optical Interconnects for High Speed Computing,” Opt. Eng. 25, 1076–1085 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hayes, L. S.

L. S. Hayes, R. L. Lau, D. P. Siewiork, D. W. Mizell, “A Survey of Highly Parallel Computing,” IEEE Comput. Mag.9–24 (Jan.1982).

Henry, R. A.

M. A. Mortazavi, A. Knoesen, J. M. Hoover, R. A. Henry, S. T. Kowel, G. A. Lindsay, “Second Order Nonlinear Properties of COPET Coumaromethacrylate Copolymers,” in preparation.

Hesselink, L.

Higgins, B. G.

M. A. Mortazavi, A. Knoesen, S. T. Kowel, B. G. Higgins, A. Dienes, “Second Harmonic Generation and Absorption Studies of Polymer/Dye Films Oriented by Corona-Onset Poling at Elevated Temperatures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 733–741 (1989).
[CrossRef]

B. L. Anderson, R. C. Hall, B. G. Higgins, G. Lindsay, P. Stroeve, S. T. Kowel, “Quadratically Enhanced Second Harmonic Generation in Polymer-Dye Langmuir-Blodgett Films: A New Bilayer Architecture,” Synth. Met. 28, D683–D689 (1989).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Eldering, S. T. Kowel, A. Knoesen, B. L. Anderson, B. G. Higgins, “Characterization of Modulated Spin-Coated and L/B Thin Film Etalons,” in Fourth Intenational Conference on Langmuir-Blodgett Films (Tsukuba, Japan, Apr. 1989); to appear in Thin Solid FilmsXX, (1990).

B. L. Anderson, J. M. Hoover, G. A. Lindsay, B. G. Higgins, P. Stroeve, S. T. Kowel, “Second-Harmonic Generation in Langmuir-Blodgett Multilayers of Stilbazolium Chloride Polyethers,” in Fourth International Conference on Langmuir-Blodgett Films (Tsukuba, Japan, Apr. 1989); to appear in Thin Solid FilmsXX, (1990).

Hoover, J. M.

B. L. Anderson, J. M. Hoover, G. A. Lindsay, B. G. Higgins, P. Stroeve, S. T. Kowel, “Second-Harmonic Generation in Langmuir-Blodgett Multilayers of Stilbazolium Chloride Polyethers,” in Fourth International Conference on Langmuir-Blodgett Films (Tsukuba, Japan, Apr. 1989); to appear in Thin Solid FilmsXX, (1990).

M. A. Mortazavi, A. Knoesen, J. M. Hoover, R. A. Henry, S. T. Kowel, G. A. Lindsay, “Second Order Nonlinear Properties of COPET Coumaromethacrylate Copolymers,” in preparation.

Hornak, L. A.

S. K. Tewksbury, L. A. Hornak, “Wafer Level System Integration,” IEEE Circuits Devices Mag.22–30 (Sept.1989).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Tewksbury, L. A. Hornak, “Communication Network Issues and High-Density Interconnects in Large-Scale Distributed Computing Systems,” IEEE J. Selected Areas Commun. 6, 587–609 (Apr.1988).
[CrossRef]

Hudson, T. D.

J. C. Kirsch, D. G. Gregory, T. D. Hudson, D. J. Lanteigne, “Design of Photopolymer Holograms for Optical Interconnect Applications,” Opt. Eng. 27, 301–308 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Husain, A.

P. R. Haugen, R. Rychnovsky, A. Husain, L. D. Hutcheson, “Optical Interconnects for High Speed Computing,” Opt. Eng. 25, 1076–1085 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hutcheson, L. D.

P. R. Haugen, R. Rychnovsky, A. Husain, L. D. Hutcheson, “Optical Interconnects for High Speed Computing,” Opt. Eng. 25, 1076–1085 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, K. M.

K. M. Johnson, M. A. Handschy, L. A. Pagano-Stauffer, “Optical Computing and Image Processing with Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals,” Opt. Eng. 26, 385–391 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kaminow, I. P.

I. P. Kaminow, E. H. Turner, “Linear Electrooptical Materials,” in CRC Handbook of Lasers, R. W. Pressley, Ed. (CRC Press, Cleveland, 1984), pp. 447–459.

Kasper, B. L.

B. L. Kasper, C. A. Burrus, J. R. Talman, K. L. Hall, “Balanced Dual-Detector Receiver for Optical Heterodyne Communication at Gbit/s Rates,” Electron. Lett. 22, 413–415 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kingston, R. H.

R. H. Kingston, B. E. Burke, K. B. Nichols, F. J. Leonburger, “Spatial Light Modulation Using Electroabsorption in a GaAs Charge-Coupled Device,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 413–415 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kirsch, J. C.

J. C. Kirsch, D. G. Gregory, T. D. Hudson, D. J. Lanteigne, “Design of Photopolymer Holograms for Optical Interconnect Applications,” Opt. Eng. 27, 301–308 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Knoesen, A.

M. A. Mortazavi, A. Knoesen, S. T. Kowel, B. G. Higgins, A. Dienes, “Second Harmonic Generation and Absorption Studies of Polymer/Dye Films Oriented by Corona-Onset Poling at Elevated Temperatures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 733–741 (1989).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Eldering, S. T. Kowel, A. Knoesen, “Electrically Induced Transmissivity Modulation in Polymeric Thin Film Fabry-Perot Etalons,” Appl. Opt. 28, 4442–4445 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Mortazavi, A. Knoesen, J. M. Hoover, R. A. Henry, S. T. Kowel, G. A. Lindsay, “Second Order Nonlinear Properties of COPET Coumaromethacrylate Copolymers,” in preparation.

C. A. Eldering, S. T. Kowel, A. Knoesen, B. L. Anderson, B. G. Higgins, “Characterization of Modulated Spin-Coated and L/B Thin Film Etalons,” in Fourth Intenational Conference on Langmuir-Blodgett Films (Tsukuba, Japan, Apr. 1989); to appear in Thin Solid FilmsXX, (1990).

A. Knoesen, M. A. Mortazavi, S. T. Kowel, A. Dienes, “Corona-Onset Poling of Nonlinear Molecularly Doped Films,” in Digest of Topical Meeting on Nonlinear Optical Properties of Materials, Vol. 9 (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1988), pp. 244–247.

Kostov, E. G.

V. D. Antsigin, E. G. Kostov, V. K. Malinovsky, L. N. Sterelyukhina, “Electrooptics of Thin Ferroelectric Films,” Ferroelectrics 38, 761–763 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Kostuk, R. K.

Kowel, S. T.

M. A. Mortazavi, A. Knoesen, S. T. Kowel, B. G. Higgins, A. Dienes, “Second Harmonic Generation and Absorption Studies of Polymer/Dye Films Oriented by Corona-Onset Poling at Elevated Temperatures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 733–741 (1989).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Eldering, S. T. Kowel, A. Knoesen, “Electrically Induced Transmissivity Modulation in Polymeric Thin Film Fabry-Perot Etalons,” Appl. Opt. 28, 4442–4445 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. L. Anderson, R. C. Hall, B. G. Higgins, G. Lindsay, P. Stroeve, S. T. Kowel, “Quadratically Enhanced Second Harmonic Generation in Polymer-Dye Langmuir-Blodgett Films: A New Bilayer Architecture,” Synth. Met. 28, D683–D689 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Kowel, “Beam Spread and the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle,” J. Franklin Inst. 297, 135–140 (1974).
[CrossRef]

B. L. Anderson, J. M. Hoover, G. A. Lindsay, B. G. Higgins, P. Stroeve, S. T. Kowel, “Second-Harmonic Generation in Langmuir-Blodgett Multilayers of Stilbazolium Chloride Polyethers,” in Fourth International Conference on Langmuir-Blodgett Films (Tsukuba, Japan, Apr. 1989); to appear in Thin Solid FilmsXX, (1990).

A. Knoesen, M. A. Mortazavi, S. T. Kowel, A. Dienes, “Corona-Onset Poling of Nonlinear Molecularly Doped Films,” in Digest of Topical Meeting on Nonlinear Optical Properties of Materials, Vol. 9 (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1988), pp. 244–247.

N. Matloff, S. T. Kowel, C. Eldering, “OPTIMUL: An Optical Interconnect for Multiprocessor Systems,” in Proceedings, 1988 International Conference on Supercomputing (St. Malo, France, 1988).

S. T. Kowel, N. Matloff, C. Eldering, “Electro-Optical Interface,” U.S. Patent4,813,772 (21Mar.1989).

C. A. Eldering, S. T. Kowel, A. Knoesen, B. L. Anderson, B. G. Higgins, “Characterization of Modulated Spin-Coated and L/B Thin Film Etalons,” in Fourth Intenational Conference on Langmuir-Blodgett Films (Tsukuba, Japan, Apr. 1989); to appear in Thin Solid FilmsXX, (1990).

M. A. Mortazavi, A. Knoesen, J. M. Hoover, R. A. Henry, S. T. Kowel, G. A. Lindsay, “Second Order Nonlinear Properties of COPET Coumaromethacrylate Copolymers,” in preparation.

Kung, S. Y.

J. W. Goodman, F. J. Leonberger, S. Y. Kung, R. A. Athale, “Optical Interconnections for VLSI Systems,” Proc. IEEE 72, 850–865 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Kuzyk, M. G.

Lalama, S. J.

K. D. Singer, J. E. Shon, S. J. Lalama, “Second Harmonic Generation in Poled Polymer Films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 248–250 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Lanteigne, D. J.

J. C. Kirsch, D. G. Gregory, T. D. Hudson, D. J. Lanteigne, “Design of Photopolymer Holograms for Optical Interconnect Applications,” Opt. Eng. 27, 301–308 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Lau, R. L.

L. S. Hayes, R. L. Lau, D. P. Siewiork, D. W. Mizell, “A Survey of Highly Parallel Computing,” IEEE Comput. Mag.9–24 (Jan.1982).

Lee, S. H.

M. R. Feldman, S. C. Esener, C. C. Guest, S. H. Lee, “Comparisons Between Optical and Electrical Interconnects Based on Power and Speed Considerations,” Appl. Opt. 27, 1742–1751 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Lee, S. C. Esener, M. A. Title, T. J. Drabik, “Two-Dimensional Silicon/PZLT Spatial Light Modulators: Design Considerations and Technology,” Opt. Eng. 25, 250–260 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Leonberger, F. J.

J. W. Goodman, F. J. Leonberger, S. Y. Kung, R. A. Athale, “Optical Interconnections for VLSI Systems,” Proc. IEEE 72, 850–865 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Leonburger, F. J.

R. H. Kingston, B. E. Burke, K. B. Nichols, F. J. Leonburger, “Spatial Light Modulation Using Electroabsorption in a GaAs Charge-Coupled Device,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 413–415 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Lewis, E. T.

E. T. Lewis, “The VLSI Package- An Analytical Review,” IEEE Trans. Components Hybrids Manuf. Technol. CHMT-7, 197–201 (June1984).
[CrossRef]

Lindsay, G.

B. L. Anderson, R. C. Hall, B. G. Higgins, G. Lindsay, P. Stroeve, S. T. Kowel, “Quadratically Enhanced Second Harmonic Generation in Polymer-Dye Langmuir-Blodgett Films: A New Bilayer Architecture,” Synth. Met. 28, D683–D689 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lindsay, G. A.

M. A. Mortazavi, A. Knoesen, J. M. Hoover, R. A. Henry, S. T. Kowel, G. A. Lindsay, “Second Order Nonlinear Properties of COPET Coumaromethacrylate Copolymers,” in preparation.

B. L. Anderson, J. M. Hoover, G. A. Lindsay, B. G. Higgins, P. Stroeve, S. T. Kowel, “Second-Harmonic Generation in Langmuir-Blodgett Multilayers of Stilbazolium Chloride Polyethers,” in Fourth International Conference on Langmuir-Blodgett Films (Tsukuba, Japan, Apr. 1989); to appear in Thin Solid FilmsXX, (1990).

Lipscomb, G. F.

G. F. Lipscomb, A. F. Garito, R. S. Narang, “An Exceptionally Large Linear Electro-Optic Effect in the Organic Solid MNA,” J. Chem. Phys. 75, 1509–1516 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Malinovsky, V. K.

V. D. Antsigin, E. G. Kostov, V. K. Malinovsky, L. N. Sterelyukhina, “Electrooptics of Thin Ferroelectric Films,” Ferroelectrics 38, 761–763 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Matloff, N.

S. T. Kowel, N. Matloff, C. Eldering, “Electro-Optical Interface,” U.S. Patent4,813,772 (21Mar.1989).

N. Matloff, S. T. Kowel, C. Eldering, “OPTIMUL: An Optical Interconnect for Multiprocessor Systems,” in Proceedings, 1988 International Conference on Supercomputing (St. Malo, France, 1988).

Mizell, D. W.

L. S. Hayes, R. L. Lau, D. P. Siewiork, D. W. Mizell, “A Survey of Highly Parallel Computing,” IEEE Comput. Mag.9–24 (Jan.1982).

Morf, M.

H. M. Ahmed, J. M. Celosme, M. Morf, “Highly Concurrent Computing Structures for Matrix Arithmetic and Signal Processing,” IEEE Comput. Mag.65–82 (Jan.1982).
[CrossRef]

Mortazavi, M. A.

M. A. Mortazavi, A. Knoesen, S. T. Kowel, B. G. Higgins, A. Dienes, “Second Harmonic Generation and Absorption Studies of Polymer/Dye Films Oriented by Corona-Onset Poling at Elevated Temperatures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 733–741 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Knoesen, M. A. Mortazavi, S. T. Kowel, A. Dienes, “Corona-Onset Poling of Nonlinear Molecularly Doped Films,” in Digest of Topical Meeting on Nonlinear Optical Properties of Materials, Vol. 9 (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1988), pp. 244–247.

M. A. Mortazavi, A. Knoesen, J. M. Hoover, R. A. Henry, S. T. Kowel, G. A. Lindsay, “Second Order Nonlinear Properties of COPET Coumaromethacrylate Copolymers,” in preparation.

Narang, R. S.

G. F. Lipscomb, A. F. Garito, R. S. Narang, “An Exceptionally Large Linear Electro-Optic Effect in the Organic Solid MNA,” J. Chem. Phys. 75, 1509–1516 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Neff, J. A.

J. A. Neff, “Major Initiatives for Optical Computing,” Opt. Eng. 26, 2–9 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Nichols, K. B.

R. H. Kingston, B. E. Burke, K. B. Nichols, F. J. Leonburger, “Spatial Light Modulation Using Electroabsorption in a GaAs Charge-Coupled Device,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 413–415 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Pagano-Stauffer, L. A.

K. M. Johnson, M. A. Handschy, L. A. Pagano-Stauffer, “Optical Computing and Image Processing with Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals,” Opt. Eng. 26, 385–391 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Rigden, J. D.

E. I. Gordon, J. D. Rigden, “The Fabry-Perot Electrooptic Modulator,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 42, 155–179 (Jan.1963).

Ruscio, J. T.

J. T. Ruscio, “A Coherent Light Modulator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-1, 182–183 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Rychnovsky, R.

P. R. Haugen, R. Rychnovsky, A. Husain, L. D. Hutcheson, “Optical Interconnects for High Speed Computing,” Opt. Eng. 25, 1076–1085 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Shon, J. E.

K. D. Singer, J. E. Shon, S. J. Lalama, “Second Harmonic Generation in Poled Polymer Films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 248–250 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Siewiork, D. P.

L. S. Hayes, R. L. Lau, D. P. Siewiork, D. W. Mizell, “A Survey of Highly Parallel Computing,” IEEE Comput. Mag.9–24 (Jan.1982).

Simes, R. J.

R. J. Simes et al., “Electrically Tunable Fabry-Perot Mirror Using Multiple Quantum Well Index Modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 637–639 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Singer, K. D.

K. D. Singer et al., “Electro-Optic Phase Modulation and Optical Second Harmonic Generation in Corona-Poled Polymer Films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1800–1802 (1988).
[CrossRef]

K. D. Singer, M. G. Kuzyk, J. E. Sohn, “Second-Order Nonlinear Optical Processes in Orientationally Ordered Materials: Relationship Between Molecular and Macroscopic Properties,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 968–976 (1987).
[CrossRef]

K. D. Singer, J. E. Shon, S. J. Lalama, “Second Harmonic Generation in Poled Polymer Films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 248–250 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Sohn, J. E.

Sterelyukhina, L. N.

V. D. Antsigin, E. G. Kostov, V. K. Malinovsky, L. N. Sterelyukhina, “Electrooptics of Thin Ferroelectric Films,” Ferroelectrics 38, 761–763 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Stroeve, P.

B. L. Anderson, R. C. Hall, B. G. Higgins, G. Lindsay, P. Stroeve, S. T. Kowel, “Quadratically Enhanced Second Harmonic Generation in Polymer-Dye Langmuir-Blodgett Films: A New Bilayer Architecture,” Synth. Met. 28, D683–D689 (1989).
[CrossRef]

B. L. Anderson, J. M. Hoover, G. A. Lindsay, B. G. Higgins, P. Stroeve, S. T. Kowel, “Second-Harmonic Generation in Langmuir-Blodgett Multilayers of Stilbazolium Chloride Polyethers,” in Fourth International Conference on Langmuir-Blodgett Films (Tsukuba, Japan, Apr. 1989); to appear in Thin Solid FilmsXX, (1990).

Talman, J. R.

B. L. Kasper, C. A. Burrus, J. R. Talman, K. L. Hall, “Balanced Dual-Detector Receiver for Optical Heterodyne Communication at Gbit/s Rates,” Electron. Lett. 22, 413–415 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Tewksbury, S. K.

S. K. Tewksbury, L. A. Hornak, “Wafer Level System Integration,” IEEE Circuits Devices Mag.22–30 (Sept.1989).
[CrossRef]

Tewksbury, S. T.

S. T. Tewksbury, L. A. Hornak, “Communication Network Issues and High-Density Interconnects in Large-Scale Distributed Computing Systems,” IEEE J. Selected Areas Commun. 6, 587–609 (Apr.1988).
[CrossRef]

Title, M. A.

S. H. Lee, S. C. Esener, M. A. Title, T. J. Drabik, “Two-Dimensional Silicon/PZLT Spatial Light Modulators: Design Considerations and Technology,” Opt. Eng. 25, 250–260 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Tournois, P.

F. Gires, P. Tournois, “Interféromètre Utilisable Pour la Compression d’Impulsions Lumineuses en Fréquence,” C.R. Acad. Sci. 258, group 5, 6112–6115 (1964).

Turner, E. H.

I. P. Kaminow, E. H. Turner, “Linear Electrooptical Materials,” in CRC Handbook of Lasers, R. W. Pressley, Ed. (CRC Press, Cleveland, 1984), pp. 447–459.

Wemple, S. H.

S. H. Wemple, M. DiDomenico, Applied Solid State Science, R. Wolfe, Ed. (Academic, New York, 1972), pp. 265–383.

Williams, D. J.

D. J. Williams, “Organic and Non-Polymeric Materials with Large Optical Nonlinearities,” Angew. Int. Ed. Eng. 23, 690–703 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Academic, New York, 1978).

Yeh, P.

A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Academic, New York, 1978).

Angew. Int. Ed. Eng. (1)

D. J. Williams, “Organic and Non-Polymeric Materials with Large Optical Nonlinearities,” Angew. Int. Ed. Eng. 23, 690–703 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

K. D. Singer, J. E. Shon, S. J. Lalama, “Second Harmonic Generation in Poled Polymer Films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 248–250 (1986).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Kingston, B. E. Burke, K. B. Nichols, F. J. Leonburger, “Spatial Light Modulation Using Electroabsorption in a GaAs Charge-Coupled Device,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 413–415 (1982).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Simes et al., “Electrically Tunable Fabry-Perot Mirror Using Multiple Quantum Well Index Modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 637–639 (1988).
[CrossRef]

K. D. Singer et al., “Electro-Optic Phase Modulation and Optical Second Harmonic Generation in Corona-Poled Polymer Films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1800–1802 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

E. I. Gordon, J. D. Rigden, “The Fabry-Perot Electrooptic Modulator,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 42, 155–179 (Jan.1963).

C.R. Acad. Sci. (1)

F. Gires, P. Tournois, “Interféromètre Utilisable Pour la Compression d’Impulsions Lumineuses en Fréquence,” C.R. Acad. Sci. 258, group 5, 6112–6115 (1964).

Comput. Surv. (1)

P. H. Enslow, “Multiprocessor Organization—a Survey,” Comput. Surv. 9, 103–129 (Mar.1977).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

B. L. Kasper, C. A. Burrus, J. R. Talman, K. L. Hall, “Balanced Dual-Detector Receiver for Optical Heterodyne Communication at Gbit/s Rates,” Electron. Lett. 22, 413–415 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ferroelectrics (1)

V. D. Antsigin, E. G. Kostov, V. K. Malinovsky, L. N. Sterelyukhina, “Electrooptics of Thin Ferroelectric Films,” Ferroelectrics 38, 761–763 (1981).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Circuits Devices Mag (1)

D. K. Ferry, “Interconnection Lengths and VLSI,” IEEE Circuits Devices Mag. 1, 39–42 (July1985).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Circuits Devices Mag. (1)

S. K. Tewksbury, L. A. Hornak, “Wafer Level System Integration,” IEEE Circuits Devices Mag.22–30 (Sept.1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Comput. Mag. (2)

L. S. Hayes, R. L. Lau, D. P. Siewiork, D. W. Mizell, “A Survey of Highly Parallel Computing,” IEEE Comput. Mag.9–24 (Jan.1982).

H. M. Ahmed, J. M. Celosme, M. Morf, “Highly Concurrent Computing Structures for Matrix Arithmetic and Signal Processing,” IEEE Comput. Mag.65–82 (Jan.1982).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. T. Ruscio, “A Coherent Light Modulator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-1, 182–183 (1965).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Selected Areas Commun. (1)

S. T. Tewksbury, L. A. Hornak, “Communication Network Issues and High-Density Interconnects in Large-Scale Distributed Computing Systems,” IEEE J. Selected Areas Commun. 6, 587–609 (Apr.1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Components Hybrids Manuf. Technol. (1)

E. T. Lewis, “The VLSI Package- An Analytical Review,” IEEE Trans. Components Hybrids Manuf. Technol. CHMT-7, 197–201 (June1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

G. F. Lipscomb, A. F. Garito, R. S. Narang, “An Exceptionally Large Linear Electro-Optic Effect in the Organic Solid MNA,” J. Chem. Phys. 75, 1509–1516 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Franklin Inst. (1)

S. T. Kowel, “Beam Spread and the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle,” J. Franklin Inst. 297, 135–140 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Dulic, C. Flytzanis, “A New Class of Conjugated Molecules with Large Second Order Polarizability,” Opt. Commun. 25, 402–406 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (9)

J. A. Fried, “Optical I/O for High Speed CMOS Systems,” Opt. Eng. 25, 1132–1141 (1986).
[CrossRef]

B. D. Clymer, J. Goodman, “Timing Uncertainties for Receivers in Optical Clock Distribution for VLSI,” Opt. Eng. 27, 944–954 (1988).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Bergman et al., “Holographic Optical Interconnects for VLSI,” Opt. Eng. 25, 1109–1118 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Kirsch, D. G. Gregory, T. D. Hudson, D. J. Lanteigne, “Design of Photopolymer Holograms for Optical Interconnect Applications,” Opt. Eng. 27, 301–308 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Neff, “Major Initiatives for Optical Computing,” Opt. Eng. 26, 2–9 (1987).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Haugen, R. Rychnovsky, A. Husain, L. D. Hutcheson, “Optical Interconnects for High Speed Computing,” Opt. Eng. 25, 1076–1085 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Hartman, “Digital High Speed Interconnects: A Study of the Optical Alternative,” Opt. Eng. 25, 1186–1102 (1986).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Johnson, M. A. Handschy, L. A. Pagano-Stauffer, “Optical Computing and Image Processing with Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals,” Opt. Eng. 26, 385–391 (1987).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Lee, S. C. Esener, M. A. Title, T. J. Drabik, “Two-Dimensional Silicon/PZLT Spatial Light Modulators: Design Considerations and Technology,” Opt. Eng. 25, 250–260 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

J. W. Goodman, F. J. Leonberger, S. Y. Kung, R. A. Athale, “Optical Interconnections for VLSI Systems,” Proc. IEEE 72, 850–865 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Synth. Met. (1)

B. L. Anderson, R. C. Hall, B. G. Higgins, G. Lindsay, P. Stroeve, S. T. Kowel, “Quadratically Enhanced Second Harmonic Generation in Polymer-Dye Langmuir-Blodgett Films: A New Bilayer Architecture,” Synth. Met. 28, D683–D689 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Other (11)

B. L. Anderson, J. M. Hoover, G. A. Lindsay, B. G. Higgins, P. Stroeve, S. T. Kowel, “Second-Harmonic Generation in Langmuir-Blodgett Multilayers of Stilbazolium Chloride Polyethers,” in Fourth International Conference on Langmuir-Blodgett Films (Tsukuba, Japan, Apr. 1989); to appear in Thin Solid FilmsXX, (1990).

C. A. Eldering, S. T. Kowel, A. Knoesen, B. L. Anderson, B. G. Higgins, “Characterization of Modulated Spin-Coated and L/B Thin Film Etalons,” in Fourth Intenational Conference on Langmuir-Blodgett Films (Tsukuba, Japan, Apr. 1989); to appear in Thin Solid FilmsXX, (1990).

S. H. Wemple, M. DiDomenico, Applied Solid State Science, R. Wolfe, Ed. (Academic, New York, 1972), pp. 265–383.

A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Academic, New York, 1978).

C. A. Eldering, “Evaluation of the Use of p-n Structures as Photodetectors in Silicon Integrated Circuits,” M.S. Thesis, Syracuse U. (1985).

C. A. Birnbach, “Device for Modulating and Reflecting Electromagnetic Radiation Employing Electro-Optic Layer Having a Variable Index of Refraction,” U.S. Patent4,786,128 (22Nov.1988).

S. T. Kowel, N. Matloff, C. Eldering, “Electro-Optical Interface,” U.S. Patent4,813,772 (21Mar.1989).

N. Matloff, S. T. Kowel, C. Eldering, “OPTIMUL: An Optical Interconnect for Multiprocessor Systems,” in Proceedings, 1988 International Conference on Supercomputing (St. Malo, France, 1988).

I. P. Kaminow, E. H. Turner, “Linear Electrooptical Materials,” in CRC Handbook of Lasers, R. W. Pressley, Ed. (CRC Press, Cleveland, 1984), pp. 447–459.

M. A. Mortazavi, A. Knoesen, J. M. Hoover, R. A. Henry, S. T. Kowel, G. A. Lindsay, “Second Order Nonlinear Properties of COPET Coumaromethacrylate Copolymers,” in preparation.

A. Knoesen, M. A. Mortazavi, S. T. Kowel, A. Dienes, “Corona-Onset Poling of Nonlinear Molecularly Doped Films,” in Digest of Topical Meeting on Nonlinear Optical Properties of Materials, Vol. 9 (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1988), pp. 244–247.

Cited By

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

System diagram for optical interconnection using surface compatible spatial light modulators.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Configuration for a polymeric longitudinal electrooptic modulator and a Fabry-Perot modulator. For the longitudinal modulator transparent electrodes are used, while for the Fabry-Perot modulator partially reflecting mirrors and electrodes are used. The longitudinal modulator requires external polarizers to convert polarization modulation to amplitude modulation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Required finesse for 1 and 10% modulation efficiencies m as a function of the electrooptic coefficient reff, assuming a modulating voltage V m = 5 V, index of refraction neff = 1.52, and wavelength λ = 0.9 μm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Gires-Tournois reflection mode etalon.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Modulated multilayer reflecting structure.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Differential transmission and reception of data.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Calculation of beam spread based on the classical uncertainty principle.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Experimental setup for the demonstration of signal transmission using a polymeric Fabry-Perot etalon.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Received spectra of a signal from the modulated etalon. The signal was a 1-MHz carrier amplitude modulated by a 1-kHz square wave. Sum and difference frequencies of the carrier and fundamental of the square wave are clearly observable.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Oscilloscope photograph of the transmitted (upper trace) and recovered (lower trace) 1-kHz square wave. Vertical scale is 2 V/division, and the horizontal scale is 500 μs/division.

Tables (2)

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Table I Electronic Contribution to the Electrooptic Effect Calculated from Measured Second Harmonic Generation Coefficients

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Table II Optical Link Budget

Equations (9)

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r = r X + r x + r e ,
r i j , k e = - 4 d k j i ( SHG ) ( n i 2 n j 2 ) ω ,
V π = λ 2 n eff 2 r eff ,
m = V m V π ,
m = 2 n eff 2 r eff λ V m .
V π ( F . P . ) = λ 2 n eff 2 r eff π N ,
m = 2 n eff 3 r eff λ V m N π .
Δ k x · Δ x ½ ,
θ tan θ = λ 4 π d .

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