Abstract

An imaging Raman system based on a 2-D detector and capable of collecting simultaneously 1024 spatially resolved spectra has been constructed. Hardware and software are described which allow real time analysis of the spectral data, leading to a large reduction in the data storage requirements. The analysis yields a 1-D profile (1024 points) across the sample of chemical or physical properties that are distinguishable by their Raman spectral features. Sample translations, along with repeated collection and analysis cycles, allow 2-D maps of chemical or physical properties to be generated rapidly. The spatial resolution and spectral precision are 5 μm and 0.16 cm−1, respectively. Applications to the analysis of phase transformed zones in microengineered zirconias and to measurement of an in situ temperature profile of a single carbon fiber are presented. In a typical application, 66,560 Raman spectra from an 8- × 6-mm area on a partially stabilized zirconia sample were collected and analyzed in 5.4 h to produce a 2-D map of the fraction of tetragonal phase transformed to monoclinic phase during crack propagation.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

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