Abstract

Kinoforms manufactured in photoresist by photolithographic techniques using a single, ten-level, grey scale photomask, exposed in a specially designed laser exposure system, are described. Kinoforms designed for uniform as well as for partial Gaussian beam illumination are discussed. The highest measured diffraction efficiency was 55%. Photoresist kinoforms were transferred into quartz substrates by reactive ion etching. The highest measured diffraction efficiency for the resulting all-quartz kinoforms was 53%.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

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