Abstract

Experimental investigations on the temperature dependence of fluorescence and lasing characteristics of cw circulating organic dye lasers, excited with the multimode output of an Argon laser, were carried out for Rhodamine B, Rhodamine 6G, and Rhodamine 110 laser solutions in ethylene glycol. Significant improvements in the performance of Rhodamine B were observed as the solvent temperature was reduced below room temperature. These included significant reduction in the threshold pump requirements and a considerable increase in the attainable output power. This is in contrast to the results obtained for Rhodamine 6G and Rhodamine 110. Analysis of the results permit classification of dye lasers into three categories in so far as effects of cooling are concerned.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. R. Lakowicz, Principles of Fluorescence Spectroscopy (Plenum, New York, 1986).
  2. Y. T. Mazurenko, “Temperature Dependence of Luminescence Spectra of Viscous Solutions,” Opt. Spektrosk. 34, 917–920 (1973) [Opt. Spectrosc. 34, 527–529 (1973)].
  3. F. P. Schafer, Dye Lasers (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977).
  4. V. I. Studenov, N. G. Bakhshiev, “Intermolecular Interactions and the Stimulated Emission Spectra of Activated Liquid Systems. Part 3,” Opt. Spektrosk. 36, 392–397 (1974) [Opt. Spectrosc. 36, 226–228 (1974)].
  5. V. I. Studenov, I. V. Piterskaya, N. G. Bakhshiev, “Intermolecular Interactions and the Stimulated Emission Spectra of Activated Liquid Systems. 5: Quantative Study of the Influence of the Mixed Solvent Composition on the Lasing Threshold of Substituted Phthalimides,” Opt. Spektrosk. 39, 308–312 (1975) [Opt. Spectrosc. 39, 175–177 (1975)].
  6. N. G. Bakhshiev, The Spectroscopy of Intermolecular Interactions (Nauka i Teknika, Leningrad, 1972).
  7. N. G. Bakhshiev, V. I. Studenov, “Molecular Interactions and Stimulated Emission Spectra of Fluid Activated Systems. II: General Regulations of the Manifestations of Relaxation and Fluctuation Processes in the Generation Spectra of Solutions,” Opt. Spektrosk. 33, 115–123 (1972) [Opt. Spectrosc. 33, 62–65 (1972)].
  8. V. I. Studenov, N. G. Bakhshiev, “Molecular Interactions and Stimulated Emission Spectra of Fluid Activated Systems. 7: A Quantative Study of the Influence of the Temperature and Viscosity of the Solvent on the Lasing Threshold and Lasing Spectra of Solutions of Organic Compounds,” Opt. Spektrosk. 39, 661–665 (1975) [Opt. Spectrosc. 39, 371–373 (1975)].
  9. N. V. Korol’ Kova, B. M. Uzhinov, “Lasing Efficiency of Solutions of Rhodamine Dyes in Different Solvents,” Zh. Prik. Spektrosk. 39, 406–412 (1983).
  10. V. M. Krasnoshchekov, A. B. Nikolaev, A. V. Aristov, A. S. Eremenko, S. M. Lankova, Y. S. Lebeder, V. V. Rylkov, “Nature of the Temperature Effect on the Lasing Characteristics of Dyes Under Laser Excitation,” Opt. Spektrosk. 54, 118–122 (1983) [Opt. Spectrosc. 54, 67–70 (1983)].
  11. V. A. Alekseev, L. K. Denisov, A. I. Spoin, “Investigations of the Temperature Dependence of the Lasing Characteristics of a Dye Laser with Lamp Pumping,” Zh. Prik. Spektrosk. 31, 51–55 (1979).
  12. N. G. Bakhshiev, Y. T. Mazurenko, I. V. Piterskaya, “Luminescence Decay in Different Portions of the Luminescence Spectrum of Molecules in Viscous Solvents,” Opt. Spektrosk. 21, 550–554 (1966) [Opt. Spectrosc. 21, 307–309 (1966)].
  13. Y. T. Mazurenko, N. G. Bakhshiev, “Effect of Orientation Dipole Relaxation on Spectral, Time, and Polarization Characteristics of the Luminescence of Solutions,” Opt. Spektrosk. 28, 905–913 (1970) [Opt. Spectrosc. 28, 490–494 (1970)].
  14. N. G. Bakhshiev, O. P. Girin, V. I. Studenov, “Intermolecular Interactions and Induced-Emission Spectra of Liquid Activated Systems. Part 4: On the Mechanism of the Influence of Intermolecular Relaxation on the Lasing Characteristics of Solutions of Organic Substance,” Opt. Spektrosk. 39, 54–59 (1975) [Opt. Spectrosc. 39, 32–34 (1975)].
  15. N. G. Bakhshiev, “Some Special Effects of the Appearance of Orientational Dipole Relaxation Processes in the Luminescence and Generation Spectra of Solutions,” Opt. Spektrosk. 32, 979–982 (1972) [Opt. Spectrosc. 32, 525–526 (1972)].
  16. A. N. Rubinov, V. I. Tomin, “Bathochromic Luminescence in Solutions of Organic Dyes at Low Temperatures,” Opt. Spektrosk. 29, 1082–1086 (1970) [Opt. Spectrosc. 29, 578–580 (1970)].
  17. D. W. Peters, C. W. Mathews, “Temperature Dependence of the Peak Power of a Hansch-type Dye Laser,” Appl. Opt. 19, 4131–4132 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. F. J. Duarte, “Thermal Effects in Double Prism Dye Laser Cavities,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1345–1347 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. M. Samson, Ed., Quantum Electronics and Laser Spectroscopy (Naukai Teknika, Minsk, 1974), in Russian.
  20. O. Teshke, A. Dienes, “Solvent Effects on the Triplet State Population in Jet Stream cw Dye Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 9, 128–131 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. B. Marling, D. W. Gregg, S. J. Thomas, “Effects of Oxygen on Flashlamps-Pumped Organic-Dye Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 570–572 (1970).
    [CrossRef]

1983 (3)

N. V. Korol’ Kova, B. M. Uzhinov, “Lasing Efficiency of Solutions of Rhodamine Dyes in Different Solvents,” Zh. Prik. Spektrosk. 39, 406–412 (1983).

V. M. Krasnoshchekov, A. B. Nikolaev, A. V. Aristov, A. S. Eremenko, S. M. Lankova, Y. S. Lebeder, V. V. Rylkov, “Nature of the Temperature Effect on the Lasing Characteristics of Dyes Under Laser Excitation,” Opt. Spektrosk. 54, 118–122 (1983) [Opt. Spectrosc. 54, 67–70 (1983)].

F. J. Duarte, “Thermal Effects in Double Prism Dye Laser Cavities,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1345–1347 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

1979 (1)

V. A. Alekseev, L. K. Denisov, A. I. Spoin, “Investigations of the Temperature Dependence of the Lasing Characteristics of a Dye Laser with Lamp Pumping,” Zh. Prik. Spektrosk. 31, 51–55 (1979).

1975 (3)

V. I. Studenov, I. V. Piterskaya, N. G. Bakhshiev, “Intermolecular Interactions and the Stimulated Emission Spectra of Activated Liquid Systems. 5: Quantative Study of the Influence of the Mixed Solvent Composition on the Lasing Threshold of Substituted Phthalimides,” Opt. Spektrosk. 39, 308–312 (1975) [Opt. Spectrosc. 39, 175–177 (1975)].

V. I. Studenov, N. G. Bakhshiev, “Molecular Interactions and Stimulated Emission Spectra of Fluid Activated Systems. 7: A Quantative Study of the Influence of the Temperature and Viscosity of the Solvent on the Lasing Threshold and Lasing Spectra of Solutions of Organic Compounds,” Opt. Spektrosk. 39, 661–665 (1975) [Opt. Spectrosc. 39, 371–373 (1975)].

N. G. Bakhshiev, O. P. Girin, V. I. Studenov, “Intermolecular Interactions and Induced-Emission Spectra of Liquid Activated Systems. Part 4: On the Mechanism of the Influence of Intermolecular Relaxation on the Lasing Characteristics of Solutions of Organic Substance,” Opt. Spektrosk. 39, 54–59 (1975) [Opt. Spectrosc. 39, 32–34 (1975)].

1974 (1)

V. I. Studenov, N. G. Bakhshiev, “Intermolecular Interactions and the Stimulated Emission Spectra of Activated Liquid Systems. Part 3,” Opt. Spektrosk. 36, 392–397 (1974) [Opt. Spectrosc. 36, 226–228 (1974)].

1973 (2)

Y. T. Mazurenko, “Temperature Dependence of Luminescence Spectra of Viscous Solutions,” Opt. Spektrosk. 34, 917–920 (1973) [Opt. Spectrosc. 34, 527–529 (1973)].

O. Teshke, A. Dienes, “Solvent Effects on the Triplet State Population in Jet Stream cw Dye Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 9, 128–131 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1972 (2)

N. G. Bakhshiev, “Some Special Effects of the Appearance of Orientational Dipole Relaxation Processes in the Luminescence and Generation Spectra of Solutions,” Opt. Spektrosk. 32, 979–982 (1972) [Opt. Spectrosc. 32, 525–526 (1972)].

N. G. Bakhshiev, V. I. Studenov, “Molecular Interactions and Stimulated Emission Spectra of Fluid Activated Systems. II: General Regulations of the Manifestations of Relaxation and Fluctuation Processes in the Generation Spectra of Solutions,” Opt. Spektrosk. 33, 115–123 (1972) [Opt. Spectrosc. 33, 62–65 (1972)].

1970 (3)

A. N. Rubinov, V. I. Tomin, “Bathochromic Luminescence in Solutions of Organic Dyes at Low Temperatures,” Opt. Spektrosk. 29, 1082–1086 (1970) [Opt. Spectrosc. 29, 578–580 (1970)].

Y. T. Mazurenko, N. G. Bakhshiev, “Effect of Orientation Dipole Relaxation on Spectral, Time, and Polarization Characteristics of the Luminescence of Solutions,” Opt. Spektrosk. 28, 905–913 (1970) [Opt. Spectrosc. 28, 490–494 (1970)].

J. B. Marling, D. W. Gregg, S. J. Thomas, “Effects of Oxygen on Flashlamps-Pumped Organic-Dye Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 570–572 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

N. G. Bakhshiev, Y. T. Mazurenko, I. V. Piterskaya, “Luminescence Decay in Different Portions of the Luminescence Spectrum of Molecules in Viscous Solvents,” Opt. Spektrosk. 21, 550–554 (1966) [Opt. Spectrosc. 21, 307–309 (1966)].

Alekseev, V. A.

V. A. Alekseev, L. K. Denisov, A. I. Spoin, “Investigations of the Temperature Dependence of the Lasing Characteristics of a Dye Laser with Lamp Pumping,” Zh. Prik. Spektrosk. 31, 51–55 (1979).

Aristov, A. V.

V. M. Krasnoshchekov, A. B. Nikolaev, A. V. Aristov, A. S. Eremenko, S. M. Lankova, Y. S. Lebeder, V. V. Rylkov, “Nature of the Temperature Effect on the Lasing Characteristics of Dyes Under Laser Excitation,” Opt. Spektrosk. 54, 118–122 (1983) [Opt. Spectrosc. 54, 67–70 (1983)].

Bakhshiev, N. G.

V. I. Studenov, N. G. Bakhshiev, “Molecular Interactions and Stimulated Emission Spectra of Fluid Activated Systems. 7: A Quantative Study of the Influence of the Temperature and Viscosity of the Solvent on the Lasing Threshold and Lasing Spectra of Solutions of Organic Compounds,” Opt. Spektrosk. 39, 661–665 (1975) [Opt. Spectrosc. 39, 371–373 (1975)].

N. G. Bakhshiev, O. P. Girin, V. I. Studenov, “Intermolecular Interactions and Induced-Emission Spectra of Liquid Activated Systems. Part 4: On the Mechanism of the Influence of Intermolecular Relaxation on the Lasing Characteristics of Solutions of Organic Substance,” Opt. Spektrosk. 39, 54–59 (1975) [Opt. Spectrosc. 39, 32–34 (1975)].

V. I. Studenov, I. V. Piterskaya, N. G. Bakhshiev, “Intermolecular Interactions and the Stimulated Emission Spectra of Activated Liquid Systems. 5: Quantative Study of the Influence of the Mixed Solvent Composition on the Lasing Threshold of Substituted Phthalimides,” Opt. Spektrosk. 39, 308–312 (1975) [Opt. Spectrosc. 39, 175–177 (1975)].

V. I. Studenov, N. G. Bakhshiev, “Intermolecular Interactions and the Stimulated Emission Spectra of Activated Liquid Systems. Part 3,” Opt. Spektrosk. 36, 392–397 (1974) [Opt. Spectrosc. 36, 226–228 (1974)].

N. G. Bakhshiev, V. I. Studenov, “Molecular Interactions and Stimulated Emission Spectra of Fluid Activated Systems. II: General Regulations of the Manifestations of Relaxation and Fluctuation Processes in the Generation Spectra of Solutions,” Opt. Spektrosk. 33, 115–123 (1972) [Opt. Spectrosc. 33, 62–65 (1972)].

N. G. Bakhshiev, “Some Special Effects of the Appearance of Orientational Dipole Relaxation Processes in the Luminescence and Generation Spectra of Solutions,” Opt. Spektrosk. 32, 979–982 (1972) [Opt. Spectrosc. 32, 525–526 (1972)].

Y. T. Mazurenko, N. G. Bakhshiev, “Effect of Orientation Dipole Relaxation on Spectral, Time, and Polarization Characteristics of the Luminescence of Solutions,” Opt. Spektrosk. 28, 905–913 (1970) [Opt. Spectrosc. 28, 490–494 (1970)].

N. G. Bakhshiev, Y. T. Mazurenko, I. V. Piterskaya, “Luminescence Decay in Different Portions of the Luminescence Spectrum of Molecules in Viscous Solvents,” Opt. Spektrosk. 21, 550–554 (1966) [Opt. Spectrosc. 21, 307–309 (1966)].

N. G. Bakhshiev, The Spectroscopy of Intermolecular Interactions (Nauka i Teknika, Leningrad, 1972).

Denisov, L. K.

V. A. Alekseev, L. K. Denisov, A. I. Spoin, “Investigations of the Temperature Dependence of the Lasing Characteristics of a Dye Laser with Lamp Pumping,” Zh. Prik. Spektrosk. 31, 51–55 (1979).

Dienes, A.

O. Teshke, A. Dienes, “Solvent Effects on the Triplet State Population in Jet Stream cw Dye Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 9, 128–131 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Duarte, F. J.

F. J. Duarte, “Thermal Effects in Double Prism Dye Laser Cavities,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1345–1347 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Eremenko, A. S.

V. M. Krasnoshchekov, A. B. Nikolaev, A. V. Aristov, A. S. Eremenko, S. M. Lankova, Y. S. Lebeder, V. V. Rylkov, “Nature of the Temperature Effect on the Lasing Characteristics of Dyes Under Laser Excitation,” Opt. Spektrosk. 54, 118–122 (1983) [Opt. Spectrosc. 54, 67–70 (1983)].

Girin, O. P.

N. G. Bakhshiev, O. P. Girin, V. I. Studenov, “Intermolecular Interactions and Induced-Emission Spectra of Liquid Activated Systems. Part 4: On the Mechanism of the Influence of Intermolecular Relaxation on the Lasing Characteristics of Solutions of Organic Substance,” Opt. Spektrosk. 39, 54–59 (1975) [Opt. Spectrosc. 39, 32–34 (1975)].

Gregg, D. W.

J. B. Marling, D. W. Gregg, S. J. Thomas, “Effects of Oxygen on Flashlamps-Pumped Organic-Dye Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 570–572 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Korol’ Kova, N. V.

N. V. Korol’ Kova, B. M. Uzhinov, “Lasing Efficiency of Solutions of Rhodamine Dyes in Different Solvents,” Zh. Prik. Spektrosk. 39, 406–412 (1983).

Krasnoshchekov, V. M.

V. M. Krasnoshchekov, A. B. Nikolaev, A. V. Aristov, A. S. Eremenko, S. M. Lankova, Y. S. Lebeder, V. V. Rylkov, “Nature of the Temperature Effect on the Lasing Characteristics of Dyes Under Laser Excitation,” Opt. Spektrosk. 54, 118–122 (1983) [Opt. Spectrosc. 54, 67–70 (1983)].

Lakowicz, J. R.

J. R. Lakowicz, Principles of Fluorescence Spectroscopy (Plenum, New York, 1986).

Lankova, S. M.

V. M. Krasnoshchekov, A. B. Nikolaev, A. V. Aristov, A. S. Eremenko, S. M. Lankova, Y. S. Lebeder, V. V. Rylkov, “Nature of the Temperature Effect on the Lasing Characteristics of Dyes Under Laser Excitation,” Opt. Spektrosk. 54, 118–122 (1983) [Opt. Spectrosc. 54, 67–70 (1983)].

Lebeder, Y. S.

V. M. Krasnoshchekov, A. B. Nikolaev, A. V. Aristov, A. S. Eremenko, S. M. Lankova, Y. S. Lebeder, V. V. Rylkov, “Nature of the Temperature Effect on the Lasing Characteristics of Dyes Under Laser Excitation,” Opt. Spektrosk. 54, 118–122 (1983) [Opt. Spectrosc. 54, 67–70 (1983)].

Marling, J. B.

J. B. Marling, D. W. Gregg, S. J. Thomas, “Effects of Oxygen on Flashlamps-Pumped Organic-Dye Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 570–572 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Mathews, C. W.

Mazurenko, Y. T.

Y. T. Mazurenko, “Temperature Dependence of Luminescence Spectra of Viscous Solutions,” Opt. Spektrosk. 34, 917–920 (1973) [Opt. Spectrosc. 34, 527–529 (1973)].

Y. T. Mazurenko, N. G. Bakhshiev, “Effect of Orientation Dipole Relaxation on Spectral, Time, and Polarization Characteristics of the Luminescence of Solutions,” Opt. Spektrosk. 28, 905–913 (1970) [Opt. Spectrosc. 28, 490–494 (1970)].

N. G. Bakhshiev, Y. T. Mazurenko, I. V. Piterskaya, “Luminescence Decay in Different Portions of the Luminescence Spectrum of Molecules in Viscous Solvents,” Opt. Spektrosk. 21, 550–554 (1966) [Opt. Spectrosc. 21, 307–309 (1966)].

Nikolaev, A. B.

V. M. Krasnoshchekov, A. B. Nikolaev, A. V. Aristov, A. S. Eremenko, S. M. Lankova, Y. S. Lebeder, V. V. Rylkov, “Nature of the Temperature Effect on the Lasing Characteristics of Dyes Under Laser Excitation,” Opt. Spektrosk. 54, 118–122 (1983) [Opt. Spectrosc. 54, 67–70 (1983)].

Peters, D. W.

Piterskaya, I. V.

V. I. Studenov, I. V. Piterskaya, N. G. Bakhshiev, “Intermolecular Interactions and the Stimulated Emission Spectra of Activated Liquid Systems. 5: Quantative Study of the Influence of the Mixed Solvent Composition on the Lasing Threshold of Substituted Phthalimides,” Opt. Spektrosk. 39, 308–312 (1975) [Opt. Spectrosc. 39, 175–177 (1975)].

N. G. Bakhshiev, Y. T. Mazurenko, I. V. Piterskaya, “Luminescence Decay in Different Portions of the Luminescence Spectrum of Molecules in Viscous Solvents,” Opt. Spektrosk. 21, 550–554 (1966) [Opt. Spectrosc. 21, 307–309 (1966)].

Rubinov, A. N.

A. N. Rubinov, V. I. Tomin, “Bathochromic Luminescence in Solutions of Organic Dyes at Low Temperatures,” Opt. Spektrosk. 29, 1082–1086 (1970) [Opt. Spectrosc. 29, 578–580 (1970)].

Rylkov, V. V.

V. M. Krasnoshchekov, A. B. Nikolaev, A. V. Aristov, A. S. Eremenko, S. M. Lankova, Y. S. Lebeder, V. V. Rylkov, “Nature of the Temperature Effect on the Lasing Characteristics of Dyes Under Laser Excitation,” Opt. Spektrosk. 54, 118–122 (1983) [Opt. Spectrosc. 54, 67–70 (1983)].

Schafer, F. P.

F. P. Schafer, Dye Lasers (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977).

Spoin, A. I.

V. A. Alekseev, L. K. Denisov, A. I. Spoin, “Investigations of the Temperature Dependence of the Lasing Characteristics of a Dye Laser with Lamp Pumping,” Zh. Prik. Spektrosk. 31, 51–55 (1979).

Studenov, V. I.

V. I. Studenov, I. V. Piterskaya, N. G. Bakhshiev, “Intermolecular Interactions and the Stimulated Emission Spectra of Activated Liquid Systems. 5: Quantative Study of the Influence of the Mixed Solvent Composition on the Lasing Threshold of Substituted Phthalimides,” Opt. Spektrosk. 39, 308–312 (1975) [Opt. Spectrosc. 39, 175–177 (1975)].

V. I. Studenov, N. G. Bakhshiev, “Molecular Interactions and Stimulated Emission Spectra of Fluid Activated Systems. 7: A Quantative Study of the Influence of the Temperature and Viscosity of the Solvent on the Lasing Threshold and Lasing Spectra of Solutions of Organic Compounds,” Opt. Spektrosk. 39, 661–665 (1975) [Opt. Spectrosc. 39, 371–373 (1975)].

N. G. Bakhshiev, O. P. Girin, V. I. Studenov, “Intermolecular Interactions and Induced-Emission Spectra of Liquid Activated Systems. Part 4: On the Mechanism of the Influence of Intermolecular Relaxation on the Lasing Characteristics of Solutions of Organic Substance,” Opt. Spektrosk. 39, 54–59 (1975) [Opt. Spectrosc. 39, 32–34 (1975)].

V. I. Studenov, N. G. Bakhshiev, “Intermolecular Interactions and the Stimulated Emission Spectra of Activated Liquid Systems. Part 3,” Opt. Spektrosk. 36, 392–397 (1974) [Opt. Spectrosc. 36, 226–228 (1974)].

N. G. Bakhshiev, V. I. Studenov, “Molecular Interactions and Stimulated Emission Spectra of Fluid Activated Systems. II: General Regulations of the Manifestations of Relaxation and Fluctuation Processes in the Generation Spectra of Solutions,” Opt. Spektrosk. 33, 115–123 (1972) [Opt. Spectrosc. 33, 62–65 (1972)].

Teshke, O.

O. Teshke, A. Dienes, “Solvent Effects on the Triplet State Population in Jet Stream cw Dye Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 9, 128–131 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, S. J.

J. B. Marling, D. W. Gregg, S. J. Thomas, “Effects of Oxygen on Flashlamps-Pumped Organic-Dye Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 570–572 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Tomin, V. I.

A. N. Rubinov, V. I. Tomin, “Bathochromic Luminescence in Solutions of Organic Dyes at Low Temperatures,” Opt. Spektrosk. 29, 1082–1086 (1970) [Opt. Spectrosc. 29, 578–580 (1970)].

Uzhinov, B. M.

N. V. Korol’ Kova, B. M. Uzhinov, “Lasing Efficiency of Solutions of Rhodamine Dyes in Different Solvents,” Zh. Prik. Spektrosk. 39, 406–412 (1983).

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

J. B. Marling, D. W. Gregg, S. J. Thomas, “Effects of Oxygen on Flashlamps-Pumped Organic-Dye Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 570–572 (1970).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Duarte, “Thermal Effects in Double Prism Dye Laser Cavities,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 1345–1347 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

O. Teshke, A. Dienes, “Solvent Effects on the Triplet State Population in Jet Stream cw Dye Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 9, 128–131 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Spektrosk. (11)

N. G. Bakhshiev, Y. T. Mazurenko, I. V. Piterskaya, “Luminescence Decay in Different Portions of the Luminescence Spectrum of Molecules in Viscous Solvents,” Opt. Spektrosk. 21, 550–554 (1966) [Opt. Spectrosc. 21, 307–309 (1966)].

Y. T. Mazurenko, N. G. Bakhshiev, “Effect of Orientation Dipole Relaxation on Spectral, Time, and Polarization Characteristics of the Luminescence of Solutions,” Opt. Spektrosk. 28, 905–913 (1970) [Opt. Spectrosc. 28, 490–494 (1970)].

N. G. Bakhshiev, O. P. Girin, V. I. Studenov, “Intermolecular Interactions and Induced-Emission Spectra of Liquid Activated Systems. Part 4: On the Mechanism of the Influence of Intermolecular Relaxation on the Lasing Characteristics of Solutions of Organic Substance,” Opt. Spektrosk. 39, 54–59 (1975) [Opt. Spectrosc. 39, 32–34 (1975)].

N. G. Bakhshiev, “Some Special Effects of the Appearance of Orientational Dipole Relaxation Processes in the Luminescence and Generation Spectra of Solutions,” Opt. Spektrosk. 32, 979–982 (1972) [Opt. Spectrosc. 32, 525–526 (1972)].

A. N. Rubinov, V. I. Tomin, “Bathochromic Luminescence in Solutions of Organic Dyes at Low Temperatures,” Opt. Spektrosk. 29, 1082–1086 (1970) [Opt. Spectrosc. 29, 578–580 (1970)].

Y. T. Mazurenko, “Temperature Dependence of Luminescence Spectra of Viscous Solutions,” Opt. Spektrosk. 34, 917–920 (1973) [Opt. Spectrosc. 34, 527–529 (1973)].

V. I. Studenov, N. G. Bakhshiev, “Intermolecular Interactions and the Stimulated Emission Spectra of Activated Liquid Systems. Part 3,” Opt. Spektrosk. 36, 392–397 (1974) [Opt. Spectrosc. 36, 226–228 (1974)].

V. I. Studenov, I. V. Piterskaya, N. G. Bakhshiev, “Intermolecular Interactions and the Stimulated Emission Spectra of Activated Liquid Systems. 5: Quantative Study of the Influence of the Mixed Solvent Composition on the Lasing Threshold of Substituted Phthalimides,” Opt. Spektrosk. 39, 308–312 (1975) [Opt. Spectrosc. 39, 175–177 (1975)].

N. G. Bakhshiev, V. I. Studenov, “Molecular Interactions and Stimulated Emission Spectra of Fluid Activated Systems. II: General Regulations of the Manifestations of Relaxation and Fluctuation Processes in the Generation Spectra of Solutions,” Opt. Spektrosk. 33, 115–123 (1972) [Opt. Spectrosc. 33, 62–65 (1972)].

V. I. Studenov, N. G. Bakhshiev, “Molecular Interactions and Stimulated Emission Spectra of Fluid Activated Systems. 7: A Quantative Study of the Influence of the Temperature and Viscosity of the Solvent on the Lasing Threshold and Lasing Spectra of Solutions of Organic Compounds,” Opt. Spektrosk. 39, 661–665 (1975) [Opt. Spectrosc. 39, 371–373 (1975)].

V. M. Krasnoshchekov, A. B. Nikolaev, A. V. Aristov, A. S. Eremenko, S. M. Lankova, Y. S. Lebeder, V. V. Rylkov, “Nature of the Temperature Effect on the Lasing Characteristics of Dyes Under Laser Excitation,” Opt. Spektrosk. 54, 118–122 (1983) [Opt. Spectrosc. 54, 67–70 (1983)].

Zh. Prik. Spektrosk. (2)

V. A. Alekseev, L. K. Denisov, A. I. Spoin, “Investigations of the Temperature Dependence of the Lasing Characteristics of a Dye Laser with Lamp Pumping,” Zh. Prik. Spektrosk. 31, 51–55 (1979).

N. V. Korol’ Kova, B. M. Uzhinov, “Lasing Efficiency of Solutions of Rhodamine Dyes in Different Solvents,” Zh. Prik. Spektrosk. 39, 406–412 (1983).

Other (4)

N. G. Bakhshiev, The Spectroscopy of Intermolecular Interactions (Nauka i Teknika, Leningrad, 1972).

F. P. Schafer, Dye Lasers (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977).

J. R. Lakowicz, Principles of Fluorescence Spectroscopy (Plenum, New York, 1986).

A. M. Samson, Ed., Quantum Electronics and Laser Spectroscopy (Naukai Teknika, Minsk, 1974), in Russian.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Energy level scheme for electronics states of complex molecules in a polar solvent.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Fluorescence spectra of Rh-B in ethylene glycol: (—) 23°C; (- - -) −5°C; (…) −20°C; and (- · -) −60°C.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Fluorescence spectra of Rh-6G in ethylene glycol: (—) 23°C;(- - -) −5°C; (…) −20°C; and (- · -) −60°C.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Fluorescence spectra of Rh-110 in ethylene glycol: (—) 23°C; (- - -) −5°C; (…) −20°C; and (- · -) −60°C.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Lasing threshold pumping intensity vs reservoir solution temperature for multimode regime: (—) Rh-B;(- - -) Rh-110; and (…) Rh-6G.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Lasing output power vs reservoir solution temperature for multimode regime: (—) Rh-B; (- - -) Rh-110; and (…) Rh-6G.

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