Abstract

Of the four new pyrromethene derivatives studied, 1,3,5,7,8-pentamethyl-2,6-diethylpyrromethene-BF2 complex lased ~3 times more efficiently than rhodamine 560 under flashlamp excitation.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. P. Sorokin, J. R. Lankard, E. C. Hammond, V. L. Maruzzi, “Laser Pumped Stimulated Emissions from Organic Dyes: Experimental Studies and Analytical Comparisons,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 11, 130–148 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, J. H. Boyer, “Laser Action from a Tetramethylpyrromethene-BF2 Complex,” Appl. Opt. 27, 4998–4999 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, J. H. Boyer, “Efficient Laser Action from 1,3,5,7,8-Pentamethylpyrromethene-BF2 Complex and its 2,6-Disulfonate Derivative,” Opt. Commun. 70, 425–427 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. J. Schimitschek, J. A. Trias, P. R. Hammond, R. A. Henry, R. L. Atkins, “New Laser Dyes with Blue-Green Emission,” Opt. Commun. 16, 313–316 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. G. Pavlopolulos, “Measurement of Triplet Extinction Coefficients of Organic Molecules by McClure’s Method,” Spectrochim. Acta A 43, 1201–1208 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. J. McClure, “Excited Triplet States of Some Polyatomic Molecules,” J. Chem. Phys. 19, 670–675 (1951).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. G. Pavlopoulos, D. J. Golich, “Triplet Extinction Coefficients of Some Laser Dyes I,” J. Appl. Phys. 64, 521–527 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. G. Pavlopoulos, D. J. Golich, “Triplet Extinction Coefficients of Some Laser Dyes II,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 1203–1209 (1990).
    [CrossRef]

1990

T. G. Pavlopoulos, D. J. Golich, “Triplet Extinction Coefficients of Some Laser Dyes II,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 1203–1209 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989

T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, J. H. Boyer, “Efficient Laser Action from 1,3,5,7,8-Pentamethylpyrromethene-BF2 Complex and its 2,6-Disulfonate Derivative,” Opt. Commun. 70, 425–427 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988

T. G. Pavlopoulos, D. J. Golich, “Triplet Extinction Coefficients of Some Laser Dyes I,” J. Appl. Phys. 64, 521–527 (1988).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, J. H. Boyer, “Laser Action from a Tetramethylpyrromethene-BF2 Complex,” Appl. Opt. 27, 4998–4999 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987

T. G. Pavlopolulos, “Measurement of Triplet Extinction Coefficients of Organic Molecules by McClure’s Method,” Spectrochim. Acta A 43, 1201–1208 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1975

E. J. Schimitschek, J. A. Trias, P. R. Hammond, R. A. Henry, R. L. Atkins, “New Laser Dyes with Blue-Green Emission,” Opt. Commun. 16, 313–316 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1967

P. P. Sorokin, J. R. Lankard, E. C. Hammond, V. L. Maruzzi, “Laser Pumped Stimulated Emissions from Organic Dyes: Experimental Studies and Analytical Comparisons,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 11, 130–148 (1967).
[CrossRef]

1951

D. J. McClure, “Excited Triplet States of Some Polyatomic Molecules,” J. Chem. Phys. 19, 670–675 (1951).
[CrossRef]

Atkins, R. L.

E. J. Schimitschek, J. A. Trias, P. R. Hammond, R. A. Henry, R. L. Atkins, “New Laser Dyes with Blue-Green Emission,” Opt. Commun. 16, 313–316 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Boyer, J. H.

T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, J. H. Boyer, “Efficient Laser Action from 1,3,5,7,8-Pentamethylpyrromethene-BF2 Complex and its 2,6-Disulfonate Derivative,” Opt. Commun. 70, 425–427 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, J. H. Boyer, “Laser Action from a Tetramethylpyrromethene-BF2 Complex,” Appl. Opt. 27, 4998–4999 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Golich, D. J.

T. G. Pavlopoulos, D. J. Golich, “Triplet Extinction Coefficients of Some Laser Dyes II,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 1203–1209 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, D. J. Golich, “Triplet Extinction Coefficients of Some Laser Dyes I,” J. Appl. Phys. 64, 521–527 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Hammond, E. C.

P. P. Sorokin, J. R. Lankard, E. C. Hammond, V. L. Maruzzi, “Laser Pumped Stimulated Emissions from Organic Dyes: Experimental Studies and Analytical Comparisons,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 11, 130–148 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Hammond, P. R.

E. J. Schimitschek, J. A. Trias, P. R. Hammond, R. A. Henry, R. L. Atkins, “New Laser Dyes with Blue-Green Emission,” Opt. Commun. 16, 313–316 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Henry, R. A.

E. J. Schimitschek, J. A. Trias, P. R. Hammond, R. A. Henry, R. L. Atkins, “New Laser Dyes with Blue-Green Emission,” Opt. Commun. 16, 313–316 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Lankard, J. R.

P. P. Sorokin, J. R. Lankard, E. C. Hammond, V. L. Maruzzi, “Laser Pumped Stimulated Emissions from Organic Dyes: Experimental Studies and Analytical Comparisons,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 11, 130–148 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Maruzzi, V. L.

P. P. Sorokin, J. R. Lankard, E. C. Hammond, V. L. Maruzzi, “Laser Pumped Stimulated Emissions from Organic Dyes: Experimental Studies and Analytical Comparisons,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 11, 130–148 (1967).
[CrossRef]

McClure, D. J.

D. J. McClure, “Excited Triplet States of Some Polyatomic Molecules,” J. Chem. Phys. 19, 670–675 (1951).
[CrossRef]

Pavlopolulos, T. G.

T. G. Pavlopolulos, “Measurement of Triplet Extinction Coefficients of Organic Molecules by McClure’s Method,” Spectrochim. Acta A 43, 1201–1208 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Pavlopoulos, T. G.

T. G. Pavlopoulos, D. J. Golich, “Triplet Extinction Coefficients of Some Laser Dyes II,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 1203–1209 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, J. H. Boyer, “Efficient Laser Action from 1,3,5,7,8-Pentamethylpyrromethene-BF2 Complex and its 2,6-Disulfonate Derivative,” Opt. Commun. 70, 425–427 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, J. H. Boyer, “Laser Action from a Tetramethylpyrromethene-BF2 Complex,” Appl. Opt. 27, 4998–4999 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, D. J. Golich, “Triplet Extinction Coefficients of Some Laser Dyes I,” J. Appl. Phys. 64, 521–527 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Schimitschek, E. J.

E. J. Schimitschek, J. A. Trias, P. R. Hammond, R. A. Henry, R. L. Atkins, “New Laser Dyes with Blue-Green Emission,” Opt. Commun. 16, 313–316 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Shah, M.

T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, J. H. Boyer, “Efficient Laser Action from 1,3,5,7,8-Pentamethylpyrromethene-BF2 Complex and its 2,6-Disulfonate Derivative,” Opt. Commun. 70, 425–427 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, J. H. Boyer, “Laser Action from a Tetramethylpyrromethene-BF2 Complex,” Appl. Opt. 27, 4998–4999 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sorokin, P. P.

P. P. Sorokin, J. R. Lankard, E. C. Hammond, V. L. Maruzzi, “Laser Pumped Stimulated Emissions from Organic Dyes: Experimental Studies and Analytical Comparisons,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 11, 130–148 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Trias, J. A.

E. J. Schimitschek, J. A. Trias, P. R. Hammond, R. A. Henry, R. L. Atkins, “New Laser Dyes with Blue-Green Emission,” Opt. Commun. 16, 313–316 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

IBM J. Res. Dev.

P. P. Sorokin, J. R. Lankard, E. C. Hammond, V. L. Maruzzi, “Laser Pumped Stimulated Emissions from Organic Dyes: Experimental Studies and Analytical Comparisons,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 11, 130–148 (1967).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

T. G. Pavlopoulos, D. J. Golich, “Triplet Extinction Coefficients of Some Laser Dyes I,” J. Appl. Phys. 64, 521–527 (1988).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, D. J. Golich, “Triplet Extinction Coefficients of Some Laser Dyes II,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 1203–1209 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

D. J. McClure, “Excited Triplet States of Some Polyatomic Molecules,” J. Chem. Phys. 19, 670–675 (1951).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, J. H. Boyer, “Efficient Laser Action from 1,3,5,7,8-Pentamethylpyrromethene-BF2 Complex and its 2,6-Disulfonate Derivative,” Opt. Commun. 70, 425–427 (1989).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Schimitschek, J. A. Trias, P. R. Hammond, R. A. Henry, R. L. Atkins, “New Laser Dyes with Blue-Green Emission,” Opt. Commun. 16, 313–316 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Spectrochim. Acta A

T. G. Pavlopolulos, “Measurement of Triplet Extinction Coefficients of Organic Molecules by McClure’s Method,” Spectrochim. Acta A 43, 1201–1208 (1987).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Laser energy output ΔE (mjoules) as a function of flashlamp pump energy E (joules) of 2 × 10−4 M solutions of rhodamine 560 (RH 560), rhodamine 575 (RH 575), and the complexes 3 and 4 dissolved in ethyl and 5 and 6 in methyl alcohol.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table I Quantum Fluorescence Yield QF, Fluorescence Intensity Maximum λF, Absorption (SS) Intensity Maximum λS, (SS) Absorption (Extinction) Coefficient S, and Laser Action Wavelength λlas of the Pyrromethene Complexes 3–6

Metrics