Abstract

Nonlinearities reported as self-focusing in exotic media such as green Chinese tea are identified as thermal self-defocusing. These large index changes can be used to study hysteresis, power-induced self-switching and cross-switching, the power-induced lensing effect, and other nonlinearities at interfaces.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. Y. Chiao, E. Garmire, C. H. Townes, “Self-Trapping of Optical Beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 13, 479–482 (1964).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, P. W. Smith, “Continuous-Wave Self-Focusing and Self-Trapping of Light in Artificial Kerr Media,” Opt. Lett. 7, 276–278 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. McGraw, D. Rogovin, “Response of an Artificial Kerr Medium to Moving Electromagnetic Gratings,” Phys. Rev. A 35, 1181–1191 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. E. Freysz, M. Afifi, A. Ducasse, B. Pouligny, J. R. Lalanne, “Giant Optical Non-Linearities of Critical Micro-Emulsions,” J. Phys. Lett. 46, L-181–L-187 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Giglio, A. Vendramini, “Soret-Type Motion of Macromolecules in Solution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 26–30 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H.-J. Zhang, J.-H. Dai, P. Wang, L. Wu, “Self-Focusing and Self-Trapping in New Types of Kerr Media with Large Nonlinearities,” Opt, Lett. 14, 695–698 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. H. Lin, A. Korpel, D. Mehrl, D. R. Andersen, “Nonlinear Chinese Tea,” Opt. News 55 (Dec.1989d).
  8. P. W. Smith, J.-P. Hermann, W. J. Tomlinson, P. J. Maloney, “Optical Bistability at a Nonlinear Interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 846–848 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  9. I. C. Khoo, “Optical-Thermal Induced Total Internal Reflection-to-Transmition Switching at a Glass-Liquid Crystal Interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 645–647 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Mohebi, B. Jean-Jean, J.-C. M. Diels, “Self-Induced Reflection at a Saturable Interface,” Opt. Lett. 14, 1353–1355 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. F. P. Zscheile, C. L. Comar, “Influence of Preparative Procedure on the Purity of Chlorophyll Components as Shown by Absorption Spectra,” Bot. Gaz. 102, 463–481 (1941).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. C. Weast, Ed, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (CRC Press, Cleveland, 1985–1986), F-4.
  13. C. Imbert, “Calculation and Experimental Proof of the Transverse Shift Induced by Total Internal Reflection of a Circularly Polarized Light Beam,” Phys. Rev. D 5, 787–796 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, London, 1975), p. 627–633.

1989 (3)

H.-J. Zhang, J.-H. Dai, P. Wang, L. Wu, “Self-Focusing and Self-Trapping in New Types of Kerr Media with Large Nonlinearities,” Opt, Lett. 14, 695–698 (1989).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Lin, A. Korpel, D. Mehrl, D. R. Andersen, “Nonlinear Chinese Tea,” Opt. News 55 (Dec.1989d).

M. Mohebi, B. Jean-Jean, J.-C. M. Diels, “Self-Induced Reflection at a Saturable Interface,” Opt. Lett. 14, 1353–1355 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

R. McGraw, D. Rogovin, “Response of an Artificial Kerr Medium to Moving Electromagnetic Gratings,” Phys. Rev. A 35, 1181–1191 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

E. Freysz, M. Afifi, A. Ducasse, B. Pouligny, J. R. Lalanne, “Giant Optical Non-Linearities of Critical Micro-Emulsions,” J. Phys. Lett. 46, L-181–L-187 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1982 (2)

I. C. Khoo, “Optical-Thermal Induced Total Internal Reflection-to-Transmition Switching at a Glass-Liquid Crystal Interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 645–647 (1982).
[CrossRef]

A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, P. W. Smith, “Continuous-Wave Self-Focusing and Self-Trapping of Light in Artificial Kerr Media,” Opt. Lett. 7, 276–278 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1979 (1)

P. W. Smith, J.-P. Hermann, W. J. Tomlinson, P. J. Maloney, “Optical Bistability at a Nonlinear Interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 846–848 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

M. Giglio, A. Vendramini, “Soret-Type Motion of Macromolecules in Solution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 26–30 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

C. Imbert, “Calculation and Experimental Proof of the Transverse Shift Induced by Total Internal Reflection of a Circularly Polarized Light Beam,” Phys. Rev. D 5, 787–796 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1964 (1)

R. Y. Chiao, E. Garmire, C. H. Townes, “Self-Trapping of Optical Beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 13, 479–482 (1964).
[CrossRef]

1941 (1)

F. P. Zscheile, C. L. Comar, “Influence of Preparative Procedure on the Purity of Chlorophyll Components as Shown by Absorption Spectra,” Bot. Gaz. 102, 463–481 (1941).
[CrossRef]

Afifi, M.

E. Freysz, M. Afifi, A. Ducasse, B. Pouligny, J. R. Lalanne, “Giant Optical Non-Linearities of Critical Micro-Emulsions,” J. Phys. Lett. 46, L-181–L-187 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Andersen, D. R.

H. H. Lin, A. Korpel, D. Mehrl, D. R. Andersen, “Nonlinear Chinese Tea,” Opt. News 55 (Dec.1989d).

Ashkin, A.

Born, M.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, London, 1975), p. 627–633.

Chiao, R. Y.

R. Y. Chiao, E. Garmire, C. H. Townes, “Self-Trapping of Optical Beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 13, 479–482 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Comar, C. L.

F. P. Zscheile, C. L. Comar, “Influence of Preparative Procedure on the Purity of Chlorophyll Components as Shown by Absorption Spectra,” Bot. Gaz. 102, 463–481 (1941).
[CrossRef]

Dai, J.-H.

H.-J. Zhang, J.-H. Dai, P. Wang, L. Wu, “Self-Focusing and Self-Trapping in New Types of Kerr Media with Large Nonlinearities,” Opt, Lett. 14, 695–698 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Diels, J.-C. M.

Ducasse, A.

E. Freysz, M. Afifi, A. Ducasse, B. Pouligny, J. R. Lalanne, “Giant Optical Non-Linearities of Critical Micro-Emulsions,” J. Phys. Lett. 46, L-181–L-187 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Dziedzic, J. M.

Freysz, E.

E. Freysz, M. Afifi, A. Ducasse, B. Pouligny, J. R. Lalanne, “Giant Optical Non-Linearities of Critical Micro-Emulsions,” J. Phys. Lett. 46, L-181–L-187 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Garmire, E.

R. Y. Chiao, E. Garmire, C. H. Townes, “Self-Trapping of Optical Beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 13, 479–482 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Giglio, M.

M. Giglio, A. Vendramini, “Soret-Type Motion of Macromolecules in Solution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 26–30 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Hermann, J.-P.

P. W. Smith, J.-P. Hermann, W. J. Tomlinson, P. J. Maloney, “Optical Bistability at a Nonlinear Interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 846–848 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Imbert, C.

C. Imbert, “Calculation and Experimental Proof of the Transverse Shift Induced by Total Internal Reflection of a Circularly Polarized Light Beam,” Phys. Rev. D 5, 787–796 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Jean-Jean, B.

Khoo, I. C.

I. C. Khoo, “Optical-Thermal Induced Total Internal Reflection-to-Transmition Switching at a Glass-Liquid Crystal Interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 645–647 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Korpel, A.

H. H. Lin, A. Korpel, D. Mehrl, D. R. Andersen, “Nonlinear Chinese Tea,” Opt. News 55 (Dec.1989d).

Lalanne, J. R.

E. Freysz, M. Afifi, A. Ducasse, B. Pouligny, J. R. Lalanne, “Giant Optical Non-Linearities of Critical Micro-Emulsions,” J. Phys. Lett. 46, L-181–L-187 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H. H.

H. H. Lin, A. Korpel, D. Mehrl, D. R. Andersen, “Nonlinear Chinese Tea,” Opt. News 55 (Dec.1989d).

Maloney, P. J.

P. W. Smith, J.-P. Hermann, W. J. Tomlinson, P. J. Maloney, “Optical Bistability at a Nonlinear Interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 846–848 (1979).
[CrossRef]

McGraw, R.

R. McGraw, D. Rogovin, “Response of an Artificial Kerr Medium to Moving Electromagnetic Gratings,” Phys. Rev. A 35, 1181–1191 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mehrl, D.

H. H. Lin, A. Korpel, D. Mehrl, D. R. Andersen, “Nonlinear Chinese Tea,” Opt. News 55 (Dec.1989d).

Mohebi, M.

Pouligny, B.

E. Freysz, M. Afifi, A. Ducasse, B. Pouligny, J. R. Lalanne, “Giant Optical Non-Linearities of Critical Micro-Emulsions,” J. Phys. Lett. 46, L-181–L-187 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Rogovin, D.

R. McGraw, D. Rogovin, “Response of an Artificial Kerr Medium to Moving Electromagnetic Gratings,” Phys. Rev. A 35, 1181–1191 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, P. W.

A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, P. W. Smith, “Continuous-Wave Self-Focusing and Self-Trapping of Light in Artificial Kerr Media,” Opt. Lett. 7, 276–278 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. W. Smith, J.-P. Hermann, W. J. Tomlinson, P. J. Maloney, “Optical Bistability at a Nonlinear Interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 846–848 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Tomlinson, W. J.

P. W. Smith, J.-P. Hermann, W. J. Tomlinson, P. J. Maloney, “Optical Bistability at a Nonlinear Interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 846–848 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Townes, C. H.

R. Y. Chiao, E. Garmire, C. H. Townes, “Self-Trapping of Optical Beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 13, 479–482 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Vendramini, A.

M. Giglio, A. Vendramini, “Soret-Type Motion of Macromolecules in Solution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 26–30 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.

H.-J. Zhang, J.-H. Dai, P. Wang, L. Wu, “Self-Focusing and Self-Trapping in New Types of Kerr Media with Large Nonlinearities,” Opt, Lett. 14, 695–698 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, E.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, London, 1975), p. 627–633.

Wu, L.

H.-J. Zhang, J.-H. Dai, P. Wang, L. Wu, “Self-Focusing and Self-Trapping in New Types of Kerr Media with Large Nonlinearities,” Opt, Lett. 14, 695–698 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.-J.

H.-J. Zhang, J.-H. Dai, P. Wang, L. Wu, “Self-Focusing and Self-Trapping in New Types of Kerr Media with Large Nonlinearities,” Opt, Lett. 14, 695–698 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Zscheile, F. P.

F. P. Zscheile, C. L. Comar, “Influence of Preparative Procedure on the Purity of Chlorophyll Components as Shown by Absorption Spectra,” Bot. Gaz. 102, 463–481 (1941).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

P. W. Smith, J.-P. Hermann, W. J. Tomlinson, P. J. Maloney, “Optical Bistability at a Nonlinear Interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 846–848 (1979).
[CrossRef]

I. C. Khoo, “Optical-Thermal Induced Total Internal Reflection-to-Transmition Switching at a Glass-Liquid Crystal Interface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 645–647 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Bot. Gaz. (1)

F. P. Zscheile, C. L. Comar, “Influence of Preparative Procedure on the Purity of Chlorophyll Components as Shown by Absorption Spectra,” Bot. Gaz. 102, 463–481 (1941).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Lett. (1)

E. Freysz, M. Afifi, A. Ducasse, B. Pouligny, J. R. Lalanne, “Giant Optical Non-Linearities of Critical Micro-Emulsions,” J. Phys. Lett. 46, L-181–L-187 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt, Lett. (1)

H.-J. Zhang, J.-H. Dai, P. Wang, L. Wu, “Self-Focusing and Self-Trapping in New Types of Kerr Media with Large Nonlinearities,” Opt, Lett. 14, 695–698 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. News (1)

H. H. Lin, A. Korpel, D. Mehrl, D. R. Andersen, “Nonlinear Chinese Tea,” Opt. News 55 (Dec.1989d).

Phys. Rev. A (1)

R. McGraw, D. Rogovin, “Response of an Artificial Kerr Medium to Moving Electromagnetic Gratings,” Phys. Rev. A 35, 1181–1191 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. D (1)

C. Imbert, “Calculation and Experimental Proof of the Transverse Shift Induced by Total Internal Reflection of a Circularly Polarized Light Beam,” Phys. Rev. D 5, 787–796 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

R. Y. Chiao, E. Garmire, C. H. Townes, “Self-Trapping of Optical Beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 13, 479–482 (1964).
[CrossRef]

M. Giglio, A. Vendramini, “Soret-Type Motion of Macromolecules in Solution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 26–30 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

R. C. Weast, Ed, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (CRC Press, Cleveland, 1985–1986), F-4.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, London, 1975), p. 627–633.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup for hysteresis measurement.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Hysteresis curves of the reflected intensity vs the incident intensity with different settings of the angle of incidence.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Power-induced self-switching with a neutral density filter (1.7) (a) before and (b) after the interface.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Power-induced cross-switching: reflectivity vs incident power.

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