Abstract

The polarization properties of cascaded substrate-mode holographic optical elements are analyzed and demonstrated. The design criteria for polarization selective and nonselective elements are given and verified with experimental volume holograms formed in dichromated gelatin emulsions. Using the experimental grating parameters, it is estimated that a reconfigurable optical bus with eight nodes can be made. Improved control of hologram construction parameters can increase this to more than 500 nodes. Use of this device with a reconfigurable interchange coupler and a multistage optical bus is also examined.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. M. R. Feldman, S. C. Esner, C. C. Guest, S. H. Lee, “Comparison Between Optical and Electrical Interconnects Based on Power and Speed Considerations,” Appl. Opt. 27, 1742–1751 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. K. Kostuk, J. W. Goodman, L. Hesselink, “Design Considerations for Holographic Optical Interconnects,” Appl. Opt. 26, 3947–3953 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. K.-H. Brenner, F. Sauer, “Diffractive-Reflective Optical Interconnects,” Appl. Opt. 27, 4251–4254 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. K. Kostuk, L. Wang, Y.-T. Huang, “Optical Clock Signal Distribution With Holographic Optical Elements,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 977, 24–36 (1988).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. M. G. Moharam, T. K. Gaylord, “Three-Dimensional Vector Coupled-Wave Analysis of Planar-Grating Diffraction,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 1105–1112 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. G. Georgekutty, H.-K. Liu, “Simplified Dichromated Gelatin Hologram Recording Process,” Appl. Opt. 26, 372–376 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. R. Latta, R. V. Pole, “Design Techniques for Forming 488-nm Holographic Lenses With Reconstruction at 633 nm,” Appl. Opt. 18, 2418–2421 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. B. McManus, R. S. Putnam, H. J. Caulfield, “Switched Holograms for Reconfigurable Optical Interconnection: Demonstration of Prototype Device,” Appl. Opt. 27, 4244–4250 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. A. Lohmann, “Optical Bus Network,” Optik (Stuttgart) 74, 30–35 (1986).
  18. K. M. Johnson, M. R. Surette, J. Shamir, “Optical Interconnection Network Using Ferroelectric Liquid Crystal Gates,” Appl. Opt. 27, 17127–1733 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  19. G. A. De Biase, “Optical Multistage Interconnection Networks for Large-Scale Multiprocessor Systems,” Appl. Opt. 27, 2017–2021 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J. Shamir, H. J. Caulfield, W. Micelli, R. J. Seymour, “Optical Computing and the Fredkin Gates,” Appl. Opt. 25, 1604–1607 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. J. Shamir, “Three-Dimensional Optical Interconnection Gate Array,” Appl. Opt. 26, 3455–3457 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. M. M. Mirsalehi, J. Shamir, H. J. Caulfield, “Three-Dimensional Optical Fredkin Gate Arrays Applied to Residue Arithmetic,” Appl. Opt. 28, 2429–2438 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989

1988

1987

1986

1985

R. R. A. Syms, “Vector Effects in Holographic Optical Elements,” Opt. Acta 32, 1413–1425 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984

J. W. Goodman, F. I. Leonberger, S. Y. Kung, R. A. Athale, “Optical Interconnection for VLSI Systems,” Proc. IEEE 72, 850–866 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983

1979

1969

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled Wave Theory for Thick Hologram Gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).

Athale, R. A.

J. W. Goodman, F. I. Leonberger, S. Y. Kung, R. A. Athale, “Optical Interconnection for VLSI Systems,” Proc. IEEE 72, 850–866 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Brenner, K.-H.

Caulfield, H. J.

De Biase, G. A.

Esner, S. C.

Feldman, M. R.

Gaylord, T. K.

Georgekutty, T. G.

Goodman, J. W.

R. K. Kostuk, J. W. Goodman, L. Hesselink, “Design Considerations for Holographic Optical Interconnects,” Appl. Opt. 26, 3947–3953 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Goodman, F. I. Leonberger, S. Y. Kung, R. A. Athale, “Optical Interconnection for VLSI Systems,” Proc. IEEE 72, 850–866 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Guest, C. C.

Hesselink, L.

Huang, A.

Huang, Y.-T.

R. K. Kostuk, M. Kato, Y.-T. Huang, “Reducing Alignment and Chromatic Sensitivity of Holographic Optical Interconnects With Substrate-Mode Holograms, Appl. Opt. 28, 4939–4944 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. K. Kostuk, L. Wang, Y.-T. Huang, “Optical Clock Signal Distribution With Holographic Optical Elements,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 977, 24–36 (1988).

Jahns, J.

Jannson, T.

T. Jannson, S. H. Lin, “Highly-Parallel Holographic Integrated Planar Interconnections,” in Technical Digest, Topical Meeting on Spatial Light Modulators and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1988).

Johnson, K. M.

K. M. Johnson, M. R. Surette, J. Shamir, “Optical Interconnection Network Using Ferroelectric Liquid Crystal Gates,” Appl. Opt. 27, 17127–1733 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, R. B.

Kato, M.

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled Wave Theory for Thick Hologram Gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).

Kostuk, R. K.

Kung, S. Y.

J. W. Goodman, F. I. Leonberger, S. Y. Kung, R. A. Athale, “Optical Interconnection for VLSI Systems,” Proc. IEEE 72, 850–866 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Latta, M. R.

Lee, S. H.

Leonberger, F. I.

J. W. Goodman, F. I. Leonberger, S. Y. Kung, R. A. Athale, “Optical Interconnection for VLSI Systems,” Proc. IEEE 72, 850–866 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Lin, S. H.

T. Jannson, S. H. Lin, “Highly-Parallel Holographic Integrated Planar Interconnections,” in Technical Digest, Topical Meeting on Spatial Light Modulators and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1988).

Liu, H.-K.

Lohmann, A.

A. Lohmann, “Optical Bus Network,” Optik (Stuttgart) 74, 30–35 (1986).

McManus, J. B.

Micelli, W.

Mirsalehi, M. M.

Moharam, M. G.

Pole, R. V.

Putnam, R. S.

Sauer, F.

Seymour, R. J.

Shamir, J.

Surette, M. R.

K. M. Johnson, M. R. Surette, J. Shamir, “Optical Interconnection Network Using Ferroelectric Liquid Crystal Gates,” Appl. Opt. 27, 17127–1733 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Syms, R. R. A.

R. R. A. Syms, “Vector Effects in Holographic Optical Elements,” Opt. Acta 32, 1413–1425 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

R. K. Kostuk, L. Wang, Y.-T. Huang, “Optical Clock Signal Distribution With Holographic Optical Elements,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 977, 24–36 (1988).

Appl. Opt.

K. M. Johnson, M. R. Surette, J. Shamir, “Optical Interconnection Network Using Ferroelectric Liquid Crystal Gates,” Appl. Opt. 27, 17127–1733 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Latta, R. V. Pole, “Design Techniques for Forming 488-nm Holographic Lenses With Reconstruction at 633 nm,” Appl. Opt. 18, 2418–2421 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Shamir, H. J. Caulfield, W. Micelli, R. J. Seymour, “Optical Computing and the Fredkin Gates,” Appl. Opt. 25, 1604–1607 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. G. Georgekutty, H.-K. Liu, “Simplified Dichromated Gelatin Hologram Recording Process,” Appl. Opt. 26, 372–376 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Shamir, “Three-Dimensional Optical Interconnection Gate Array,” Appl. Opt. 26, 3455–3457 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. K. Kostuk, J. W. Goodman, L. Hesselink, “Design Considerations for Holographic Optical Interconnects,” Appl. Opt. 26, 3947–3953 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. R. Feldman, S. C. Esner, C. C. Guest, S. H. Lee, “Comparison Between Optical and Electrical Interconnects Based on Power and Speed Considerations,” Appl. Opt. 27, 1742–1751 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. A. De Biase, “Optical Multistage Interconnection Networks for Large-Scale Multiprocessor Systems,” Appl. Opt. 27, 2017–2021 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. McManus, R. S. Putnam, H. J. Caulfield, “Switched Holograms for Reconfigurable Optical Interconnection: Demonstration of Prototype Device,” Appl. Opt. 27, 4244–4250 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-H. Brenner, F. Sauer, “Diffractive-Reflective Optical Interconnects,” Appl. Opt. 27, 4251–4254 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Shamir, H. J. Caulfield, R. B. Johnson, “Massive Holographic Interconnection Networks and Their Limitations,” Appl. Opt. 28, 311–324 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Sauer, “Fabrication of Diffractive-Reflective Optical Interconnects for Infrared Operation Based on Total Internal Reflection,” Appl. Opt. 28, 386–388 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. Mirsalehi, J. Shamir, H. J. Caulfield, “Three-Dimensional Optical Fredkin Gate Arrays Applied to Residue Arithmetic,” Appl. Opt. 28, 2429–2438 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. K. Kostuk, M. Kato, Y.-T. Huang, “Reducing Alignment and Chromatic Sensitivity of Holographic Optical Interconnects With Substrate-Mode Holograms, Appl. Opt. 28, 4939–4944 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Jahns, A. Huang, “Planar Integration of Free-Space Optical Components,” Appl. Opt. 28, 1602–1605 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bell Syst. Tech. J.

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled Wave Theory for Thick Hologram Gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

Opt. Acta

R. R. A. Syms, “Vector Effects in Holographic Optical Elements,” Opt. Acta 32, 1413–1425 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Optik (Stuttgart)

A. Lohmann, “Optical Bus Network,” Optik (Stuttgart) 74, 30–35 (1986).

Proc. IEEE

J. W. Goodman, F. I. Leonberger, S. Y. Kung, R. A. Athale, “Optical Interconnection for VLSI Systems,” Proc. IEEE 72, 850–866 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.

R. K. Kostuk, L. Wang, Y.-T. Huang, “Optical Clock Signal Distribution With Holographic Optical Elements,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 977, 24–36 (1988).

Other

T. Jannson, S. H. Lin, “Highly-Parallel Holographic Integrated Planar Interconnections,” in Technical Digest, Topical Meeting on Spatial Light Modulators and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1988).

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