Abstract

We report results from spectral measurements in the optical and near infrared region performed with a Fourier transform wavemeter. Characteristics of a variety of lasers and the performance of the wavemeter have been studied. The group of cw lasers measured in this work is comprised of a 1550-nm multimode diode laser, an 820-nm single-mode diode laser, a 594.5 nm dye laser, and He–Ne lasers at wavelengths of 1523, 633, and 543 nm. The Fourier transform wavemeter is powerful in multimode laser investigations and in long-term frequency stability determinations. The measurements show that the wavemeter also easily reveals very low power laser modes; it is suitable for the investigation of the single-mode purity of lasers. The line position uncertainty <10−8 can be concluded in the measurements with polarization-stabilized 633- and 543-nm He–Ne lasers.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M-L. Junttila, B. Stahlberg, E. Kyro, T. Veijola, J. Kauppinen, “Fourier Transform Wavemeter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 1180–1184 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Kauppinen, “Correction of the Linear Phase Errors of One-Sided Interferograms,” Infrared Phys. 16, 359–366 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  3. See, for instance, J. Chamberlain, The Principles of Interferometric Spectroscopy (Wiley, New York, 1979), Chap. 9.
  4. J. Ishikawa, N. Ito, K. Tanaka, “Accurate Wavelength Meter for cw Lasers,” Appl. Opt. 25, 639–643 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. T. M. Niebauer, J. E. Faller, H. M. Godwin, J. L. Hall, R. L. Barger, “Frequency Stability Measurement on Polarization-Stabilized He–Ne Lasers,” Appl. Opt. 27, 1285–1289 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M-L. Junttila, B. Stahlberg, “Investigation of the Mode Properties and Stabilization of an Internal Mirror 1523 nm He–Ne Laser,” Phys. Scr. 41, 667–668 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Fellman, P. Jungner, B. Stahlberg, “Stabilization of a Green He–Ne Laser,” Appl. Opt. 26, 2705–2706 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. B. Stahlberg, P. Jungner, T. Fellman, “Stabilization of a Single Mode Dye Laser to a HeNe Laser Using Magnetic Modulation of a Three-Level Neon System,” Opt. Commun. 68, 209–212 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. N. Puntambekar, H. S. Dahiya, V. T. Chitnis, “Frequency Stabilized and Tunable Multimode He–Ne Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 42, 60–62 (1982).
    [CrossRef]

1990 (1)

M-L. Junttila, B. Stahlberg, “Investigation of the Mode Properties and Stabilization of an Internal Mirror 1523 nm He–Ne Laser,” Phys. Scr. 41, 667–668 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988 (2)

B. Stahlberg, P. Jungner, T. Fellman, “Stabilization of a Single Mode Dye Laser to a HeNe Laser Using Magnetic Modulation of a Three-Level Neon System,” Opt. Commun. 68, 209–212 (1988).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Niebauer, J. E. Faller, H. M. Godwin, J. L. Hall, R. L. Barger, “Frequency Stability Measurement on Polarization-Stabilized He–Ne Lasers,” Appl. Opt. 27, 1285–1289 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (2)

M-L. Junttila, B. Stahlberg, E. Kyro, T. Veijola, J. Kauppinen, “Fourier Transform Wavemeter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 1180–1184 (1987).
[CrossRef]

T. Fellman, P. Jungner, B. Stahlberg, “Stabilization of a Green He–Ne Laser,” Appl. Opt. 26, 2705–2706 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

1982 (1)

P. N. Puntambekar, H. S. Dahiya, V. T. Chitnis, “Frequency Stabilized and Tunable Multimode He–Ne Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 42, 60–62 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

J. Kauppinen, “Correction of the Linear Phase Errors of One-Sided Interferograms,” Infrared Phys. 16, 359–366 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Barger, R. L.

Chamberlain, J.

See, for instance, J. Chamberlain, The Principles of Interferometric Spectroscopy (Wiley, New York, 1979), Chap. 9.

Chitnis, V. T.

P. N. Puntambekar, H. S. Dahiya, V. T. Chitnis, “Frequency Stabilized and Tunable Multimode He–Ne Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 42, 60–62 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Dahiya, H. S.

P. N. Puntambekar, H. S. Dahiya, V. T. Chitnis, “Frequency Stabilized and Tunable Multimode He–Ne Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 42, 60–62 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Faller, J. E.

Fellman, T.

B. Stahlberg, P. Jungner, T. Fellman, “Stabilization of a Single Mode Dye Laser to a HeNe Laser Using Magnetic Modulation of a Three-Level Neon System,” Opt. Commun. 68, 209–212 (1988).
[CrossRef]

T. Fellman, P. Jungner, B. Stahlberg, “Stabilization of a Green He–Ne Laser,” Appl. Opt. 26, 2705–2706 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Godwin, H. M.

Hall, J. L.

Ishikawa, J.

Ito, N.

Jungner, P.

B. Stahlberg, P. Jungner, T. Fellman, “Stabilization of a Single Mode Dye Laser to a HeNe Laser Using Magnetic Modulation of a Three-Level Neon System,” Opt. Commun. 68, 209–212 (1988).
[CrossRef]

T. Fellman, P. Jungner, B. Stahlberg, “Stabilization of a Green He–Ne Laser,” Appl. Opt. 26, 2705–2706 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Junttila, M-L.

M-L. Junttila, B. Stahlberg, “Investigation of the Mode Properties and Stabilization of an Internal Mirror 1523 nm He–Ne Laser,” Phys. Scr. 41, 667–668 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M-L. Junttila, B. Stahlberg, E. Kyro, T. Veijola, J. Kauppinen, “Fourier Transform Wavemeter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 1180–1184 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kauppinen, J.

M-L. Junttila, B. Stahlberg, E. Kyro, T. Veijola, J. Kauppinen, “Fourier Transform Wavemeter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 1180–1184 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Kauppinen, “Correction of the Linear Phase Errors of One-Sided Interferograms,” Infrared Phys. 16, 359–366 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kyro, E.

M-L. Junttila, B. Stahlberg, E. Kyro, T. Veijola, J. Kauppinen, “Fourier Transform Wavemeter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 1180–1184 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Niebauer, T. M.

Puntambekar, P. N.

P. N. Puntambekar, H. S. Dahiya, V. T. Chitnis, “Frequency Stabilized and Tunable Multimode He–Ne Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 42, 60–62 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Stahlberg, B.

M-L. Junttila, B. Stahlberg, “Investigation of the Mode Properties and Stabilization of an Internal Mirror 1523 nm He–Ne Laser,” Phys. Scr. 41, 667–668 (1990).
[CrossRef]

B. Stahlberg, P. Jungner, T. Fellman, “Stabilization of a Single Mode Dye Laser to a HeNe Laser Using Magnetic Modulation of a Three-Level Neon System,” Opt. Commun. 68, 209–212 (1988).
[CrossRef]

T. Fellman, P. Jungner, B. Stahlberg, “Stabilization of a Green He–Ne Laser,” Appl. Opt. 26, 2705–2706 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M-L. Junttila, B. Stahlberg, E. Kyro, T. Veijola, J. Kauppinen, “Fourier Transform Wavemeter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 1180–1184 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, K.

Veijola, T.

M-L. Junttila, B. Stahlberg, E. Kyro, T. Veijola, J. Kauppinen, “Fourier Transform Wavemeter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 1180–1184 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Infrared Phys. (1)

J. Kauppinen, “Correction of the Linear Phase Errors of One-Sided Interferograms,” Infrared Phys. 16, 359–366 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

B. Stahlberg, P. Jungner, T. Fellman, “Stabilization of a Single Mode Dye Laser to a HeNe Laser Using Magnetic Modulation of a Three-Level Neon System,” Opt. Commun. 68, 209–212 (1988).
[CrossRef]

P. N. Puntambekar, H. S. Dahiya, V. T. Chitnis, “Frequency Stabilized and Tunable Multimode He–Ne Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 42, 60–62 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Scr. (1)

M-L. Junttila, B. Stahlberg, “Investigation of the Mode Properties and Stabilization of an Internal Mirror 1523 nm He–Ne Laser,” Phys. Scr. 41, 667–668 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

M-L. Junttila, B. Stahlberg, E. Kyro, T. Veijola, J. Kauppinen, “Fourier Transform Wavemeter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 1180–1184 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

See, for instance, J. Chamberlain, The Principles of Interferometric Spectroscopy (Wiley, New York, 1979), Chap. 9.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical path of one folded arm of the interferometer: A, plane mirror; B, moving corner cube reflector; and C, stationary corner cube reflector. The optical path from the beam splitter to A is not shown.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectra of a multimode 1550-nm diode laser at two different OPDs: (a) 7.78 mm with a folding factor of 3; (b) 90.55 mm with a folding factor of 35.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Two modes of a stabilized 1523-nm He–Ne laser. The separation of the modes (c/2L) is 441 MHz.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectra of a single-mode diode laser at 820 nm. The laser wavelength depends on (a) temperature, while the injection current is 26 mA, and (b) current, while the temperature is 21.4°C.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spectra of two successive measurements of the zeroth- and first-order beams of an 80-MHz acoustooptic modulator. The dye laser source was stabilized to within a few megahertz during the recordings.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Spectra of the stabilized three-mode 543-nm He–Ne laser: (a) two superimposed recordings showing the reproducibility of the measurement (P543nm = 0.3 mW); (b) spectrum of the laser with power attenuated 50% of that in (a).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Interpolated spectrum of the polarization-stabilized 633-nm He–Ne laser; (b) interpolated and windowed spectrum of the stabilized two-mode 633-nm He–Ne laser.

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