Abstract

A tunable wavelength multi/demultiplexer using a variable retardation phase plate is reported. Feasibility is experimentally demonstrated with a multi/demultiplexer composed of an electrically controlled LiNbO3 phase plate.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. T. Miki, H. Ishio, “Viabilities of the Wavelength-Division-Multiplexing Transmission System over an Optical Fiber Cable,” IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-26, 1082–1087 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. Ishio, J. Minowa, K. Nosu, “Review and Status of Wavelength-Division-Multiplexing Technology and Its Application,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 448–463 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. F. Mahlein, “Fiber-Optic Communication in the Wavelength-Division Multiplex Mode,” Fiber Integrated Opt. 4, 339–372 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Kimura, M. Saruwatari, K. Otsuka, “Birefringent Branching Filters for Wideband Optical FDM Communications,” Appl. Opt. 12, 373–379 (1973).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. W. J. Carlsen, C. F. Buhrer, “Flat Passband Birefringent Wavelength-Division Multiplexers,” Electron. Lett. 23, 106–107 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. Melman, W. J. Carlsen, B. Foley, “Tunable Birefringent Wavelength-Division Multiplexer/Demultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 21, 634–635 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. F. Buhrer, “Four Waveplate Dual Tuner for Birefringent Filters and Multiplexers,” Appl. Opt. 26, 3628–3632 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. M. Title, W. J. Rosenberg, “Tunable Birefringent Filters,” Opt. Eng. 20, 815–823 (1981).

1987 (2)

W. J. Carlsen, C. F. Buhrer, “Flat Passband Birefringent Wavelength-Division Multiplexers,” Electron. Lett. 23, 106–107 (1987).
[CrossRef]

C. F. Buhrer, “Four Waveplate Dual Tuner for Birefringent Filters and Multiplexers,” Appl. Opt. 26, 3628–3632 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

P. Melman, W. J. Carlsen, B. Foley, “Tunable Birefringent Wavelength-Division Multiplexer/Demultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 21, 634–635 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

H. Ishio, J. Minowa, K. Nosu, “Review and Status of Wavelength-Division-Multiplexing Technology and Its Application,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 448–463 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

H. F. Mahlein, “Fiber-Optic Communication in the Wavelength-Division Multiplex Mode,” Fiber Integrated Opt. 4, 339–372 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

A. M. Title, W. J. Rosenberg, “Tunable Birefringent Filters,” Opt. Eng. 20, 815–823 (1981).

1978 (1)

T. Miki, H. Ishio, “Viabilities of the Wavelength-Division-Multiplexing Transmission System over an Optical Fiber Cable,” IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-26, 1082–1087 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

Buhrer, C. F.

C. F. Buhrer, “Four Waveplate Dual Tuner for Birefringent Filters and Multiplexers,” Appl. Opt. 26, 3628–3632 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Carlsen, C. F. Buhrer, “Flat Passband Birefringent Wavelength-Division Multiplexers,” Electron. Lett. 23, 106–107 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Carlsen, W. J.

W. J. Carlsen, C. F. Buhrer, “Flat Passband Birefringent Wavelength-Division Multiplexers,” Electron. Lett. 23, 106–107 (1987).
[CrossRef]

P. Melman, W. J. Carlsen, B. Foley, “Tunable Birefringent Wavelength-Division Multiplexer/Demultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 21, 634–635 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Foley, B.

P. Melman, W. J. Carlsen, B. Foley, “Tunable Birefringent Wavelength-Division Multiplexer/Demultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 21, 634–635 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Ishio, H.

H. Ishio, J. Minowa, K. Nosu, “Review and Status of Wavelength-Division-Multiplexing Technology and Its Application,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 448–463 (1984).
[CrossRef]

T. Miki, H. Ishio, “Viabilities of the Wavelength-Division-Multiplexing Transmission System over an Optical Fiber Cable,” IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-26, 1082–1087 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, T.

Mahlein, H. F.

H. F. Mahlein, “Fiber-Optic Communication in the Wavelength-Division Multiplex Mode,” Fiber Integrated Opt. 4, 339–372 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Melman, P.

P. Melman, W. J. Carlsen, B. Foley, “Tunable Birefringent Wavelength-Division Multiplexer/Demultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 21, 634–635 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Miki, T.

T. Miki, H. Ishio, “Viabilities of the Wavelength-Division-Multiplexing Transmission System over an Optical Fiber Cable,” IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-26, 1082–1087 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Minowa, J.

H. Ishio, J. Minowa, K. Nosu, “Review and Status of Wavelength-Division-Multiplexing Technology and Its Application,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 448–463 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Nosu, K.

H. Ishio, J. Minowa, K. Nosu, “Review and Status of Wavelength-Division-Multiplexing Technology and Its Application,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 448–463 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Otsuka, K.

Rosenberg, W. J.

A. M. Title, W. J. Rosenberg, “Tunable Birefringent Filters,” Opt. Eng. 20, 815–823 (1981).

Saruwatari, M.

Title, A. M.

A. M. Title, W. J. Rosenberg, “Tunable Birefringent Filters,” Opt. Eng. 20, 815–823 (1981).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Electron. Lett. (2)

W. J. Carlsen, C. F. Buhrer, “Flat Passband Birefringent Wavelength-Division Multiplexers,” Electron. Lett. 23, 106–107 (1987).
[CrossRef]

P. Melman, W. J. Carlsen, B. Foley, “Tunable Birefringent Wavelength-Division Multiplexer/Demultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 21, 634–635 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Fiber Integrated Opt. (1)

H. F. Mahlein, “Fiber-Optic Communication in the Wavelength-Division Multiplex Mode,” Fiber Integrated Opt. 4, 339–372 (1983).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

T. Miki, H. Ishio, “Viabilities of the Wavelength-Division-Multiplexing Transmission System over an Optical Fiber Cable,” IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-26, 1082–1087 (1978).
[CrossRef]

IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

H. Ishio, J. Minowa, K. Nosu, “Review and Status of Wavelength-Division-Multiplexing Technology and Its Application,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 448–463 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

A. M. Title, W. J. Rosenberg, “Tunable Birefringent Filters,” Opt. Eng. 20, 815–823 (1981).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Proposed structure of the tunable wavelength multi/demultiplexer for two-channel WDM systems.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured branching characteristics of the fabricated tunable wavelength multi/demultiplexer for applied voltages of (a) 0, (b) 1, and (c) −1 kV. The solid line represents the insertion loss for output fiber 1 and the broken line that for output fiber 2.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Channel wavelength shift characteristic. Solid circles represent measured wavelength shifts, and the solid line represents the calculated characteristic.

Figure 4
Figure 4

Applied voltage dependency of channel wavelength separation. Solid circles represent measured channel separation, and the solid line represents the calculated characteristic.

Equations (2)

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ϕ = 2 π λ [ ( n o - n e ) ( L 1 - L 2 ) + ½ n e 3 r c E L 1 ] ,
r c r 33 - ( n o - n e ) 3 r 13 ,

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