Abstract

In this paper we discuss various aspects of databases and knowledge bases and indicate how optics can play an important role in the solution of many of the previously unsolved problems in this field.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. H. Szu, H. J. Caulfield, “Optical Expert Systems,” Appl. Opt. 26, 1943–1947 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. D. H. Shin, P. B. Berra, “Computer Archtecture in Logic-Oriented Data/Knowledge Bases,” Knowledge Eng. Rev.4 in press.
  3. Latest product literature on the IDM 500 database machine, Britton Lee Corp., Los Gatos, CA (1990).
  4. Latest product literature on the DBC 1012 database machine, Teradata Corp., Los Angeles, CA (1990).
  5. P. B. Berra, N. Troullinos, “Optical Techniques and Data/Knowledge Base Machines,” IEEE Computer 20, 59–70 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. B. Berra, A. Ghafoor, P. A. Mitkas, S. J. Marcinkowski, M. Guizani, “The Impact of Optics on Data and Knowledge Base Systems,” IEEE Trans. Knowledge Data Eng. KDE-1, 111–132 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Z. Anderson, “Coherent Optical Eigenstate Memory,” Opt. Lett. 11, 56–58 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. R. A. Athale, H. H. Szu, C. B. Friedlander, “Optical Implementation of Associative Memory with Controlled Nonlinearity in the Correlation Domain,” Opt. Lett. 11, 482–484 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Y. Owechko, “Optoelectronic Resonator Neural Networks,” Appl. Opt. 26, 5104–5111 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. H. J. Caulfield, “Massively Parallel Optical Data Base Management,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 938, 52–54 (1988).
  11. Y. Fainman, H. Rajbenbach, S. H. Lee, “Applications of Photorefractive Crystals as Basic Computational Modules for Digital Optical Processing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3(13), 16 (1986).
  12. Y. Fainman, S. H. Lee, “Advances in Applying Nonlinear Optical Crystals to Optical Signal Processing,” Handbook of Signal Processing, E. H. Chen, Ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1987), Chap. 12.
  13. J. E. Rau, “Comparison of Coherently Illuminated Images,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 541–541 (1966).
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  15. C. W. Weaver, J. W. Goodman, “A Technique for Optically Convolving Two Functions,” Appl. Opt. 5, 1248–1250 (1966).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. F. M. Smits, L. E. Gallaher, Bell Sys. Tech. J. 46, 1267–1278 (1967).
  17. H. J. Caulfield, C. M. Verber, to be submitted.
  18. C. Warde, A. M. Weiss, A. D. Fisher, J. I. Thackara, “Optical Information Processing Characteristics of the Microchannel Spatial Light Modulator,” Appl. Opt. 20, 2066–2074 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. C. Warde, J. Thackara, “Operating Modes of the Microchannel Spatial Light Modulators,” Opt. Eng. 22, 695–703 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  20. N. A. Clark, S. T. Lagerwall, “Submicrosecond Bistable Electro-Optic Switching in Liquid Crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 899–901 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  21. N. A. Clark, M. A. Handschy, S. T. Largerwall, “Ferroelectric Liquid Crystal Electro-Optics Using the Surface Stabilized Structure,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 94, 213–234 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  22. N. A. Clark, S. T. Lagerwall, “Surface-Stabilized Ferroelectric Crystal Electro-Optics: New Multistate Structures and Devices,” Ferroelectrics Vol. 59, pp. 69–116 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  23. G. Moddel, K. M. Johnson, W. Li, R. A. Rice, L. A. Pagano-Stauffer, M. A. Handschy, “High-Speed Binary Optically Addressed Spatial Light Modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 537–539 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  24. D. A. B. Miller, “Quantum Wells for Optical Information Processing,” Opt. Eng. 26, 368–372 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  25. N. Peyqhambarian, H. M. Gibbs, “Optical Bistability for Optical Signal Processing and Computing,” Opt. Eng. 24, 68–73 (1985).
  26. K. Y. Han et al., “InP/InGaAs Based Charge-Coupled Devices for MQW Spatial Light Modulator Applications,” in Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1989) Vol. 9, pp. 80–83.
  27. W. D. Goodhue, B. E. Burke, B. F. Aul, K. B. Nichols, “Molecular-Beam Epitaxially Grown Spatial Light Modulators with Charge-Coupled-Device Addressing,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 6, 2356–2360 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  28. S. H. Lee, S. Esener, M. Title, T. Drabik, “2-D Silicon/PLZT Spatial Light Modulators: Design Considerations and Technology,” Opt. Eng. 25(2): 250–260 (1986).
  29. G. R. Knight, “Interface Devices and Memory Materials,” Optical Information Processing Fundamentals, S. H. Lee, Ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1981), Chap. 4, pp. 158–160.
  30. S. Esener, S. H. Lee, “Punch-Through Current Under Diffusion Limited Injection: Analysis and Applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 58, 1380–1387 (1985); “A New Field and Light Controlled Injection Punch-Through Photo-Transistor,” paper presented at IEEE Electronics Components Conference, New Orleans (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  31. T. H. Lin, M. L. Burgener, S. C. Esener, S. H. Lee, “Crystallization of Silicon on Electro-Optic PLZT by Laser Beam Modulated in Shape and Intensity Profile,” Proc. Mater. Res. Soc. 74, 135–140 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  32. J. H. Wang, T. H. Lin, S. C. Esener, S. Dasgupta, S. H. Lee, “NMOS Transistors Fabricated by Simultaneous Laser-Assisted Crystallization and Diffusion on Silicon on Electro-Optic PLZT,” Proc. Mater. Res. Soc. 100, 675 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  33. R. A. Athale, S. H. Lee, “Development of an Optical Parallel Logic Device and a Half-Adder Circuit for Digital Optical Processing,” Opt. Eng. 18, 513–517 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  34. M. A. Handschy, K. M. Johnson, W. T. Cathey, L. A. Pagano-Stauffer, “Polarization-Based Optical Parallel Logic Gate Utilizing Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals,” Opt. Lett. 12, 611–613 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. K. M. Johnson, M. A. Handschy, L. A. Pagano-Stauffer, “Optical Computing and Image Processing with Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals,” Opt. Eng. 26, 385–391 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  36. W. T. Cathey, R. A. Schmidt, “Low Loss Polarization-Based Optical Logic Gates,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 813, 5–6 (1987).
  37. J. Jau, F. Kiamilev, Y. Fainman, S. Esener, S. H. Lee, “Optical Expert System Based on Matrix-Algebraic Formulation,” Appl. Opt. 27, 5170–5175 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  38. F. Kiamilev, J. Jau, Y. Fainman, S. Esener, S. H. Lee, “Comparison of Prolog and Matrix-Algebraic AI Systems,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4(13), 58 (1987).
  39. K.-H. Brenner, A. Huang, N. Streibl, “Digital Optical Computing with Symbolic Substitution,” Appl. Opt. 25, 3054–3060 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  40. K.-H. Brenner, “New Implementation of Symbolic Substitution Logic,” Appl. Opt. 25, 3061–3064 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  41. K.-H. Brenner, “Programmable Optical Processor Based on Symbolic Substitution,” Appl. Opt. 27, 1687–1691 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (2)

P. B. Berra, A. Ghafoor, P. A. Mitkas, S. J. Marcinkowski, M. Guizani, “The Impact of Optics on Data and Knowledge Base Systems,” IEEE Trans. Knowledge Data Eng. KDE-1, 111–132 (1989).
[CrossRef]

G. Moddel, K. M. Johnson, W. Li, R. A. Rice, L. A. Pagano-Stauffer, M. A. Handschy, “High-Speed Binary Optically Addressed Spatial Light Modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 537–539 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (5)

H. J. Caulfield, “Massively Parallel Optical Data Base Management,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 938, 52–54 (1988).

W. D. Goodhue, B. E. Burke, B. F. Aul, K. B. Nichols, “Molecular-Beam Epitaxially Grown Spatial Light Modulators with Charge-Coupled-Device Addressing,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 6, 2356–2360 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Wang, T. H. Lin, S. C. Esener, S. Dasgupta, S. H. Lee, “NMOS Transistors Fabricated by Simultaneous Laser-Assisted Crystallization and Diffusion on Silicon on Electro-Optic PLZT,” Proc. Mater. Res. Soc. 100, 675 (1988).
[CrossRef]

K.-H. Brenner, “Programmable Optical Processor Based on Symbolic Substitution,” Appl. Opt. 27, 1687–1691 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Jau, F. Kiamilev, Y. Fainman, S. Esener, S. H. Lee, “Optical Expert System Based on Matrix-Algebraic Formulation,” Appl. Opt. 27, 5170–5175 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (9)

M. A. Handschy, K. M. Johnson, W. T. Cathey, L. A. Pagano-Stauffer, “Polarization-Based Optical Parallel Logic Gate Utilizing Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals,” Opt. Lett. 12, 611–613 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. H. Szu, H. J. Caulfield, “Optical Expert Systems,” Appl. Opt. 26, 1943–1947 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Owechko, “Optoelectronic Resonator Neural Networks,” Appl. Opt. 26, 5104–5111 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. H. Lin, M. L. Burgener, S. C. Esener, S. H. Lee, “Crystallization of Silicon on Electro-Optic PLZT by Laser Beam Modulated in Shape and Intensity Profile,” Proc. Mater. Res. Soc. 74, 135–140 (1987).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Johnson, M. A. Handschy, L. A. Pagano-Stauffer, “Optical Computing and Image Processing with Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals,” Opt. Eng. 26, 385–391 (1987).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Cathey, R. A. Schmidt, “Low Loss Polarization-Based Optical Logic Gates,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 813, 5–6 (1987).

F. Kiamilev, J. Jau, Y. Fainman, S. Esener, S. H. Lee, “Comparison of Prolog and Matrix-Algebraic AI Systems,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4(13), 58 (1987).

D. A. B. Miller, “Quantum Wells for Optical Information Processing,” Opt. Eng. 26, 368–372 (1987).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Berra, N. Troullinos, “Optical Techniques and Data/Knowledge Base Machines,” IEEE Computer 20, 59–70 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (6)

1985 (2)

S. Esener, S. H. Lee, “Punch-Through Current Under Diffusion Limited Injection: Analysis and Applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 58, 1380–1387 (1985); “A New Field and Light Controlled Injection Punch-Through Photo-Transistor,” paper presented at IEEE Electronics Components Conference, New Orleans (1984).
[CrossRef]

N. Peyqhambarian, H. M. Gibbs, “Optical Bistability for Optical Signal Processing and Computing,” Opt. Eng. 24, 68–73 (1985).

1984 (1)

N. A. Clark, S. T. Lagerwall, “Surface-Stabilized Ferroelectric Crystal Electro-Optics: New Multistate Structures and Devices,” Ferroelectrics Vol. 59, pp. 69–116 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983 (2)

N. A. Clark, M. A. Handschy, S. T. Largerwall, “Ferroelectric Liquid Crystal Electro-Optics Using the Surface Stabilized Structure,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 94, 213–234 (1983).
[CrossRef]

C. Warde, J. Thackara, “Operating Modes of the Microchannel Spatial Light Modulators,” Opt. Eng. 22, 695–703 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

1980 (1)

N. A. Clark, S. T. Lagerwall, “Submicrosecond Bistable Electro-Optic Switching in Liquid Crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 899–901 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

R. A. Athale, S. H. Lee, “Development of an Optical Parallel Logic Device and a Half-Adder Circuit for Digital Optical Processing,” Opt. Eng. 18, 513–517 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

F. M. Smits, L. E. Gallaher, Bell Sys. Tech. J. 46, 1267–1278 (1967).

1966 (3)

Anderson, D. Z.

Athale, R. A.

R. A. Athale, H. H. Szu, C. B. Friedlander, “Optical Implementation of Associative Memory with Controlled Nonlinearity in the Correlation Domain,” Opt. Lett. 11, 482–484 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Athale, S. H. Lee, “Development of an Optical Parallel Logic Device and a Half-Adder Circuit for Digital Optical Processing,” Opt. Eng. 18, 513–517 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Aul, B. F.

W. D. Goodhue, B. E. Burke, B. F. Aul, K. B. Nichols, “Molecular-Beam Epitaxially Grown Spatial Light Modulators with Charge-Coupled-Device Addressing,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 6, 2356–2360 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Berra, P. B.

P. B. Berra, A. Ghafoor, P. A. Mitkas, S. J. Marcinkowski, M. Guizani, “The Impact of Optics on Data and Knowledge Base Systems,” IEEE Trans. Knowledge Data Eng. KDE-1, 111–132 (1989).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Berra, N. Troullinos, “Optical Techniques and Data/Knowledge Base Machines,” IEEE Computer 20, 59–70 (1987).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Shin, P. B. Berra, “Computer Archtecture in Logic-Oriented Data/Knowledge Bases,” Knowledge Eng. Rev.4 in press.

Brenner, K.-H.

Burgener, M. L.

T. H. Lin, M. L. Burgener, S. C. Esener, S. H. Lee, “Crystallization of Silicon on Electro-Optic PLZT by Laser Beam Modulated in Shape and Intensity Profile,” Proc. Mater. Res. Soc. 74, 135–140 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Burke, B. E.

W. D. Goodhue, B. E. Burke, B. F. Aul, K. B. Nichols, “Molecular-Beam Epitaxially Grown Spatial Light Modulators with Charge-Coupled-Device Addressing,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 6, 2356–2360 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Cathey, W. T.

Caulfield, H. J.

H. J. Caulfield, “Massively Parallel Optical Data Base Management,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 938, 52–54 (1988).

H. H. Szu, H. J. Caulfield, “Optical Expert Systems,” Appl. Opt. 26, 1943–1947 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Caulfield, C. M. Verber, to be submitted.

Clark, N. A.

N. A. Clark, S. T. Lagerwall, “Surface-Stabilized Ferroelectric Crystal Electro-Optics: New Multistate Structures and Devices,” Ferroelectrics Vol. 59, pp. 69–116 (1984).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Clark, M. A. Handschy, S. T. Largerwall, “Ferroelectric Liquid Crystal Electro-Optics Using the Surface Stabilized Structure,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 94, 213–234 (1983).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Clark, S. T. Lagerwall, “Submicrosecond Bistable Electro-Optic Switching in Liquid Crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 899–901 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Dasgupta, S.

J. H. Wang, T. H. Lin, S. C. Esener, S. Dasgupta, S. H. Lee, “NMOS Transistors Fabricated by Simultaneous Laser-Assisted Crystallization and Diffusion on Silicon on Electro-Optic PLZT,” Proc. Mater. Res. Soc. 100, 675 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Drabik, T.

S. H. Lee, S. Esener, M. Title, T. Drabik, “2-D Silicon/PLZT Spatial Light Modulators: Design Considerations and Technology,” Opt. Eng. 25(2): 250–260 (1986).

Esener, S.

J. Jau, F. Kiamilev, Y. Fainman, S. Esener, S. H. Lee, “Optical Expert System Based on Matrix-Algebraic Formulation,” Appl. Opt. 27, 5170–5175 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Kiamilev, J. Jau, Y. Fainman, S. Esener, S. H. Lee, “Comparison of Prolog and Matrix-Algebraic AI Systems,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4(13), 58 (1987).

S. H. Lee, S. Esener, M. Title, T. Drabik, “2-D Silicon/PLZT Spatial Light Modulators: Design Considerations and Technology,” Opt. Eng. 25(2): 250–260 (1986).

S. Esener, S. H. Lee, “Punch-Through Current Under Diffusion Limited Injection: Analysis and Applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 58, 1380–1387 (1985); “A New Field and Light Controlled Injection Punch-Through Photo-Transistor,” paper presented at IEEE Electronics Components Conference, New Orleans (1984).
[CrossRef]

Esener, S. C.

J. H. Wang, T. H. Lin, S. C. Esener, S. Dasgupta, S. H. Lee, “NMOS Transistors Fabricated by Simultaneous Laser-Assisted Crystallization and Diffusion on Silicon on Electro-Optic PLZT,” Proc. Mater. Res. Soc. 100, 675 (1988).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Lin, M. L. Burgener, S. C. Esener, S. H. Lee, “Crystallization of Silicon on Electro-Optic PLZT by Laser Beam Modulated in Shape and Intensity Profile,” Proc. Mater. Res. Soc. 74, 135–140 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fainman, Y.

J. Jau, F. Kiamilev, Y. Fainman, S. Esener, S. H. Lee, “Optical Expert System Based on Matrix-Algebraic Formulation,” Appl. Opt. 27, 5170–5175 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Kiamilev, J. Jau, Y. Fainman, S. Esener, S. H. Lee, “Comparison of Prolog and Matrix-Algebraic AI Systems,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4(13), 58 (1987).

Y. Fainman, H. Rajbenbach, S. H. Lee, “Applications of Photorefractive Crystals as Basic Computational Modules for Digital Optical Processing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3(13), 16 (1986).

Y. Fainman, S. H. Lee, “Advances in Applying Nonlinear Optical Crystals to Optical Signal Processing,” Handbook of Signal Processing, E. H. Chen, Ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1987), Chap. 12.

Fisher, A. D.

Friedlander, C. B.

Gallaher, L. E.

F. M. Smits, L. E. Gallaher, Bell Sys. Tech. J. 46, 1267–1278 (1967).

Ghafoor, A.

P. B. Berra, A. Ghafoor, P. A. Mitkas, S. J. Marcinkowski, M. Guizani, “The Impact of Optics on Data and Knowledge Base Systems,” IEEE Trans. Knowledge Data Eng. KDE-1, 111–132 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Gibbs, H. M.

N. Peyqhambarian, H. M. Gibbs, “Optical Bistability for Optical Signal Processing and Computing,” Opt. Eng. 24, 68–73 (1985).

Goodhue, W. D.

W. D. Goodhue, B. E. Burke, B. F. Aul, K. B. Nichols, “Molecular-Beam Epitaxially Grown Spatial Light Modulators with Charge-Coupled-Device Addressing,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 6, 2356–2360 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Goodman, J. W.

Guizani, M.

P. B. Berra, A. Ghafoor, P. A. Mitkas, S. J. Marcinkowski, M. Guizani, “The Impact of Optics on Data and Knowledge Base Systems,” IEEE Trans. Knowledge Data Eng. KDE-1, 111–132 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Han, K. Y.

K. Y. Han et al., “InP/InGaAs Based Charge-Coupled Devices for MQW Spatial Light Modulator Applications,” in Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1989) Vol. 9, pp. 80–83.

Handschy, M. A.

G. Moddel, K. M. Johnson, W. Li, R. A. Rice, L. A. Pagano-Stauffer, M. A. Handschy, “High-Speed Binary Optically Addressed Spatial Light Modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 537–539 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Handschy, K. M. Johnson, W. T. Cathey, L. A. Pagano-Stauffer, “Polarization-Based Optical Parallel Logic Gate Utilizing Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals,” Opt. Lett. 12, 611–613 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Johnson, M. A. Handschy, L. A. Pagano-Stauffer, “Optical Computing and Image Processing with Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals,” Opt. Eng. 26, 385–391 (1987).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Clark, M. A. Handschy, S. T. Largerwall, “Ferroelectric Liquid Crystal Electro-Optics Using the Surface Stabilized Structure,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 94, 213–234 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Huang, A.

Jau, J.

J. Jau, F. Kiamilev, Y. Fainman, S. Esener, S. H. Lee, “Optical Expert System Based on Matrix-Algebraic Formulation,” Appl. Opt. 27, 5170–5175 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Kiamilev, J. Jau, Y. Fainman, S. Esener, S. H. Lee, “Comparison of Prolog and Matrix-Algebraic AI Systems,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4(13), 58 (1987).

Johnson, K. M.

G. Moddel, K. M. Johnson, W. Li, R. A. Rice, L. A. Pagano-Stauffer, M. A. Handschy, “High-Speed Binary Optically Addressed Spatial Light Modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 537–539 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Handschy, K. M. Johnson, W. T. Cathey, L. A. Pagano-Stauffer, “Polarization-Based Optical Parallel Logic Gate Utilizing Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals,” Opt. Lett. 12, 611–613 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Johnson, M. A. Handschy, L. A. Pagano-Stauffer, “Optical Computing and Image Processing with Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals,” Opt. Eng. 26, 385–391 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kiamilev, F.

J. Jau, F. Kiamilev, Y. Fainman, S. Esener, S. H. Lee, “Optical Expert System Based on Matrix-Algebraic Formulation,” Appl. Opt. 27, 5170–5175 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Kiamilev, J. Jau, Y. Fainman, S. Esener, S. H. Lee, “Comparison of Prolog and Matrix-Algebraic AI Systems,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4(13), 58 (1987).

Knight, G. R.

G. R. Knight, “Interface Devices and Memory Materials,” Optical Information Processing Fundamentals, S. H. Lee, Ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1981), Chap. 4, pp. 158–160.

Lagerwall, S. T.

N. A. Clark, S. T. Lagerwall, “Surface-Stabilized Ferroelectric Crystal Electro-Optics: New Multistate Structures and Devices,” Ferroelectrics Vol. 59, pp. 69–116 (1984).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Clark, S. T. Lagerwall, “Submicrosecond Bistable Electro-Optic Switching in Liquid Crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 899–901 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Largerwall, S. T.

N. A. Clark, M. A. Handschy, S. T. Largerwall, “Ferroelectric Liquid Crystal Electro-Optics Using the Surface Stabilized Structure,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 94, 213–234 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. H.

J. H. Wang, T. H. Lin, S. C. Esener, S. Dasgupta, S. H. Lee, “NMOS Transistors Fabricated by Simultaneous Laser-Assisted Crystallization and Diffusion on Silicon on Electro-Optic PLZT,” Proc. Mater. Res. Soc. 100, 675 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Jau, F. Kiamilev, Y. Fainman, S. Esener, S. H. Lee, “Optical Expert System Based on Matrix-Algebraic Formulation,” Appl. Opt. 27, 5170–5175 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Kiamilev, J. Jau, Y. Fainman, S. Esener, S. H. Lee, “Comparison of Prolog and Matrix-Algebraic AI Systems,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4(13), 58 (1987).

T. H. Lin, M. L. Burgener, S. C. Esener, S. H. Lee, “Crystallization of Silicon on Electro-Optic PLZT by Laser Beam Modulated in Shape and Intensity Profile,” Proc. Mater. Res. Soc. 74, 135–140 (1987).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Lee, S. Esener, M. Title, T. Drabik, “2-D Silicon/PLZT Spatial Light Modulators: Design Considerations and Technology,” Opt. Eng. 25(2): 250–260 (1986).

Y. Fainman, H. Rajbenbach, S. H. Lee, “Applications of Photorefractive Crystals as Basic Computational Modules for Digital Optical Processing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3(13), 16 (1986).

S. Esener, S. H. Lee, “Punch-Through Current Under Diffusion Limited Injection: Analysis and Applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 58, 1380–1387 (1985); “A New Field and Light Controlled Injection Punch-Through Photo-Transistor,” paper presented at IEEE Electronics Components Conference, New Orleans (1984).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Athale, S. H. Lee, “Development of an Optical Parallel Logic Device and a Half-Adder Circuit for Digital Optical Processing,” Opt. Eng. 18, 513–517 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fainman, S. H. Lee, “Advances in Applying Nonlinear Optical Crystals to Optical Signal Processing,” Handbook of Signal Processing, E. H. Chen, Ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1987), Chap. 12.

Li, W.

G. Moddel, K. M. Johnson, W. Li, R. A. Rice, L. A. Pagano-Stauffer, M. A. Handschy, “High-Speed Binary Optically Addressed Spatial Light Modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 537–539 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lin, T. H.

J. H. Wang, T. H. Lin, S. C. Esener, S. Dasgupta, S. H. Lee, “NMOS Transistors Fabricated by Simultaneous Laser-Assisted Crystallization and Diffusion on Silicon on Electro-Optic PLZT,” Proc. Mater. Res. Soc. 100, 675 (1988).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Lin, M. L. Burgener, S. C. Esener, S. H. Lee, “Crystallization of Silicon on Electro-Optic PLZT by Laser Beam Modulated in Shape and Intensity Profile,” Proc. Mater. Res. Soc. 74, 135–140 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Marcinkowski, S. J.

P. B. Berra, A. Ghafoor, P. A. Mitkas, S. J. Marcinkowski, M. Guizani, “The Impact of Optics on Data and Knowledge Base Systems,” IEEE Trans. Knowledge Data Eng. KDE-1, 111–132 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Miller, D. A. B.

D. A. B. Miller, “Quantum Wells for Optical Information Processing,” Opt. Eng. 26, 368–372 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Mitkas, P. A.

P. B. Berra, A. Ghafoor, P. A. Mitkas, S. J. Marcinkowski, M. Guizani, “The Impact of Optics on Data and Knowledge Base Systems,” IEEE Trans. Knowledge Data Eng. KDE-1, 111–132 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Moddel, G.

G. Moddel, K. M. Johnson, W. Li, R. A. Rice, L. A. Pagano-Stauffer, M. A. Handschy, “High-Speed Binary Optically Addressed Spatial Light Modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 537–539 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Nichols, K. B.

W. D. Goodhue, B. E. Burke, B. F. Aul, K. B. Nichols, “Molecular-Beam Epitaxially Grown Spatial Light Modulators with Charge-Coupled-Device Addressing,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 6, 2356–2360 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Owechko, Y.

Pagano-Stauffer, L. A.

G. Moddel, K. M. Johnson, W. Li, R. A. Rice, L. A. Pagano-Stauffer, M. A. Handschy, “High-Speed Binary Optically Addressed Spatial Light Modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 537–539 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Handschy, K. M. Johnson, W. T. Cathey, L. A. Pagano-Stauffer, “Polarization-Based Optical Parallel Logic Gate Utilizing Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals,” Opt. Lett. 12, 611–613 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Johnson, M. A. Handschy, L. A. Pagano-Stauffer, “Optical Computing and Image Processing with Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals,” Opt. Eng. 26, 385–391 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Peyqhambarian, N.

N. Peyqhambarian, H. M. Gibbs, “Optical Bistability for Optical Signal Processing and Computing,” Opt. Eng. 24, 68–73 (1985).

Rajbenbach, H.

Rau, J. E.

J. E. Rau, “Comparison of Coherently Illuminated Images,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 541–541 (1966).

J. E. Rau, “Detection of Differences in Real Distributions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1490–1494 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Rice, R. A.

G. Moddel, K. M. Johnson, W. Li, R. A. Rice, L. A. Pagano-Stauffer, M. A. Handschy, “High-Speed Binary Optically Addressed Spatial Light Modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 537–539 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, R. A.

W. T. Cathey, R. A. Schmidt, “Low Loss Polarization-Based Optical Logic Gates,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 813, 5–6 (1987).

Shin, D. H.

D. H. Shin, P. B. Berra, “Computer Archtecture in Logic-Oriented Data/Knowledge Bases,” Knowledge Eng. Rev.4 in press.

Smits, F. M.

F. M. Smits, L. E. Gallaher, Bell Sys. Tech. J. 46, 1267–1278 (1967).

Streibl, N.

Szu, H. H.

Thackara, J.

C. Warde, J. Thackara, “Operating Modes of the Microchannel Spatial Light Modulators,” Opt. Eng. 22, 695–703 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Thackara, J. I.

Title, M.

S. H. Lee, S. Esener, M. Title, T. Drabik, “2-D Silicon/PLZT Spatial Light Modulators: Design Considerations and Technology,” Opt. Eng. 25(2): 250–260 (1986).

Troullinos, N.

P. B. Berra, N. Troullinos, “Optical Techniques and Data/Knowledge Base Machines,” IEEE Computer 20, 59–70 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Verber, C. M.

H. J. Caulfield, C. M. Verber, to be submitted.

Wang, J. H.

J. H. Wang, T. H. Lin, S. C. Esener, S. Dasgupta, S. H. Lee, “NMOS Transistors Fabricated by Simultaneous Laser-Assisted Crystallization and Diffusion on Silicon on Electro-Optic PLZT,” Proc. Mater. Res. Soc. 100, 675 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Warde, C.

Weaver, C. W.

Weiss, A. M.

Appl. Opt. (8)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

N. A. Clark, S. T. Lagerwall, “Submicrosecond Bistable Electro-Optic Switching in Liquid Crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 899–901 (1980).
[CrossRef]

G. Moddel, K. M. Johnson, W. Li, R. A. Rice, L. A. Pagano-Stauffer, M. A. Handschy, “High-Speed Binary Optically Addressed Spatial Light Modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 537–539 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bell Sys. Tech. J. (1)

F. M. Smits, L. E. Gallaher, Bell Sys. Tech. J. 46, 1267–1278 (1967).

Ferroelectrics (1)

N. A. Clark, S. T. Lagerwall, “Surface-Stabilized Ferroelectric Crystal Electro-Optics: New Multistate Structures and Devices,” Ferroelectrics Vol. 59, pp. 69–116 (1984).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Computer (1)

P. B. Berra, N. Troullinos, “Optical Techniques and Data/Knowledge Base Machines,” IEEE Computer 20, 59–70 (1987).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Knowledge Data Eng. (1)

P. B. Berra, A. Ghafoor, P. A. Mitkas, S. J. Marcinkowski, M. Guizani, “The Impact of Optics on Data and Knowledge Base Systems,” IEEE Trans. Knowledge Data Eng. KDE-1, 111–132 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Esener, S. H. Lee, “Punch-Through Current Under Diffusion Limited Injection: Analysis and Applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 58, 1380–1387 (1985); “A New Field and Light Controlled Injection Punch-Through Photo-Transistor,” paper presented at IEEE Electronics Components Conference, New Orleans (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

J. E. Rau, “Detection of Differences in Real Distributions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1490–1494 (1966).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Rau, “Comparison of Coherently Illuminated Images,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 541–541 (1966).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

Y. Fainman, H. Rajbenbach, S. H. Lee, “Applications of Photorefractive Crystals as Basic Computational Modules for Digital Optical Processing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3(13), 16 (1986).

F. Kiamilev, J. Jau, Y. Fainman, S. Esener, S. H. Lee, “Comparison of Prolog and Matrix-Algebraic AI Systems,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4(13), 58 (1987).

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A (1)

W. D. Goodhue, B. E. Burke, B. F. Aul, K. B. Nichols, “Molecular-Beam Epitaxially Grown Spatial Light Modulators with Charge-Coupled-Device Addressing,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 6, 2356–2360 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (1)

N. A. Clark, M. A. Handschy, S. T. Largerwall, “Ferroelectric Liquid Crystal Electro-Optics Using the Surface Stabilized Structure,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 94, 213–234 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (6)

C. Warde, J. Thackara, “Operating Modes of the Microchannel Spatial Light Modulators,” Opt. Eng. 22, 695–703 (1983).
[CrossRef]

D. A. B. Miller, “Quantum Wells for Optical Information Processing,” Opt. Eng. 26, 368–372 (1987).
[CrossRef]

N. Peyqhambarian, H. M. Gibbs, “Optical Bistability for Optical Signal Processing and Computing,” Opt. Eng. 24, 68–73 (1985).

S. H. Lee, S. Esener, M. Title, T. Drabik, “2-D Silicon/PLZT Spatial Light Modulators: Design Considerations and Technology,” Opt. Eng. 25(2): 250–260 (1986).

K. M. Johnson, M. A. Handschy, L. A. Pagano-Stauffer, “Optical Computing and Image Processing with Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals,” Opt. Eng. 26, 385–391 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Athale, S. H. Lee, “Development of an Optical Parallel Logic Device and a Half-Adder Circuit for Digital Optical Processing,” Opt. Eng. 18, 513–517 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. Mater. Res. Soc. (2)

T. H. Lin, M. L. Burgener, S. C. Esener, S. H. Lee, “Crystallization of Silicon on Electro-Optic PLZT by Laser Beam Modulated in Shape and Intensity Profile,” Proc. Mater. Res. Soc. 74, 135–140 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Wang, T. H. Lin, S. C. Esener, S. Dasgupta, S. H. Lee, “NMOS Transistors Fabricated by Simultaneous Laser-Assisted Crystallization and Diffusion on Silicon on Electro-Optic PLZT,” Proc. Mater. Res. Soc. 100, 675 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (2)

H. J. Caulfield, “Massively Parallel Optical Data Base Management,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 938, 52–54 (1988).

W. T. Cathey, R. A. Schmidt, “Low Loss Polarization-Based Optical Logic Gates,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 813, 5–6 (1987).

Other (7)

H. J. Caulfield, C. M. Verber, to be submitted.

Y. Fainman, S. H. Lee, “Advances in Applying Nonlinear Optical Crystals to Optical Signal Processing,” Handbook of Signal Processing, E. H. Chen, Ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1987), Chap. 12.

D. H. Shin, P. B. Berra, “Computer Archtecture in Logic-Oriented Data/Knowledge Bases,” Knowledge Eng. Rev.4 in press.

Latest product literature on the IDM 500 database machine, Britton Lee Corp., Los Gatos, CA (1990).

Latest product literature on the DBC 1012 database machine, Teradata Corp., Los Angeles, CA (1990).

K. Y. Han et al., “InP/InGaAs Based Charge-Coupled Devices for MQW Spatial Light Modulator Applications,” in Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1989) Vol. 9, pp. 80–83.

G. R. Knight, “Interface Devices and Memory Materials,” Optical Information Processing Fundamentals, S. H. Lee, Ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1981), Chap. 4, pp. 158–160.

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Size, bandwidth, and processing rate.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical/electronic paradigm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Content addressable memory with feedback and holographic storage.7

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Page selection and readout. The deflector addresses a single hologram on the POHM and a page of data is written in parallel onto the output laser beam.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output selection. A second SLM (SLM2, shown here as transmissive) is used for selective illumination of the output from SLM1.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Photorefractive memory: (a) multiple holograms are stored and retrieved as a function of crystal angular positions and (b) multiple holograms are stored and retrieved as a function of phase coded reference beams.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Pattern selection. We can use electronically addressed SLM3 to write a reference pattern to be matched with the light coming from POHM-driven SLM1. Fourier transform lens 1 jointly transforms both outputs onto SLM4 where they add coherently. Another readout beam addresses SLM4 which produces bright light on the output plane where the reference pattern is matched with a portion of the input beam from SLM1.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Image shifting. The 2-D AO cell shifts the image in any direction by changing the direction of light in the Fourier plane.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Pattern substitution.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

exclusive or with symbolic substitution.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Functionally programmable module.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

θ S = tan - 1 ( S m / S a )             S m / S a 1
T = max ( t p , t s ) ,

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