Abstract

The solgel process is a solution synthesis technique which provides a low temperature chemical route for the preparation of rigid transparent matrix materials. Luminescent organic dye molecules have been incorporated via the solgel method into organically modified silicate (ORMOSIL) polymer host matrices. Optical gain, laser oscillation, and photostability of rhodamine and coumarin dyes doped into ORMOSIL gels are reported. The gel laser materials exhibit peak gain values of 40 cm−1 and show improved photostability with respect to comparable polymeric host materials.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. J. Weber, Ed., Organic Dye Lasers, CRC Handbook of Laser Science and Technology Supplement (CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 1990).
  2. D. P. Pacheco, H. R. Aldag, I. Irving, P. S. Rostler, “A Solid-State Flashlamp-Pumped Dye Laser Employing Polymer Hosts,” in Proceedings, International Conference on Lasers (1988), pp. 330–337.
  3. S. Muto, A. Ando, O. Yoda, T. Hanawa, H. Ito, “Dye Laser by Sheet of Plastic Fibers with Wide Tuning Range,” Trans. IECE Jpn. E70, 317–318 (1987).
  4. D. A. Gromov et al., “Efficient Plastic-Host Dye Lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 1028–1031 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  5. R. M. O’Connel, T. T. Saito, “Plastics for High-Power Laser Applications: A Review,” Opt. Eng. 22, 393–399 (1983).
  6. U. Itoh, M. Takakusa, T. Moriya, S. Saito, “Optical Gain of Coumarin Dye-Doped Thin Film Lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 16, 1059–1060 (1977).
    [Crossref]
  7. J. D. Mackenzie, D. R. Ulrich, Eds., Proceedings, Third International Conference on Ultrastructure Processing (Wiley, New York, 1988).
  8. C. J. Brinker, in Better Ceramics Through Chemistry, D. E. Clark, D. R. Ulrich, Eds., Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc.73, (1986).
  9. B. Dunn, E. Knobbe, J. M. McKiernan, J. C. Pouxviel, J. I. Zink, “The Optical Behavior of Organic and Organometallic Molecules in Sol-Gel Matrices,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 121, 331–342 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  10. Y. Kobayashi, Y. Kurokawa, Y. Imai, “A Transparent Alumina Film Doped with Laser Dye and its Emission Properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 105, 198–200 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  11. C. A. Capozzi, L. D. Pye, “Preparation and Characterization of PMMA Modified SiO2 Host Material for Organic Dye Molecules,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 970, 135–142 (1988).
  12. H. Schmidt, B. Seiferling, “Chemistry and Applications of Inorganic-Organic Polymers Organically Modified Silicates,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 73, 739–750 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  13. E. T. Knobbe, B. Dunn, P. D. Fuqua, F. Nishida, J. I. Zink, “Laser Behavior and Nonlinear Optical Properties in Organic Dye Doped Sol-Gel Materials,” in Proceedings, Fourth International Conference on Ultrastructure of Ceramics, Glasses, and Composites, Tucson, John Wiley, New York, 1989, in press.
  14. J. M. Yarborough, “CW Laser Emission Spanning the Visible Spectrum,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 629–630 (1974).
    [Crossref]
  15. G. Jones, W. R. Jackson, “Medium Effects on Fluorescence Quantum Yields and Lifetimes for Coumarin Laser Dyes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 72, 391–395 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  16. R. Reisfeld, R. Zusman, Y. Cohen, M. Egal, “The Spectroscopic Behavior of Rhodamine 6G in Polar and Non-Polar Solvents and in Thin Glass and PMMA Films,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 147, 142–147 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  17. H. Telle, W. Huffer, D. Basting, “The Xenon Chloride (XeCl) Excimer Laser: A Powerful and Efficient UV Pumping Source for Tunable Dye Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 38, 402–406 (1981).
    [Crossref]

1989 (1)

B. Dunn, E. Knobbe, J. M. McKiernan, J. C. Pouxviel, J. I. Zink, “The Optical Behavior of Organic and Organometallic Molecules in Sol-Gel Matrices,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 121, 331–342 (1989).
[Crossref]

1988 (3)

Y. Kobayashi, Y. Kurokawa, Y. Imai, “A Transparent Alumina Film Doped with Laser Dye and its Emission Properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 105, 198–200 (1988).
[Crossref]

C. A. Capozzi, L. D. Pye, “Preparation and Characterization of PMMA Modified SiO2 Host Material for Organic Dye Molecules,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 970, 135–142 (1988).

R. Reisfeld, R. Zusman, Y. Cohen, M. Egal, “The Spectroscopic Behavior of Rhodamine 6G in Polar and Non-Polar Solvents and in Thin Glass and PMMA Films,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 147, 142–147 (1988).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

S. Muto, A. Ando, O. Yoda, T. Hanawa, H. Ito, “Dye Laser by Sheet of Plastic Fibers with Wide Tuning Range,” Trans. IECE Jpn. E70, 317–318 (1987).

1986 (1)

H. Schmidt, B. Seiferling, “Chemistry and Applications of Inorganic-Organic Polymers Organically Modified Silicates,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 73, 739–750 (1986).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

1983 (1)

R. M. O’Connel, T. T. Saito, “Plastics for High-Power Laser Applications: A Review,” Opt. Eng. 22, 393–399 (1983).

1981 (1)

H. Telle, W. Huffer, D. Basting, “The Xenon Chloride (XeCl) Excimer Laser: A Powerful and Efficient UV Pumping Source for Tunable Dye Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 38, 402–406 (1981).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

G. Jones, W. R. Jackson, “Medium Effects on Fluorescence Quantum Yields and Lifetimes for Coumarin Laser Dyes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 72, 391–395 (1980).
[Crossref]

1977 (1)

U. Itoh, M. Takakusa, T. Moriya, S. Saito, “Optical Gain of Coumarin Dye-Doped Thin Film Lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 16, 1059–1060 (1977).
[Crossref]

1974 (1)

J. M. Yarborough, “CW Laser Emission Spanning the Visible Spectrum,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 629–630 (1974).
[Crossref]

Aldag, H. R.

D. P. Pacheco, H. R. Aldag, I. Irving, P. S. Rostler, “A Solid-State Flashlamp-Pumped Dye Laser Employing Polymer Hosts,” in Proceedings, International Conference on Lasers (1988), pp. 330–337.

Ando, A.

S. Muto, A. Ando, O. Yoda, T. Hanawa, H. Ito, “Dye Laser by Sheet of Plastic Fibers with Wide Tuning Range,” Trans. IECE Jpn. E70, 317–318 (1987).

Basting, D.

H. Telle, W. Huffer, D. Basting, “The Xenon Chloride (XeCl) Excimer Laser: A Powerful and Efficient UV Pumping Source for Tunable Dye Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 38, 402–406 (1981).
[Crossref]

Brinker, C. J.

C. J. Brinker, in Better Ceramics Through Chemistry, D. E. Clark, D. R. Ulrich, Eds., Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc.73, (1986).

Capozzi, C. A.

C. A. Capozzi, L. D. Pye, “Preparation and Characterization of PMMA Modified SiO2 Host Material for Organic Dye Molecules,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 970, 135–142 (1988).

Cohen, Y.

R. Reisfeld, R. Zusman, Y. Cohen, M. Egal, “The Spectroscopic Behavior of Rhodamine 6G in Polar and Non-Polar Solvents and in Thin Glass and PMMA Films,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 147, 142–147 (1988).
[Crossref]

Dunn, B.

B. Dunn, E. Knobbe, J. M. McKiernan, J. C. Pouxviel, J. I. Zink, “The Optical Behavior of Organic and Organometallic Molecules in Sol-Gel Matrices,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 121, 331–342 (1989).
[Crossref]

E. T. Knobbe, B. Dunn, P. D. Fuqua, F. Nishida, J. I. Zink, “Laser Behavior and Nonlinear Optical Properties in Organic Dye Doped Sol-Gel Materials,” in Proceedings, Fourth International Conference on Ultrastructure of Ceramics, Glasses, and Composites, Tucson, John Wiley, New York, 1989, in press.

Egal, M.

R. Reisfeld, R. Zusman, Y. Cohen, M. Egal, “The Spectroscopic Behavior of Rhodamine 6G in Polar and Non-Polar Solvents and in Thin Glass and PMMA Films,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 147, 142–147 (1988).
[Crossref]

Fuqua, P. D.

E. T. Knobbe, B. Dunn, P. D. Fuqua, F. Nishida, J. I. Zink, “Laser Behavior and Nonlinear Optical Properties in Organic Dye Doped Sol-Gel Materials,” in Proceedings, Fourth International Conference on Ultrastructure of Ceramics, Glasses, and Composites, Tucson, John Wiley, New York, 1989, in press.

Gromov, D. A.

Hanawa, T.

S. Muto, A. Ando, O. Yoda, T. Hanawa, H. Ito, “Dye Laser by Sheet of Plastic Fibers with Wide Tuning Range,” Trans. IECE Jpn. E70, 317–318 (1987).

Huffer, W.

H. Telle, W. Huffer, D. Basting, “The Xenon Chloride (XeCl) Excimer Laser: A Powerful and Efficient UV Pumping Source for Tunable Dye Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 38, 402–406 (1981).
[Crossref]

Imai, Y.

Y. Kobayashi, Y. Kurokawa, Y. Imai, “A Transparent Alumina Film Doped with Laser Dye and its Emission Properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 105, 198–200 (1988).
[Crossref]

Irving, I.

D. P. Pacheco, H. R. Aldag, I. Irving, P. S. Rostler, “A Solid-State Flashlamp-Pumped Dye Laser Employing Polymer Hosts,” in Proceedings, International Conference on Lasers (1988), pp. 330–337.

Ito, H.

S. Muto, A. Ando, O. Yoda, T. Hanawa, H. Ito, “Dye Laser by Sheet of Plastic Fibers with Wide Tuning Range,” Trans. IECE Jpn. E70, 317–318 (1987).

Itoh, U.

U. Itoh, M. Takakusa, T. Moriya, S. Saito, “Optical Gain of Coumarin Dye-Doped Thin Film Lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 16, 1059–1060 (1977).
[Crossref]

Jackson, W. R.

G. Jones, W. R. Jackson, “Medium Effects on Fluorescence Quantum Yields and Lifetimes for Coumarin Laser Dyes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 72, 391–395 (1980).
[Crossref]

Jones, G.

G. Jones, W. R. Jackson, “Medium Effects on Fluorescence Quantum Yields and Lifetimes for Coumarin Laser Dyes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 72, 391–395 (1980).
[Crossref]

Knobbe, E.

B. Dunn, E. Knobbe, J. M. McKiernan, J. C. Pouxviel, J. I. Zink, “The Optical Behavior of Organic and Organometallic Molecules in Sol-Gel Matrices,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 121, 331–342 (1989).
[Crossref]

Knobbe, E. T.

E. T. Knobbe, B. Dunn, P. D. Fuqua, F. Nishida, J. I. Zink, “Laser Behavior and Nonlinear Optical Properties in Organic Dye Doped Sol-Gel Materials,” in Proceedings, Fourth International Conference on Ultrastructure of Ceramics, Glasses, and Composites, Tucson, John Wiley, New York, 1989, in press.

Kobayashi, Y.

Y. Kobayashi, Y. Kurokawa, Y. Imai, “A Transparent Alumina Film Doped with Laser Dye and its Emission Properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 105, 198–200 (1988).
[Crossref]

Kurokawa, Y.

Y. Kobayashi, Y. Kurokawa, Y. Imai, “A Transparent Alumina Film Doped with Laser Dye and its Emission Properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 105, 198–200 (1988).
[Crossref]

McKiernan, J. M.

B. Dunn, E. Knobbe, J. M. McKiernan, J. C. Pouxviel, J. I. Zink, “The Optical Behavior of Organic and Organometallic Molecules in Sol-Gel Matrices,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 121, 331–342 (1989).
[Crossref]

Moriya, T.

U. Itoh, M. Takakusa, T. Moriya, S. Saito, “Optical Gain of Coumarin Dye-Doped Thin Film Lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 16, 1059–1060 (1977).
[Crossref]

Muto, S.

S. Muto, A. Ando, O. Yoda, T. Hanawa, H. Ito, “Dye Laser by Sheet of Plastic Fibers with Wide Tuning Range,” Trans. IECE Jpn. E70, 317–318 (1987).

Nishida, F.

E. T. Knobbe, B. Dunn, P. D. Fuqua, F. Nishida, J. I. Zink, “Laser Behavior and Nonlinear Optical Properties in Organic Dye Doped Sol-Gel Materials,” in Proceedings, Fourth International Conference on Ultrastructure of Ceramics, Glasses, and Composites, Tucson, John Wiley, New York, 1989, in press.

O’Connel, R. M.

R. M. O’Connel, T. T. Saito, “Plastics for High-Power Laser Applications: A Review,” Opt. Eng. 22, 393–399 (1983).

Pacheco, D. P.

D. P. Pacheco, H. R. Aldag, I. Irving, P. S. Rostler, “A Solid-State Flashlamp-Pumped Dye Laser Employing Polymer Hosts,” in Proceedings, International Conference on Lasers (1988), pp. 330–337.

Pouxviel, J. C.

B. Dunn, E. Knobbe, J. M. McKiernan, J. C. Pouxviel, J. I. Zink, “The Optical Behavior of Organic and Organometallic Molecules in Sol-Gel Matrices,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 121, 331–342 (1989).
[Crossref]

Pye, L. D.

C. A. Capozzi, L. D. Pye, “Preparation and Characterization of PMMA Modified SiO2 Host Material for Organic Dye Molecules,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 970, 135–142 (1988).

Reisfeld, R.

R. Reisfeld, R. Zusman, Y. Cohen, M. Egal, “The Spectroscopic Behavior of Rhodamine 6G in Polar and Non-Polar Solvents and in Thin Glass and PMMA Films,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 147, 142–147 (1988).
[Crossref]

Rostler, P. S.

D. P. Pacheco, H. R. Aldag, I. Irving, P. S. Rostler, “A Solid-State Flashlamp-Pumped Dye Laser Employing Polymer Hosts,” in Proceedings, International Conference on Lasers (1988), pp. 330–337.

Saito, S.

U. Itoh, M. Takakusa, T. Moriya, S. Saito, “Optical Gain of Coumarin Dye-Doped Thin Film Lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 16, 1059–1060 (1977).
[Crossref]

Saito, T. T.

R. M. O’Connel, T. T. Saito, “Plastics for High-Power Laser Applications: A Review,” Opt. Eng. 22, 393–399 (1983).

Schmidt, H.

H. Schmidt, B. Seiferling, “Chemistry and Applications of Inorganic-Organic Polymers Organically Modified Silicates,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 73, 739–750 (1986).
[Crossref]

Seiferling, B.

H. Schmidt, B. Seiferling, “Chemistry and Applications of Inorganic-Organic Polymers Organically Modified Silicates,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 73, 739–750 (1986).
[Crossref]

Takakusa, M.

U. Itoh, M. Takakusa, T. Moriya, S. Saito, “Optical Gain of Coumarin Dye-Doped Thin Film Lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 16, 1059–1060 (1977).
[Crossref]

Telle, H.

H. Telle, W. Huffer, D. Basting, “The Xenon Chloride (XeCl) Excimer Laser: A Powerful and Efficient UV Pumping Source for Tunable Dye Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 38, 402–406 (1981).
[Crossref]

Yarborough, J. M.

J. M. Yarborough, “CW Laser Emission Spanning the Visible Spectrum,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 629–630 (1974).
[Crossref]

Yoda, O.

S. Muto, A. Ando, O. Yoda, T. Hanawa, H. Ito, “Dye Laser by Sheet of Plastic Fibers with Wide Tuning Range,” Trans. IECE Jpn. E70, 317–318 (1987).

Zink, J. I.

B. Dunn, E. Knobbe, J. M. McKiernan, J. C. Pouxviel, J. I. Zink, “The Optical Behavior of Organic and Organometallic Molecules in Sol-Gel Matrices,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 121, 331–342 (1989).
[Crossref]

E. T. Knobbe, B. Dunn, P. D. Fuqua, F. Nishida, J. I. Zink, “Laser Behavior and Nonlinear Optical Properties in Organic Dye Doped Sol-Gel Materials,” in Proceedings, Fourth International Conference on Ultrastructure of Ceramics, Glasses, and Composites, Tucson, John Wiley, New York, 1989, in press.

Zusman, R.

R. Reisfeld, R. Zusman, Y. Cohen, M. Egal, “The Spectroscopic Behavior of Rhodamine 6G in Polar and Non-Polar Solvents and in Thin Glass and PMMA Films,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 147, 142–147 (1988).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. M. Yarborough, “CW Laser Emission Spanning the Visible Spectrum,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 629–630 (1974).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (2)

G. Jones, W. R. Jackson, “Medium Effects on Fluorescence Quantum Yields and Lifetimes for Coumarin Laser Dyes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 72, 391–395 (1980).
[Crossref]

R. Reisfeld, R. Zusman, Y. Cohen, M. Egal, “The Spectroscopic Behavior of Rhodamine 6G in Polar and Non-Polar Solvents and in Thin Glass and PMMA Films,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 147, 142–147 (1988).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

U. Itoh, M. Takakusa, T. Moriya, S. Saito, “Optical Gain of Coumarin Dye-Doped Thin Film Lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 16, 1059–1060 (1977).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

Y. Kobayashi, Y. Kurokawa, Y. Imai, “A Transparent Alumina Film Doped with Laser Dye and its Emission Properties,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 105, 198–200 (1988).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. (2)

B. Dunn, E. Knobbe, J. M. McKiernan, J. C. Pouxviel, J. I. Zink, “The Optical Behavior of Organic and Organometallic Molecules in Sol-Gel Matrices,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 121, 331–342 (1989).
[Crossref]

H. Schmidt, B. Seiferling, “Chemistry and Applications of Inorganic-Organic Polymers Organically Modified Silicates,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 73, 739–750 (1986).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

H. Telle, W. Huffer, D. Basting, “The Xenon Chloride (XeCl) Excimer Laser: A Powerful and Efficient UV Pumping Source for Tunable Dye Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 38, 402–406 (1981).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

R. M. O’Connel, T. T. Saito, “Plastics for High-Power Laser Applications: A Review,” Opt. Eng. 22, 393–399 (1983).

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

C. A. Capozzi, L. D. Pye, “Preparation and Characterization of PMMA Modified SiO2 Host Material for Organic Dye Molecules,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 970, 135–142 (1988).

Trans. IECE Jpn. (1)

S. Muto, A. Ando, O. Yoda, T. Hanawa, H. Ito, “Dye Laser by Sheet of Plastic Fibers with Wide Tuning Range,” Trans. IECE Jpn. E70, 317–318 (1987).

Other (5)

J. D. Mackenzie, D. R. Ulrich, Eds., Proceedings, Third International Conference on Ultrastructure Processing (Wiley, New York, 1988).

C. J. Brinker, in Better Ceramics Through Chemistry, D. E. Clark, D. R. Ulrich, Eds., Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc.73, (1986).

M. J. Weber, Ed., Organic Dye Lasers, CRC Handbook of Laser Science and Technology Supplement (CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 1990).

D. P. Pacheco, H. R. Aldag, I. Irving, P. S. Rostler, “A Solid-State Flashlamp-Pumped Dye Laser Employing Polymer Hosts,” in Proceedings, International Conference on Lasers (1988), pp. 330–337.

E. T. Knobbe, B. Dunn, P. D. Fuqua, F. Nishida, J. I. Zink, “Laser Behavior and Nonlinear Optical Properties in Organic Dye Doped Sol-Gel Materials,” in Proceedings, Fourth International Conference on Ultrastructure of Ceramics, Glasses, and Composites, Tucson, John Wiley, New York, 1989, in press.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Spectral gain curve of C153 in EtOH (□) and in ORMOSIL gel (●). The pump wavelength is 337 nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Free-running laser oscillation (A) and fluorescent emission (B) spectra of C153:A sample. The pump wavelength for both curves was 460 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(A) Fluorescent emission of ORMOSIL gel sample R6G:G, excited at 539 nm. Laser oscillation ranges for R6G:I and R6G:G are indicated. (B) Free-running laser oscillation for R6G:I and R6G:G. The pump wavelength is 539 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Photodegradation characteristics of C153:A (●) and R6G:G (□) ORMOSIL gels.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table I Synthesis of ORMOSIL Gel Host Materials

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

G S = ( G T - F - ASE ) S .

Metrics