Abstract

We describe an apparatus for measuring the optical characteristics of grating coupled surface emitting semiconductor lasers. These measurements include far and near field measurements, spectrum, and total power. The far field can be determined with an absolute accuracy of 0.01°.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G. A. Evans et al., “Two-Dimensional Coherent Laser Arrays Using Grating Surface Emission,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-25, 1525 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  2. D. F. Welch, R. Parke, A. Hardy, W. Streifer, D. R. Scifres, “Low-Threshold Grating-Coupled Surface-Emitting Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 813 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  3. D. F. Welch, R. Parke, A. Hardy, W. Streifer, D. R. Scifres, “High Power Grating Coupled Surface Emitting Lasers,” Electron. Lett. 54, 819 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  4. N. W. Carlson et al., “High-Power Seven-Element Grating Surface Emitting Diode Laser Array with 0.012 Degrees Far-Field Angle,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 939 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. Peled, “Near and Far-Field Characteristics of Diode Lasers,” Appl. Opt. 19, 324 (1980).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York), pp. 77–100.

1989 (3)

G. A. Evans et al., “Two-Dimensional Coherent Laser Arrays Using Grating Surface Emission,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-25, 1525 (1989).
[Crossref]

D. F. Welch, R. Parke, A. Hardy, W. Streifer, D. R. Scifres, “Low-Threshold Grating-Coupled Surface-Emitting Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 813 (1989).
[Crossref]

D. F. Welch, R. Parke, A. Hardy, W. Streifer, D. R. Scifres, “High Power Grating Coupled Surface Emitting Lasers,” Electron. Lett. 54, 819 (1989).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

N. W. Carlson et al., “High-Power Seven-Element Grating Surface Emitting Diode Laser Array with 0.012 Degrees Far-Field Angle,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 939 (1988).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

Carlson, N. W.

N. W. Carlson et al., “High-Power Seven-Element Grating Surface Emitting Diode Laser Array with 0.012 Degrees Far-Field Angle,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 939 (1988).
[Crossref]

Evans, G. A.

G. A. Evans et al., “Two-Dimensional Coherent Laser Arrays Using Grating Surface Emission,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-25, 1525 (1989).
[Crossref]

Goodman, J. W.

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York), pp. 77–100.

Hardy, A.

D. F. Welch, R. Parke, A. Hardy, W. Streifer, D. R. Scifres, “High Power Grating Coupled Surface Emitting Lasers,” Electron. Lett. 54, 819 (1989).
[Crossref]

D. F. Welch, R. Parke, A. Hardy, W. Streifer, D. R. Scifres, “Low-Threshold Grating-Coupled Surface-Emitting Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 813 (1989).
[Crossref]

Parke, R.

D. F. Welch, R. Parke, A. Hardy, W. Streifer, D. R. Scifres, “Low-Threshold Grating-Coupled Surface-Emitting Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 813 (1989).
[Crossref]

D. F. Welch, R. Parke, A. Hardy, W. Streifer, D. R. Scifres, “High Power Grating Coupled Surface Emitting Lasers,” Electron. Lett. 54, 819 (1989).
[Crossref]

Peled, S.

Scifres, D. R.

D. F. Welch, R. Parke, A. Hardy, W. Streifer, D. R. Scifres, “High Power Grating Coupled Surface Emitting Lasers,” Electron. Lett. 54, 819 (1989).
[Crossref]

D. F. Welch, R. Parke, A. Hardy, W. Streifer, D. R. Scifres, “Low-Threshold Grating-Coupled Surface-Emitting Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 813 (1989).
[Crossref]

Streifer, W.

D. F. Welch, R. Parke, A. Hardy, W. Streifer, D. R. Scifres, “Low-Threshold Grating-Coupled Surface-Emitting Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 813 (1989).
[Crossref]

D. F. Welch, R. Parke, A. Hardy, W. Streifer, D. R. Scifres, “High Power Grating Coupled Surface Emitting Lasers,” Electron. Lett. 54, 819 (1989).
[Crossref]

Welch, D. F.

D. F. Welch, R. Parke, A. Hardy, W. Streifer, D. R. Scifres, “Low-Threshold Grating-Coupled Surface-Emitting Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 813 (1989).
[Crossref]

D. F. Welch, R. Parke, A. Hardy, W. Streifer, D. R. Scifres, “High Power Grating Coupled Surface Emitting Lasers,” Electron. Lett. 54, 819 (1989).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

D. F. Welch, R. Parke, A. Hardy, W. Streifer, D. R. Scifres, “Low-Threshold Grating-Coupled Surface-Emitting Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 813 (1989).
[Crossref]

N. W. Carlson et al., “High-Power Seven-Element Grating Surface Emitting Diode Laser Array with 0.012 Degrees Far-Field Angle,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 939 (1988).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

D. F. Welch, R. Parke, A. Hardy, W. Streifer, D. R. Scifres, “High Power Grating Coupled Surface Emitting Lasers,” Electron. Lett. 54, 819 (1989).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. A. Evans et al., “Two-Dimensional Coherent Laser Arrays Using Grating Surface Emission,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-25, 1525 (1989).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York), pp. 77–100.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of a surface grating emitting laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of the experimental apparatus: BS1–BS3, beam splitters; L1 and L2 lenses.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic diagram of the method employed to define the absolute angle of the far field: BS1, beam splitter; L1, lens.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Far field intensity pattern from a two-grating one-gain section surface emitter. The upper two curves depict the light from each of the grating section individually, while the lower curve depicts light from both grating sections.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Near field intensity distribution of the light from a two grating one-gain section surface emitter.

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