Abstract

Angular scattering measurements on fluoride glass fibers or bulk samples are reported. Patterns obtained on crystallites or bubbles give several peaks which are dependent on particle size and refractive index. Peak positions and scattering levels on the experimental curves are interpreted using Mie scattering theory. Particle sizing is possible and the refractive index can be estimated.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. H. Hattori, S. Sakaguchi, T. Kanamori, Y. Terunuma, “Scattering Characteristics of Crystallites in Fluoride Optical Fibers,” Appl. Opt. 26, 2683–2687 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. W. Moore, P. W. France, S. F. Carter, J. R. Williams, “Scattering Losses in Fluoride Glass Fibre,” in Proceedings, Fifth International Symposium on Halide Glasses, Shizuoka, Japan (May–June 1988).
  3. D. C. Tran, K. H. Levin, C. F. Fisher, M. J. Burk, G. H. Sigel, “Rayleigh Scattering in Fluoride Glass Optical Fibres,” Electron. Lett. 19, 165–166 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. W. France, S. F. Carter, M. W. Moore, C. R. Day, “Progress in Fluoride Fibres for Optical Communications,” Br. Telecom. J. 5, 28–44 (1987).
  5. S. Sakaguchi, K. Fujiura, Y. Ohishi, Y. Terunuma, T. Kanamori, “Formation of Extrinsic Scatterers in ZrF4-Based Fluoride Optical Fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 95 & 96, 617–624 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. Lu, K. H. Levin, M. J. Burk, D. C. Tran, “Scattering Measurements on a Low-Loss Fluorozirconate Optical Fiber,” Electron. Lett. 22, 602–603 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Kanamori, H. Hattori, S. Sakaguchi, Y. Ohishi, “Study on the Nature of Extrinsic Scattering Centers in Fluoride Glass Optical Fibers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 25, L203–L205 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. F. Bohren, D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1983).
  9. Ref. 8, Chap. 5–7.
  10. Ref. 8, Chap. 4.
  11. Ref. 8, Chap. 13.
  12. W. J. Lentz, “Generating Bessel Functions in Mie Scattering Calculations Using Continued Fractions,” Appl. Opt. 15, 668–671 (1976).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. H. Hattori, Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, S. Takahashi, “Scattering Loss Measurement for Small Segments of Fluoride Optical Fibers,” Appl. Opt. 25, 3549–3551 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (3)

P. W. France, S. F. Carter, M. W. Moore, C. R. Day, “Progress in Fluoride Fibres for Optical Communications,” Br. Telecom. J. 5, 28–44 (1987).

S. Sakaguchi, K. Fujiura, Y. Ohishi, Y. Terunuma, T. Kanamori, “Formation of Extrinsic Scatterers in ZrF4-Based Fluoride Optical Fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 95 & 96, 617–624 (1987).
[CrossRef]

H. Hattori, S. Sakaguchi, T. Kanamori, Y. Terunuma, “Scattering Characteristics of Crystallites in Fluoride Optical Fibers,” Appl. Opt. 26, 2683–2687 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (3)

H. Hattori, Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, S. Takahashi, “Scattering Loss Measurement for Small Segments of Fluoride Optical Fibers,” Appl. Opt. 25, 3549–3551 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Lu, K. H. Levin, M. J. Burk, D. C. Tran, “Scattering Measurements on a Low-Loss Fluorozirconate Optical Fiber,” Electron. Lett. 22, 602–603 (1986).
[CrossRef]

T. Kanamori, H. Hattori, S. Sakaguchi, Y. Ohishi, “Study on the Nature of Extrinsic Scattering Centers in Fluoride Glass Optical Fibers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 25, L203–L205 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

D. C. Tran, K. H. Levin, C. F. Fisher, M. J. Burk, G. H. Sigel, “Rayleigh Scattering in Fluoride Glass Optical Fibres,” Electron. Lett. 19, 165–166 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

Bohren, C. F.

C. F. Bohren, D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1983).

Burk, M. J.

G. Lu, K. H. Levin, M. J. Burk, D. C. Tran, “Scattering Measurements on a Low-Loss Fluorozirconate Optical Fiber,” Electron. Lett. 22, 602–603 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tran, K. H. Levin, C. F. Fisher, M. J. Burk, G. H. Sigel, “Rayleigh Scattering in Fluoride Glass Optical Fibres,” Electron. Lett. 19, 165–166 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Carter, S. F.

P. W. France, S. F. Carter, M. W. Moore, C. R. Day, “Progress in Fluoride Fibres for Optical Communications,” Br. Telecom. J. 5, 28–44 (1987).

M. W. Moore, P. W. France, S. F. Carter, J. R. Williams, “Scattering Losses in Fluoride Glass Fibre,” in Proceedings, Fifth International Symposium on Halide Glasses, Shizuoka, Japan (May–June 1988).

Day, C. R.

P. W. France, S. F. Carter, M. W. Moore, C. R. Day, “Progress in Fluoride Fibres for Optical Communications,” Br. Telecom. J. 5, 28–44 (1987).

Fisher, C. F.

D. C. Tran, K. H. Levin, C. F. Fisher, M. J. Burk, G. H. Sigel, “Rayleigh Scattering in Fluoride Glass Optical Fibres,” Electron. Lett. 19, 165–166 (1983).
[CrossRef]

France, P. W.

P. W. France, S. F. Carter, M. W. Moore, C. R. Day, “Progress in Fluoride Fibres for Optical Communications,” Br. Telecom. J. 5, 28–44 (1987).

M. W. Moore, P. W. France, S. F. Carter, J. R. Williams, “Scattering Losses in Fluoride Glass Fibre,” in Proceedings, Fifth International Symposium on Halide Glasses, Shizuoka, Japan (May–June 1988).

Fujiura, K.

S. Sakaguchi, K. Fujiura, Y. Ohishi, Y. Terunuma, T. Kanamori, “Formation of Extrinsic Scatterers in ZrF4-Based Fluoride Optical Fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 95 & 96, 617–624 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Hattori, H.

Huffman, D. R.

C. F. Bohren, D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1983).

Kanamori, T.

S. Sakaguchi, K. Fujiura, Y. Ohishi, Y. Terunuma, T. Kanamori, “Formation of Extrinsic Scatterers in ZrF4-Based Fluoride Optical Fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 95 & 96, 617–624 (1987).
[CrossRef]

H. Hattori, S. Sakaguchi, T. Kanamori, Y. Terunuma, “Scattering Characteristics of Crystallites in Fluoride Optical Fibers,” Appl. Opt. 26, 2683–2687 (1987).
[CrossRef]

T. Kanamori, H. Hattori, S. Sakaguchi, Y. Ohishi, “Study on the Nature of Extrinsic Scattering Centers in Fluoride Glass Optical Fibers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 25, L203–L205 (1986).
[CrossRef]

H. Hattori, Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, S. Takahashi, “Scattering Loss Measurement for Small Segments of Fluoride Optical Fibers,” Appl. Opt. 25, 3549–3551 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lentz, W. J.

Levin, K. H.

G. Lu, K. H. Levin, M. J. Burk, D. C. Tran, “Scattering Measurements on a Low-Loss Fluorozirconate Optical Fiber,” Electron. Lett. 22, 602–603 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tran, K. H. Levin, C. F. Fisher, M. J. Burk, G. H. Sigel, “Rayleigh Scattering in Fluoride Glass Optical Fibres,” Electron. Lett. 19, 165–166 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Lu, G.

G. Lu, K. H. Levin, M. J. Burk, D. C. Tran, “Scattering Measurements on a Low-Loss Fluorozirconate Optical Fiber,” Electron. Lett. 22, 602–603 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Moore, M. W.

P. W. France, S. F. Carter, M. W. Moore, C. R. Day, “Progress in Fluoride Fibres for Optical Communications,” Br. Telecom. J. 5, 28–44 (1987).

M. W. Moore, P. W. France, S. F. Carter, J. R. Williams, “Scattering Losses in Fluoride Glass Fibre,” in Proceedings, Fifth International Symposium on Halide Glasses, Shizuoka, Japan (May–June 1988).

Ohishi, Y.

S. Sakaguchi, K. Fujiura, Y. Ohishi, Y. Terunuma, T. Kanamori, “Formation of Extrinsic Scatterers in ZrF4-Based Fluoride Optical Fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 95 & 96, 617–624 (1987).
[CrossRef]

H. Hattori, Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, S. Takahashi, “Scattering Loss Measurement for Small Segments of Fluoride Optical Fibers,” Appl. Opt. 25, 3549–3551 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kanamori, H. Hattori, S. Sakaguchi, Y. Ohishi, “Study on the Nature of Extrinsic Scattering Centers in Fluoride Glass Optical Fibers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 25, L203–L205 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Sakaguchi, S.

S. Sakaguchi, K. Fujiura, Y. Ohishi, Y. Terunuma, T. Kanamori, “Formation of Extrinsic Scatterers in ZrF4-Based Fluoride Optical Fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 95 & 96, 617–624 (1987).
[CrossRef]

H. Hattori, S. Sakaguchi, T. Kanamori, Y. Terunuma, “Scattering Characteristics of Crystallites in Fluoride Optical Fibers,” Appl. Opt. 26, 2683–2687 (1987).
[CrossRef]

T. Kanamori, H. Hattori, S. Sakaguchi, Y. Ohishi, “Study on the Nature of Extrinsic Scattering Centers in Fluoride Glass Optical Fibers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 25, L203–L205 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Sigel, G. H.

D. C. Tran, K. H. Levin, C. F. Fisher, M. J. Burk, G. H. Sigel, “Rayleigh Scattering in Fluoride Glass Optical Fibres,” Electron. Lett. 19, 165–166 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, S.

Terunuma, Y.

H. Hattori, S. Sakaguchi, T. Kanamori, Y. Terunuma, “Scattering Characteristics of Crystallites in Fluoride Optical Fibers,” Appl. Opt. 26, 2683–2687 (1987).
[CrossRef]

S. Sakaguchi, K. Fujiura, Y. Ohishi, Y. Terunuma, T. Kanamori, “Formation of Extrinsic Scatterers in ZrF4-Based Fluoride Optical Fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 95 & 96, 617–624 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Tran, D. C.

G. Lu, K. H. Levin, M. J. Burk, D. C. Tran, “Scattering Measurements on a Low-Loss Fluorozirconate Optical Fiber,” Electron. Lett. 22, 602–603 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tran, K. H. Levin, C. F. Fisher, M. J. Burk, G. H. Sigel, “Rayleigh Scattering in Fluoride Glass Optical Fibres,” Electron. Lett. 19, 165–166 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Williams, J. R.

M. W. Moore, P. W. France, S. F. Carter, J. R. Williams, “Scattering Losses in Fluoride Glass Fibre,” in Proceedings, Fifth International Symposium on Halide Glasses, Shizuoka, Japan (May–June 1988).

Appl. Opt. (3)

Br. Telecom. J. (1)

P. W. France, S. F. Carter, M. W. Moore, C. R. Day, “Progress in Fluoride Fibres for Optical Communications,” Br. Telecom. J. 5, 28–44 (1987).

Electron. Lett. (2)

G. Lu, K. H. Levin, M. J. Burk, D. C. Tran, “Scattering Measurements on a Low-Loss Fluorozirconate Optical Fiber,” Electron. Lett. 22, 602–603 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tran, K. H. Levin, C. F. Fisher, M. J. Burk, G. H. Sigel, “Rayleigh Scattering in Fluoride Glass Optical Fibres,” Electron. Lett. 19, 165–166 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

S. Sakaguchi, K. Fujiura, Y. Ohishi, Y. Terunuma, T. Kanamori, “Formation of Extrinsic Scatterers in ZrF4-Based Fluoride Optical Fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 95 & 96, 617–624 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Kanamori, H. Hattori, S. Sakaguchi, Y. Ohishi, “Study on the Nature of Extrinsic Scattering Centers in Fluoride Glass Optical Fibers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 25, L203–L205 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

C. F. Bohren, D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1983).

Ref. 8, Chap. 5–7.

Ref. 8, Chap. 4.

Ref. 8, Chap. 13.

M. W. Moore, P. W. France, S. F. Carter, J. R. Williams, “Scattering Losses in Fluoride Glass Fibre,” in Proceedings, Fifth International Symposium on Halide Glasses, Shizuoka, Japan (May–June 1988).

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