Abstract

Sinusoidal gratings made by either the spatial filtering method or holography are used in a Ronchi setup to test lenses and mirrors. The interference between the strong zero-order and two weak first-order wavefronts gives a three-beam Ronchigram in which elliptically shaped moire fringes appear. The ellipses may be used to determine quantitatively the primary aberration, such as the coefficient of spherical aberration, coma, or astigmatism.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

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