Abstract

The effective reflectance of multilayer high reflectance mirrors applied to fiber ends is determined by a shuttle pulse method. Light from a pulsed laser diode at 1.53-μm wavelength is injected into a fiber with mirrors at both ends, and the emergent pulse train amplitude decrement is used to obtain the reflectance.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. E. Miller, A. C. Beck, “Low-Loss Waveguide Transmission,” Proc. IRE 41, 348–358 (1953).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. G. Cohen, “Shuttle Pulse Measurements of Pulse Spreading in an Optical Fiber,” Appl. Opt. 14, 1351–1356 (1975).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. P. R. Morkel, M. C. Farries, D. N. Payne, “Losses in Fiber Laser Cavities,” in Technical Digest, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1988), paper THD4.
  4. D. Marcuse, J. Stone, “Coupling Efficiency of Front Surface and Multilayer Mirrors as Fiber-End Reflectors,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 377–381 (1986).
    [CrossRef]

1986 (1)

D. Marcuse, J. Stone, “Coupling Efficiency of Front Surface and Multilayer Mirrors as Fiber-End Reflectors,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 377–381 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

1953 (1)

S. E. Miller, A. C. Beck, “Low-Loss Waveguide Transmission,” Proc. IRE 41, 348–358 (1953).
[CrossRef]

Beck, A. C.

S. E. Miller, A. C. Beck, “Low-Loss Waveguide Transmission,” Proc. IRE 41, 348–358 (1953).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, L. G.

Farries, M. C.

P. R. Morkel, M. C. Farries, D. N. Payne, “Losses in Fiber Laser Cavities,” in Technical Digest, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1988), paper THD4.

Marcuse, D.

D. Marcuse, J. Stone, “Coupling Efficiency of Front Surface and Multilayer Mirrors as Fiber-End Reflectors,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 377–381 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Miller, S. E.

S. E. Miller, A. C. Beck, “Low-Loss Waveguide Transmission,” Proc. IRE 41, 348–358 (1953).
[CrossRef]

Morkel, P. R.

P. R. Morkel, M. C. Farries, D. N. Payne, “Losses in Fiber Laser Cavities,” in Technical Digest, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1988), paper THD4.

Payne, D. N.

P. R. Morkel, M. C. Farries, D. N. Payne, “Losses in Fiber Laser Cavities,” in Technical Digest, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1988), paper THD4.

Stone, J.

D. Marcuse, J. Stone, “Coupling Efficiency of Front Surface and Multilayer Mirrors as Fiber-End Reflectors,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 377–381 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

D. Marcuse, J. Stone, “Coupling Efficiency of Front Surface and Multilayer Mirrors as Fiber-End Reflectors,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 377–381 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IRE (1)

S. E. Miller, A. C. Beck, “Low-Loss Waveguide Transmission,” Proc. IRE 41, 348–358 (1953).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

P. R. Morkel, M. C. Farries, D. N. Payne, “Losses in Fiber Laser Cavities,” in Technical Digest, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1988), paper THD4.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Mirror-ended fiber coupled into a fiber line. A single pulse entering the fiber emerges as a train of pulses of decreasing amplitude.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental arrangement for the shuttle pulse measurement.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Observed shuttle pulses for the 95% reflectance fiber mirrors and (b) plot of pulse power amplitudes. The value of N = N1/2 (from the arrow) may be used to determine the effective reflectance of the fiber mirrors.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

As in Fig. 3 for the 98% mirrors.

Equations (6)

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R 1 + L 1 + T 1 = 1 ,
R 2 + L 2 + T 2 = 1.
P N = C 1 C 2 T 1 T 2 ( R 1 R 2 ) N P
P N = C 1 C 2 ( 1 - R 1 - L 1 ) ( 1 - R 2 - L 2 ) ( R 1 R 2 ) N P ,
P N P = ( R 1 R 2 ) N ,
R 1 R 2 = exp [ = ( log 2 ) / N 1 / 2 ] .

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