Abstract

In complex optical systems comprising many individual components, precise mechanical alignment becomes a difficult problem. We propose to integrate free-space optical components using planar technologies for their fabrication.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Huang, “Architecural Considerations Involved in the Design of an Optical Digital Computer,” Proc. IEEE 72, 780–786 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. W. Lohmann, W. Storck, G. Stucke, “Optical Perfect Shuffle,” Appl. Opt. 25, 1530–1531 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. G. Eichmann, Y. Li, “Compact Optical Generalized Perfect Shuffle,” Appl. Opt. 26, 1167–1169 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. E. Lohman, A. W. Lohmann, “Optical Interconnection Network Using Diffraction Gratings,” Opt. Eng. 27, 893–900 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K.-H. Brenner, A. Huang, “Optical Implementations of the Pefect Shuffle Interconnection,” Appl. Opt. 27, 135–137 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. C. W. Stirk, R. A. Athale, M. W. Haney, “Folded Perfect Shuffle Optical Processor,” Appl. Opt. 27, 202–203 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Jahns, M. J. Murdocca, “Crossover Networks and Their Optical Implementation,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3155–3160 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. E. Prise, M. M. Downs, S. J. Walker, F. B. McCormick, N. Streibl, “Design of a Digital Optical Computer,” in Technical Digest, Topical Meeting on Optical Bistability IV, Aussois, France (1988).
  9. T. Uchida, M. Furukawa, I. Kitano, K. Koizumi, H. Matsumura, “Optical Characteristics of a Light-Focusing Fiber Guide and its Applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 606–612 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. H. Firester, D. M. Hoffman, E. A. James, M. E. Heller, “Fabrication of Planar Optical Phase Elements,” Opt. Commun. 8, 160–162 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. Iga, M. Oikawa, S. Misawa, J. Banno, Y. Kokubun, “Stacked Planar Optics: An Application of the Planar Micro-lens,” Appl. Opt. 21, 3456–3460 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. F. W. Ostermayer, P. A. Kohl, R. H. Burton, C. L. Zipfel, “Photochemical Formation of Integral Lenses on InP/InGaAsP LEDs,” in Technical Digest IEEE Conference on Light Emitting Diodes and Photodetectors, Ottawa, Canada (1982).
  13. J. R. Leger, M. L. Scott, W. B. Veldkamp, “Coherent Addition of AlGaAs Laser Arrays Using Microlenses and Diffractive Coupling,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 884, 82–89 (1988).
  14. H. Dammann, K. Gortler, “High-Efficiency In-Line Multiple Imaging by Means of Multiple Phase Holograms,” Opt. Commun. 3, 312–315 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  15. U. Killat, G. Rabe, W. Rave, “Binary Phase Gratings for Star Couplers with High Splitting Ratio,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 4, 159–167 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. J. Walker, J. Jahns, “Array Generation with Multilevel Phase Gratings,” OSA Annual Meeting, 1988, Technical Digest Series, Vol. 11 (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1988), paper WV4.
  17. J. W. Goodman, F. J. Leonberger, S.-Y. Kung, R. A. Athale, “Optical Interconnections for VLSI Systems,” Proc. IEEE 72, 850–866 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  18. K.-H. Brenner, F. Sauer, “Diffracive-Reflective Optical Interconnects,” Appl. Opt. 27, 4251–4254 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. H. Dammann, “Blazed Synthetic Phase Only-Holograms,” Optik 31, 95–104 (1970).
  20. D. A. B. Miller, J. E. Henry, A. C. Gossard, J. H. English, “Integrated Quantum Well Self-Electrooptic Effect Devices: 2 × 2 Array of Optically Bistable Devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 821–823 (1986); A. L. Lentine, H. S. Hinton, D. A. B. Miller, J. E. Henry, J. E. Cunningham, L. M. F. Chirovsky, “Symmetric Self-Electro-Optic Effect Device: Optical Set-Reset Latch,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1419–1421 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. L. Jewell, A. Scherer, S. L. McCall, A. C. Gossard, J. H. English, “GaAs-AlAs Monolithic Microresonator Arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 94–96 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  22. Y. H. Lee, J. L. Jewell, S. J. Walker, C. W. Tu, J. P. Harbison, L. T. Florez, “Electro-Dispersive Multiple-Quantum-Well Modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1684–1686 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  23. H. Z. Chen, A. Ghaffari, H. Wang, H. Morkoc, A. Yariv, “Low Threshold (~60A/cm2 at Room Temperature) GaAs/Al-GaAs Lasers on Si(100),” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1320–1321 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  24. J. Jahns, “Lossless Implementation of Optical Crossover Networks Using Reflective SEED Devices,” in Technical Digest, Sixteenth International Conference on Quantum Electronics, (1988).
  25. T. J. Drabik, T. K. Gaylord, “Silicon VLSI-Compatible Ferroelectric Liquid Crystal Light Modulator Process,” OSA Annual Meeting, 1988, Technical Digest Series, Vol. 11 (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1988), paper TUAA4.
  26. L. d’Auria, J. P. Huignard, A. M. Roy, E. Spitz, “Photolithographic Fabrication of Thin Film Lenses,” Opt. Comm. 5, 232–235 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  27. T. Shiono, K. Setsune, O. Yamazaki, K. Wasa, “Rectangular-Apertured Micro-Fresnel Lens Arrays Fabricated by Electron-Beam Lithography,” Appl. Opt. 26, 587–591 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (8)

G. E. Lohman, A. W. Lohmann, “Optical Interconnection Network Using Diffraction Gratings,” Opt. Eng. 27, 893–900 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Leger, M. L. Scott, W. B. Veldkamp, “Coherent Addition of AlGaAs Laser Arrays Using Microlenses and Diffractive Coupling,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 884, 82–89 (1988).

Y. H. Lee, J. L. Jewell, S. J. Walker, C. W. Tu, J. P. Harbison, L. T. Florez, “Electro-Dispersive Multiple-Quantum-Well Modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1684–1686 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Jahns, “Lossless Implementation of Optical Crossover Networks Using Reflective SEED Devices,” in Technical Digest, Sixteenth International Conference on Quantum Electronics, (1988).

K.-H. Brenner, A. Huang, “Optical Implementations of the Pefect Shuffle Interconnection,” Appl. Opt. 27, 135–137 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-H. Brenner, F. Sauer, “Diffracive-Reflective Optical Interconnects,” Appl. Opt. 27, 4251–4254 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Jahns, M. J. Murdocca, “Crossover Networks and Their Optical Implementation,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3155–3160 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Stirk, R. A. Athale, M. W. Haney, “Folded Perfect Shuffle Optical Processor,” Appl. Opt. 27, 202–203 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (4)

G. Eichmann, Y. Li, “Compact Optical Generalized Perfect Shuffle,” Appl. Opt. 26, 1167–1169 (1987).
[CrossRef]

T. Shiono, K. Setsune, O. Yamazaki, K. Wasa, “Rectangular-Apertured Micro-Fresnel Lens Arrays Fabricated by Electron-Beam Lithography,” Appl. Opt. 26, 587–591 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Z. Chen, A. Ghaffari, H. Wang, H. Morkoc, A. Yariv, “Low Threshold (~60A/cm2 at Room Temperature) GaAs/Al-GaAs Lasers on Si(100),” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1320–1321 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Jewell, A. Scherer, S. L. McCall, A. C. Gossard, J. H. English, “GaAs-AlAs Monolithic Microresonator Arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 94–96 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

D. A. B. Miller, J. E. Henry, A. C. Gossard, J. H. English, “Integrated Quantum Well Self-Electrooptic Effect Devices: 2 × 2 Array of Optically Bistable Devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 821–823 (1986); A. L. Lentine, H. S. Hinton, D. A. B. Miller, J. E. Henry, J. E. Cunningham, L. M. F. Chirovsky, “Symmetric Self-Electro-Optic Effect Device: Optical Set-Reset Latch,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1419–1421 (1988).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Lohmann, W. Storck, G. Stucke, “Optical Perfect Shuffle,” Appl. Opt. 25, 1530–1531 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984 (2)

J. W. Goodman, F. J. Leonberger, S.-Y. Kung, R. A. Athale, “Optical Interconnections for VLSI Systems,” Proc. IEEE 72, 850–866 (1984).
[CrossRef]

A. Huang, “Architecural Considerations Involved in the Design of an Optical Digital Computer,” Proc. IEEE 72, 780–786 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1982 (2)

U. Killat, G. Rabe, W. Rave, “Binary Phase Gratings for Star Couplers with High Splitting Ratio,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 4, 159–167 (1982).
[CrossRef]

K. Iga, M. Oikawa, S. Misawa, J. Banno, Y. Kokubun, “Stacked Planar Optics: An Application of the Planar Micro-lens,” Appl. Opt. 21, 3456–3460 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1973 (1)

A. H. Firester, D. M. Hoffman, E. A. James, M. E. Heller, “Fabrication of Planar Optical Phase Elements,” Opt. Commun. 8, 160–162 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

L. d’Auria, J. P. Huignard, A. M. Roy, E. Spitz, “Photolithographic Fabrication of Thin Film Lenses,” Opt. Comm. 5, 232–235 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

H. Dammann, K. Gortler, “High-Efficiency In-Line Multiple Imaging by Means of Multiple Phase Holograms,” Opt. Commun. 3, 312–315 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1970 (2)

H. Dammann, “Blazed Synthetic Phase Only-Holograms,” Optik 31, 95–104 (1970).

T. Uchida, M. Furukawa, I. Kitano, K. Koizumi, H. Matsumura, “Optical Characteristics of a Light-Focusing Fiber Guide and its Applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 606–612 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Athale, R. A.

C. W. Stirk, R. A. Athale, M. W. Haney, “Folded Perfect Shuffle Optical Processor,” Appl. Opt. 27, 202–203 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Goodman, F. J. Leonberger, S.-Y. Kung, R. A. Athale, “Optical Interconnections for VLSI Systems,” Proc. IEEE 72, 850–866 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Banno, J.

Brenner, K.-H.

Burton, R. H.

F. W. Ostermayer, P. A. Kohl, R. H. Burton, C. L. Zipfel, “Photochemical Formation of Integral Lenses on InP/InGaAsP LEDs,” in Technical Digest IEEE Conference on Light Emitting Diodes and Photodetectors, Ottawa, Canada (1982).

Chen, H. Z.

H. Z. Chen, A. Ghaffari, H. Wang, H. Morkoc, A. Yariv, “Low Threshold (~60A/cm2 at Room Temperature) GaAs/Al-GaAs Lasers on Si(100),” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1320–1321 (1987).
[CrossRef]

d’Auria, L.

L. d’Auria, J. P. Huignard, A. M. Roy, E. Spitz, “Photolithographic Fabrication of Thin Film Lenses,” Opt. Comm. 5, 232–235 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Dammann, H.

H. Dammann, K. Gortler, “High-Efficiency In-Line Multiple Imaging by Means of Multiple Phase Holograms,” Opt. Commun. 3, 312–315 (1971).
[CrossRef]

H. Dammann, “Blazed Synthetic Phase Only-Holograms,” Optik 31, 95–104 (1970).

Downs, M. M.

M. E. Prise, M. M. Downs, S. J. Walker, F. B. McCormick, N. Streibl, “Design of a Digital Optical Computer,” in Technical Digest, Topical Meeting on Optical Bistability IV, Aussois, France (1988).

Drabik, T. J.

T. J. Drabik, T. K. Gaylord, “Silicon VLSI-Compatible Ferroelectric Liquid Crystal Light Modulator Process,” OSA Annual Meeting, 1988, Technical Digest Series, Vol. 11 (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1988), paper TUAA4.

Eichmann, G.

English, J. H.

J. L. Jewell, A. Scherer, S. L. McCall, A. C. Gossard, J. H. English, “GaAs-AlAs Monolithic Microresonator Arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 94–96 (1987).
[CrossRef]

D. A. B. Miller, J. E. Henry, A. C. Gossard, J. H. English, “Integrated Quantum Well Self-Electrooptic Effect Devices: 2 × 2 Array of Optically Bistable Devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 821–823 (1986); A. L. Lentine, H. S. Hinton, D. A. B. Miller, J. E. Henry, J. E. Cunningham, L. M. F. Chirovsky, “Symmetric Self-Electro-Optic Effect Device: Optical Set-Reset Latch,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1419–1421 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Firester, A. H.

A. H. Firester, D. M. Hoffman, E. A. James, M. E. Heller, “Fabrication of Planar Optical Phase Elements,” Opt. Commun. 8, 160–162 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Florez, L. T.

Y. H. Lee, J. L. Jewell, S. J. Walker, C. W. Tu, J. P. Harbison, L. T. Florez, “Electro-Dispersive Multiple-Quantum-Well Modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1684–1686 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Furukawa, M.

T. Uchida, M. Furukawa, I. Kitano, K. Koizumi, H. Matsumura, “Optical Characteristics of a Light-Focusing Fiber Guide and its Applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 606–612 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Gaylord, T. K.

T. J. Drabik, T. K. Gaylord, “Silicon VLSI-Compatible Ferroelectric Liquid Crystal Light Modulator Process,” OSA Annual Meeting, 1988, Technical Digest Series, Vol. 11 (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1988), paper TUAA4.

Ghaffari, A.

H. Z. Chen, A. Ghaffari, H. Wang, H. Morkoc, A. Yariv, “Low Threshold (~60A/cm2 at Room Temperature) GaAs/Al-GaAs Lasers on Si(100),” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1320–1321 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Goodman, J. W.

J. W. Goodman, F. J. Leonberger, S.-Y. Kung, R. A. Athale, “Optical Interconnections for VLSI Systems,” Proc. IEEE 72, 850–866 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Gortler, K.

H. Dammann, K. Gortler, “High-Efficiency In-Line Multiple Imaging by Means of Multiple Phase Holograms,” Opt. Commun. 3, 312–315 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Gossard, A. C.

J. L. Jewell, A. Scherer, S. L. McCall, A. C. Gossard, J. H. English, “GaAs-AlAs Monolithic Microresonator Arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 94–96 (1987).
[CrossRef]

D. A. B. Miller, J. E. Henry, A. C. Gossard, J. H. English, “Integrated Quantum Well Self-Electrooptic Effect Devices: 2 × 2 Array of Optically Bistable Devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 821–823 (1986); A. L. Lentine, H. S. Hinton, D. A. B. Miller, J. E. Henry, J. E. Cunningham, L. M. F. Chirovsky, “Symmetric Self-Electro-Optic Effect Device: Optical Set-Reset Latch,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1419–1421 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Haney, M. W.

Harbison, J. P.

Y. H. Lee, J. L. Jewell, S. J. Walker, C. W. Tu, J. P. Harbison, L. T. Florez, “Electro-Dispersive Multiple-Quantum-Well Modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1684–1686 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Heller, M. E.

A. H. Firester, D. M. Hoffman, E. A. James, M. E. Heller, “Fabrication of Planar Optical Phase Elements,” Opt. Commun. 8, 160–162 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Henry, J. E.

D. A. B. Miller, J. E. Henry, A. C. Gossard, J. H. English, “Integrated Quantum Well Self-Electrooptic Effect Devices: 2 × 2 Array of Optically Bistable Devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 821–823 (1986); A. L. Lentine, H. S. Hinton, D. A. B. Miller, J. E. Henry, J. E. Cunningham, L. M. F. Chirovsky, “Symmetric Self-Electro-Optic Effect Device: Optical Set-Reset Latch,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1419–1421 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Hoffman, D. M.

A. H. Firester, D. M. Hoffman, E. A. James, M. E. Heller, “Fabrication of Planar Optical Phase Elements,” Opt. Commun. 8, 160–162 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Huang, A.

K.-H. Brenner, A. Huang, “Optical Implementations of the Pefect Shuffle Interconnection,” Appl. Opt. 27, 135–137 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Huang, “Architecural Considerations Involved in the Design of an Optical Digital Computer,” Proc. IEEE 72, 780–786 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Huignard, J. P.

L. d’Auria, J. P. Huignard, A. M. Roy, E. Spitz, “Photolithographic Fabrication of Thin Film Lenses,” Opt. Comm. 5, 232–235 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Iga, K.

Jahns, J.

J. Jahns, “Lossless Implementation of Optical Crossover Networks Using Reflective SEED Devices,” in Technical Digest, Sixteenth International Conference on Quantum Electronics, (1988).

J. Jahns, M. J. Murdocca, “Crossover Networks and Their Optical Implementation,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3155–3160 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Walker, J. Jahns, “Array Generation with Multilevel Phase Gratings,” OSA Annual Meeting, 1988, Technical Digest Series, Vol. 11 (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1988), paper WV4.

James, E. A.

A. H. Firester, D. M. Hoffman, E. A. James, M. E. Heller, “Fabrication of Planar Optical Phase Elements,” Opt. Commun. 8, 160–162 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Jewell, J. L.

Y. H. Lee, J. L. Jewell, S. J. Walker, C. W. Tu, J. P. Harbison, L. T. Florez, “Electro-Dispersive Multiple-Quantum-Well Modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1684–1686 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Jewell, A. Scherer, S. L. McCall, A. C. Gossard, J. H. English, “GaAs-AlAs Monolithic Microresonator Arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 94–96 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Killat, U.

U. Killat, G. Rabe, W. Rave, “Binary Phase Gratings for Star Couplers with High Splitting Ratio,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 4, 159–167 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kitano, I.

T. Uchida, M. Furukawa, I. Kitano, K. Koizumi, H. Matsumura, “Optical Characteristics of a Light-Focusing Fiber Guide and its Applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 606–612 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Kohl, P. A.

F. W. Ostermayer, P. A. Kohl, R. H. Burton, C. L. Zipfel, “Photochemical Formation of Integral Lenses on InP/InGaAsP LEDs,” in Technical Digest IEEE Conference on Light Emitting Diodes and Photodetectors, Ottawa, Canada (1982).

Koizumi, K.

T. Uchida, M. Furukawa, I. Kitano, K. Koizumi, H. Matsumura, “Optical Characteristics of a Light-Focusing Fiber Guide and its Applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 606–612 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Kokubun, Y.

Kung, S.-Y.

J. W. Goodman, F. J. Leonberger, S.-Y. Kung, R. A. Athale, “Optical Interconnections for VLSI Systems,” Proc. IEEE 72, 850–866 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. H.

Y. H. Lee, J. L. Jewell, S. J. Walker, C. W. Tu, J. P. Harbison, L. T. Florez, “Electro-Dispersive Multiple-Quantum-Well Modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1684–1686 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Leger, J. R.

J. R. Leger, M. L. Scott, W. B. Veldkamp, “Coherent Addition of AlGaAs Laser Arrays Using Microlenses and Diffractive Coupling,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 884, 82–89 (1988).

Leonberger, F. J.

J. W. Goodman, F. J. Leonberger, S.-Y. Kung, R. A. Athale, “Optical Interconnections for VLSI Systems,” Proc. IEEE 72, 850–866 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Lohman, G. E.

G. E. Lohman, A. W. Lohmann, “Optical Interconnection Network Using Diffraction Gratings,” Opt. Eng. 27, 893–900 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Lohmann, A. W.

G. E. Lohman, A. W. Lohmann, “Optical Interconnection Network Using Diffraction Gratings,” Opt. Eng. 27, 893–900 (1988).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Lohmann, W. Storck, G. Stucke, “Optical Perfect Shuffle,” Appl. Opt. 25, 1530–1531 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsumura, H.

T. Uchida, M. Furukawa, I. Kitano, K. Koizumi, H. Matsumura, “Optical Characteristics of a Light-Focusing Fiber Guide and its Applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 606–612 (1970).
[CrossRef]

McCall, S. L.

J. L. Jewell, A. Scherer, S. L. McCall, A. C. Gossard, J. H. English, “GaAs-AlAs Monolithic Microresonator Arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 94–96 (1987).
[CrossRef]

McCormick, F. B.

M. E. Prise, M. M. Downs, S. J. Walker, F. B. McCormick, N. Streibl, “Design of a Digital Optical Computer,” in Technical Digest, Topical Meeting on Optical Bistability IV, Aussois, France (1988).

Miller, D. A. B.

D. A. B. Miller, J. E. Henry, A. C. Gossard, J. H. English, “Integrated Quantum Well Self-Electrooptic Effect Devices: 2 × 2 Array of Optically Bistable Devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 821–823 (1986); A. L. Lentine, H. S. Hinton, D. A. B. Miller, J. E. Henry, J. E. Cunningham, L. M. F. Chirovsky, “Symmetric Self-Electro-Optic Effect Device: Optical Set-Reset Latch,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1419–1421 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Misawa, S.

Morkoc, H.

H. Z. Chen, A. Ghaffari, H. Wang, H. Morkoc, A. Yariv, “Low Threshold (~60A/cm2 at Room Temperature) GaAs/Al-GaAs Lasers on Si(100),” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1320–1321 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Murdocca, M. J.

Oikawa, M.

Ostermayer, F. W.

F. W. Ostermayer, P. A. Kohl, R. H. Burton, C. L. Zipfel, “Photochemical Formation of Integral Lenses on InP/InGaAsP LEDs,” in Technical Digest IEEE Conference on Light Emitting Diodes and Photodetectors, Ottawa, Canada (1982).

Prise, M. E.

M. E. Prise, M. M. Downs, S. J. Walker, F. B. McCormick, N. Streibl, “Design of a Digital Optical Computer,” in Technical Digest, Topical Meeting on Optical Bistability IV, Aussois, France (1988).

Rabe, G.

U. Killat, G. Rabe, W. Rave, “Binary Phase Gratings for Star Couplers with High Splitting Ratio,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 4, 159–167 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Rave, W.

U. Killat, G. Rabe, W. Rave, “Binary Phase Gratings for Star Couplers with High Splitting Ratio,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 4, 159–167 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Roy, A. M.

L. d’Auria, J. P. Huignard, A. M. Roy, E. Spitz, “Photolithographic Fabrication of Thin Film Lenses,” Opt. Comm. 5, 232–235 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Sauer, F.

Scherer, A.

J. L. Jewell, A. Scherer, S. L. McCall, A. C. Gossard, J. H. English, “GaAs-AlAs Monolithic Microresonator Arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 94–96 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Scott, M. L.

J. R. Leger, M. L. Scott, W. B. Veldkamp, “Coherent Addition of AlGaAs Laser Arrays Using Microlenses and Diffractive Coupling,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 884, 82–89 (1988).

Setsune, K.

Shiono, T.

Spitz, E.

L. d’Auria, J. P. Huignard, A. M. Roy, E. Spitz, “Photolithographic Fabrication of Thin Film Lenses,” Opt. Comm. 5, 232–235 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Stirk, C. W.

Storck, W.

Streibl, N.

M. E. Prise, M. M. Downs, S. J. Walker, F. B. McCormick, N. Streibl, “Design of a Digital Optical Computer,” in Technical Digest, Topical Meeting on Optical Bistability IV, Aussois, France (1988).

Stucke, G.

Tu, C. W.

Y. H. Lee, J. L. Jewell, S. J. Walker, C. W. Tu, J. P. Harbison, L. T. Florez, “Electro-Dispersive Multiple-Quantum-Well Modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1684–1686 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Uchida, T.

T. Uchida, M. Furukawa, I. Kitano, K. Koizumi, H. Matsumura, “Optical Characteristics of a Light-Focusing Fiber Guide and its Applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 606–612 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Veldkamp, W. B.

J. R. Leger, M. L. Scott, W. B. Veldkamp, “Coherent Addition of AlGaAs Laser Arrays Using Microlenses and Diffractive Coupling,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 884, 82–89 (1988).

Walker, S. J.

Y. H. Lee, J. L. Jewell, S. J. Walker, C. W. Tu, J. P. Harbison, L. T. Florez, “Electro-Dispersive Multiple-Quantum-Well Modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1684–1686 (1988).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Walker, J. Jahns, “Array Generation with Multilevel Phase Gratings,” OSA Annual Meeting, 1988, Technical Digest Series, Vol. 11 (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1988), paper WV4.

M. E. Prise, M. M. Downs, S. J. Walker, F. B. McCormick, N. Streibl, “Design of a Digital Optical Computer,” in Technical Digest, Topical Meeting on Optical Bistability IV, Aussois, France (1988).

Wang, H.

H. Z. Chen, A. Ghaffari, H. Wang, H. Morkoc, A. Yariv, “Low Threshold (~60A/cm2 at Room Temperature) GaAs/Al-GaAs Lasers on Si(100),” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1320–1321 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Wasa, K.

Yamazaki, O.

Yariv, A.

H. Z. Chen, A. Ghaffari, H. Wang, H. Morkoc, A. Yariv, “Low Threshold (~60A/cm2 at Room Temperature) GaAs/Al-GaAs Lasers on Si(100),” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1320–1321 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Zipfel, C. L.

F. W. Ostermayer, P. A. Kohl, R. H. Burton, C. L. Zipfel, “Photochemical Formation of Integral Lenses on InP/InGaAsP LEDs,” in Technical Digest IEEE Conference on Light Emitting Diodes and Photodetectors, Ottawa, Canada (1982).

Appl. Opt. (8)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

D. A. B. Miller, J. E. Henry, A. C. Gossard, J. H. English, “Integrated Quantum Well Self-Electrooptic Effect Devices: 2 × 2 Array of Optically Bistable Devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 821–823 (1986); A. L. Lentine, H. S. Hinton, D. A. B. Miller, J. E. Henry, J. E. Cunningham, L. M. F. Chirovsky, “Symmetric Self-Electro-Optic Effect Device: Optical Set-Reset Latch,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1419–1421 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Jewell, A. Scherer, S. L. McCall, A. C. Gossard, J. H. English, “GaAs-AlAs Monolithic Microresonator Arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 94–96 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Lee, J. L. Jewell, S. J. Walker, C. W. Tu, J. P. Harbison, L. T. Florez, “Electro-Dispersive Multiple-Quantum-Well Modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1684–1686 (1988).
[CrossRef]

H. Z. Chen, A. Ghaffari, H. Wang, H. Morkoc, A. Yariv, “Low Threshold (~60A/cm2 at Room Temperature) GaAs/Al-GaAs Lasers on Si(100),” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1320–1321 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fiber Integr. Opt. (1)

U. Killat, G. Rabe, W. Rave, “Binary Phase Gratings for Star Couplers with High Splitting Ratio,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 4, 159–167 (1982).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Uchida, M. Furukawa, I. Kitano, K. Koizumi, H. Matsumura, “Optical Characteristics of a Light-Focusing Fiber Guide and its Applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 606–612 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Comm. (1)

L. d’Auria, J. P. Huignard, A. M. Roy, E. Spitz, “Photolithographic Fabrication of Thin Film Lenses,” Opt. Comm. 5, 232–235 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

H. Dammann, K. Gortler, “High-Efficiency In-Line Multiple Imaging by Means of Multiple Phase Holograms,” Opt. Commun. 3, 312–315 (1971).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Firester, D. M. Hoffman, E. A. James, M. E. Heller, “Fabrication of Planar Optical Phase Elements,” Opt. Commun. 8, 160–162 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

G. E. Lohman, A. W. Lohmann, “Optical Interconnection Network Using Diffraction Gratings,” Opt. Eng. 27, 893–900 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Optik (1)

H. Dammann, “Blazed Synthetic Phase Only-Holograms,” Optik 31, 95–104 (1970).

Proc. IEEE (2)

J. W. Goodman, F. J. Leonberger, S.-Y. Kung, R. A. Athale, “Optical Interconnections for VLSI Systems,” Proc. IEEE 72, 850–866 (1984).
[CrossRef]

A. Huang, “Architecural Considerations Involved in the Design of an Optical Digital Computer,” Proc. IEEE 72, 780–786 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

J. R. Leger, M. L. Scott, W. B. Veldkamp, “Coherent Addition of AlGaAs Laser Arrays Using Microlenses and Diffractive Coupling,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 884, 82–89 (1988).

Technical Digest, Sixteenth International Conference on Quantum Electronics (1)

J. Jahns, “Lossless Implementation of Optical Crossover Networks Using Reflective SEED Devices,” in Technical Digest, Sixteenth International Conference on Quantum Electronics, (1988).

Other (4)

T. J. Drabik, T. K. Gaylord, “Silicon VLSI-Compatible Ferroelectric Liquid Crystal Light Modulator Process,” OSA Annual Meeting, 1988, Technical Digest Series, Vol. 11 (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1988), paper TUAA4.

M. E. Prise, M. M. Downs, S. J. Walker, F. B. McCormick, N. Streibl, “Design of a Digital Optical Computer,” in Technical Digest, Topical Meeting on Optical Bistability IV, Aussois, France (1988).

F. W. Ostermayer, P. A. Kohl, R. H. Burton, C. L. Zipfel, “Photochemical Formation of Integral Lenses on InP/InGaAsP LEDs,” in Technical Digest IEEE Conference on Light Emitting Diodes and Photodetectors, Ottawa, Canada (1982).

S. J. Walker, J. Jahns, “Array Generation with Multilevel Phase Gratings,” OSA Annual Meeting, 1988, Technical Digest Series, Vol. 11 (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1988), paper WV4.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical 4-f setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Integrated optical module with free-space optical light propagation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Alignment of two modules using etched grooves.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical setup with zigzag arrangement of the optical components but orthogonal transmission of the light through the lenses and beam splitter.

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