Abstract

Nematic LC material in the aligned state scatters light strongly, but in low loss LC cored fiber waveguides it scatters less and has enhanced recovery time.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. J. Channin, “Optical Waveguide Modulation Using Nematic Liquid Crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 365 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. Hu, J. R. Whinnery, “Optical Deflection in Thin-Film Nematic-Liquid-Crystal Waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 218 (1974).
  3. M. Kawachi, N. Shibita, T. Edahio, “Possibility of Use of Liquid Crystals as Optical Waveguide Material for 1.3 μm and 1.5 μm Bands,” J. Appl. Phys. 21, L162 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. P. Sheridan, “Liquid Crystals in Integrated Optics,” in Technical Digest, Topical Meeting on Integrated Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1974), paper TuA5.
  5. J. R. Whinnery, C. Hu, Y. S. Kwon, “Liquid-Crystal Waveguides for Integrated Optics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 262–267 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Green, J. S. Menown, “Flat-Panel Liquid Crystal Waveguide Display,” Proc. Soc. Inf. Disp. 26, 163–000 (1985).
  7. C. Hu, “Field Dependent Scattering in Nematic Liquid Crystals,” Proc. IEEE 64, 1737 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. G Giallorenzi, J. P. Sheridan, “Light Scattering from Nematic Liquid Crystal Waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1271 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. Hu, J. R. Whinnery, “Losses of a Nematic Liquid Crystal Waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 1424 (1974).
    [CrossRef]

1985

M. Green, J. S. Menown, “Flat-Panel Liquid Crystal Waveguide Display,” Proc. Soc. Inf. Disp. 26, 163–000 (1985).

1982

M. Kawachi, N. Shibita, T. Edahio, “Possibility of Use of Liquid Crystals as Optical Waveguide Material for 1.3 μm and 1.5 μm Bands,” J. Appl. Phys. 21, L162 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1977

J. R. Whinnery, C. Hu, Y. S. Kwon, “Liquid-Crystal Waveguides for Integrated Optics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 262–267 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976

C. Hu, “Field Dependent Scattering in Nematic Liquid Crystals,” Proc. IEEE 64, 1737 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975

T. G Giallorenzi, J. P. Sheridan, “Light Scattering from Nematic Liquid Crystal Waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1271 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1974

C. Hu, J. R. Whinnery, “Losses of a Nematic Liquid Crystal Waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 1424 (1974).
[CrossRef]

C. Hu, J. R. Whinnery, “Optical Deflection in Thin-Film Nematic-Liquid-Crystal Waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 218 (1974).

1973

D. J. Channin, “Optical Waveguide Modulation Using Nematic Liquid Crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 365 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Channin, D. J.

D. J. Channin, “Optical Waveguide Modulation Using Nematic Liquid Crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 365 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Edahio, T.

M. Kawachi, N. Shibita, T. Edahio, “Possibility of Use of Liquid Crystals as Optical Waveguide Material for 1.3 μm and 1.5 μm Bands,” J. Appl. Phys. 21, L162 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Giallorenzi, T. G

T. G Giallorenzi, J. P. Sheridan, “Light Scattering from Nematic Liquid Crystal Waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1271 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Green, M.

M. Green, J. S. Menown, “Flat-Panel Liquid Crystal Waveguide Display,” Proc. Soc. Inf. Disp. 26, 163–000 (1985).

Hu, C.

J. R. Whinnery, C. Hu, Y. S. Kwon, “Liquid-Crystal Waveguides for Integrated Optics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 262–267 (1977).
[CrossRef]

C. Hu, “Field Dependent Scattering in Nematic Liquid Crystals,” Proc. IEEE 64, 1737 (1976).
[CrossRef]

C. Hu, J. R. Whinnery, “Losses of a Nematic Liquid Crystal Waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 1424 (1974).
[CrossRef]

C. Hu, J. R. Whinnery, “Optical Deflection in Thin-Film Nematic-Liquid-Crystal Waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 218 (1974).

Kawachi, M.

M. Kawachi, N. Shibita, T. Edahio, “Possibility of Use of Liquid Crystals as Optical Waveguide Material for 1.3 μm and 1.5 μm Bands,” J. Appl. Phys. 21, L162 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, Y. S.

J. R. Whinnery, C. Hu, Y. S. Kwon, “Liquid-Crystal Waveguides for Integrated Optics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 262–267 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Menown, J. S.

M. Green, J. S. Menown, “Flat-Panel Liquid Crystal Waveguide Display,” Proc. Soc. Inf. Disp. 26, 163–000 (1985).

Sheridan, J. P.

T. G Giallorenzi, J. P. Sheridan, “Light Scattering from Nematic Liquid Crystal Waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1271 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Sheridan, “Liquid Crystals in Integrated Optics,” in Technical Digest, Topical Meeting on Integrated Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1974), paper TuA5.

Shibita, N.

M. Kawachi, N. Shibita, T. Edahio, “Possibility of Use of Liquid Crystals as Optical Waveguide Material for 1.3 μm and 1.5 μm Bands,” J. Appl. Phys. 21, L162 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Whinnery, J. R.

J. R. Whinnery, C. Hu, Y. S. Kwon, “Liquid-Crystal Waveguides for Integrated Optics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 262–267 (1977).
[CrossRef]

C. Hu, J. R. Whinnery, “Losses of a Nematic Liquid Crystal Waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 1424 (1974).
[CrossRef]

C. Hu, J. R. Whinnery, “Optical Deflection in Thin-Film Nematic-Liquid-Crystal Waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 218 (1974).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

D. J. Channin, “Optical Waveguide Modulation Using Nematic Liquid Crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 365 (1973).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

C. Hu, J. R. Whinnery, “Optical Deflection in Thin-Film Nematic-Liquid-Crystal Waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 218 (1974).

J. R. Whinnery, C. Hu, Y. S. Kwon, “Liquid-Crystal Waveguides for Integrated Optics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 262–267 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

T. G Giallorenzi, J. P. Sheridan, “Light Scattering from Nematic Liquid Crystal Waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 46, 1271 (1975).
[CrossRef]

M. Kawachi, N. Shibita, T. Edahio, “Possibility of Use of Liquid Crystals as Optical Waveguide Material for 1.3 μm and 1.5 μm Bands,” J. Appl. Phys. 21, L162 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

Proc. IEEE

C. Hu, “Field Dependent Scattering in Nematic Liquid Crystals,” Proc. IEEE 64, 1737 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Soc. Inf. Disp.

M. Green, J. S. Menown, “Flat-Panel Liquid Crystal Waveguide Display,” Proc. Soc. Inf. Disp. 26, 163–000 (1985).

Other

J. P. Sheridan, “Liquid Crystals in Integrated Optics,” in Technical Digest, Topical Meeting on Integrated Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1974), paper TuA5.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Spatial variation of scattered intensity: 4-μm core, E47, hot capillary filling (see text).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spatial variation of scattered intensity: 4-μm core, E47, room temperature, high pressure filling (see text).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Scattering loss vs core diameter, estimated assuming 20% insertion efficiency. The limit bars are for 100–2% efficiency; 1642, pressure filled.

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