Abstract

Far IR optical properties have been measured for smoke from diesel fires. Concentrations of both gaseous and particulate combustion products have been measured and chemical species contributing to the optical effects identified. To obtain these results, a variety of sampling instruments were lofted into large plumes on a mobile and open structure. The smoke plumes of diesel fires have been found to consist largely of carbonaceous material (in fibrous form) and heavy liquid hydrocarbons infused with the expected gaseous products of the combustion process. Strong attenuation at a wavelength of 10.6 μm is found to be due largely to the carbonaceous aerosol. The absorption coefficient is typically ∼500 km−1 at 10 m from the source with a variable but often comparable total scattering coefficient. The extinction coefficient, normalized to the mass density of the aerosol in a unit volume of space, is found to be 1.2 m2-g−1 with an estimated variance of 20%. Fluctuational spectra of the attenuation follow a form similar to turbulence spectra.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

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