Abstract

A tunable diode laser (TDL) has been operated with a compact lightweight closed-cycle Stirling cooler. The laser linewidth has been measured near 80 K and found to be about half of that when using more massive closed-cycle coolers. Novel applications include balloon-borne and aircraft-adapted instruments, where size, weight, and power requirements place stringent demands on necessary TDL cooling systems.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. R. Webster, R. D. May, “Simultaneous In-Situ Measurements and Diurnal Variations of NO, NO2, O3, jNO2, CH4, H2O, and CO2 in the 40 to 26 km Region Using an Open Path Tunable Diode Laser Spectrometer, J. Geophys. Res. 92, 11, 931–11, 950 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. R. Webster, Stratospheric Composition Measurements of Earth and Titan Using High-Resolution Tunable Diode Laser Spectroscopy,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 40, 239–248 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. N. Steinberg, “Wave-Number Stability of a Laser Diode Mounted in a Closed Cycle Helium Refrigerator, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 50, 1622–1625 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. Melandrone, F. Cappellani, G. Restelli, “Frequency Jitter from Mechanical Vibrations in a Diode Laser Mounted on a Closed-Cycle Refrigerator,” Appl. Spectrosc. 39, 63–68 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Reid, D. T. Cassidy, R. T. Menzies, “Linewidth Measurements of Tunable Diode Lasers Using Heterodyne and Etalon Techniques,” Appl. Opt. 21, 3961–3965 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. D. May, Response Function of a Tunable Diode Laser Spectrometer from an Interative Deconvolution Procedure,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 39, 247–253 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. R. Webster, R. T. Menzies, E. D. Hinkley, “Infrared Laser Absorption: Theory and Applications,” in Laser Remote Chemical Analysis, R. M. Measures, Ed. (Wiley, New York, 1987).

1988 (2)

C. R. Webster, Stratospheric Composition Measurements of Earth and Titan Using High-Resolution Tunable Diode Laser Spectroscopy,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 40, 239–248 (1988).
[CrossRef]

R. D. May, Response Function of a Tunable Diode Laser Spectrometer from an Interative Deconvolution Procedure,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 39, 247–253 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

C. R. Webster, R. D. May, “Simultaneous In-Situ Measurements and Diurnal Variations of NO, NO2, O3, jNO2, CH4, H2O, and CO2 in the 40 to 26 km Region Using an Open Path Tunable Diode Laser Spectrometer, J. Geophys. Res. 92, 11, 931–11, 950 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

1982 (1)

1979 (1)

G. N. Steinberg, “Wave-Number Stability of a Laser Diode Mounted in a Closed Cycle Helium Refrigerator, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 50, 1622–1625 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cappellani, F.

Cassidy, D. T.

Hinkley, E. D.

C. R. Webster, R. T. Menzies, E. D. Hinkley, “Infrared Laser Absorption: Theory and Applications,” in Laser Remote Chemical Analysis, R. M. Measures, Ed. (Wiley, New York, 1987).

May, R. D.

R. D. May, Response Function of a Tunable Diode Laser Spectrometer from an Interative Deconvolution Procedure,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 39, 247–253 (1988).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Webster, R. D. May, “Simultaneous In-Situ Measurements and Diurnal Variations of NO, NO2, O3, jNO2, CH4, H2O, and CO2 in the 40 to 26 km Region Using an Open Path Tunable Diode Laser Spectrometer, J. Geophys. Res. 92, 11, 931–11, 950 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Melandrone, G.

Menzies, R. T.

J. Reid, D. T. Cassidy, R. T. Menzies, “Linewidth Measurements of Tunable Diode Lasers Using Heterodyne and Etalon Techniques,” Appl. Opt. 21, 3961–3965 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. R. Webster, R. T. Menzies, E. D. Hinkley, “Infrared Laser Absorption: Theory and Applications,” in Laser Remote Chemical Analysis, R. M. Measures, Ed. (Wiley, New York, 1987).

Reid, J.

Restelli, G.

Steinberg, G. N.

G. N. Steinberg, “Wave-Number Stability of a Laser Diode Mounted in a Closed Cycle Helium Refrigerator, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 50, 1622–1625 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Webster, C. R.

C. R. Webster, Stratospheric Composition Measurements of Earth and Titan Using High-Resolution Tunable Diode Laser Spectroscopy,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 40, 239–248 (1988).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Webster, R. D. May, “Simultaneous In-Situ Measurements and Diurnal Variations of NO, NO2, O3, jNO2, CH4, H2O, and CO2 in the 40 to 26 km Region Using an Open Path Tunable Diode Laser Spectrometer, J. Geophys. Res. 92, 11, 931–11, 950 (1987).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Webster, R. T. Menzies, E. D. Hinkley, “Infrared Laser Absorption: Theory and Applications,” in Laser Remote Chemical Analysis, R. M. Measures, Ed. (Wiley, New York, 1987).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

J. Geophys. Res. (1)

C. R. Webster, R. D. May, “Simultaneous In-Situ Measurements and Diurnal Variations of NO, NO2, O3, jNO2, CH4, H2O, and CO2 in the 40 to 26 km Region Using an Open Path Tunable Diode Laser Spectrometer, J. Geophys. Res. 92, 11, 931–11, 950 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (2)

C. R. Webster, Stratospheric Composition Measurements of Earth and Titan Using High-Resolution Tunable Diode Laser Spectroscopy,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 40, 239–248 (1988).
[CrossRef]

R. D. May, Response Function of a Tunable Diode Laser Spectrometer from an Interative Deconvolution Procedure,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 39, 247–253 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

G. N. Steinberg, “Wave-Number Stability of a Laser Diode Mounted in a Closed Cycle Helium Refrigerator, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 50, 1622–1625 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

C. R. Webster, R. T. Menzies, E. D. Hinkley, “Infrared Laser Absorption: Theory and Applications,” in Laser Remote Chemical Analysis, R. M. Measures, Ed. (Wiley, New York, 1987).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of TDL operated with a Stirling cycle cooler.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Cool-down rate of Stirling cooler. Points between 100 and 300 K are interpolated from Si diode calibration data.

Fig.3
Fig.3

Thermal drift test on R22 line (first overtone of the bending mode) of N2O at 1187.8787 cm−1. Scans were recorded every 2 min.

Equations (1)

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γ obs = ( γ D 2 + γ L 2 ) 1 / 2 ,

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