Blazed reflection micro-Fresnel lenses and their use in an integrated focus sensor are proposed. Theoretical analysis indicates that the optical characteristics of reflection Fresnel lenses can be improved compared with a conventional transmission micro-Fresnel lens. These reflection Fresnel lenses were fabricated using electron-beam lithography and exhibited the diffraction-limited focusing characteristics with 71% high efficiency. The focus sensor has a folded optical path and includes a beam splitter integrated with thin film components, such as a reflection elliptical Fresnel lens and a quadrant photodetector. The reflection elliptical Fresnel lens in the focus sensor exhibiting excellent astigmatic characteristics agreed with the theoretical results, and the focus error signal was detected. This sensor can be developed as the optical head of an optical disk system.
© 1989 Optical Society of America
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