Abstract

Narrowband spectral filters operating in reflection and consisting of multilayers containing both dielectric and metallic films are of interest for fiber–optical communication systems at wavelengths from 1250 to 1600 nm. Formulas are derived which relate the potential transmittances of the main metallic film to important specifications of the filter, namely, bandwidth and rejection, and it is shown how the parameters of the layers are chosen to meet these and other requirements such as free spectral range. Monitoring procedures are discussed, and the results of photometric observations on five filters are compared to theoretical predictions.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. Winzer, “Wavelength Multiplexing Components—A Review of Single-Mode Devices and Their Applications,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 369–378 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. B. Payne, J. R. Stern, “Transparent Single Mode Fiber Optical Networks,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 864–869 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. R. Mallinson, “Wavelength-Selective Filters for Single-Mode Fiber WDM Systems Using Fabry-Perot Interferometers,” Appl. Opt. 26, 430–436 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. Lippmann, “La Photographie des Couleurs,” C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 112, 274–275 (1891).
  5. D. J. McCartney, D. B. Payne, S. S. Duncan, “Position-Tunable Holographic Filters in Dichromated Gelatin for Use in Single-Mode-Fiber Demultiplexers,” Opt. Lett. 10, 303–305 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Z. Knittl, Optics of Thin Films (Wiley, London, 1976), pp. 300–320.
  7. A. Thetford, “Absorbing Multilayers and Reflection Interference Filters,” Opt. Acta 25, 945–961 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Y. Zheng, J. W. Y. Lit, “Design of a Narrow-Band Reflection IR Multilayer,” Can. J. Phys. 61, 361–368 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Thetford, “Some Properties of Absorbing Multilayers,” Opt. Acta 19, 533–541 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. H. Lissberger, “The Relationship Between Optical Absorptance and Electric Field of the Radiation in Multilayer Thin Films,” Opt. Acta 28, 187–200 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  11. E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, New York, 1985).
  12. D. R. Gibson, P. H. Lissberger, I. W. Salter, D. G. Sparks, “A High Precision Adaptation of the ‘Turning-Point’ Method of Monitoring the Optical Thickness of Dielectric Layers Using Microprocessors,” Opt. Acta 29, 221–234 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. R. Gibson, P. H. Lissberger, “Optical Properties of Narrowband Spectral Filter Coatings Related to Layer Structure and Preparation,” Appl. Opt. 22, 269–281 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. P. H. Lissberger, A. K. Roy, I. W. Salter, J. A. Shan, “Thermal and Structural Constants of Magnesium Fluoride and Zinc Sulphide for Optical Coating Applications,” Opt. Acta 33, 925–938 (1986).
    [CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1986 (2)

P. H. Lissberger, A. K. Roy, I. W. Salter, J. A. Shan, “Thermal and Structural Constants of Magnesium Fluoride and Zinc Sulphide for Optical Coating Applications,” Opt. Acta 33, 925–938 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Payne, J. R. Stern, “Transparent Single Mode Fiber Optical Networks,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 864–869 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

1984 (1)

G. Winzer, “Wavelength Multiplexing Components—A Review of Single-Mode Devices and Their Applications,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 369–378 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983 (2)

1982 (1)

D. R. Gibson, P. H. Lissberger, I. W. Salter, D. G. Sparks, “A High Precision Adaptation of the ‘Turning-Point’ Method of Monitoring the Optical Thickness of Dielectric Layers Using Microprocessors,” Opt. Acta 29, 221–234 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

P. H. Lissberger, “The Relationship Between Optical Absorptance and Electric Field of the Radiation in Multilayer Thin Films,” Opt. Acta 28, 187–200 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

A. Thetford, “Absorbing Multilayers and Reflection Interference Filters,” Opt. Acta 25, 945–961 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

A. Thetford, “Some Properties of Absorbing Multilayers,” Opt. Acta 19, 533–541 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1891 (1)

G. Lippmann, “La Photographie des Couleurs,” C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 112, 274–275 (1891).

Duncan, S. S.

Gibson, D. R.

D. R. Gibson, P. H. Lissberger, “Optical Properties of Narrowband Spectral Filter Coatings Related to Layer Structure and Preparation,” Appl. Opt. 22, 269–281 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Gibson, P. H. Lissberger, I. W. Salter, D. G. Sparks, “A High Precision Adaptation of the ‘Turning-Point’ Method of Monitoring the Optical Thickness of Dielectric Layers Using Microprocessors,” Opt. Acta 29, 221–234 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Knittl, Z.

Z. Knittl, Optics of Thin Films (Wiley, London, 1976), pp. 300–320.

Lippmann, G.

G. Lippmann, “La Photographie des Couleurs,” C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 112, 274–275 (1891).

Lissberger, P. H.

P. H. Lissberger, A. K. Roy, I. W. Salter, J. A. Shan, “Thermal and Structural Constants of Magnesium Fluoride and Zinc Sulphide for Optical Coating Applications,” Opt. Acta 33, 925–938 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Gibson, P. H. Lissberger, “Optical Properties of Narrowband Spectral Filter Coatings Related to Layer Structure and Preparation,” Appl. Opt. 22, 269–281 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Gibson, P. H. Lissberger, I. W. Salter, D. G. Sparks, “A High Precision Adaptation of the ‘Turning-Point’ Method of Monitoring the Optical Thickness of Dielectric Layers Using Microprocessors,” Opt. Acta 29, 221–234 (1982).
[CrossRef]

P. H. Lissberger, “The Relationship Between Optical Absorptance and Electric Field of the Radiation in Multilayer Thin Films,” Opt. Acta 28, 187–200 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Lit, J. W. Y.

S. Y. Zheng, J. W. Y. Lit, “Design of a Narrow-Band Reflection IR Multilayer,” Can. J. Phys. 61, 361–368 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Mallinson, S. R.

McCartney, D. J.

Palik, E. D.

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, New York, 1985).

Payne, D. B.

Roy, A. K.

P. H. Lissberger, A. K. Roy, I. W. Salter, J. A. Shan, “Thermal and Structural Constants of Magnesium Fluoride and Zinc Sulphide for Optical Coating Applications,” Opt. Acta 33, 925–938 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Salter, I. W.

P. H. Lissberger, A. K. Roy, I. W. Salter, J. A. Shan, “Thermal and Structural Constants of Magnesium Fluoride and Zinc Sulphide for Optical Coating Applications,” Opt. Acta 33, 925–938 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Gibson, P. H. Lissberger, I. W. Salter, D. G. Sparks, “A High Precision Adaptation of the ‘Turning-Point’ Method of Monitoring the Optical Thickness of Dielectric Layers Using Microprocessors,” Opt. Acta 29, 221–234 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Shan, J. A.

P. H. Lissberger, A. K. Roy, I. W. Salter, J. A. Shan, “Thermal and Structural Constants of Magnesium Fluoride and Zinc Sulphide for Optical Coating Applications,” Opt. Acta 33, 925–938 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Sparks, D. G.

D. R. Gibson, P. H. Lissberger, I. W. Salter, D. G. Sparks, “A High Precision Adaptation of the ‘Turning-Point’ Method of Monitoring the Optical Thickness of Dielectric Layers Using Microprocessors,” Opt. Acta 29, 221–234 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Stern, J. R.

D. B. Payne, J. R. Stern, “Transparent Single Mode Fiber Optical Networks,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 864–869 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Thetford, A.

A. Thetford, “Absorbing Multilayers and Reflection Interference Filters,” Opt. Acta 25, 945–961 (1978).
[CrossRef]

A. Thetford, “Some Properties of Absorbing Multilayers,” Opt. Acta 19, 533–541 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Winzer, G.

G. Winzer, “Wavelength Multiplexing Components—A Review of Single-Mode Devices and Their Applications,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 369–378 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, S. Y.

S. Y. Zheng, J. W. Y. Lit, “Design of a Narrow-Band Reflection IR Multilayer,” Can. J. Phys. 61, 361–368 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris (1)

G. Lippmann, “La Photographie des Couleurs,” C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 112, 274–275 (1891).

Can. J. Phys. (1)

S. Y. Zheng, J. W. Y. Lit, “Design of a Narrow-Band Reflection IR Multilayer,” Can. J. Phys. 61, 361–368 (1983).
[CrossRef]

IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

G. Winzer, “Wavelength Multiplexing Components—A Review of Single-Mode Devices and Their Applications,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 369–378 (1984).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Payne, J. R. Stern, “Transparent Single Mode Fiber Optical Networks,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 864–869 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Acta (5)

A. Thetford, “Absorbing Multilayers and Reflection Interference Filters,” Opt. Acta 25, 945–961 (1978).
[CrossRef]

A. Thetford, “Some Properties of Absorbing Multilayers,” Opt. Acta 19, 533–541 (1972).
[CrossRef]

P. H. Lissberger, “The Relationship Between Optical Absorptance and Electric Field of the Radiation in Multilayer Thin Films,” Opt. Acta 28, 187–200 (1981).
[CrossRef]

P. H. Lissberger, A. K. Roy, I. W. Salter, J. A. Shan, “Thermal and Structural Constants of Magnesium Fluoride and Zinc Sulphide for Optical Coating Applications,” Opt. Acta 33, 925–938 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Gibson, P. H. Lissberger, I. W. Salter, D. G. Sparks, “A High Precision Adaptation of the ‘Turning-Point’ Method of Monitoring the Optical Thickness of Dielectric Layers Using Microprocessors,” Opt. Acta 29, 221–234 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, New York, 1985).

Z. Knittl, Optics of Thin Films (Wiley, London, 1976), pp. 300–320.

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