A. J. Welch, G. Yoon, M. J. C. van Gemert, “Practical Models for Light Distribution in Laser-Irradiated Tissue,” Lasers Surg. Med. 6, 488–493 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. L. Jacques, S. A. Prahl, “Modeling Optical and Thermal Distributions in Tissue During Laser Irradiation,” Laser Surg. Med. 6, 494–503 (1987).

[CrossRef]

G. Yoon, A. J. Welch, M. Motamedia, M. J. C. van Gemert, “Development and Application of Three Dimensional Light Distribution Model for Laser Irradiated Tissue,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1721–1733 (1987).

[CrossRef]

S. L. Jacques, C. A. Alter, S. A. Prahl, “Angular Dependence of He-Ne Laser Light Scattering by Human Dermis,” Lasers Life Sci. 4, 309–333 (1987).

J. W. Valvano, B. Chitsabesan, “Thermal Conductivity and Diffusivity of Arterial Wall and Atherosclerotic Plaque,” Lasers Life Sci. 1, 3,219–229 (1987).

M. I. C. van Gemert, G. Schets, E. G. Stassen, J. J. Bonnier, “Modeling (Coronary) Laser Angioplasty,” Lasers Surg. Med. 5, 219–234 (1985).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. Stamnes, P. Conklin, “A New Multi-Layer Discrete Ordinate Approach to Radiative Transfer in Vertically Inhomogeneous Atmosphere,” J. Quant. Spectrosc Radiat. Transfer 31, 273–282. (1984).

[CrossRef]

M.C.J. van Gemert, J.P.H. Henning, “Model Approach to Laser Coagulation of Dermal Vascular Lesions,” Arch. Dermatol. Res. 270, 429–439 (1981).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Wan, R. R. Anderson, X. X. Parrish, “Analytical Modeling for the Optical Properties of the Skin with In Vitro and In Vivo Applications,” Photochem. Photobiol. 34, 493–499 (1981).

[PubMed]

W. G. Houf, E. P. Incropera, “An Assessment of Techniques for Predicting Radiation Transfer in Aqueous Media,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 23, 101–115 (1980).

[CrossRef]

F. P. Incropera, W. G. Houf, “A Three Flux Method for Predicting Radiative Transfer in Aqueous Suspensions,” J. Heat Transfer 101, 496–501 (1979).

[CrossRef]

S. Takatani, M. D. Graham, “Theoretical Analysis of Diffuse Reflectance from a 2-Layer Tissue Model,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. BME-26, 656–664 (1979).

[CrossRef]

E. H. Wissler, “An Analysis of Chorioretinal Thermal Response to Intense Light Exposure,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. BME-XX, 207–215 (1976).

[CrossRef]

W. J. Wiscombe, “On Initialization, Error, and Flux Conservation in the Doubling Method,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 15, 637–658 (1975).

K. Liou, “A Numerical Experiment on Chandrasekhar’s Discrete Ordinate Method for Radiative Heat Transfer: Applications to Cloudy and Hazy Atmospheres,” J. Atmos. Sci. 31, 1303–1326 (1973).

[CrossRef]

H. H. Michels, “Abscissas and Weight Coefficients for Lobatto Quadrature,” Math. Comput. 17, 237–244 (1963).

[CrossRef]

L. G. Henyey, J. L. Greenstein, “Diffuse Radiation in the Galaxy,” Astrophys. J. 88, 70–83 (1941).

[CrossRef]

S. L. Jacques, C. A. Alter, S. A. Prahl, “Angular Dependence of He-Ne Laser Light Scattering by Human Dermis,” Lasers Life Sci. 4, 309–333 (1987).

S. Wan, R. R. Anderson, X. X. Parrish, “Analytical Modeling for the Optical Properties of the Skin with In Vitro and In Vivo Applications,” Photochem. Photobiol. 34, 493–499 (1981).

[PubMed]

M. I. C. van Gemert, G. Schets, E. G. Stassen, J. J. Bonnier, “Modeling (Coronary) Laser Angioplasty,” Lasers Surg. Med. 5, 219–234 (1985).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Chandrasekhar, Radiative Transfer (Dover, New York, 1960).

J. W. Valvano, B. Chitsabesan, “Thermal Conductivity and Diffusivity of Arterial Wall and Atherosclerotic Plaque,” Lasers Life Sci. 1, 3,219–229 (1987).

K. Stamnes, P. Conklin, “A New Multi-Layer Discrete Ordinate Approach to Radiative Transfer in Vertically Inhomogeneous Atmosphere,” J. Quant. Spectrosc Radiat. Transfer 31, 273–282. (1984).

[CrossRef]

L. O. Svaasand, D. R. Doiron, A. E. Profio, “Light Distribution in Tissue During Photoradiation Therapy,” Institute for Physics and Imaging Sci. Rep. USC-IPIS 900-02, U. Southern California (1981).

I. Gladwell, R. Wait, A Survey of Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations (Clarendon, Oxford, 1985).

S. Takatani, M. D. Graham, “Theoretical Analysis of Diffuse Reflectance from a 2-Layer Tissue Model,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. BME-26, 656–664 (1979).

[CrossRef]

L. G. Henyey, J. L. Greenstein, “Diffuse Radiation in the Galaxy,” Astrophys. J. 88, 70–83 (1941).

[CrossRef]

M.C.J. van Gemert, J.P.H. Henning, “Model Approach to Laser Coagulation of Dermal Vascular Lesions,” Arch. Dermatol. Res. 270, 429–439 (1981).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. G. Henyey, J. L. Greenstein, “Diffuse Radiation in the Galaxy,” Astrophys. J. 88, 70–83 (1941).

[CrossRef]

W. G. Houf, E. P. Incropera, “An Assessment of Techniques for Predicting Radiation Transfer in Aqueous Media,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 23, 101–115 (1980).

[CrossRef]

F. P. Incropera, W. G. Houf, “A Three Flux Method for Predicting Radiative Transfer in Aqueous Suspensions,” J. Heat Transfer 101, 496–501 (1979).

[CrossRef]

W. G. Houf, E. P. Incropera, “An Assessment of Techniques for Predicting Radiation Transfer in Aqueous Media,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 23, 101–115 (1980).

[CrossRef]

F. P. Incropera, W. G. Houf, “A Three Flux Method for Predicting Radiative Transfer in Aqueous Suspensions,” J. Heat Transfer 101, 496–501 (1979).

[CrossRef]

S. L. Jacques, C. A. Alter, S. A. Prahl, “Angular Dependence of He-Ne Laser Light Scattering by Human Dermis,” Lasers Life Sci. 4, 309–333 (1987).

S. L. Jacques, S. A. Prahl, “Modeling Optical and Thermal Distributions in Tissue During Laser Irradiation,” Laser Surg. Med. 6, 494–503 (1987).

[CrossRef]

G. A. Korn, M. T. Korn, Mathematical Handbook for Scientists and Engineers (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1961).

G. A. Korn, M. T. Korn, Mathematical Handbook for Scientists and Engineers (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1961).

K. Liou, “A Numerical Experiment on Chandrasekhar’s Discrete Ordinate Method for Radiative Heat Transfer: Applications to Cloudy and Hazy Atmospheres,” J. Atmos. Sci. 31, 1303–1326 (1973).

[CrossRef]

H. H. Michels, “Abscissas and Weight Coefficients for Lobatto Quadrature,” Math. Comput. 17, 237–244 (1963).

[CrossRef]

G. Yoon, A. J. Welch, M. Motamedia, M. J. C. van Gemert, “Development and Application of Three Dimensional Light Distribution Model for Laser Irradiated Tissue,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1721–1733 (1987).

[CrossRef]

S. Wan, R. R. Anderson, X. X. Parrish, “Analytical Modeling for the Optical Properties of the Skin with In Vitro and In Vivo Applications,” Photochem. Photobiol. 34, 493–499 (1981).

[PubMed]

S. L. Jacques, S. A. Prahl, “Modeling Optical and Thermal Distributions in Tissue During Laser Irradiation,” Laser Surg. Med. 6, 494–503 (1987).

[CrossRef]

S. L. Jacques, C. A. Alter, S. A. Prahl, “Angular Dependence of He-Ne Laser Light Scattering by Human Dermis,” Lasers Life Sci. 4, 309–333 (1987).

L. O. Svaasand, D. R. Doiron, A. E. Profio, “Light Distribution in Tissue During Photoradiation Therapy,” Institute for Physics and Imaging Sci. Rep. USC-IPIS 900-02, U. Southern California (1981).

A. N. Takata, L. Zaneveld, W. Richter, “Laser-Induced Thermal Damage in Skin,” Report SAM-TR-77-38, USAF School of Aerospace Medicine, Brooks AFB, TX (1977).

M. I. C. van Gemert, G. Schets, E. G. Stassen, J. J. Bonnier, “Modeling (Coronary) Laser Angioplasty,” Lasers Surg. Med. 5, 219–234 (1985).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. Stamnes, P. Conklin, “A New Multi-Layer Discrete Ordinate Approach to Radiative Transfer in Vertically Inhomogeneous Atmosphere,” J. Quant. Spectrosc Radiat. Transfer 31, 273–282. (1984).

[CrossRef]

M. I. C. van Gemert, G. Schets, E. G. Stassen, J. J. Bonnier, “Modeling (Coronary) Laser Angioplasty,” Lasers Surg. Med. 5, 219–234 (1985).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. O. Svaasand, D. R. Doiron, A. E. Profio, “Light Distribution in Tissue During Photoradiation Therapy,” Institute for Physics and Imaging Sci. Rep. USC-IPIS 900-02, U. Southern California (1981).

A. N. Takata, L. Zaneveld, W. Richter, “Laser-Induced Thermal Damage in Skin,” Report SAM-TR-77-38, USAF School of Aerospace Medicine, Brooks AFB, TX (1977).

S. Takatani, M. D. Graham, “Theoretical Analysis of Diffuse Reflectance from a 2-Layer Tissue Model,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. BME-26, 656–664 (1979).

[CrossRef]

J. W. Valvano, B. Chitsabesan, “Thermal Conductivity and Diffusivity of Arterial Wall and Atherosclerotic Plaque,” Lasers Life Sci. 1, 3,219–229 (1987).

M. I. C. van Gemert, G. Schets, E. G. Stassen, J. J. Bonnier, “Modeling (Coronary) Laser Angioplasty,” Lasers Surg. Med. 5, 219–234 (1985).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Yoon, A. J. Welch, M. Motamedia, M. J. C. van Gemert, “Development and Application of Three Dimensional Light Distribution Model for Laser Irradiated Tissue,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1721–1733 (1987).

[CrossRef]

A. J. Welch, G. Yoon, M. J. C. van Gemert, “Practical Models for Light Distribution in Laser-Irradiated Tissue,” Lasers Surg. Med. 6, 488–493 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M.C.J. van Gemert, J.P.H. Henning, “Model Approach to Laser Coagulation of Dermal Vascular Lesions,” Arch. Dermatol. Res. 270, 429–439 (1981).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

I. Gladwell, R. Wait, A Survey of Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations (Clarendon, Oxford, 1985).

S. Wan, R. R. Anderson, X. X. Parrish, “Analytical Modeling for the Optical Properties of the Skin with In Vitro and In Vivo Applications,” Photochem. Photobiol. 34, 493–499 (1981).

[PubMed]

A. J. Welch, G. Yoon, M. J. C. van Gemert, “Practical Models for Light Distribution in Laser-Irradiated Tissue,” Lasers Surg. Med. 6, 488–493 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Yoon, A. J. Welch, M. Motamedia, M. J. C. van Gemert, “Development and Application of Three Dimensional Light Distribution Model for Laser Irradiated Tissue,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1721–1733 (1987).

[CrossRef]

W. J. Wiscombe, “On Initialization, Error, and Flux Conservation in the Doubling Method,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 15, 637–658 (1975).

E. H. Wissler, “An Analysis of Chorioretinal Thermal Response to Intense Light Exposure,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. BME-XX, 207–215 (1976).

[CrossRef]

A. J. Welch, G. Yoon, M. J. C. van Gemert, “Practical Models for Light Distribution in Laser-Irradiated Tissue,” Lasers Surg. Med. 6, 488–493 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Yoon, A. J. Welch, M. Motamedia, M. J. C. van Gemert, “Development and Application of Three Dimensional Light Distribution Model for Laser Irradiated Tissue,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1721–1733 (1987).

[CrossRef]

A. N. Takata, L. Zaneveld, W. Richter, “Laser-Induced Thermal Damage in Skin,” Report SAM-TR-77-38, USAF School of Aerospace Medicine, Brooks AFB, TX (1977).

M.C.J. van Gemert, J.P.H. Henning, “Model Approach to Laser Coagulation of Dermal Vascular Lesions,” Arch. Dermatol. Res. 270, 429–439 (1981).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. G. Henyey, J. L. Greenstein, “Diffuse Radiation in the Galaxy,” Astrophys. J. 88, 70–83 (1941).

[CrossRef]

G. Yoon, A. J. Welch, M. Motamedia, M. J. C. van Gemert, “Development and Application of Three Dimensional Light Distribution Model for Laser Irradiated Tissue,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1721–1733 (1987).

[CrossRef]

S. Takatani, M. D. Graham, “Theoretical Analysis of Diffuse Reflectance from a 2-Layer Tissue Model,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. BME-26, 656–664 (1979).

[CrossRef]

E. H. Wissler, “An Analysis of Chorioretinal Thermal Response to Intense Light Exposure,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. BME-XX, 207–215 (1976).

[CrossRef]

K. Liou, “A Numerical Experiment on Chandrasekhar’s Discrete Ordinate Method for Radiative Heat Transfer: Applications to Cloudy and Hazy Atmospheres,” J. Atmos. Sci. 31, 1303–1326 (1973).

[CrossRef]

F. P. Incropera, W. G. Houf, “A Three Flux Method for Predicting Radiative Transfer in Aqueous Suspensions,” J. Heat Transfer 101, 496–501 (1979).

[CrossRef]

K. Stamnes, P. Conklin, “A New Multi-Layer Discrete Ordinate Approach to Radiative Transfer in Vertically Inhomogeneous Atmosphere,” J. Quant. Spectrosc Radiat. Transfer 31, 273–282. (1984).

[CrossRef]

W. G. Houf, E. P. Incropera, “An Assessment of Techniques for Predicting Radiation Transfer in Aqueous Media,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 23, 101–115 (1980).

[CrossRef]

W. J. Wiscombe, “On Initialization, Error, and Flux Conservation in the Doubling Method,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 15, 637–658 (1975).

S. L. Jacques, S. A. Prahl, “Modeling Optical and Thermal Distributions in Tissue During Laser Irradiation,” Laser Surg. Med. 6, 494–503 (1987).

[CrossRef]

S. L. Jacques, C. A. Alter, S. A. Prahl, “Angular Dependence of He-Ne Laser Light Scattering by Human Dermis,” Lasers Life Sci. 4, 309–333 (1987).

J. W. Valvano, B. Chitsabesan, “Thermal Conductivity and Diffusivity of Arterial Wall and Atherosclerotic Plaque,” Lasers Life Sci. 1, 3,219–229 (1987).

M. I. C. van Gemert, G. Schets, E. G. Stassen, J. J. Bonnier, “Modeling (Coronary) Laser Angioplasty,” Lasers Surg. Med. 5, 219–234 (1985).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. J. Welch, G. Yoon, M. J. C. van Gemert, “Practical Models for Light Distribution in Laser-Irradiated Tissue,” Lasers Surg. Med. 6, 488–493 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. H. Michels, “Abscissas and Weight Coefficients for Lobatto Quadrature,” Math. Comput. 17, 237–244 (1963).

[CrossRef]

S. Wan, R. R. Anderson, X. X. Parrish, “Analytical Modeling for the Optical Properties of the Skin with In Vitro and In Vivo Applications,” Photochem. Photobiol. 34, 493–499 (1981).

[PubMed]

L. O. Svaasand, D. R. Doiron, A. E. Profio, “Light Distribution in Tissue During Photoradiation Therapy,” Institute for Physics and Imaging Sci. Rep. USC-IPIS 900-02, U. Southern California (1981).

S. Chandrasekhar, Radiative Transfer (Dover, New York, 1960).

G. A. Korn, M. T. Korn, Mathematical Handbook for Scientists and Engineers (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1961).

I. Gladwell, R. Wait, A Survey of Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations (Clarendon, Oxford, 1985).

A. N. Takata, L. Zaneveld, W. Richter, “Laser-Induced Thermal Damage in Skin,” Report SAM-TR-77-38, USAF School of Aerospace Medicine, Brooks AFB, TX (1977).