Abstract

We demonstrate hologram fixing in Bi12TiO20 using a technique involving thermal cycling and an external ac field.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. J Amodei, D. L. Staebler, “Holographic Pattern Fixing in Electro-Optic Crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 540–542 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. L. Staebler, “Ferroelectric Crystals,” in Holographic Recording Materials, H. M. Smith, Ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), p. 101.
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. Micheron, G. Bismuth, “Electrical Control of Fixation and Erasure of Holographic Patterns in Ferroelectric Materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 79–81 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. B. Thaxter, M. Kestigian, “Unique Properties of SBN and Their Use in a Layered Optical Memory,” Appl. Opt. 13, 913–924 (1974).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. Redfield, L. Hesselink, “Enhanced Nondestructive Holographic Readout in Strontium Barium Niobate,” Opt. Lett. 13, 880–882 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. von der Linde, A. M. Glass, K. F. Rodgers, “High-Sensitivity Optical Recording in KTN by Two-Photon Absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 22–24 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. S. Trofimov, S. I. Stepanov, “Electrical Development of a Hologram in a Bi12SiO20 Crystal,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 10, 669–673 (1984) [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 10, 282–283 (1984)].
  8. J. P. Herriau, J. P. Huignard, “Hologram Fixing Process at Room Temperature in Photorefractive Bi12SiO20 Crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1140–1142 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. I. Stepanov, M. P. Petrov, “Efficient Nonstationary Holographic Recording in Photorefractive Crystals Under an External Alternating Electric Field,” Opt. Commun. 53, 292–295 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. L. Sochava, S. I. Stepanov, M. P. Petrov, “Ring Oscillator Using a Photorefractive Bi12TiO20 Crystal,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 13, 660–665 (1987)[Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 13, 274–275 (1987)].
  11. G. C. Valley, M. B. Klein, R. A. Mullen, D. Rytz, B. A. Wechsler, “Photorefractive Materials,” Ann. Rev. Mater. Sci. 18, 165–188 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. M. Brutoh, J. C. Brice, O. F. Hill, P. A. C. Whiffin, “The Flux Growth of Some γ-Bi2O3 Crystals by the Top Seeded Technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 23, 21–24 (1974).
    [CrossRef]

1988 (2)

S. Redfield, L. Hesselink, “Enhanced Nondestructive Holographic Readout in Strontium Barium Niobate,” Opt. Lett. 13, 880–882 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. C. Valley, M. B. Klein, R. A. Mullen, D. Rytz, B. A. Wechsler, “Photorefractive Materials,” Ann. Rev. Mater. Sci. 18, 165–188 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

S. L. Sochava, S. I. Stepanov, M. P. Petrov, “Ring Oscillator Using a Photorefractive Bi12TiO20 Crystal,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 13, 660–665 (1987)[Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 13, 274–275 (1987)].

1986 (1)

J. P. Herriau, J. P. Huignard, “Hologram Fixing Process at Room Temperature in Photorefractive Bi12SiO20 Crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1140–1142 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

S. I. Stepanov, M. P. Petrov, “Efficient Nonstationary Holographic Recording in Photorefractive Crystals Under an External Alternating Electric Field,” Opt. Commun. 53, 292–295 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

G. S. Trofimov, S. I. Stepanov, “Electrical Development of a Hologram in a Bi12SiO20 Crystal,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 10, 669–673 (1984) [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 10, 282–283 (1984)].

1975 (1)

D. von der Linde, A. M. Glass, K. F. Rodgers, “High-Sensitivity Optical Recording in KTN by Two-Photon Absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 22–24 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1974 (2)

J. B. Thaxter, M. Kestigian, “Unique Properties of SBN and Their Use in a Layered Optical Memory,” Appl. Opt. 13, 913–924 (1974).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. M. Brutoh, J. C. Brice, O. F. Hill, P. A. C. Whiffin, “The Flux Growth of Some γ-Bi2O3 Crystals by the Top Seeded Technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 23, 21–24 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

F. Micheron, G. Bismuth, “Electrical Control of Fixation and Erasure of Holographic Patterns in Ferroelectric Materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 79–81 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

J. J Amodei, D. L. Staebler, “Holographic Pattern Fixing in Electro-Optic Crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 540–542 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Amodei, J. J

J. J Amodei, D. L. Staebler, “Holographic Pattern Fixing in Electro-Optic Crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 540–542 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Bismuth, G.

F. Micheron, G. Bismuth, “Electrical Control of Fixation and Erasure of Holographic Patterns in Ferroelectric Materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 79–81 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Brice, J. C.

T. M. Brutoh, J. C. Brice, O. F. Hill, P. A. C. Whiffin, “The Flux Growth of Some γ-Bi2O3 Crystals by the Top Seeded Technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 23, 21–24 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Brutoh, T. M.

T. M. Brutoh, J. C. Brice, O. F. Hill, P. A. C. Whiffin, “The Flux Growth of Some γ-Bi2O3 Crystals by the Top Seeded Technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 23, 21–24 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Glass, A. M.

D. von der Linde, A. M. Glass, K. F. Rodgers, “High-Sensitivity Optical Recording in KTN by Two-Photon Absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 22–24 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Herriau, J. P.

J. P. Herriau, J. P. Huignard, “Hologram Fixing Process at Room Temperature in Photorefractive Bi12SiO20 Crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1140–1142 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hesselink, L.

Hill, O. F.

T. M. Brutoh, J. C. Brice, O. F. Hill, P. A. C. Whiffin, “The Flux Growth of Some γ-Bi2O3 Crystals by the Top Seeded Technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 23, 21–24 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Huignard, J. P.

J. P. Herriau, J. P. Huignard, “Hologram Fixing Process at Room Temperature in Photorefractive Bi12SiO20 Crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1140–1142 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kestigian, M.

Klein, M. B.

G. C. Valley, M. B. Klein, R. A. Mullen, D. Rytz, B. A. Wechsler, “Photorefractive Materials,” Ann. Rev. Mater. Sci. 18, 165–188 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Micheron, F.

F. Micheron, G. Bismuth, “Electrical Control of Fixation and Erasure of Holographic Patterns in Ferroelectric Materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 79–81 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Mullen, R. A.

G. C. Valley, M. B. Klein, R. A. Mullen, D. Rytz, B. A. Wechsler, “Photorefractive Materials,” Ann. Rev. Mater. Sci. 18, 165–188 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, M. P.

S. L. Sochava, S. I. Stepanov, M. P. Petrov, “Ring Oscillator Using a Photorefractive Bi12TiO20 Crystal,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 13, 660–665 (1987)[Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 13, 274–275 (1987)].

S. I. Stepanov, M. P. Petrov, “Efficient Nonstationary Holographic Recording in Photorefractive Crystals Under an External Alternating Electric Field,” Opt. Commun. 53, 292–295 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Redfield, S.

Rodgers, K. F.

D. von der Linde, A. M. Glass, K. F. Rodgers, “High-Sensitivity Optical Recording in KTN by Two-Photon Absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 22–24 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Rytz, D.

G. C. Valley, M. B. Klein, R. A. Mullen, D. Rytz, B. A. Wechsler, “Photorefractive Materials,” Ann. Rev. Mater. Sci. 18, 165–188 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sochava, S. L.

S. L. Sochava, S. I. Stepanov, M. P. Petrov, “Ring Oscillator Using a Photorefractive Bi12TiO20 Crystal,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 13, 660–665 (1987)[Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 13, 274–275 (1987)].

Staebler, D. L.

J. J Amodei, D. L. Staebler, “Holographic Pattern Fixing in Electro-Optic Crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 540–542 (1971).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Staebler, “Ferroelectric Crystals,” in Holographic Recording Materials, H. M. Smith, Ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), p. 101.
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, S. I.

S. L. Sochava, S. I. Stepanov, M. P. Petrov, “Ring Oscillator Using a Photorefractive Bi12TiO20 Crystal,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 13, 660–665 (1987)[Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 13, 274–275 (1987)].

S. I. Stepanov, M. P. Petrov, “Efficient Nonstationary Holographic Recording in Photorefractive Crystals Under an External Alternating Electric Field,” Opt. Commun. 53, 292–295 (1985).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Trofimov, S. I. Stepanov, “Electrical Development of a Hologram in a Bi12SiO20 Crystal,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 10, 669–673 (1984) [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 10, 282–283 (1984)].

Thaxter, J. B.

Trofimov, G. S.

G. S. Trofimov, S. I. Stepanov, “Electrical Development of a Hologram in a Bi12SiO20 Crystal,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 10, 669–673 (1984) [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 10, 282–283 (1984)].

Valley, G. C.

G. C. Valley, M. B. Klein, R. A. Mullen, D. Rytz, B. A. Wechsler, “Photorefractive Materials,” Ann. Rev. Mater. Sci. 18, 165–188 (1988).
[CrossRef]

von der Linde, D.

D. von der Linde, A. M. Glass, K. F. Rodgers, “High-Sensitivity Optical Recording in KTN by Two-Photon Absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 22–24 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Wechsler, B. A.

G. C. Valley, M. B. Klein, R. A. Mullen, D. Rytz, B. A. Wechsler, “Photorefractive Materials,” Ann. Rev. Mater. Sci. 18, 165–188 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Whiffin, P. A. C.

T. M. Brutoh, J. C. Brice, O. F. Hill, P. A. C. Whiffin, “The Flux Growth of Some γ-Bi2O3 Crystals by the Top Seeded Technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 23, 21–24 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Ann. Rev. Mater. Sci. (1)

G. C. Valley, M. B. Klein, R. A. Mullen, D. Rytz, B. A. Wechsler, “Photorefractive Materials,” Ann. Rev. Mater. Sci. 18, 165–188 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

J. J Amodei, D. L. Staebler, “Holographic Pattern Fixing in Electro-Optic Crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 540–542 (1971).
[CrossRef]

D. von der Linde, A. M. Glass, K. F. Rodgers, “High-Sensitivity Optical Recording in KTN by Two-Photon Absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 22–24 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Herriau, J. P. Huignard, “Hologram Fixing Process at Room Temperature in Photorefractive Bi12SiO20 Crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1140–1142 (1986).
[CrossRef]

F. Micheron, G. Bismuth, “Electrical Control of Fixation and Erasure of Holographic Patterns in Ferroelectric Materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 79–81 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

T. M. Brutoh, J. C. Brice, O. F. Hill, P. A. C. Whiffin, “The Flux Growth of Some γ-Bi2O3 Crystals by the Top Seeded Technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 23, 21–24 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. I. Stepanov, M. P. Petrov, “Efficient Nonstationary Holographic Recording in Photorefractive Crystals Under an External Alternating Electric Field,” Opt. Commun. 53, 292–295 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. (2)

S. L. Sochava, S. I. Stepanov, M. P. Petrov, “Ring Oscillator Using a Photorefractive Bi12TiO20 Crystal,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 13, 660–665 (1987)[Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 13, 274–275 (1987)].

G. S. Trofimov, S. I. Stepanov, “Electrical Development of a Hologram in a Bi12SiO20 Crystal,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 10, 669–673 (1984) [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 10, 282–283 (1984)].

Other (1)

D. L. Staebler, “Ferroelectric Crystals,” in Holographic Recording Materials, H. M. Smith, Ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), p. 101.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram showing crystal orientation and optical beams for hologram fixing in Bi12TiO20

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Diffraction efficiency as a function of time after initial grating buildup in Bi12TiO20 at a temperature of 90°C, an ac field strength of 2.5 kV/cm, and a grating period of 3 μm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Diffraction efficiency as a function of time during the revealing phase.

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