Abstract

Laser damage thresholds are reported for two unpoled and one poled KTiOPO4 crystals under similar experimental conditions. For the TEM00 mode of a Nd:YAG laser, the fluence and power density values for the unpoled crystals (23–33 J/cm2 and 2–3 GW/cm2, respectively) were higher than for the poled crystal (10–17 J/cm2 and 0.8–1.3 GW/cm2). Even for a poled KTP, the damage threshold is higher than potassium dihydrogen phosphate or KDP (6–9 J/cm2).

© 1989 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. C. Seitel, “Planning a Laser Damage Test,” Photonics Spectra, 84 (Aug.1985).
  2. J. D. Bierlein, T. E. Gier, “Crystals of (K,Rb,Tl,NH4)TiO (P,As)O4 and Their Use in Electro-Optic Devices,” U.S. Pat.3,949,323 (6Apr.1976).
  3. F. C. Zumsteg, J. D. Bierlein, T. E. Gier, “KxRb1−xTiOPO4: A New Nonlinear Optical Material,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4980 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. E. Gier, “Hydrothermal Process for Growing a Single Crystal with an Aqueous Mineralizer,” U.S. Pat.4,305,778 (15Dec.1981).
  5. F. Ahmed, R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, “Infrared Study of KTiOPO4 Single Crystals Hydrothermally Grown in H2O and D2O Solutions,” J. Appl. Phys. 60, 839 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. S. Liu, L. Drafall, D. Dentz, R. Belt, “Nonlinear Optical Phase-Matching Properties of KTiOPO4,” General Electric Technical Information Series, Class I, Schenectady, NY (Feb.1982).
  7. T. A. Driscoll, H. J. Hoffman, R. E. Stone, P. E. Perkins, “Second Harmonic Conversion of Multimode Lasers in KTP,” in Technical Digest, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1986), paper WK45.
  8. J. D. Bierlein, F. Ahmed, “Observation and Poling of Ferro-electric Domains in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1322 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, Y. S. Liu, “KTP as a Harmonic Generator for Nd:YAG Lasers,” Laser Focus 21, 110 (1985).
  10. J. E. Swain, S. E. Stokowski, D. Milam, F. Rainer, “Improving the Bulk Laser Damage Resistance of Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate Crystals by Pulsed Laser Radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 350 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. E. Swain, S. E. Stokowski, D. Milam, G. C. Kennedy, “The Effect of Baking and Pulsed Laser Irradiation on the Bulk Laser Damage Threshold of Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate Crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 12 (1982).
    [CrossRef]

1987 (1)

J. D. Bierlein, F. Ahmed, “Observation and Poling of Ferro-electric Domains in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1322 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

F. Ahmed, R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, “Infrared Study of KTiOPO4 Single Crystals Hydrothermally Grown in H2O and D2O Solutions,” J. Appl. Phys. 60, 839 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (2)

S. C. Seitel, “Planning a Laser Damage Test,” Photonics Spectra, 84 (Aug.1985).

R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, Y. S. Liu, “KTP as a Harmonic Generator for Nd:YAG Lasers,” Laser Focus 21, 110 (1985).

1982 (2)

J. E. Swain, S. E. Stokowski, D. Milam, F. Rainer, “Improving the Bulk Laser Damage Resistance of Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate Crystals by Pulsed Laser Radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 350 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Swain, S. E. Stokowski, D. Milam, G. C. Kennedy, “The Effect of Baking and Pulsed Laser Irradiation on the Bulk Laser Damage Threshold of Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate Crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 12 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

F. C. Zumsteg, J. D. Bierlein, T. E. Gier, “KxRb1−xTiOPO4: A New Nonlinear Optical Material,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4980 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Ahmed, F.

J. D. Bierlein, F. Ahmed, “Observation and Poling of Ferro-electric Domains in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1322 (1987).
[CrossRef]

F. Ahmed, R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, “Infrared Study of KTiOPO4 Single Crystals Hydrothermally Grown in H2O and D2O Solutions,” J. Appl. Phys. 60, 839 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Belt, R.

Y. S. Liu, L. Drafall, D. Dentz, R. Belt, “Nonlinear Optical Phase-Matching Properties of KTiOPO4,” General Electric Technical Information Series, Class I, Schenectady, NY (Feb.1982).

Belt, R. F.

F. Ahmed, R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, “Infrared Study of KTiOPO4 Single Crystals Hydrothermally Grown in H2O and D2O Solutions,” J. Appl. Phys. 60, 839 (1986).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, Y. S. Liu, “KTP as a Harmonic Generator for Nd:YAG Lasers,” Laser Focus 21, 110 (1985).

Bierlein, J. D.

J. D. Bierlein, F. Ahmed, “Observation and Poling of Ferro-electric Domains in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1322 (1987).
[CrossRef]

F. C. Zumsteg, J. D. Bierlein, T. E. Gier, “KxRb1−xTiOPO4: A New Nonlinear Optical Material,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4980 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Bierlein, T. E. Gier, “Crystals of (K,Rb,Tl,NH4)TiO (P,As)O4 and Their Use in Electro-Optic Devices,” U.S. Pat.3,949,323 (6Apr.1976).

Dentz, D.

Y. S. Liu, L. Drafall, D. Dentz, R. Belt, “Nonlinear Optical Phase-Matching Properties of KTiOPO4,” General Electric Technical Information Series, Class I, Schenectady, NY (Feb.1982).

Drafall, L.

Y. S. Liu, L. Drafall, D. Dentz, R. Belt, “Nonlinear Optical Phase-Matching Properties of KTiOPO4,” General Electric Technical Information Series, Class I, Schenectady, NY (Feb.1982).

Driscoll, T. A.

T. A. Driscoll, H. J. Hoffman, R. E. Stone, P. E. Perkins, “Second Harmonic Conversion of Multimode Lasers in KTP,” in Technical Digest, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1986), paper WK45.

Gashurov, G.

F. Ahmed, R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, “Infrared Study of KTiOPO4 Single Crystals Hydrothermally Grown in H2O and D2O Solutions,” J. Appl. Phys. 60, 839 (1986).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, Y. S. Liu, “KTP as a Harmonic Generator for Nd:YAG Lasers,” Laser Focus 21, 110 (1985).

Gier, T. E.

F. C. Zumsteg, J. D. Bierlein, T. E. Gier, “KxRb1−xTiOPO4: A New Nonlinear Optical Material,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4980 (1976).
[CrossRef]

T. E. Gier, “Hydrothermal Process for Growing a Single Crystal with an Aqueous Mineralizer,” U.S. Pat.4,305,778 (15Dec.1981).

J. D. Bierlein, T. E. Gier, “Crystals of (K,Rb,Tl,NH4)TiO (P,As)O4 and Their Use in Electro-Optic Devices,” U.S. Pat.3,949,323 (6Apr.1976).

Hoffman, H. J.

T. A. Driscoll, H. J. Hoffman, R. E. Stone, P. E. Perkins, “Second Harmonic Conversion of Multimode Lasers in KTP,” in Technical Digest, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1986), paper WK45.

Kennedy, G. C.

J. E. Swain, S. E. Stokowski, D. Milam, G. C. Kennedy, “The Effect of Baking and Pulsed Laser Irradiation on the Bulk Laser Damage Threshold of Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate Crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 12 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y. S.

R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, Y. S. Liu, “KTP as a Harmonic Generator for Nd:YAG Lasers,” Laser Focus 21, 110 (1985).

Y. S. Liu, L. Drafall, D. Dentz, R. Belt, “Nonlinear Optical Phase-Matching Properties of KTiOPO4,” General Electric Technical Information Series, Class I, Schenectady, NY (Feb.1982).

Milam, D.

J. E. Swain, S. E. Stokowski, D. Milam, F. Rainer, “Improving the Bulk Laser Damage Resistance of Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate Crystals by Pulsed Laser Radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 350 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Swain, S. E. Stokowski, D. Milam, G. C. Kennedy, “The Effect of Baking and Pulsed Laser Irradiation on the Bulk Laser Damage Threshold of Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate Crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 12 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Perkins, P. E.

T. A. Driscoll, H. J. Hoffman, R. E. Stone, P. E. Perkins, “Second Harmonic Conversion of Multimode Lasers in KTP,” in Technical Digest, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1986), paper WK45.

Rainer, F.

J. E. Swain, S. E. Stokowski, D. Milam, F. Rainer, “Improving the Bulk Laser Damage Resistance of Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate Crystals by Pulsed Laser Radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 350 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Seitel, S. C.

S. C. Seitel, “Planning a Laser Damage Test,” Photonics Spectra, 84 (Aug.1985).

Stokowski, S. E.

J. E. Swain, S. E. Stokowski, D. Milam, F. Rainer, “Improving the Bulk Laser Damage Resistance of Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate Crystals by Pulsed Laser Radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 350 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Swain, S. E. Stokowski, D. Milam, G. C. Kennedy, “The Effect of Baking and Pulsed Laser Irradiation on the Bulk Laser Damage Threshold of Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate Crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 12 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Stone, R. E.

T. A. Driscoll, H. J. Hoffman, R. E. Stone, P. E. Perkins, “Second Harmonic Conversion of Multimode Lasers in KTP,” in Technical Digest, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1986), paper WK45.

Swain, J. E.

J. E. Swain, S. E. Stokowski, D. Milam, G. C. Kennedy, “The Effect of Baking and Pulsed Laser Irradiation on the Bulk Laser Damage Threshold of Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate Crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 12 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Swain, S. E. Stokowski, D. Milam, F. Rainer, “Improving the Bulk Laser Damage Resistance of Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate Crystals by Pulsed Laser Radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 350 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Zumsteg, F. C.

F. C. Zumsteg, J. D. Bierlein, T. E. Gier, “KxRb1−xTiOPO4: A New Nonlinear Optical Material,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4980 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

J. D. Bierlein, F. Ahmed, “Observation and Poling of Ferro-electric Domains in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1322 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Swain, S. E. Stokowski, D. Milam, F. Rainer, “Improving the Bulk Laser Damage Resistance of Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate Crystals by Pulsed Laser Radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 350 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Swain, S. E. Stokowski, D. Milam, G. C. Kennedy, “The Effect of Baking and Pulsed Laser Irradiation on the Bulk Laser Damage Threshold of Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate Crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 12 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

F. Ahmed, R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, “Infrared Study of KTiOPO4 Single Crystals Hydrothermally Grown in H2O and D2O Solutions,” J. Appl. Phys. 60, 839 (1986).
[CrossRef]

F. C. Zumsteg, J. D. Bierlein, T. E. Gier, “KxRb1−xTiOPO4: A New Nonlinear Optical Material,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4980 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Laser Focus (1)

R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, Y. S. Liu, “KTP as a Harmonic Generator for Nd:YAG Lasers,” Laser Focus 21, 110 (1985).

Photonics Spectra, 84 (1)

S. C. Seitel, “Planning a Laser Damage Test,” Photonics Spectra, 84 (Aug.1985).

Other (4)

J. D. Bierlein, T. E. Gier, “Crystals of (K,Rb,Tl,NH4)TiO (P,As)O4 and Their Use in Electro-Optic Devices,” U.S. Pat.3,949,323 (6Apr.1976).

T. E. Gier, “Hydrothermal Process for Growing a Single Crystal with an Aqueous Mineralizer,” U.S. Pat.4,305,778 (15Dec.1981).

Y. S. Liu, L. Drafall, D. Dentz, R. Belt, “Nonlinear Optical Phase-Matching Properties of KTiOPO4,” General Electric Technical Information Series, Class I, Schenectady, NY (Feb.1982).

T. A. Driscoll, H. J. Hoffman, R. E. Stone, P. E. Perkins, “Second Harmonic Conversion of Multimode Lasers in KTP,” in Technical Digest, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1986), paper WK45.

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. The arrangement is described in the text.

Tables (2)

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Table I Laser Exposure Test Conditions

Tables Icon

Table II Summary of Test Results

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