Abstract

Replica technology was developed for manufacturing numerous low-cost grazing incidence x-ray mirrors for both laboratory and astrophysical experiments. About forty mirrors with apertures between 1.7 and 24 cm have so far been made. The results of tests both at optical and x-ray wavelengths indicate that replica optics is well suited for space and laboratory uses.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. Hudec, B. Valnicek, “Development of X-Ray Mirrors for High Energy Astrophysics in Czechoslovakia,” Adv. Space Res. 3, 545 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Hudec et al., “The Paraboloid–paraboloid Microscopic Optical X-Ray System: First Experience, 1. Production and Tests,” Publ. Astron. Inst. Czech. Acad. Sci. 64, 1 (1987).
  3. R. Hudec et al., “Wolter 1 Type X-Ray Mirror System with Mean Resolution and Maximum Effective Collecting Area for the Spectral Region of 1–10 nm,” Publ. Astron. Inst. Czech. Acad. Sci. 61, 1 (1985).
  4. R. Hudec et al., “X-Ray Optical Properties of Galvanoplastic Grazing Incidence Mirrors: Full Aperture Tests (I),” Publ. Astron. Inst. Czech. Acad. Sci. 64, 16 (1987).

1987

R. Hudec et al., “The Paraboloid–paraboloid Microscopic Optical X-Ray System: First Experience, 1. Production and Tests,” Publ. Astron. Inst. Czech. Acad. Sci. 64, 1 (1987).

R. Hudec et al., “X-Ray Optical Properties of Galvanoplastic Grazing Incidence Mirrors: Full Aperture Tests (I),” Publ. Astron. Inst. Czech. Acad. Sci. 64, 16 (1987).

1985

R. Hudec et al., “Wolter 1 Type X-Ray Mirror System with Mean Resolution and Maximum Effective Collecting Area for the Spectral Region of 1–10 nm,” Publ. Astron. Inst. Czech. Acad. Sci. 61, 1 (1985).

1984

R. Hudec, B. Valnicek, “Development of X-Ray Mirrors for High Energy Astrophysics in Czechoslovakia,” Adv. Space Res. 3, 545 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Hudec, R.

R. Hudec et al., “The Paraboloid–paraboloid Microscopic Optical X-Ray System: First Experience, 1. Production and Tests,” Publ. Astron. Inst. Czech. Acad. Sci. 64, 1 (1987).

R. Hudec et al., “X-Ray Optical Properties of Galvanoplastic Grazing Incidence Mirrors: Full Aperture Tests (I),” Publ. Astron. Inst. Czech. Acad. Sci. 64, 16 (1987).

R. Hudec et al., “Wolter 1 Type X-Ray Mirror System with Mean Resolution and Maximum Effective Collecting Area for the Spectral Region of 1–10 nm,” Publ. Astron. Inst. Czech. Acad. Sci. 61, 1 (1985).

R. Hudec, B. Valnicek, “Development of X-Ray Mirrors for High Energy Astrophysics in Czechoslovakia,” Adv. Space Res. 3, 545 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Valnicek, B.

R. Hudec, B. Valnicek, “Development of X-Ray Mirrors for High Energy Astrophysics in Czechoslovakia,” Adv. Space Res. 3, 545 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Space Res.

R. Hudec, B. Valnicek, “Development of X-Ray Mirrors for High Energy Astrophysics in Czechoslovakia,” Adv. Space Res. 3, 545 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Publ. Astron. Inst. Czech. Acad. Sci.

R. Hudec et al., “The Paraboloid–paraboloid Microscopic Optical X-Ray System: First Experience, 1. Production and Tests,” Publ. Astron. Inst. Czech. Acad. Sci. 64, 1 (1987).

R. Hudec et al., “Wolter 1 Type X-Ray Mirror System with Mean Resolution and Maximum Effective Collecting Area for the Spectral Region of 1–10 nm,” Publ. Astron. Inst. Czech. Acad. Sci. 61, 1 (1985).

R. Hudec et al., “X-Ray Optical Properties of Galvanoplastic Grazing Incidence Mirrors: Full Aperture Tests (I),” Publ. Astron. Inst. Czech. Acad. Sci. 64, 16 (1987).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Technological Wolter 1 type x-ray mirrors for the TEREK solar x-ray experiment to be launched onboard the Phobos spacecraft. From left: the mirror shell after separation, the mirror in mount and with test diaphragms, and glass master after removing the fourth replica.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Small aperture replica mirrors. From left: ellipsoid–hyperboloid x-ray microscope (1.7-cm diameter), paraboloid–paraboloid x-ray microscope (2-cm diameter), and lobster-eye cells (2 × 2 mm).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Point spread function and encircled energy function for the 115-mm aperture replica mirror for 1.78-nm wavelength. The full plotted scan represents ±63 min of arc for the point spread function and 63 min of arc for the encircled energy function.

Metrics