Abstract

We describe the generation of 350-fs pulses tunable between 2.3 and 5.5 μm by seeded optical parametric amplification. These pulses are synchronized with visible pulses for time-resolved absorption and reflectivity in semiconductors with 500-fs resolution.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. M. Malvezzi, C. Y. Huang, H. Kurz, N. Bloemberger, “Time-Resolved Spectroscopy of Plasma Resonance in Highly Excited Silicon and Germanium,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 51, 201 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. L. Oudar, D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, “Subpicosecond Spectral Hole Burning Due to Nonthermalized Photoexcited Carriers in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2074 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. B. I. Greene, J. Orenstein, R. R. Millard, L. R. Williams, “Nonlinear Optical Response of Excitons Confined to One Dimension,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2750 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. M. Roberts, J. F. Palmer, T. L. Gustafson, “Picosecond to Microsecond Decay of Photoinduced Absorption in Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon,” Proc. Soc. Photogr. Soc. 524, 106 (1985).
  5. L. Rothberg, T. M. Jedju, S. Etemad, G. L. Baker, “Charged Soliton Dynamics in Trans-Polyacetylene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 3229 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. L. Fork, C. V. Shank, R. Yen, C. A. Hirliman, “Femtosecond Optical Pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 500 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. R. Alfano, S. L. Shapiro, “Observation of Self-Phase Modulation and Small-Scale Filaments in Crystals and Glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 592 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Orenstein, G. L. Baker, Z. Vardeny, “Photogenerated Gap States in Polyacetylene,” J. Phys. Colloq. 44, C3-407 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. A. Olmstead, N. M. Amer, “Direct Measurement of the Polarization Dependence of Si(111) 2 × 1 Surface State Absorption by Use of Photothermal Displacement Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 1148 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. F. Levine, R. J. Malik, J. Walker, K. K. Choi, C. G. Bethea, D. A. Kleinman, J. M. Vandenberg, “Strong 8.2 μm Infrared Intersubband Absorption in Doped GaAs/AlAs Quantum Well Waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 273 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. M. Jedju, L. J. Rothberg, “Picosecond Time-Resolved Absorption in the Mid-Infrared by Seeded Optical Parametric Generation,” Appl. Opt. 26, 2877 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1984), Chap. 8.
  13. A. Seilmeier, K. Spanner, A. Laubereau, W. Kasier, “Narrow-Band Tunable Infrared Pulses with Subpicosecond Time Resolution,” Opt. Commun. 24, 237 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. P. Cassassa, A. M. Woodward, J. C. Stephenson, D. S. King, “Picosecond Measurements of the Dissociation Rates of the Nitric Oxide Dimer υ1 = 1 and υ4 = 1 Levels,” J. Chem. Phys. 85, 6235 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Berg, A. L. Harris, J. K. Brown, C. B. Harris, “Generation of Tunable Picosecond Pulses in the Vibrational Infrared by Stimulated Electronic Raman Scattering of Rhodamine Dye Laser Pulses from the 6s–5d Cesium Transition,” Opt. Lett. 9, 50 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. H. Glownia, J. Misewich, P. P. Sorokin, “Subpicosecond Time-Resolved Infrared Spectral Photography,” Opt. Lett. 12, 19 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. D. S. Moore, S. C. Schmidt, “Tunable Subpicosecond Infrared Generation to 4 μm,” Opt. Lett. 12, 480 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. L. Mannik, S. K. Brown, “Tunable Infrared Difference Frequency Generation in Lithium Iodate,” Opt. Commun. 47, 62 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. M. Choy, R. L. Byer, “Accurate Second-Order Susceptibility Measurements of Visible and Infrared Nonlinear Crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 14, 1693 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  20. L. Rothberg, T. M. Jedju, to be published.
  21. M. Rasolt, H. Kurz, “Lifetime of an Electron-Hole Plasma on Silicon in the Picosecond Range,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 722 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. L. Rothberg, T. M. Jedju, S. Etemad, G. L. Baker, “Dynamics of Photogenerated Solitons in Trans-Polyacetylene,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron, accepted for publication (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  23. W. P. Su, J. R. Schrieffer, “Soliton Dynamics in Polyacetylene,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 77, 5626 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. L. Rothberg, T. M. Jedju, A. Labrie, to be published.

1987 (4)

1986 (4)

M. P. Cassassa, A. M. Woodward, J. C. Stephenson, D. S. King, “Picosecond Measurements of the Dissociation Rates of the Nitric Oxide Dimer υ1 = 1 and υ4 = 1 Levels,” J. Chem. Phys. 85, 6235 (1986).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Malvezzi, C. Y. Huang, H. Kurz, N. Bloemberger, “Time-Resolved Spectroscopy of Plasma Resonance in Highly Excited Silicon and Germanium,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 51, 201 (1986).
[CrossRef]

L. Rothberg, T. M. Jedju, S. Etemad, G. L. Baker, “Charged Soliton Dynamics in Trans-Polyacetylene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 3229 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. F. Levine, R. J. Malik, J. Walker, K. K. Choi, C. G. Bethea, D. A. Kleinman, J. M. Vandenberg, “Strong 8.2 μm Infrared Intersubband Absorption in Doped GaAs/AlAs Quantum Well Waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 273 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (3)

M. Rasolt, H. Kurz, “Lifetime of an Electron-Hole Plasma on Silicon in the Picosecond Range,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 722 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. L. Oudar, D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, “Subpicosecond Spectral Hole Burning Due to Nonthermalized Photoexcited Carriers in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2074 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. M. Roberts, J. F. Palmer, T. L. Gustafson, “Picosecond to Microsecond Decay of Photoinduced Absorption in Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon,” Proc. Soc. Photogr. Soc. 524, 106 (1985).

1984 (2)

M. A. Olmstead, N. M. Amer, “Direct Measurement of the Polarization Dependence of Si(111) 2 × 1 Surface State Absorption by Use of Photothermal Displacement Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 1148 (1984).
[CrossRef]

M. Berg, A. L. Harris, J. K. Brown, C. B. Harris, “Generation of Tunable Picosecond Pulses in the Vibrational Infrared by Stimulated Electronic Raman Scattering of Rhodamine Dye Laser Pulses from the 6s–5d Cesium Transition,” Opt. Lett. 9, 50 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1983 (3)

L. Mannik, S. K. Brown, “Tunable Infrared Difference Frequency Generation in Lithium Iodate,” Opt. Commun. 47, 62 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Orenstein, G. L. Baker, Z. Vardeny, “Photogenerated Gap States in Polyacetylene,” J. Phys. Colloq. 44, C3-407 (1983).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Fork, C. V. Shank, R. Yen, C. A. Hirliman, “Femtosecond Optical Pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 500 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

W. P. Su, J. R. Schrieffer, “Soliton Dynamics in Polyacetylene,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 77, 5626 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1978 (1)

A. Seilmeier, K. Spanner, A. Laubereau, W. Kasier, “Narrow-Band Tunable Infrared Pulses with Subpicosecond Time Resolution,” Opt. Commun. 24, 237 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

M. M. Choy, R. L. Byer, “Accurate Second-Order Susceptibility Measurements of Visible and Infrared Nonlinear Crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 14, 1693 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

R. R. Alfano, S. L. Shapiro, “Observation of Self-Phase Modulation and Small-Scale Filaments in Crystals and Glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 592 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Alfano, R. R.

R. R. Alfano, S. L. Shapiro, “Observation of Self-Phase Modulation and Small-Scale Filaments in Crystals and Glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 592 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Amer, N. M.

M. A. Olmstead, N. M. Amer, “Direct Measurement of the Polarization Dependence of Si(111) 2 × 1 Surface State Absorption by Use of Photothermal Displacement Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 1148 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Antonetti, A.

J. L. Oudar, D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, “Subpicosecond Spectral Hole Burning Due to Nonthermalized Photoexcited Carriers in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2074 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baker, G. L.

L. Rothberg, T. M. Jedju, S. Etemad, G. L. Baker, “Charged Soliton Dynamics in Trans-Polyacetylene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 3229 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Orenstein, G. L. Baker, Z. Vardeny, “Photogenerated Gap States in Polyacetylene,” J. Phys. Colloq. 44, C3-407 (1983).
[CrossRef]

L. Rothberg, T. M. Jedju, S. Etemad, G. L. Baker, “Dynamics of Photogenerated Solitons in Trans-Polyacetylene,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron, accepted for publication (1988).
[CrossRef]

Berg, M.

Bethea, C. G.

B. F. Levine, R. J. Malik, J. Walker, K. K. Choi, C. G. Bethea, D. A. Kleinman, J. M. Vandenberg, “Strong 8.2 μm Infrared Intersubband Absorption in Doped GaAs/AlAs Quantum Well Waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 273 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Bloemberger, N.

A. M. Malvezzi, C. Y. Huang, H. Kurz, N. Bloemberger, “Time-Resolved Spectroscopy of Plasma Resonance in Highly Excited Silicon and Germanium,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 51, 201 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Brown, J. K.

Brown, S. K.

L. Mannik, S. K. Brown, “Tunable Infrared Difference Frequency Generation in Lithium Iodate,” Opt. Commun. 47, 62 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

M. M. Choy, R. L. Byer, “Accurate Second-Order Susceptibility Measurements of Visible and Infrared Nonlinear Crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 14, 1693 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Cassassa, M. P.

M. P. Cassassa, A. M. Woodward, J. C. Stephenson, D. S. King, “Picosecond Measurements of the Dissociation Rates of the Nitric Oxide Dimer υ1 = 1 and υ4 = 1 Levels,” J. Chem. Phys. 85, 6235 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Choi, K. K.

B. F. Levine, R. J. Malik, J. Walker, K. K. Choi, C. G. Bethea, D. A. Kleinman, J. M. Vandenberg, “Strong 8.2 μm Infrared Intersubband Absorption in Doped GaAs/AlAs Quantum Well Waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 273 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Choy, M. M.

M. M. Choy, R. L. Byer, “Accurate Second-Order Susceptibility Measurements of Visible and Infrared Nonlinear Crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 14, 1693 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Etemad, S.

L. Rothberg, T. M. Jedju, S. Etemad, G. L. Baker, “Charged Soliton Dynamics in Trans-Polyacetylene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 3229 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Rothberg, T. M. Jedju, S. Etemad, G. L. Baker, “Dynamics of Photogenerated Solitons in Trans-Polyacetylene,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron, accepted for publication (1988).
[CrossRef]

Fork, R. L.

R. L. Fork, C. V. Shank, R. Yen, C. A. Hirliman, “Femtosecond Optical Pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 500 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Glownia, J. H.

Greene, B. I.

B. I. Greene, J. Orenstein, R. R. Millard, L. R. Williams, “Nonlinear Optical Response of Excitons Confined to One Dimension,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2750 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gustafson, T. L.

D. M. Roberts, J. F. Palmer, T. L. Gustafson, “Picosecond to Microsecond Decay of Photoinduced Absorption in Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon,” Proc. Soc. Photogr. Soc. 524, 106 (1985).

Harris, A. L.

Harris, C. B.

Hirliman, C. A.

R. L. Fork, C. V. Shank, R. Yen, C. A. Hirliman, “Femtosecond Optical Pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 500 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C. Y.

A. M. Malvezzi, C. Y. Huang, H. Kurz, N. Bloemberger, “Time-Resolved Spectroscopy of Plasma Resonance in Highly Excited Silicon and Germanium,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 51, 201 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hulin, D.

J. L. Oudar, D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, “Subpicosecond Spectral Hole Burning Due to Nonthermalized Photoexcited Carriers in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2074 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jedju, T. M.

T. M. Jedju, L. J. Rothberg, “Picosecond Time-Resolved Absorption in the Mid-Infrared by Seeded Optical Parametric Generation,” Appl. Opt. 26, 2877 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Rothberg, T. M. Jedju, S. Etemad, G. L. Baker, “Charged Soliton Dynamics in Trans-Polyacetylene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 3229 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Rothberg, T. M. Jedju, S. Etemad, G. L. Baker, “Dynamics of Photogenerated Solitons in Trans-Polyacetylene,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron, accepted for publication (1988).
[CrossRef]

L. Rothberg, T. M. Jedju, to be published.

L. Rothberg, T. M. Jedju, A. Labrie, to be published.

Kasier, W.

A. Seilmeier, K. Spanner, A. Laubereau, W. Kasier, “Narrow-Band Tunable Infrared Pulses with Subpicosecond Time Resolution,” Opt. Commun. 24, 237 (1978).
[CrossRef]

King, D. S.

M. P. Cassassa, A. M. Woodward, J. C. Stephenson, D. S. King, “Picosecond Measurements of the Dissociation Rates of the Nitric Oxide Dimer υ1 = 1 and υ4 = 1 Levels,” J. Chem. Phys. 85, 6235 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kleinman, D. A.

B. F. Levine, R. J. Malik, J. Walker, K. K. Choi, C. G. Bethea, D. A. Kleinman, J. M. Vandenberg, “Strong 8.2 μm Infrared Intersubband Absorption in Doped GaAs/AlAs Quantum Well Waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 273 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kurz, H.

A. M. Malvezzi, C. Y. Huang, H. Kurz, N. Bloemberger, “Time-Resolved Spectroscopy of Plasma Resonance in Highly Excited Silicon and Germanium,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 51, 201 (1986).
[CrossRef]

M. Rasolt, H. Kurz, “Lifetime of an Electron-Hole Plasma on Silicon in the Picosecond Range,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 722 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Labrie, A.

L. Rothberg, T. M. Jedju, A. Labrie, to be published.

Laubereau, A.

A. Seilmeier, K. Spanner, A. Laubereau, W. Kasier, “Narrow-Band Tunable Infrared Pulses with Subpicosecond Time Resolution,” Opt. Commun. 24, 237 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Levine, B. F.

B. F. Levine, R. J. Malik, J. Walker, K. K. Choi, C. G. Bethea, D. A. Kleinman, J. M. Vandenberg, “Strong 8.2 μm Infrared Intersubband Absorption in Doped GaAs/AlAs Quantum Well Waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 273 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Malik, R. J.

B. F. Levine, R. J. Malik, J. Walker, K. K. Choi, C. G. Bethea, D. A. Kleinman, J. M. Vandenberg, “Strong 8.2 μm Infrared Intersubband Absorption in Doped GaAs/AlAs Quantum Well Waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 273 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Malvezzi, A. M.

A. M. Malvezzi, C. Y. Huang, H. Kurz, N. Bloemberger, “Time-Resolved Spectroscopy of Plasma Resonance in Highly Excited Silicon and Germanium,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 51, 201 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Mannik, L.

L. Mannik, S. K. Brown, “Tunable Infrared Difference Frequency Generation in Lithium Iodate,” Opt. Commun. 47, 62 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Migus, A.

J. L. Oudar, D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, “Subpicosecond Spectral Hole Burning Due to Nonthermalized Photoexcited Carriers in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2074 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Millard, R. R.

B. I. Greene, J. Orenstein, R. R. Millard, L. R. Williams, “Nonlinear Optical Response of Excitons Confined to One Dimension,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2750 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Misewich, J.

Moore, D. S.

Olmstead, M. A.

M. A. Olmstead, N. M. Amer, “Direct Measurement of the Polarization Dependence of Si(111) 2 × 1 Surface State Absorption by Use of Photothermal Displacement Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 1148 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Orenstein, J.

B. I. Greene, J. Orenstein, R. R. Millard, L. R. Williams, “Nonlinear Optical Response of Excitons Confined to One Dimension,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2750 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Orenstein, G. L. Baker, Z. Vardeny, “Photogenerated Gap States in Polyacetylene,” J. Phys. Colloq. 44, C3-407 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Oudar, J. L.

J. L. Oudar, D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, “Subpicosecond Spectral Hole Burning Due to Nonthermalized Photoexcited Carriers in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2074 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Palmer, J. F.

D. M. Roberts, J. F. Palmer, T. L. Gustafson, “Picosecond to Microsecond Decay of Photoinduced Absorption in Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon,” Proc. Soc. Photogr. Soc. 524, 106 (1985).

Rasolt, M.

M. Rasolt, H. Kurz, “Lifetime of an Electron-Hole Plasma on Silicon in the Picosecond Range,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 722 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roberts, D. M.

D. M. Roberts, J. F. Palmer, T. L. Gustafson, “Picosecond to Microsecond Decay of Photoinduced Absorption in Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon,” Proc. Soc. Photogr. Soc. 524, 106 (1985).

Rothberg, L.

L. Rothberg, T. M. Jedju, S. Etemad, G. L. Baker, “Charged Soliton Dynamics in Trans-Polyacetylene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 3229 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Rothberg, T. M. Jedju, to be published.

L. Rothberg, T. M. Jedju, S. Etemad, G. L. Baker, “Dynamics of Photogenerated Solitons in Trans-Polyacetylene,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron, accepted for publication (1988).
[CrossRef]

L. Rothberg, T. M. Jedju, A. Labrie, to be published.

Rothberg, L. J.

Schmidt, S. C.

Schrieffer, J. R.

W. P. Su, J. R. Schrieffer, “Soliton Dynamics in Polyacetylene,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 77, 5626 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seilmeier, A.

A. Seilmeier, K. Spanner, A. Laubereau, W. Kasier, “Narrow-Band Tunable Infrared Pulses with Subpicosecond Time Resolution,” Opt. Commun. 24, 237 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Shank, C. V.

R. L. Fork, C. V. Shank, R. Yen, C. A. Hirliman, “Femtosecond Optical Pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 500 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Shapiro, S. L.

R. R. Alfano, S. L. Shapiro, “Observation of Self-Phase Modulation and Small-Scale Filaments in Crystals and Glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 592 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. R.

Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1984), Chap. 8.

Sorokin, P. P.

Spanner, K.

A. Seilmeier, K. Spanner, A. Laubereau, W. Kasier, “Narrow-Band Tunable Infrared Pulses with Subpicosecond Time Resolution,” Opt. Commun. 24, 237 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Stephenson, J. C.

M. P. Cassassa, A. M. Woodward, J. C. Stephenson, D. S. King, “Picosecond Measurements of the Dissociation Rates of the Nitric Oxide Dimer υ1 = 1 and υ4 = 1 Levels,” J. Chem. Phys. 85, 6235 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Su, W. P.

W. P. Su, J. R. Schrieffer, “Soliton Dynamics in Polyacetylene,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 77, 5626 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vandenberg, J. M.

B. F. Levine, R. J. Malik, J. Walker, K. K. Choi, C. G. Bethea, D. A. Kleinman, J. M. Vandenberg, “Strong 8.2 μm Infrared Intersubband Absorption in Doped GaAs/AlAs Quantum Well Waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 273 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Vardeny, Z.

J. Orenstein, G. L. Baker, Z. Vardeny, “Photogenerated Gap States in Polyacetylene,” J. Phys. Colloq. 44, C3-407 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Walker, J.

B. F. Levine, R. J. Malik, J. Walker, K. K. Choi, C. G. Bethea, D. A. Kleinman, J. M. Vandenberg, “Strong 8.2 μm Infrared Intersubband Absorption in Doped GaAs/AlAs Quantum Well Waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 273 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Williams, L. R.

B. I. Greene, J. Orenstein, R. R. Millard, L. R. Williams, “Nonlinear Optical Response of Excitons Confined to One Dimension,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2750 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Woodward, A. M.

M. P. Cassassa, A. M. Woodward, J. C. Stephenson, D. S. King, “Picosecond Measurements of the Dissociation Rates of the Nitric Oxide Dimer υ1 = 1 and υ4 = 1 Levels,” J. Chem. Phys. 85, 6235 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Yen, R.

R. L. Fork, C. V. Shank, R. Yen, C. A. Hirliman, “Femtosecond Optical Pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 500 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

B. F. Levine, R. J. Malik, J. Walker, K. K. Choi, C. G. Bethea, D. A. Kleinman, J. M. Vandenberg, “Strong 8.2 μm Infrared Intersubband Absorption in Doped GaAs/AlAs Quantum Well Waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 273 (1986).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. L. Fork, C. V. Shank, R. Yen, C. A. Hirliman, “Femtosecond Optical Pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 500 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

M. P. Cassassa, A. M. Woodward, J. C. Stephenson, D. S. King, “Picosecond Measurements of the Dissociation Rates of the Nitric Oxide Dimer υ1 = 1 and υ4 = 1 Levels,” J. Chem. Phys. 85, 6235 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Colloq. (1)

J. Orenstein, G. L. Baker, Z. Vardeny, “Photogenerated Gap States in Polyacetylene,” J. Phys. Colloq. 44, C3-407 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. (1)

A. M. Malvezzi, C. Y. Huang, H. Kurz, N. Bloemberger, “Time-Resolved Spectroscopy of Plasma Resonance in Highly Excited Silicon and Germanium,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 51, 201 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

L. Mannik, S. K. Brown, “Tunable Infrared Difference Frequency Generation in Lithium Iodate,” Opt. Commun. 47, 62 (1983).
[CrossRef]

A. Seilmeier, K. Spanner, A. Laubereau, W. Kasier, “Narrow-Band Tunable Infrared Pulses with Subpicosecond Time Resolution,” Opt. Commun. 24, 237 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. M. Choy, R. L. Byer, “Accurate Second-Order Susceptibility Measurements of Visible and Infrared Nonlinear Crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 14, 1693 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

M. Rasolt, H. Kurz, “Lifetime of an Electron-Hole Plasma on Silicon in the Picosecond Range,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 722 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Rothberg, T. M. Jedju, S. Etemad, G. L. Baker, “Charged Soliton Dynamics in Trans-Polyacetylene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 3229 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. L. Oudar, D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, “Subpicosecond Spectral Hole Burning Due to Nonthermalized Photoexcited Carriers in GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2074 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. I. Greene, J. Orenstein, R. R. Millard, L. R. Williams, “Nonlinear Optical Response of Excitons Confined to One Dimension,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2750 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Olmstead, N. M. Amer, “Direct Measurement of the Polarization Dependence of Si(111) 2 × 1 Surface State Absorption by Use of Photothermal Displacement Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 1148 (1984).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Alfano, S. L. Shapiro, “Observation of Self-Phase Modulation and Small-Scale Filaments in Crystals and Glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 592 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (1)

W. P. Su, J. R. Schrieffer, “Soliton Dynamics in Polyacetylene,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 77, 5626 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. Soc. Photogr. Soc. (1)

D. M. Roberts, J. F. Palmer, T. L. Gustafson, “Picosecond to Microsecond Decay of Photoinduced Absorption in Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon,” Proc. Soc. Photogr. Soc. 524, 106 (1985).

Other (4)

Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1984), Chap. 8.

L. Rothberg, T. M. Jedju, A. Labrie, to be published.

L. Rothberg, T. M. Jedju, S. Etemad, G. L. Baker, “Dynamics of Photogenerated Solitons in Trans-Polyacetylene,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron, accepted for publication (1988).
[CrossRef]

L. Rothberg, T. M. Jedju, to be published.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the apparatus for time-resolved absorption with probe pulses in the mid-infrared. D is a dichroic beam combiner and F an IR transmitting filter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Infrared output at various crystal angles (a) through (e). Vertical scale correlations are labeled on the right.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Time-resolved absorption of silicon using a 585-nm pump and 2.8-μm probe. These data represent the integral of the apparatus resolution function (see text).

Tables (2)

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Table I Phase Matching Angles and Bandwidth for Difference Frequency Mixing in 0.5-mm LiIO3

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Table II Temporal Stretching due to Group Velocity Mismatch in a 0.5-mm LiIO3 Crystal

Equations (1)

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Δ k = 2 π ( n 1 λ 1 n 2 λ 2 n 3 λ 3 )

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