Abstract

A compact self-aligning laser radar has been constructed for coherent ranging and velocimetry using a laser diode modulated by feedback from light scattered from a diffusing target. The phenomenology of beat-signal generation in the device is discussed from both experimental and theoretical points of view. The ac-coupled modulation waveform is asymmetric (similar to a sawtooth) and different for the two propagation directions of the light leaving the diode. A theoretical model, based on the mode structure of a three-mirror Fabry-Perot cavity, describes signal generation in these experiments and accounts for the asymmetric waveform.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Kyuma, S. Tai, M. Numoshita, T. Hakayama, “Fiberoptic Laser Doppler Velocimeter Using and External Cavity Semiconductor Laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 1005 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. D. C. Jones, M. Corke, A. D. Kersey, D. A. Jackson, “Miniature Solid-State Directional Laser Doppler Velocimeter,” Electron. Lett. 22, 967 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. P. Wang, “Laser Doppler Displacement Measurement,” Lasers Optron. 6, 69 (1987).
  4. M. J. Rudd, “A Laser Doppler Velocimeter Employing the Laser as a Mixer-Oscillator,” J. Phys. E 1, 723, (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. H. Churnside, “Laser Doppler Velocimetry by Modulating a CO2 Laser with Backscattered Light,” Appl. Opt. 23, 61 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. H. Churnside, “Signal-to-Noise in a Backscatter-Modulated Doppler Velocimeter,” Appl. Opt. 23, 2097 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. Beheim, K. Fritsch, “Range Finding using Frequency-Modulated Laser Diode,” Appl. Opt. 25, 1439 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. E. T. Shimizu, “Directional Discrimination in the Self-Mixing Type Laser Doppler Velocimeter,” Appl. Opt. 26, 4541 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. T. Kubota, M. Hara, T. Yoshino, “Interferometer for Measuring Displacement and Distance,” Opt. Lett. 12, 310 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. H. W. Jentink, F. F. M. de Mul, H. E. Suichies, J. G. Aarnoudse, J. Greve, “Small Laser Doppler Velocimeter Based on the Self-Mixing Effect in a Diode Laser,” Appl. Opt. 27, 379 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1980).
  12. P. Zorabedian, W. R. Trutna, L. S. Cutler, “Bistability in Grating-Tuned External-Cavity Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1855 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  13. G. A. Acket, D. Lenstra, A. J. den Boef, B. H. Verbeek, “The influence of Feedback Intensity on Longitudinal Mode Properties and Optical Noise in Index-Guided Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 1163 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. Lang, K. Kobayashi, “External Optical Feedback Effects on Semiconductor Injection Laser Properties,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 347 (1980).
    [CrossRef]

1988

1987

E. T. Shimizu, “Directional Discrimination in the Self-Mixing Type Laser Doppler Velocimeter,” Appl. Opt. 26, 4541 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Wang, “Laser Doppler Displacement Measurement,” Lasers Optron. 6, 69 (1987).

P. Zorabedian, W. R. Trutna, L. S. Cutler, “Bistability in Grating-Tuned External-Cavity Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1855 (1987).
[CrossRef]

T. Kubota, M. Hara, T. Yoshino, “Interferometer for Measuring Displacement and Distance,” Opt. Lett. 12, 310 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986

1984

J. H. Churnside, “Laser Doppler Velocimetry by Modulating a CO2 Laser with Backscattered Light,” Appl. Opt. 23, 61 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Churnside, “Signal-to-Noise in a Backscatter-Modulated Doppler Velocimeter,” Appl. Opt. 23, 2097 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. A. Acket, D. Lenstra, A. J. den Boef, B. H. Verbeek, “The influence of Feedback Intensity on Longitudinal Mode Properties and Optical Noise in Index-Guided Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 1163 (1984).
[CrossRef]

K. Kyuma, S. Tai, M. Numoshita, T. Hakayama, “Fiberoptic Laser Doppler Velocimeter Using and External Cavity Semiconductor Laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 1005 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1982

J. D. C. Jones, M. Corke, A. D. Kersey, D. A. Jackson, “Miniature Solid-State Directional Laser Doppler Velocimeter,” Electron. Lett. 22, 967 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1980

R. Lang, K. Kobayashi, “External Optical Feedback Effects on Semiconductor Injection Laser Properties,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 347 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1968

M. J. Rudd, “A Laser Doppler Velocimeter Employing the Laser as a Mixer-Oscillator,” J. Phys. E 1, 723, (1968).
[CrossRef]

Aarnoudse, J. G.

Acket, G. A.

G. A. Acket, D. Lenstra, A. J. den Boef, B. H. Verbeek, “The influence of Feedback Intensity on Longitudinal Mode Properties and Optical Noise in Index-Guided Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 1163 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Beheim, G.

Born, M.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1980).

Churnside, J. H.

Corke, M.

J. D. C. Jones, M. Corke, A. D. Kersey, D. A. Jackson, “Miniature Solid-State Directional Laser Doppler Velocimeter,” Electron. Lett. 22, 967 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Cutler, L. S.

P. Zorabedian, W. R. Trutna, L. S. Cutler, “Bistability in Grating-Tuned External-Cavity Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1855 (1987).
[CrossRef]

de Mul, F. F. M.

den Boef, A. J.

G. A. Acket, D. Lenstra, A. J. den Boef, B. H. Verbeek, “The influence of Feedback Intensity on Longitudinal Mode Properties and Optical Noise in Index-Guided Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 1163 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Fritsch, K.

Greve, J.

Hakayama, T.

K. Kyuma, S. Tai, M. Numoshita, T. Hakayama, “Fiberoptic Laser Doppler Velocimeter Using and External Cavity Semiconductor Laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 1005 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Hara, M.

Jackson, D. A.

J. D. C. Jones, M. Corke, A. D. Kersey, D. A. Jackson, “Miniature Solid-State Directional Laser Doppler Velocimeter,” Electron. Lett. 22, 967 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Jentink, H. W.

Jones, J. D. C.

J. D. C. Jones, M. Corke, A. D. Kersey, D. A. Jackson, “Miniature Solid-State Directional Laser Doppler Velocimeter,” Electron. Lett. 22, 967 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kersey, A. D.

J. D. C. Jones, M. Corke, A. D. Kersey, D. A. Jackson, “Miniature Solid-State Directional Laser Doppler Velocimeter,” Electron. Lett. 22, 967 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, K.

R. Lang, K. Kobayashi, “External Optical Feedback Effects on Semiconductor Injection Laser Properties,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 347 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Kubota, T.

Kyuma, K.

K. Kyuma, S. Tai, M. Numoshita, T. Hakayama, “Fiberoptic Laser Doppler Velocimeter Using and External Cavity Semiconductor Laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 1005 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Lang, R.

R. Lang, K. Kobayashi, “External Optical Feedback Effects on Semiconductor Injection Laser Properties,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 347 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Lenstra, D.

G. A. Acket, D. Lenstra, A. J. den Boef, B. H. Verbeek, “The influence of Feedback Intensity on Longitudinal Mode Properties and Optical Noise in Index-Guided Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 1163 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Numoshita, M.

K. Kyuma, S. Tai, M. Numoshita, T. Hakayama, “Fiberoptic Laser Doppler Velocimeter Using and External Cavity Semiconductor Laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 1005 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Rudd, M. J.

M. J. Rudd, “A Laser Doppler Velocimeter Employing the Laser as a Mixer-Oscillator,” J. Phys. E 1, 723, (1968).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, E. T.

Suichies, H. E.

Tai, S.

K. Kyuma, S. Tai, M. Numoshita, T. Hakayama, “Fiberoptic Laser Doppler Velocimeter Using and External Cavity Semiconductor Laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 1005 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Trutna, W. R.

P. Zorabedian, W. R. Trutna, L. S. Cutler, “Bistability in Grating-Tuned External-Cavity Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1855 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Verbeek, B. H.

G. A. Acket, D. Lenstra, A. J. den Boef, B. H. Verbeek, “The influence of Feedback Intensity on Longitudinal Mode Properties and Optical Noise in Index-Guided Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 1163 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. P.

C. P. Wang, “Laser Doppler Displacement Measurement,” Lasers Optron. 6, 69 (1987).

Wolf, E.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1980).

Yoshino, T.

Zorabedian, P.

P. Zorabedian, W. R. Trutna, L. S. Cutler, “Bistability in Grating-Tuned External-Cavity Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1855 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

K. Kyuma, S. Tai, M. Numoshita, T. Hakayama, “Fiberoptic Laser Doppler Velocimeter Using and External Cavity Semiconductor Laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 1005 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

J. D. C. Jones, M. Corke, A. D. Kersey, D. A. Jackson, “Miniature Solid-State Directional Laser Doppler Velocimeter,” Electron. Lett. 22, 967 (1982).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

P. Zorabedian, W. R. Trutna, L. S. Cutler, “Bistability in Grating-Tuned External-Cavity Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1855 (1987).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Acket, D. Lenstra, A. J. den Boef, B. H. Verbeek, “The influence of Feedback Intensity on Longitudinal Mode Properties and Optical Noise in Index-Guided Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 1163 (1984).
[CrossRef]

R. Lang, K. Kobayashi, “External Optical Feedback Effects on Semiconductor Injection Laser Properties,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 347 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. E

M. J. Rudd, “A Laser Doppler Velocimeter Employing the Laser as a Mixer-Oscillator,” J. Phys. E 1, 723, (1968).
[CrossRef]

Lasers Optron.

C. P. Wang, “Laser Doppler Displacement Measurement,” Lasers Optron. 6, 69 (1987).

Opt. Lett.

Other

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1980).

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