A simulated analysis is presented that shows that returns from a single-frequency space-borne lidar can be combined with data from conventional visible satellite imagery to yield profiles of aerosol extinction coefficients and the wind speed at the ocean surface. The optical thickness of the aerosols in the atmosphere can be derived from visible imagery. That measurement of the total optical thickness can constrain the solution to the lidar equation to yield a robust estimate of the extinction profile. The specular reflection of the lidar beam from the ocean can be used to determine the wind speed at the sea surface once the transmission of the atmosphere is known. The impact on the retrieved aerosol profiles and surface wind speed produced by errors in the input parameters and noise in the lidar measurements is also considered.
© 1988 Optical Society of America
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