Abstract

We describe the aberration correction capabilities of a holographic recording device made of antiferroelectric-phase (7.6/70/30) ion-implanted lead lanthanum zirconate titanate. After a review of holographic aberration correction and a description of the device’s holographic storage mode, we describe the experiment used to store a hologram which reduced approximately ten waves of aberration to a fifth of a wave. Star tests and interferograms demonstrate the accuracy of the correction.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Upatneiks, A. VanderLugt, E. Leith, “Correction of Lens Aberrations by Means of Holograms,” Appl. Opt. 5, 589 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Ward, D. Auth, F. Carlson, “Lens Aberration Correction by Holography,” Appl. Opt. 10, 896 (1971).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. H. Kogelnik, “Holographic Image Projection through Inhomogeneous Media,” Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 44, 2451 (1965).
  4. J. Goodman, W. Huntley, D. Jackson, M. Lehmann, “Wavefront-Resconstruction Imaging through Random Media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 311 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Kogelnik, K. Pennington, “Holographic Imaging Through a Random Medium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 273 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Tsuruta, Y. Itoh, “Image Correction Using Holography,” Appl. Opt. 7, 2139 (1968).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Goodman, D. Jackson, M. Lehmann, J. Knotts, “Experiments in Long Distance Holographic Imagery,” Appl. Opt. 8, 1581 (1969).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. T. Lee, J. Skogen, R. Schulze, E. Bernel, J. Lin, T. Daehlin, M. Campbell, “Automated Thermoplastic Holographic Camera Development,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 215, 192 (1980).
  9. F. Micheron, A. Hermosin, G. Bismuth, J. Nicolas, “Inscription de reseaux holographies dans les ceramiques ferroelectrics transparentes,” C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris Ser. B 274, 361 (1972) (in French).
  10. C. Land, P. Peercy, “New Image Storage Mechanisms in PLZT Ceramics Using Near-Ultraviolet Light,” 1976 IEEE-SID Biennial Display Conference Record (1976), p. 71.
  11. P. Peercy, C. Land, “A Model for Ion-Implantation Induced Improvements of Photoferroelectric Imaging in PLZT Ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 815 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. Peercy, C. Land “Ion-Implanted PLZT Ceramics: A New High-Sensitivity Image Storage Medium” IEEE Trans. Electron. Devices ED-28, 756 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Land, P. Peercy, “A Review of the Effects of Ion Implantation on the Photoferroelectric Properties of PLZT Ceramics,” Ferroelectrics 45, 25 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. Land, “Photosensitivity and Imaging Characteristics of Ion-Implanted PLZT Ceramics,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 24, 134 (1985).
  15. J. Bullington, S. Mancha, R. Carter, R. Heimlich, C. Land, “Holographic Storage in Ion-Implanted, Ferroelectric-Phase PLZT Ceramics,” unpublished manuscript (1985).
  16. C. E. Land, P. S. Peercy, “A Review of the Effects of Ion Implantation on the Photoferroelectric Properties of PLZT Ceramics,” Ferroelectrics 45, 25 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  17. C. E. Land, “Photoferroelectric Image Storage in Antiferroelectric-Phase PLZT Ceramics,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Devices ED-26, 1143 (1979).
    [CrossRef]

1985

C. Land, “Photosensitivity and Imaging Characteristics of Ion-Implanted PLZT Ceramics,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 24, 134 (1985).

1982

C. E. Land, P. S. Peercy, “A Review of the Effects of Ion Implantation on the Photoferroelectric Properties of PLZT Ceramics,” Ferroelectrics 45, 25 (1982).
[CrossRef]

C. Land, P. Peercy, “A Review of the Effects of Ion Implantation on the Photoferroelectric Properties of PLZT Ceramics,” Ferroelectrics 45, 25 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981

P. Peercy, C. Land “Ion-Implanted PLZT Ceramics: A New High-Sensitivity Image Storage Medium” IEEE Trans. Electron. Devices ED-28, 756 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980

P. Peercy, C. Land, “A Model for Ion-Implantation Induced Improvements of Photoferroelectric Imaging in PLZT Ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 815 (1980).
[CrossRef]

T. Lee, J. Skogen, R. Schulze, E. Bernel, J. Lin, T. Daehlin, M. Campbell, “Automated Thermoplastic Holographic Camera Development,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 215, 192 (1980).

1979

C. E. Land, “Photoferroelectric Image Storage in Antiferroelectric-Phase PLZT Ceramics,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Devices ED-26, 1143 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1976

C. Land, P. Peercy, “New Image Storage Mechanisms in PLZT Ceramics Using Near-Ultraviolet Light,” 1976 IEEE-SID Biennial Display Conference Record (1976), p. 71.

1972

F. Micheron, A. Hermosin, G. Bismuth, J. Nicolas, “Inscription de reseaux holographies dans les ceramiques ferroelectrics transparentes,” C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris Ser. B 274, 361 (1972) (in French).

1971

1969

1968

1966

J. Upatneiks, A. VanderLugt, E. Leith, “Correction of Lens Aberrations by Means of Holograms,” Appl. Opt. 5, 589 (1966).
[CrossRef]

J. Goodman, W. Huntley, D. Jackson, M. Lehmann, “Wavefront-Resconstruction Imaging through Random Media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 311 (1966).
[CrossRef]

1965

H. Kogelnik, “Holographic Image Projection through Inhomogeneous Media,” Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 44, 2451 (1965).

Auth, D.

Bernel, E.

T. Lee, J. Skogen, R. Schulze, E. Bernel, J. Lin, T. Daehlin, M. Campbell, “Automated Thermoplastic Holographic Camera Development,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 215, 192 (1980).

Bismuth, G.

F. Micheron, A. Hermosin, G. Bismuth, J. Nicolas, “Inscription de reseaux holographies dans les ceramiques ferroelectrics transparentes,” C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris Ser. B 274, 361 (1972) (in French).

Bullington, J.

J. Bullington, S. Mancha, R. Carter, R. Heimlich, C. Land, “Holographic Storage in Ion-Implanted, Ferroelectric-Phase PLZT Ceramics,” unpublished manuscript (1985).

Campbell, M.

T. Lee, J. Skogen, R. Schulze, E. Bernel, J. Lin, T. Daehlin, M. Campbell, “Automated Thermoplastic Holographic Camera Development,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 215, 192 (1980).

Carlson, F.

Carter, R.

J. Bullington, S. Mancha, R. Carter, R. Heimlich, C. Land, “Holographic Storage in Ion-Implanted, Ferroelectric-Phase PLZT Ceramics,” unpublished manuscript (1985).

Daehlin, T.

T. Lee, J. Skogen, R. Schulze, E. Bernel, J. Lin, T. Daehlin, M. Campbell, “Automated Thermoplastic Holographic Camera Development,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 215, 192 (1980).

Goodman, J.

J. Goodman, D. Jackson, M. Lehmann, J. Knotts, “Experiments in Long Distance Holographic Imagery,” Appl. Opt. 8, 1581 (1969).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Goodman, W. Huntley, D. Jackson, M. Lehmann, “Wavefront-Resconstruction Imaging through Random Media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 311 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Heimlich, R.

J. Bullington, S. Mancha, R. Carter, R. Heimlich, C. Land, “Holographic Storage in Ion-Implanted, Ferroelectric-Phase PLZT Ceramics,” unpublished manuscript (1985).

Hermosin, A.

F. Micheron, A. Hermosin, G. Bismuth, J. Nicolas, “Inscription de reseaux holographies dans les ceramiques ferroelectrics transparentes,” C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris Ser. B 274, 361 (1972) (in French).

Huntley, W.

J. Goodman, W. Huntley, D. Jackson, M. Lehmann, “Wavefront-Resconstruction Imaging through Random Media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 311 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, Y.

Jackson, D.

J. Goodman, D. Jackson, M. Lehmann, J. Knotts, “Experiments in Long Distance Holographic Imagery,” Appl. Opt. 8, 1581 (1969).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Goodman, W. Huntley, D. Jackson, M. Lehmann, “Wavefront-Resconstruction Imaging through Random Media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 311 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Knotts, J.

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, K. Pennington, “Holographic Imaging Through a Random Medium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 273 (1968).
[CrossRef]

H. Kogelnik, “Holographic Image Projection through Inhomogeneous Media,” Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 44, 2451 (1965).

Land, C.

C. Land, “Photosensitivity and Imaging Characteristics of Ion-Implanted PLZT Ceramics,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 24, 134 (1985).

C. Land, P. Peercy, “A Review of the Effects of Ion Implantation on the Photoferroelectric Properties of PLZT Ceramics,” Ferroelectrics 45, 25 (1982).
[CrossRef]

P. Peercy, C. Land “Ion-Implanted PLZT Ceramics: A New High-Sensitivity Image Storage Medium” IEEE Trans. Electron. Devices ED-28, 756 (1981).
[CrossRef]

P. Peercy, C. Land, “A Model for Ion-Implantation Induced Improvements of Photoferroelectric Imaging in PLZT Ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 815 (1980).
[CrossRef]

C. Land, P. Peercy, “New Image Storage Mechanisms in PLZT Ceramics Using Near-Ultraviolet Light,” 1976 IEEE-SID Biennial Display Conference Record (1976), p. 71.

J. Bullington, S. Mancha, R. Carter, R. Heimlich, C. Land, “Holographic Storage in Ion-Implanted, Ferroelectric-Phase PLZT Ceramics,” unpublished manuscript (1985).

Land, C. E.

C. E. Land, P. S. Peercy, “A Review of the Effects of Ion Implantation on the Photoferroelectric Properties of PLZT Ceramics,” Ferroelectrics 45, 25 (1982).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Land, “Photoferroelectric Image Storage in Antiferroelectric-Phase PLZT Ceramics,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Devices ED-26, 1143 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Lee, T.

T. Lee, J. Skogen, R. Schulze, E. Bernel, J. Lin, T. Daehlin, M. Campbell, “Automated Thermoplastic Holographic Camera Development,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 215, 192 (1980).

Lehmann, M.

J. Goodman, D. Jackson, M. Lehmann, J. Knotts, “Experiments in Long Distance Holographic Imagery,” Appl. Opt. 8, 1581 (1969).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Goodman, W. Huntley, D. Jackson, M. Lehmann, “Wavefront-Resconstruction Imaging through Random Media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 311 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Leith, E.

Lin, J.

T. Lee, J. Skogen, R. Schulze, E. Bernel, J. Lin, T. Daehlin, M. Campbell, “Automated Thermoplastic Holographic Camera Development,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 215, 192 (1980).

Mancha, S.

J. Bullington, S. Mancha, R. Carter, R. Heimlich, C. Land, “Holographic Storage in Ion-Implanted, Ferroelectric-Phase PLZT Ceramics,” unpublished manuscript (1985).

Micheron, F.

F. Micheron, A. Hermosin, G. Bismuth, J. Nicolas, “Inscription de reseaux holographies dans les ceramiques ferroelectrics transparentes,” C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris Ser. B 274, 361 (1972) (in French).

Nicolas, J.

F. Micheron, A. Hermosin, G. Bismuth, J. Nicolas, “Inscription de reseaux holographies dans les ceramiques ferroelectrics transparentes,” C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris Ser. B 274, 361 (1972) (in French).

Peercy, P.

C. Land, P. Peercy, “A Review of the Effects of Ion Implantation on the Photoferroelectric Properties of PLZT Ceramics,” Ferroelectrics 45, 25 (1982).
[CrossRef]

P. Peercy, C. Land “Ion-Implanted PLZT Ceramics: A New High-Sensitivity Image Storage Medium” IEEE Trans. Electron. Devices ED-28, 756 (1981).
[CrossRef]

P. Peercy, C. Land, “A Model for Ion-Implantation Induced Improvements of Photoferroelectric Imaging in PLZT Ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 815 (1980).
[CrossRef]

C. Land, P. Peercy, “New Image Storage Mechanisms in PLZT Ceramics Using Near-Ultraviolet Light,” 1976 IEEE-SID Biennial Display Conference Record (1976), p. 71.

Peercy, P. S.

C. E. Land, P. S. Peercy, “A Review of the Effects of Ion Implantation on the Photoferroelectric Properties of PLZT Ceramics,” Ferroelectrics 45, 25 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Pennington, K.

Schulze, R.

T. Lee, J. Skogen, R. Schulze, E. Bernel, J. Lin, T. Daehlin, M. Campbell, “Automated Thermoplastic Holographic Camera Development,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 215, 192 (1980).

Skogen, J.

T. Lee, J. Skogen, R. Schulze, E. Bernel, J. Lin, T. Daehlin, M. Campbell, “Automated Thermoplastic Holographic Camera Development,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 215, 192 (1980).

Tsuruta, T.

Upatneiks, J.

VanderLugt, A.

Ward, J.

1976 IEEE-SID Biennial Display Conference Record

C. Land, P. Peercy, “New Image Storage Mechanisms in PLZT Ceramics Using Near-Ultraviolet Light,” 1976 IEEE-SID Biennial Display Conference Record (1976), p. 71.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. Goodman, W. Huntley, D. Jackson, M. Lehmann, “Wavefront-Resconstruction Imaging through Random Media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 311 (1966).
[CrossRef]

P. Peercy, C. Land, “A Model for Ion-Implantation Induced Improvements of Photoferroelectric Imaging in PLZT Ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 815 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Bell. Syst. Tech. J.

H. Kogelnik, “Holographic Image Projection through Inhomogeneous Media,” Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 44, 2451 (1965).

C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris Ser. B

F. Micheron, A. Hermosin, G. Bismuth, J. Nicolas, “Inscription de reseaux holographies dans les ceramiques ferroelectrics transparentes,” C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris Ser. B 274, 361 (1972) (in French).

Ferroelectrics

C. Land, P. Peercy, “A Review of the Effects of Ion Implantation on the Photoferroelectric Properties of PLZT Ceramics,” Ferroelectrics 45, 25 (1982).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Land, P. S. Peercy, “A Review of the Effects of Ion Implantation on the Photoferroelectric Properties of PLZT Ceramics,” Ferroelectrics 45, 25 (1982).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Electron. Devices

C. E. Land, “Photoferroelectric Image Storage in Antiferroelectric-Phase PLZT Ceramics,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Devices ED-26, 1143 (1979).
[CrossRef]

P. Peercy, C. Land “Ion-Implanted PLZT Ceramics: A New High-Sensitivity Image Storage Medium” IEEE Trans. Electron. Devices ED-28, 756 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

C. Land, “Photosensitivity and Imaging Characteristics of Ion-Implanted PLZT Ceramics,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 24, 134 (1985).

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.

T. Lee, J. Skogen, R. Schulze, E. Bernel, J. Lin, T. Daehlin, M. Campbell, “Automated Thermoplastic Holographic Camera Development,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 215, 192 (1980).

Other

J. Bullington, S. Mancha, R. Carter, R. Heimlich, C. Land, “Holographic Storage in Ion-Implanted, Ferroelectric-Phase PLZT Ceramics,” unpublished manuscript (1985).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Writing the hologram on to the PLZT.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

PLZT image storing device.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Effects of light on hysteresis curve.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Electronic circuit for recording on PLZT.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Optical schematic diagram of the write mode.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Optical schematic diagram of the read mode.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Transmission vs applied voltage.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Diffracted orders at the focal plane. Left to right, the orders are −2, −1,0,+1,+2.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Four interferograms used to measure the success of the aberration correction: (a) aberrator without the PLZT; (b) 0 order; (c) −1 order; and (d) +1 order.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Interferograms of the aberration correction at 15 lp/mm: (a) aberrator without the PLZT; (b) 0 order; (c) −1 order; and (d) 0 order without the aberrator.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table I Diffraction Efficiency Measurements

Equations (3)

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U 0 = a ( x , y ) exp [ - j ϕ ( x , y ) ] ,
U r ( x , y ) = A exp [ - j 2 π α y ) ] ,
U r ( x , y ) = k + ν = 0 H [ a ( x , y ) ] { exp [ 2 π ν α y - ν ϕ ( x , y ) ] + exp [ - 2 π ν α y + ν ϕ ( x , y ) ] } .

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