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  1. V. L. Vinetskii, N. V. Kukhtarev, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, “Dynamic Self-Diffraction of Coherent Light Beams,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 22, 742 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, “Holographic Storage in Electro-Optic Crystals. Beam Coupling and Light Amplification,” Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Feinberg, D. Heiman, A. R. Tanguay, R. Hellwarth, “Photorefractive Effects and Light-Induced Charge Migration in Barium Titanate,” J. Appl. Phys. 51, 1297 (1980); J. Appl. Phys. 52, 537 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Ducharme, J. Feinberg, “Speed of the Photorefractive Effect in a BaTiO3 Crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 56, 839 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. K. Lam, T. Y. Chang, J. Feinberg, R. W. Hellwarth, “Photorefractive-Index Gratings Formed by Nanosecond Optical Pulses in BaTiO3,” Opt. Lett. 6, 475 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. See, for example, A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1984).
  7. M. B. Klein, “Beam Coupling in Undoped GaAs at 1.06 μm. using the Photorefractive Effect,” Opt. Lett. 9, 350 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. G. Albanses, J. Kumar, W. H. Steier, “Investigation of the Photorefractive Behavior of Chrome-Doped GaAs using Two-Beam Coupling,” Opt. Lett. 10, 650 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. Rak, I. Ledoux, J. P. Huignard, “Two-Wave Mixing and Energy Transfer in BaTiO3, Application to Laser Beam Steering,” Opt. Commun. 49, 302 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Ph. Refregier, L. Solymer, H. Rajbenback, J. P. Huignard, “Two-Beam Coupling in Photorefractive Bi12SiO20 Crystals with Moving Gratings: Theory and Experiments,” J. Appl. Phys. 58, 45 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. D. Ewbank, Author: add affiliation; private communications.
  12. M. B. Klein, G. C. Valley, “Origins of the Photorefractive Effect on BaTiO3,” in Technical Digest, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1985), paper FG2.
  13. M. B. Klein, “Optimization of the Photorefractive Properties of BaTiO3,” in Technical Digest, Optical Society of America Annual Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1986), paper MG2.
  14. A. M. Glass, A. M. Johnson, D. H. Olsen, W. Simpson, A. A. Ballman, “Four-Wave Mixing in Semi-Insulating InP and GaAs using the Photorefractive Effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 948 (1984).
    [CrossRef]

1986 (1)

G. Albanses, J. Kumar, W. H. Steier, “Investigation of the Photorefractive Behavior of Chrome-Doped GaAs using Two-Beam Coupling,” Opt. Lett. 10, 650 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

Ph. Refregier, L. Solymer, H. Rajbenback, J. P. Huignard, “Two-Beam Coupling in Photorefractive Bi12SiO20 Crystals with Moving Gratings: Theory and Experiments,” J. Appl. Phys. 58, 45 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (4)

A. M. Glass, A. M. Johnson, D. H. Olsen, W. Simpson, A. A. Ballman, “Four-Wave Mixing in Semi-Insulating InP and GaAs using the Photorefractive Effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 948 (1984).
[CrossRef]

D. Rak, I. Ledoux, J. P. Huignard, “Two-Wave Mixing and Energy Transfer in BaTiO3, Application to Laser Beam Steering,” Opt. Commun. 49, 302 (1984).
[CrossRef]

S. Ducharme, J. Feinberg, “Speed of the Photorefractive Effect in a BaTiO3 Crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 56, 839 (1984).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Klein, “Beam Coupling in Undoped GaAs at 1.06 μm. using the Photorefractive Effect,” Opt. Lett. 9, 350 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1981 (1)

1980 (1)

J. Feinberg, D. Heiman, A. R. Tanguay, R. Hellwarth, “Photorefractive Effects and Light-Induced Charge Migration in Barium Titanate,” J. Appl. Phys. 51, 1297 (1980); J. Appl. Phys. 52, 537 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1979 (2)

V. L. Vinetskii, N. V. Kukhtarev, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, “Dynamic Self-Diffraction of Coherent Light Beams,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 22, 742 (1979).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, “Holographic Storage in Electro-Optic Crystals. Beam Coupling and Light Amplification,” Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Albanses, G.

G. Albanses, J. Kumar, W. H. Steier, “Investigation of the Photorefractive Behavior of Chrome-Doped GaAs using Two-Beam Coupling,” Opt. Lett. 10, 650 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ballman, A. A.

A. M. Glass, A. M. Johnson, D. H. Olsen, W. Simpson, A. A. Ballman, “Four-Wave Mixing in Semi-Insulating InP and GaAs using the Photorefractive Effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 948 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Chang, T. Y.

Ducharme, S.

S. Ducharme, J. Feinberg, “Speed of the Photorefractive Effect in a BaTiO3 Crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 56, 839 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Ewbank, M. D.

M. D. Ewbank, Author: add affiliation; private communications.

Feinberg, J.

S. Ducharme, J. Feinberg, “Speed of the Photorefractive Effect in a BaTiO3 Crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 56, 839 (1984).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Lam, T. Y. Chang, J. Feinberg, R. W. Hellwarth, “Photorefractive-Index Gratings Formed by Nanosecond Optical Pulses in BaTiO3,” Opt. Lett. 6, 475 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Feinberg, D. Heiman, A. R. Tanguay, R. Hellwarth, “Photorefractive Effects and Light-Induced Charge Migration in Barium Titanate,” J. Appl. Phys. 51, 1297 (1980); J. Appl. Phys. 52, 537 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Glass, A. M.

A. M. Glass, A. M. Johnson, D. H. Olsen, W. Simpson, A. A. Ballman, “Four-Wave Mixing in Semi-Insulating InP and GaAs using the Photorefractive Effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 948 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Heiman, D.

J. Feinberg, D. Heiman, A. R. Tanguay, R. Hellwarth, “Photorefractive Effects and Light-Induced Charge Migration in Barium Titanate,” J. Appl. Phys. 51, 1297 (1980); J. Appl. Phys. 52, 537 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Hellwarth, R.

J. Feinberg, D. Heiman, A. R. Tanguay, R. Hellwarth, “Photorefractive Effects and Light-Induced Charge Migration in Barium Titanate,” J. Appl. Phys. 51, 1297 (1980); J. Appl. Phys. 52, 537 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Hellwarth, R. W.

Huignard, J. P.

Ph. Refregier, L. Solymer, H. Rajbenback, J. P. Huignard, “Two-Beam Coupling in Photorefractive Bi12SiO20 Crystals with Moving Gratings: Theory and Experiments,” J. Appl. Phys. 58, 45 (1985).
[CrossRef]

D. Rak, I. Ledoux, J. P. Huignard, “Two-Wave Mixing and Energy Transfer in BaTiO3, Application to Laser Beam Steering,” Opt. Commun. 49, 302 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, A. M.

A. M. Glass, A. M. Johnson, D. H. Olsen, W. Simpson, A. A. Ballman, “Four-Wave Mixing in Semi-Insulating InP and GaAs using the Photorefractive Effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 948 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Klein, M. B.

M. B. Klein, “Beam Coupling in Undoped GaAs at 1.06 μm. using the Photorefractive Effect,” Opt. Lett. 9, 350 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. B. Klein, G. C. Valley, “Origins of the Photorefractive Effect on BaTiO3,” in Technical Digest, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1985), paper FG2.

M. B. Klein, “Optimization of the Photorefractive Properties of BaTiO3,” in Technical Digest, Optical Society of America Annual Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1986), paper MG2.

Kukhtarev, N. V.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, “Holographic Storage in Electro-Optic Crystals. Beam Coupling and Light Amplification,” Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).
[CrossRef]

V. L. Vinetskii, N. V. Kukhtarev, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, “Dynamic Self-Diffraction of Coherent Light Beams,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 22, 742 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, J.

G. Albanses, J. Kumar, W. H. Steier, “Investigation of the Photorefractive Behavior of Chrome-Doped GaAs using Two-Beam Coupling,” Opt. Lett. 10, 650 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Lam, L. K.

Ledoux, I.

D. Rak, I. Ledoux, J. P. Huignard, “Two-Wave Mixing and Energy Transfer in BaTiO3, Application to Laser Beam Steering,” Opt. Commun. 49, 302 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Markov, V. B.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, “Holographic Storage in Electro-Optic Crystals. Beam Coupling and Light Amplification,” Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Odulov, S. G.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, “Holographic Storage in Electro-Optic Crystals. Beam Coupling and Light Amplification,” Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).
[CrossRef]

V. L. Vinetskii, N. V. Kukhtarev, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, “Dynamic Self-Diffraction of Coherent Light Beams,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 22, 742 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Olsen, D. H.

A. M. Glass, A. M. Johnson, D. H. Olsen, W. Simpson, A. A. Ballman, “Four-Wave Mixing in Semi-Insulating InP and GaAs using the Photorefractive Effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 948 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Rajbenback, H.

Ph. Refregier, L. Solymer, H. Rajbenback, J. P. Huignard, “Two-Beam Coupling in Photorefractive Bi12SiO20 Crystals with Moving Gratings: Theory and Experiments,” J. Appl. Phys. 58, 45 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Rak, D.

D. Rak, I. Ledoux, J. P. Huignard, “Two-Wave Mixing and Energy Transfer in BaTiO3, Application to Laser Beam Steering,” Opt. Commun. 49, 302 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Refregier, Ph.

Ph. Refregier, L. Solymer, H. Rajbenback, J. P. Huignard, “Two-Beam Coupling in Photorefractive Bi12SiO20 Crystals with Moving Gratings: Theory and Experiments,” J. Appl. Phys. 58, 45 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, W.

A. M. Glass, A. M. Johnson, D. H. Olsen, W. Simpson, A. A. Ballman, “Four-Wave Mixing in Semi-Insulating InP and GaAs using the Photorefractive Effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 948 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Solymer, L.

Ph. Refregier, L. Solymer, H. Rajbenback, J. P. Huignard, “Two-Beam Coupling in Photorefractive Bi12SiO20 Crystals with Moving Gratings: Theory and Experiments,” J. Appl. Phys. 58, 45 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Soskin, M. S.

V. L. Vinetskii, N. V. Kukhtarev, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, “Dynamic Self-Diffraction of Coherent Light Beams,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 22, 742 (1979).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, “Holographic Storage in Electro-Optic Crystals. Beam Coupling and Light Amplification,” Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Steier, W. H.

G. Albanses, J. Kumar, W. H. Steier, “Investigation of the Photorefractive Behavior of Chrome-Doped GaAs using Two-Beam Coupling,” Opt. Lett. 10, 650 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Tanguay, A. R.

J. Feinberg, D. Heiman, A. R. Tanguay, R. Hellwarth, “Photorefractive Effects and Light-Induced Charge Migration in Barium Titanate,” J. Appl. Phys. 51, 1297 (1980); J. Appl. Phys. 52, 537 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Valley, G. C.

M. B. Klein, G. C. Valley, “Origins of the Photorefractive Effect on BaTiO3,” in Technical Digest, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1985), paper FG2.

Vinetskii, V. L.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, “Holographic Storage in Electro-Optic Crystals. Beam Coupling and Light Amplification,” Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).
[CrossRef]

V. L. Vinetskii, N. V. Kukhtarev, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, “Dynamic Self-Diffraction of Coherent Light Beams,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 22, 742 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

See, for example, A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1984).

Yeh, P.

See, for example, A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1984).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. M. Glass, A. M. Johnson, D. H. Olsen, W. Simpson, A. A. Ballman, “Four-Wave Mixing in Semi-Insulating InP and GaAs using the Photorefractive Effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 948 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Ferroelectrics (1)

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, “Holographic Storage in Electro-Optic Crystals. Beam Coupling and Light Amplification,” Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

J. Feinberg, D. Heiman, A. R. Tanguay, R. Hellwarth, “Photorefractive Effects and Light-Induced Charge Migration in Barium Titanate,” J. Appl. Phys. 51, 1297 (1980); J. Appl. Phys. 52, 537 (1981).
[CrossRef]

S. Ducharme, J. Feinberg, “Speed of the Photorefractive Effect in a BaTiO3 Crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 56, 839 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Refregier, L. Solymer, H. Rajbenback, J. P. Huignard, “Two-Beam Coupling in Photorefractive Bi12SiO20 Crystals with Moving Gratings: Theory and Experiments,” J. Appl. Phys. 58, 45 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Rak, I. Ledoux, J. P. Huignard, “Two-Wave Mixing and Energy Transfer in BaTiO3, Application to Laser Beam Steering,” Opt. Commun. 49, 302 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Sov. Phys. Usp. (1)

V. L. Vinetskii, N. V. Kukhtarev, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, “Dynamic Self-Diffraction of Coherent Light Beams,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 22, 742 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

See, for example, A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1984).

M. D. Ewbank, Author: add affiliation; private communications.

M. B. Klein, G. C. Valley, “Origins of the Photorefractive Effect on BaTiO3,” in Technical Digest, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1985), paper FG2.

M. B. Klein, “Optimization of the Photorefractive Properties of BaTiO3,” in Technical Digest, Optical Society of America Annual Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1986), paper MG2.

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Fundamental limit of the speed of the photorefractive effect of BaTiO3 (or GaAs) with a coupling constant of 1 cm−1.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table I Figure of Merit for Some Photorefractive Materialsa

Tables Icon

Table II Comparison of Measured Time Constants and the Fundamental Limit

Equations (13)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ρ = ρ 0 cos ( K x ) ,
k 2 - k 1 = K = 2 k sin ( θ / 2 )
N = ρ 0 π e ,
N p = N η .
E = ρ 0 K sin ( K x ) ,
n = n 1 sin ( k x ) ,
n 1 = 1 2 n 3 r ρ 0 K ,
γ = 2 π λ n 1
γ = Λ 2 λ n 3 r ρ 0 ,
t = h ν I α p N p ,
t = ( h ν e ) ( λ Λ ) ( γ α p ) 2 π η I n 3 r ,
Q = n 3 r .
t = ( h ν e ) ( λ Λ ) ( γ α p ) 2 π η I Q .

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