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  1. S. Honkanen, A. Tervonen, H. von Bagh, M. Leppihalme, “Ion-Exchange Process for Fabrication of Waveguide Couplers for Fiber Optic Sensor Applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 52 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Tammela, S. Honkanen, A. Tervonen, M. Leppihalme, “An Integrated Optical Waveguide Refractometer,” in Proceedings, Fourth European Conference on Integrated Optics (SETG, Glasgow, 1987), p. 148.
  3. K. Honda, E. M. Garmire, K. E. Wilson, “Characteristics of an Integrated Optics Ring Resonator Fabricated in Glass,” IEEE/OSA J.Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 714 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Brandenburg, “Stress in Ion-Exchanged Glass Waveguides,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 1580 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. Tsutsumi, H. Hirai, Y. Yuba, “Characteristics of Swelling of Sodium-Potassium Ion-Exchanged Glass Waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 22, 1299 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. De Bernardi, C. Malvicino, S. Morasca, M. Morra, “Stress-Optical Effects in Optical Waveguides Produced by K+ − Na+ Ion Exchange,” in Proceedings, Fourth European Conference on Integrated Optics (SETG, Glasgow, 1987), p. 160.
  7. G. H. Chartier, P. J. R. Laybourn, A. Girod, “Masking Process for Double-Ion-Exchanged Glass Optical Waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 22, 925 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. J. R. Laybourn, G. C. Righini, “New Design of Thin Film Lens,” Electron. Lett. 22, 343 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. C. Righini, G. Molesini, “Thin Film Lenses with Acircular Boundaries,” in Proceedings, Fourth European Conference on Integrated Optics (SETG, Glasgow, 1987), p. 156.
  10. J. Albert, G. L. Yip, “Refractive-Index Profiles of Planar Waveguides Made by Ion-Exchange in Glass,” Appl. Opt. 24, 3692 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

S. Honkanen, A. Tervonen, H. von Bagh, M. Leppihalme, “Ion-Exchange Process for Fabrication of Waveguide Couplers for Fiber Optic Sensor Applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 52 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (4)

A. Brandenburg, “Stress in Ion-Exchanged Glass Waveguides,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 1580 (1986).
[CrossRef]

K. Tsutsumi, H. Hirai, Y. Yuba, “Characteristics of Swelling of Sodium-Potassium Ion-Exchanged Glass Waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 22, 1299 (1986).
[CrossRef]

G. H. Chartier, P. J. R. Laybourn, A. Girod, “Masking Process for Double-Ion-Exchanged Glass Optical Waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 22, 925 (1986).
[CrossRef]

P. J. R. Laybourn, G. C. Righini, “New Design of Thin Film Lens,” Electron. Lett. 22, 343 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

1984 (1)

K. Honda, E. M. Garmire, K. E. Wilson, “Characteristics of an Integrated Optics Ring Resonator Fabricated in Glass,” IEEE/OSA J.Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 714 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Albert, J.

Brandenburg, A.

A. Brandenburg, “Stress in Ion-Exchanged Glass Waveguides,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 1580 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Chartier, G. H.

G. H. Chartier, P. J. R. Laybourn, A. Girod, “Masking Process for Double-Ion-Exchanged Glass Optical Waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 22, 925 (1986).
[CrossRef]

De Bernardi, C.

C. De Bernardi, C. Malvicino, S. Morasca, M. Morra, “Stress-Optical Effects in Optical Waveguides Produced by K+ − Na+ Ion Exchange,” in Proceedings, Fourth European Conference on Integrated Optics (SETG, Glasgow, 1987), p. 160.

Garmire, E. M.

K. Honda, E. M. Garmire, K. E. Wilson, “Characteristics of an Integrated Optics Ring Resonator Fabricated in Glass,” IEEE/OSA J.Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 714 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Girod, A.

G. H. Chartier, P. J. R. Laybourn, A. Girod, “Masking Process for Double-Ion-Exchanged Glass Optical Waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 22, 925 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hirai, H.

K. Tsutsumi, H. Hirai, Y. Yuba, “Characteristics of Swelling of Sodium-Potassium Ion-Exchanged Glass Waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 22, 1299 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Honda, K.

K. Honda, E. M. Garmire, K. E. Wilson, “Characteristics of an Integrated Optics Ring Resonator Fabricated in Glass,” IEEE/OSA J.Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 714 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Honkanen, S.

S. Honkanen, A. Tervonen, H. von Bagh, M. Leppihalme, “Ion-Exchange Process for Fabrication of Waveguide Couplers for Fiber Optic Sensor Applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 52 (1987).
[CrossRef]

S. Tammela, S. Honkanen, A. Tervonen, M. Leppihalme, “An Integrated Optical Waveguide Refractometer,” in Proceedings, Fourth European Conference on Integrated Optics (SETG, Glasgow, 1987), p. 148.

Laybourn, P. J. R.

G. H. Chartier, P. J. R. Laybourn, A. Girod, “Masking Process for Double-Ion-Exchanged Glass Optical Waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 22, 925 (1986).
[CrossRef]

P. J. R. Laybourn, G. C. Righini, “New Design of Thin Film Lens,” Electron. Lett. 22, 343 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Leppihalme, M.

S. Honkanen, A. Tervonen, H. von Bagh, M. Leppihalme, “Ion-Exchange Process for Fabrication of Waveguide Couplers for Fiber Optic Sensor Applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 52 (1987).
[CrossRef]

S. Tammela, S. Honkanen, A. Tervonen, M. Leppihalme, “An Integrated Optical Waveguide Refractometer,” in Proceedings, Fourth European Conference on Integrated Optics (SETG, Glasgow, 1987), p. 148.

Malvicino, C.

C. De Bernardi, C. Malvicino, S. Morasca, M. Morra, “Stress-Optical Effects in Optical Waveguides Produced by K+ − Na+ Ion Exchange,” in Proceedings, Fourth European Conference on Integrated Optics (SETG, Glasgow, 1987), p. 160.

Molesini, G.

G. C. Righini, G. Molesini, “Thin Film Lenses with Acircular Boundaries,” in Proceedings, Fourth European Conference on Integrated Optics (SETG, Glasgow, 1987), p. 156.

Morasca, S.

C. De Bernardi, C. Malvicino, S. Morasca, M. Morra, “Stress-Optical Effects in Optical Waveguides Produced by K+ − Na+ Ion Exchange,” in Proceedings, Fourth European Conference on Integrated Optics (SETG, Glasgow, 1987), p. 160.

Morra, M.

C. De Bernardi, C. Malvicino, S. Morasca, M. Morra, “Stress-Optical Effects in Optical Waveguides Produced by K+ − Na+ Ion Exchange,” in Proceedings, Fourth European Conference on Integrated Optics (SETG, Glasgow, 1987), p. 160.

Righini, G. C.

P. J. R. Laybourn, G. C. Righini, “New Design of Thin Film Lens,” Electron. Lett. 22, 343 (1986).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Righini, G. Molesini, “Thin Film Lenses with Acircular Boundaries,” in Proceedings, Fourth European Conference on Integrated Optics (SETG, Glasgow, 1987), p. 156.

Tammela, S.

S. Tammela, S. Honkanen, A. Tervonen, M. Leppihalme, “An Integrated Optical Waveguide Refractometer,” in Proceedings, Fourth European Conference on Integrated Optics (SETG, Glasgow, 1987), p. 148.

Tervonen, A.

S. Honkanen, A. Tervonen, H. von Bagh, M. Leppihalme, “Ion-Exchange Process for Fabrication of Waveguide Couplers for Fiber Optic Sensor Applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 52 (1987).
[CrossRef]

S. Tammela, S. Honkanen, A. Tervonen, M. Leppihalme, “An Integrated Optical Waveguide Refractometer,” in Proceedings, Fourth European Conference on Integrated Optics (SETG, Glasgow, 1987), p. 148.

Tsutsumi, K.

K. Tsutsumi, H. Hirai, Y. Yuba, “Characteristics of Swelling of Sodium-Potassium Ion-Exchanged Glass Waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 22, 1299 (1986).
[CrossRef]

von Bagh, H.

S. Honkanen, A. Tervonen, H. von Bagh, M. Leppihalme, “Ion-Exchange Process for Fabrication of Waveguide Couplers for Fiber Optic Sensor Applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 52 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, K. E.

K. Honda, E. M. Garmire, K. E. Wilson, “Characteristics of an Integrated Optics Ring Resonator Fabricated in Glass,” IEEE/OSA J.Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 714 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Yip, G. L.

Yuba, Y.

K. Tsutsumi, H. Hirai, Y. Yuba, “Characteristics of Swelling of Sodium-Potassium Ion-Exchanged Glass Waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 22, 1299 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (3)

K. Tsutsumi, H. Hirai, Y. Yuba, “Characteristics of Swelling of Sodium-Potassium Ion-Exchanged Glass Waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 22, 1299 (1986).
[CrossRef]

G. H. Chartier, P. J. R. Laybourn, A. Girod, “Masking Process for Double-Ion-Exchanged Glass Optical Waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 22, 925 (1986).
[CrossRef]

P. J. R. Laybourn, G. C. Righini, “New Design of Thin Film Lens,” Electron. Lett. 22, 343 (1986).
[CrossRef]

IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

A. Brandenburg, “Stress in Ion-Exchanged Glass Waveguides,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 1580 (1986).
[CrossRef]

IEEE/OSA J.Lightwave Technol. (1)

K. Honda, E. M. Garmire, K. E. Wilson, “Characteristics of an Integrated Optics Ring Resonator Fabricated in Glass,” IEEE/OSA J.Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 714 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Honkanen, A. Tervonen, H. von Bagh, M. Leppihalme, “Ion-Exchange Process for Fabrication of Waveguide Couplers for Fiber Optic Sensor Applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 52 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

S. Tammela, S. Honkanen, A. Tervonen, M. Leppihalme, “An Integrated Optical Waveguide Refractometer,” in Proceedings, Fourth European Conference on Integrated Optics (SETG, Glasgow, 1987), p. 148.

G. C. Righini, G. Molesini, “Thin Film Lenses with Acircular Boundaries,” in Proceedings, Fourth European Conference on Integrated Optics (SETG, Glasgow, 1987), p. 156.

C. De Bernardi, C. Malvicino, S. Morasca, M. Morra, “Stress-Optical Effects in Optical Waveguides Produced by K+ − Na+ Ion Exchange,” in Proceedings, Fourth European Conference on Integrated Optics (SETG, Glasgow, 1987), p. 160.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Near-field photograph of a channel waveguide fabricated by double ion exchange.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Ratios of the measured effective indices, TE0 (Ag+ − Na+)/TE0 (double exchange) and TM0 (Ag+ − Na+)/TM0 (double exchange), as a function of the exchange time in AgNO3.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table I Measured Effective Indices of the K+ − Na+-Exchanged Slab Waveguides (T= 380°C)

Tables Icon

Table II Measured Effective Indices of the Ag+ − Na+-Exchanged and Double-Ion-Exchanged Slab Waveguides. (In Double Exchange the K+ − Na+ Exchange Time at 380°C was 20 min.)

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