Abstract

For glass grinding conditions where fracture is the principal mechanism, a constancy is found between the depths of surface roughness and subsurface damage. For a range of experimental conditions we find the ratio of subsurface damage to surface roughness to be 6.2–6.4 for bound diamond abrasive grinding. This is larger than the value reported for loose abrasive grinding (3.7–4.0). The constancy of this value has great practical importance. From a measurement of the surface roughness one can obtain an accurate estimate of the damage layer thickness that must be eliminated by polishing or subsequent grinding operations.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

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