Abstract

For glass grinding conditions where fracture is the principal mechanism, a constancy is found between the depths of surface roughness and subsurface damage. For a range of experimental conditions we find the ratio of subsurface damage to surface roughness to be 6.2–6.4 for bound diamond abrasive grinding. This is larger than the value reported for loose abrasive grinding (3.7–4.0). The constancy of this value has great practical importance. From a measurement of the surface roughness one can obtain an accurate estimate of the damage layer thickness that must be eliminated by polishing or subsequent grinding operations.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. N. N. Kachalov, Principles of Glass Grinding and Polishing Processes [USSR Academy of Sciences, Moscow, (in Russian)];P. Ya. Bokin, “Methods of Production Monitoring of Glass Grinding and Polishing Processes,” Steklo Keramika 10, 4 (1953);
  2. F. K. Aleinikov, “The Effect of Certain Physical and Mechanical Properties on the Grinding of Brittle Materials,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 27, 2529 (1957).
  3. D. F. Edwards, P. P. Hed, “Optical Glass Fabrication Technology I:Fine Grinding Mechanism Using Bound Diamond Abrasives,” Appl. Opt. 26, this issue (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Rust-Lick B-CD-2 water soluble corrosion inhibitor coolant concentrate, Devcon Corp.Danvers, MA.
  5. Model MSE-326, Pneumo Precision Incorporated, Keene, NH.
  6. Diamond Technology Industries, Lake Forest, IL.
  7. Surfanalyzer model 2000, Federal Products Corp., Providence, RI.
  8. P. P. Hed, N. J. Brown, D. F. Edwards, R. S. Stolcis, “Fine Grinding of Optical Glass With Bound Abrasives,” Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, UCID-19323-85-2 (1985).
  9. Knoop microhardness, BK-7 = 595 kg/mm2, Corning Fused Silica-630 kg/mm2, Zerodur = 600 kg/mm2.
  10. D. S. Anderson, M. E. Frogner, “A Method for the Evaluation of Subsurface Damage,” in Technical Digest, Optical Fabrication and Testing Workshop (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1985), paper ThBB7.
  11. G. S. Khodakov, V. G. Korovkin, V. M. Altshuler, “Physical Principles of the Fine Grinding of Optical Glass With a Diamond Tool,” Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 47, 552 (1980).

1987 (1)

D. F. Edwards, P. P. Hed, “Optical Glass Fabrication Technology I:Fine Grinding Mechanism Using Bound Diamond Abrasives,” Appl. Opt. 26, this issue (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1980 (1)

G. S. Khodakov, V. G. Korovkin, V. M. Altshuler, “Physical Principles of the Fine Grinding of Optical Glass With a Diamond Tool,” Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 47, 552 (1980).

1957 (1)

F. K. Aleinikov, “The Effect of Certain Physical and Mechanical Properties on the Grinding of Brittle Materials,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 27, 2529 (1957).

Aleinikov, F. K.

F. K. Aleinikov, “The Effect of Certain Physical and Mechanical Properties on the Grinding of Brittle Materials,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 27, 2529 (1957).

Altshuler, V. M.

G. S. Khodakov, V. G. Korovkin, V. M. Altshuler, “Physical Principles of the Fine Grinding of Optical Glass With a Diamond Tool,” Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 47, 552 (1980).

Anderson, D. S.

D. S. Anderson, M. E. Frogner, “A Method for the Evaluation of Subsurface Damage,” in Technical Digest, Optical Fabrication and Testing Workshop (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1985), paper ThBB7.

Brown, N. J.

P. P. Hed, N. J. Brown, D. F. Edwards, R. S. Stolcis, “Fine Grinding of Optical Glass With Bound Abrasives,” Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, UCID-19323-85-2 (1985).

Edwards, D. F.

D. F. Edwards, P. P. Hed, “Optical Glass Fabrication Technology I:Fine Grinding Mechanism Using Bound Diamond Abrasives,” Appl. Opt. 26, this issue (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. P. Hed, N. J. Brown, D. F. Edwards, R. S. Stolcis, “Fine Grinding of Optical Glass With Bound Abrasives,” Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, UCID-19323-85-2 (1985).

Frogner, M. E.

D. S. Anderson, M. E. Frogner, “A Method for the Evaluation of Subsurface Damage,” in Technical Digest, Optical Fabrication and Testing Workshop (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1985), paper ThBB7.

Hed, P. P.

D. F. Edwards, P. P. Hed, “Optical Glass Fabrication Technology I:Fine Grinding Mechanism Using Bound Diamond Abrasives,” Appl. Opt. 26, this issue (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. P. Hed, N. J. Brown, D. F. Edwards, R. S. Stolcis, “Fine Grinding of Optical Glass With Bound Abrasives,” Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, UCID-19323-85-2 (1985).

Kachalov, N. N.

N. N. Kachalov, Principles of Glass Grinding and Polishing Processes [USSR Academy of Sciences, Moscow, (in Russian)];P. Ya. Bokin, “Methods of Production Monitoring of Glass Grinding and Polishing Processes,” Steklo Keramika 10, 4 (1953);

Khodakov, G. S.

G. S. Khodakov, V. G. Korovkin, V. M. Altshuler, “Physical Principles of the Fine Grinding of Optical Glass With a Diamond Tool,” Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 47, 552 (1980).

Korovkin, V. G.

G. S. Khodakov, V. G. Korovkin, V. M. Altshuler, “Physical Principles of the Fine Grinding of Optical Glass With a Diamond Tool,” Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 47, 552 (1980).

Stolcis, R. S.

P. P. Hed, N. J. Brown, D. F. Edwards, R. S. Stolcis, “Fine Grinding of Optical Glass With Bound Abrasives,” Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, UCID-19323-85-2 (1985).

Appl. Opt. (1)

D. F. Edwards, P. P. Hed, “Optical Glass Fabrication Technology I:Fine Grinding Mechanism Using Bound Diamond Abrasives,” Appl. Opt. 26, this issue (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sov. J. Opt. Technol. (1)

G. S. Khodakov, V. G. Korovkin, V. M. Altshuler, “Physical Principles of the Fine Grinding of Optical Glass With a Diamond Tool,” Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 47, 552 (1980).

Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. (1)

F. K. Aleinikov, “The Effect of Certain Physical and Mechanical Properties on the Grinding of Brittle Materials,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 27, 2529 (1957).

Other (8)

N. N. Kachalov, Principles of Glass Grinding and Polishing Processes [USSR Academy of Sciences, Moscow, (in Russian)];P. Ya. Bokin, “Methods of Production Monitoring of Glass Grinding and Polishing Processes,” Steklo Keramika 10, 4 (1953);

Rust-Lick B-CD-2 water soluble corrosion inhibitor coolant concentrate, Devcon Corp.Danvers, MA.

Model MSE-326, Pneumo Precision Incorporated, Keene, NH.

Diamond Technology Industries, Lake Forest, IL.

Surfanalyzer model 2000, Federal Products Corp., Providence, RI.

P. P. Hed, N. J. Brown, D. F. Edwards, R. S. Stolcis, “Fine Grinding of Optical Glass With Bound Abrasives,” Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, UCID-19323-85-2 (1985).

Knoop microhardness, BK-7 = 595 kg/mm2, Corning Fused Silica-630 kg/mm2, Zerodur = 600 kg/mm2.

D. S. Anderson, M. E. Frogner, “A Method for the Evaluation of Subsurface Damage,” in Technical Digest, Optical Fabrication and Testing Workshop (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1985), paper ThBB7.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of surface structure of glass resulting from abrasive action

Tables (4)

Tables Icon

Table I Properties of Pellets for Single-Pellet Grindinga

Tables Icon

Table II Results of Single-Pellet Grinding Using the Pneumo Surfacing Machine

Tables Icon

Table III Multipellet Grinding of Fused Silica with Water

Tables Icon

Table IV Surface and Subsurface Damage for Fused Silica as Reported by Anderson and Frogner10

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

k = F h

Metrics