Abstract

A computer-controlled laser-beam writing system has been developed for optical integrated circuits (optical ICs). This system allows us to make waveguide patterns 3–4 μm wide, such as directional couplers, and Y-junction, crossed, and S-shaped waveguides, automatically within an edge roughness of 0.2 μm on a photoresist-coated LiNbO3 substrate. By combining these waveguide patterns, optical ICs can be delineated over more than 50-mm length. This paper presents the system description and the laser-beam writing characteristics of key waveguide patterns. The integrated-optic fiber laser Doppler velocimeter is also demonstrated as an example of large-area optical ICs.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

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