Abstract

We demonstrate the possibility of a 52-fs pulse single-shot measurement by using the spatial analysis of the second harmonic beam produced in an optical autocorrelator. We show that this method gives a reliable means of optimizing low repetition rate femtosecond amplifiers.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. L. Fork, B. I. Greene, C. V. Shank, “Generation of Optical Pulses Shorter than 0.1 ps by Colliding Pulse Mode-Locking,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 671 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  2. R. L. Fork, C. V. Shank, R. Yen, C. A. Hirlimann, “Femtosecond Optical Pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 500 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  3. A. Migus, A. Antonetti, J. Etchepare, D. Hulin, A. Orszag, “Femtosecond Spectroscopy with High-Power Tunable Optical Pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 584 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  4. E. P. Ippen, C. V. Shank, “Techniques for Measurement,” in Ultrashort Light Pulses (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), p. 83.
  5. B. Colombeau, C. Froehly, M. Vampouille, “Autocorrelation of Laser Pulses by Optical Processing of Fabry-Perot Spectrograms,” Appl. Opt. 19, 534 (1980).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. O. E. Martinez, “Linear Measurement of Ultrashort Light Pulses by Phase Contrast Optical Sweep,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 327 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  7. P. Yeh, “Autocorrelation of Ultrashort Optical Pulses using Polarization Interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 8, 330 (1983).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. P. Sperber, A. Penzkofer, “Pulse Shape Determination of Intracavity Compressed Picosecond Pulses by Two Photons Fluorescence Analysis,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 18,145 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  9. R. Wyatt, E. E. Marinero, “Versatile Single-Shot Background-free Pulse Duration Measurement Technique, for Pulses of Subnanosecond to Picosecond Duration,” Appl. Phys. 25, 297 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. Jansky, G. Conadi, R. N. Gyuzalian, “On a Possibility of Analysing the Temporal Characteristics of Short Light Pulses,” Opt.Commun. 23, 293 (1977).
    [Crossref]
  11. R. N. Gyuzalian, S. B. Sogomonian, Z. Gy. Horwarth, “Background-free Measurement of Time Behavior of an Individual Picosecond Laser Pulse,” Opt. Commun. 29, 239 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  12. Y. Ishida, T. Yajima, A. Watanabe, “A Simple Monitoring System for Single Subpicosecond Laser Pulses using a S.H. Spatial Autocorrelation Method and a CCD Image Sensor,” Opt. Commun. 56, 57 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  13. F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Brun, “Observation of High-Order Solitons Directly Produced by a Femtosecond Ring Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. F. Salin, A. Brun, “Dispersion Compensation for Femtosecond Pulses Using High-Index Prisms,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 4736 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  15. J. Etchepare, G. Grillon, A. Orszag, “Third Order Autocorrelation Study of Amplified Subpicosecond Laser Pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 775 (1983).
    [Crossref]

1987 (1)

F. Salin, A. Brun, “Dispersion Compensation for Femtosecond Pulses Using High-Index Prisms,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 4736 (1987).
[Crossref]

1986 (2)

F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Brun, “Observation of High-Order Solitons Directly Produced by a Femtosecond Ring Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Sperber, A. Penzkofer, “Pulse Shape Determination of Intracavity Compressed Picosecond Pulses by Two Photons Fluorescence Analysis,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 18,145 (1986).
[Crossref]

1985 (3)

1983 (3)

J. Etchepare, G. Grillon, A. Orszag, “Third Order Autocorrelation Study of Amplified Subpicosecond Laser Pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 775 (1983).
[Crossref]

R. L. Fork, C. V. Shank, R. Yen, C. A. Hirlimann, “Femtosecond Optical Pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 500 (1983).
[Crossref]

P. Yeh, “Autocorrelation of Ultrashort Optical Pulses using Polarization Interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 8, 330 (1983).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1981 (2)

R. Wyatt, E. E. Marinero, “Versatile Single-Shot Background-free Pulse Duration Measurement Technique, for Pulses of Subnanosecond to Picosecond Duration,” Appl. Phys. 25, 297 (1981).
[Crossref]

R. L. Fork, B. I. Greene, C. V. Shank, “Generation of Optical Pulses Shorter than 0.1 ps by Colliding Pulse Mode-Locking,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 671 (1981).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

1979 (1)

R. N. Gyuzalian, S. B. Sogomonian, Z. Gy. Horwarth, “Background-free Measurement of Time Behavior of an Individual Picosecond Laser Pulse,” Opt. Commun. 29, 239 (1979).
[Crossref]

1977 (1)

J. Jansky, G. Conadi, R. N. Gyuzalian, “On a Possibility of Analysing the Temporal Characteristics of Short Light Pulses,” Opt.Commun. 23, 293 (1977).
[Crossref]

Antonetti, A.

Brun, A.

F. Salin, A. Brun, “Dispersion Compensation for Femtosecond Pulses Using High-Index Prisms,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 4736 (1987).
[Crossref]

F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Brun, “Observation of High-Order Solitons Directly Produced by a Femtosecond Ring Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Colombeau, B.

Conadi, G.

J. Jansky, G. Conadi, R. N. Gyuzalian, “On a Possibility of Analysing the Temporal Characteristics of Short Light Pulses,” Opt.Commun. 23, 293 (1977).
[Crossref]

Etchepare, J.

A. Migus, A. Antonetti, J. Etchepare, D. Hulin, A. Orszag, “Femtosecond Spectroscopy with High-Power Tunable Optical Pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 584 (1985).
[Crossref]

J. Etchepare, G. Grillon, A. Orszag, “Third Order Autocorrelation Study of Amplified Subpicosecond Laser Pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 775 (1983).
[Crossref]

Fork, R. L.

R. L. Fork, C. V. Shank, R. Yen, C. A. Hirlimann, “Femtosecond Optical Pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 500 (1983).
[Crossref]

R. L. Fork, B. I. Greene, C. V. Shank, “Generation of Optical Pulses Shorter than 0.1 ps by Colliding Pulse Mode-Locking,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 671 (1981).
[Crossref]

Froehly, C.

Grangier, P.

F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Brun, “Observation of High-Order Solitons Directly Produced by a Femtosecond Ring Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Greene, B. I.

R. L. Fork, B. I. Greene, C. V. Shank, “Generation of Optical Pulses Shorter than 0.1 ps by Colliding Pulse Mode-Locking,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 671 (1981).
[Crossref]

Grillon, G.

J. Etchepare, G. Grillon, A. Orszag, “Third Order Autocorrelation Study of Amplified Subpicosecond Laser Pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 775 (1983).
[Crossref]

Gyuzalian, R. N.

R. N. Gyuzalian, S. B. Sogomonian, Z. Gy. Horwarth, “Background-free Measurement of Time Behavior of an Individual Picosecond Laser Pulse,” Opt. Commun. 29, 239 (1979).
[Crossref]

J. Jansky, G. Conadi, R. N. Gyuzalian, “On a Possibility of Analysing the Temporal Characteristics of Short Light Pulses,” Opt.Commun. 23, 293 (1977).
[Crossref]

Hirlimann, C. A.

R. L. Fork, C. V. Shank, R. Yen, C. A. Hirlimann, “Femtosecond Optical Pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 500 (1983).
[Crossref]

Horwarth, Z. Gy.

R. N. Gyuzalian, S. B. Sogomonian, Z. Gy. Horwarth, “Background-free Measurement of Time Behavior of an Individual Picosecond Laser Pulse,” Opt. Commun. 29, 239 (1979).
[Crossref]

Hulin, D.

Ippen, E. P.

E. P. Ippen, C. V. Shank, “Techniques for Measurement,” in Ultrashort Light Pulses (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), p. 83.

Ishida, Y.

Y. Ishida, T. Yajima, A. Watanabe, “A Simple Monitoring System for Single Subpicosecond Laser Pulses using a S.H. Spatial Autocorrelation Method and a CCD Image Sensor,” Opt. Commun. 56, 57 (1985).
[Crossref]

Jansky, J.

J. Jansky, G. Conadi, R. N. Gyuzalian, “On a Possibility of Analysing the Temporal Characteristics of Short Light Pulses,” Opt.Commun. 23, 293 (1977).
[Crossref]

Marinero, E. E.

R. Wyatt, E. E. Marinero, “Versatile Single-Shot Background-free Pulse Duration Measurement Technique, for Pulses of Subnanosecond to Picosecond Duration,” Appl. Phys. 25, 297 (1981).
[Crossref]

Martinez, O. E.

Migus, A.

Orszag, A.

A. Migus, A. Antonetti, J. Etchepare, D. Hulin, A. Orszag, “Femtosecond Spectroscopy with High-Power Tunable Optical Pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 584 (1985).
[Crossref]

J. Etchepare, G. Grillon, A. Orszag, “Third Order Autocorrelation Study of Amplified Subpicosecond Laser Pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 775 (1983).
[Crossref]

Penzkofer, A.

P. Sperber, A. Penzkofer, “Pulse Shape Determination of Intracavity Compressed Picosecond Pulses by Two Photons Fluorescence Analysis,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 18,145 (1986).
[Crossref]

Roger, G.

F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Brun, “Observation of High-Order Solitons Directly Produced by a Femtosecond Ring Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Salin, F.

F. Salin, A. Brun, “Dispersion Compensation for Femtosecond Pulses Using High-Index Prisms,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 4736 (1987).
[Crossref]

F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Brun, “Observation of High-Order Solitons Directly Produced by a Femtosecond Ring Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shank, C. V.

R. L. Fork, C. V. Shank, R. Yen, C. A. Hirlimann, “Femtosecond Optical Pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 500 (1983).
[Crossref]

R. L. Fork, B. I. Greene, C. V. Shank, “Generation of Optical Pulses Shorter than 0.1 ps by Colliding Pulse Mode-Locking,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 671 (1981).
[Crossref]

E. P. Ippen, C. V. Shank, “Techniques for Measurement,” in Ultrashort Light Pulses (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), p. 83.

Sogomonian, S. B.

R. N. Gyuzalian, S. B. Sogomonian, Z. Gy. Horwarth, “Background-free Measurement of Time Behavior of an Individual Picosecond Laser Pulse,” Opt. Commun. 29, 239 (1979).
[Crossref]

Sperber, P.

P. Sperber, A. Penzkofer, “Pulse Shape Determination of Intracavity Compressed Picosecond Pulses by Two Photons Fluorescence Analysis,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 18,145 (1986).
[Crossref]

Vampouille, M.

Watanabe, A.

Y. Ishida, T. Yajima, A. Watanabe, “A Simple Monitoring System for Single Subpicosecond Laser Pulses using a S.H. Spatial Autocorrelation Method and a CCD Image Sensor,” Opt. Commun. 56, 57 (1985).
[Crossref]

Wyatt, R.

R. Wyatt, E. E. Marinero, “Versatile Single-Shot Background-free Pulse Duration Measurement Technique, for Pulses of Subnanosecond to Picosecond Duration,” Appl. Phys. 25, 297 (1981).
[Crossref]

Yajima, T.

Y. Ishida, T. Yajima, A. Watanabe, “A Simple Monitoring System for Single Subpicosecond Laser Pulses using a S.H. Spatial Autocorrelation Method and a CCD Image Sensor,” Opt. Commun. 56, 57 (1985).
[Crossref]

Yeh, P.

Yen, R.

R. L. Fork, C. V. Shank, R. Yen, C. A. Hirlimann, “Femtosecond Optical Pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 500 (1983).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. (1)

R. Wyatt, E. E. Marinero, “Versatile Single-Shot Background-free Pulse Duration Measurement Technique, for Pulses of Subnanosecond to Picosecond Duration,” Appl. Phys. 25, 297 (1981).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. L. Fork, B. I. Greene, C. V. Shank, “Generation of Optical Pulses Shorter than 0.1 ps by Colliding Pulse Mode-Locking,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 671 (1981).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

R. L. Fork, C. V. Shank, R. Yen, C. A. Hirlimann, “Femtosecond Optical Pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 500 (1983).
[Crossref]

J. Etchepare, G. Grillon, A. Orszag, “Third Order Autocorrelation Study of Amplified Subpicosecond Laser Pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 775 (1983).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

F. Salin, A. Brun, “Dispersion Compensation for Femtosecond Pulses Using High-Index Prisms,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 4736 (1987).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Commun. (2)

R. N. Gyuzalian, S. B. Sogomonian, Z. Gy. Horwarth, “Background-free Measurement of Time Behavior of an Individual Picosecond Laser Pulse,” Opt. Commun. 29, 239 (1979).
[Crossref]

Y. Ishida, T. Yajima, A. Watanabe, “A Simple Monitoring System for Single Subpicosecond Laser Pulses using a S.H. Spatial Autocorrelation Method and a CCD Image Sensor,” Opt. Commun. 56, 57 (1985).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. Sperber, A. Penzkofer, “Pulse Shape Determination of Intracavity Compressed Picosecond Pulses by Two Photons Fluorescence Analysis,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 18,145 (1986).
[Crossref]

Opt.Commun. (1)

J. Jansky, G. Conadi, R. N. Gyuzalian, “On a Possibility of Analysing the Temporal Characteristics of Short Light Pulses,” Opt.Commun. 23, 293 (1977).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Brun, “Observation of High-Order Solitons Directly Produced by a Femtosecond Ring Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

E. P. Ippen, C. V. Shank, “Techniques for Measurement,” in Ultrashort Light Pulses (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), p. 83.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Interaction of two large femtosecond beams in a nonlinear crystal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for measurement of the SH beam profile.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Single-shot autocorrelation function (solid line) and best fit (assuming a sech2 pulse shape) giving a 52-fs FWHM (dashed line).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Autocorrelation function averaged over fifty shots. The FWHM is 70 fs.

Equations (4)

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τ = n x 0 sin ϕ / 2 c ,
S ( x ) + I ( t + τ ) I ( t τ ) d t = G 2 ( 2 τ ) .
Δ x 0 = c Δ t 0 2 n sin ϕ / 2 .
η 0 = K δ 0 Δ t 0 Δ x 0 ,

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