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References

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  1. K. Ya Kondratyev, Radiation in the Atmosphere (Academic, New York, 1969).
  2. K. Ya Kontratyev, I. Y. Badinov, S. V. Ascheulov, S. D. Andreyev, “Atmosphere Infrared Spectra of Absorption and Emission. Results of Surface Measurements,” Proc. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Atmos. Ocean. No. 4 (1965).
  3. V. R. Noonkester, “Droplet Spectra Observed in Marine Stratus Cloud Layers,” J. Atmos. Sci. 41, 829 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  4. V. R. Noonkester, “Profiles of Optical Extinction Coefficients Calculated from Droplet Spectra Observed in Marine Stratus Cloud Layers,” J. Atmos. Sci. 42, 1161 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. W. Fitzgerald, “Approximation Formulas for the Equilibrium Size of an Aerosol Particle as a Function of its Dry Size and Composition and the Ambient Relative Humidity,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 14, 1044 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. W. Fitzgerald, “Approximation Formulas to Calculate Infrared Extinction by an Aerosol Having a Junge Size Distribution,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 18, 931 (1979).
    [CrossRef]

1985 (1)

V. R. Noonkester, “Profiles of Optical Extinction Coefficients Calculated from Droplet Spectra Observed in Marine Stratus Cloud Layers,” J. Atmos. Sci. 42, 1161 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

V. R. Noonkester, “Droplet Spectra Observed in Marine Stratus Cloud Layers,” J. Atmos. Sci. 41, 829 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

J. W. Fitzgerald, “Approximation Formulas to Calculate Infrared Extinction by an Aerosol Having a Junge Size Distribution,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 18, 931 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

J. W. Fitzgerald, “Approximation Formulas for the Equilibrium Size of an Aerosol Particle as a Function of its Dry Size and Composition and the Ambient Relative Humidity,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 14, 1044 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

K. Ya Kontratyev, I. Y. Badinov, S. V. Ascheulov, S. D. Andreyev, “Atmosphere Infrared Spectra of Absorption and Emission. Results of Surface Measurements,” Proc. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Atmos. Ocean. No. 4 (1965).

Andreyev, S. D.

K. Ya Kontratyev, I. Y. Badinov, S. V. Ascheulov, S. D. Andreyev, “Atmosphere Infrared Spectra of Absorption and Emission. Results of Surface Measurements,” Proc. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Atmos. Ocean. No. 4 (1965).

Ascheulov, S. V.

K. Ya Kontratyev, I. Y. Badinov, S. V. Ascheulov, S. D. Andreyev, “Atmosphere Infrared Spectra of Absorption and Emission. Results of Surface Measurements,” Proc. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Atmos. Ocean. No. 4 (1965).

Badinov, I. Y.

K. Ya Kontratyev, I. Y. Badinov, S. V. Ascheulov, S. D. Andreyev, “Atmosphere Infrared Spectra of Absorption and Emission. Results of Surface Measurements,” Proc. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Atmos. Ocean. No. 4 (1965).

Fitzgerald, J. W.

J. W. Fitzgerald, “Approximation Formulas to Calculate Infrared Extinction by an Aerosol Having a Junge Size Distribution,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 18, 931 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Fitzgerald, “Approximation Formulas for the Equilibrium Size of an Aerosol Particle as a Function of its Dry Size and Composition and the Ambient Relative Humidity,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 14, 1044 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Noonkester, V. R.

V. R. Noonkester, “Profiles of Optical Extinction Coefficients Calculated from Droplet Spectra Observed in Marine Stratus Cloud Layers,” J. Atmos. Sci. 42, 1161 (1985).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Noonkester, “Droplet Spectra Observed in Marine Stratus Cloud Layers,” J. Atmos. Sci. 41, 829 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Ya Kondratyev, K.

K. Ya Kondratyev, Radiation in the Atmosphere (Academic, New York, 1969).

Ya Kontratyev, K.

K. Ya Kontratyev, I. Y. Badinov, S. V. Ascheulov, S. D. Andreyev, “Atmosphere Infrared Spectra of Absorption and Emission. Results of Surface Measurements,” Proc. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Atmos. Ocean. No. 4 (1965).

J. Appl. Meteorol. (2)

J. W. Fitzgerald, “Approximation Formulas for the Equilibrium Size of an Aerosol Particle as a Function of its Dry Size and Composition and the Ambient Relative Humidity,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 14, 1044 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Fitzgerald, “Approximation Formulas to Calculate Infrared Extinction by an Aerosol Having a Junge Size Distribution,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 18, 931 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Sci. (2)

V. R. Noonkester, “Droplet Spectra Observed in Marine Stratus Cloud Layers,” J. Atmos. Sci. 41, 829 (1984).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Noonkester, “Profiles of Optical Extinction Coefficients Calculated from Droplet Spectra Observed in Marine Stratus Cloud Layers,” J. Atmos. Sci. 42, 1161 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Atmos. Ocean. (1)

K. Ya Kontratyev, I. Y. Badinov, S. V. Ascheulov, S. D. Andreyev, “Atmosphere Infrared Spectra of Absorption and Emission. Results of Surface Measurements,” Proc. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Atmos. Ocean. No. 4 (1965).

Other (1)

K. Ya Kondratyev, Radiation in the Atmosphere (Academic, New York, 1969).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Profiles of temperature and relative humidity used in the FLIR model.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Equivalent blackbody temperature as a function of zenith angle predicted by the model for the three atmospheric profiles shown in Fig. 1. The FLIR receiver is 40 m above mean sea level. The temperature scale was made to decrease to the right, contrary to convention, to simplify comparisons with the AGA Thermovision output.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

ΔBBT/Δθ below the IR horizon as a function of surface stability (false linear scale). The three relative values of surface stability represent the three atmospheric profiles shown in Fig. 1.

Equations (2)

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I λ = i = 1 n ( p = 0 i - 1 τ p , λ ) ( 1 - τ i , λ ) B i , λ ,
τ = exp [ - ( σ d + σ w w ) s ] = τ d τ w ,

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