Abstract

Dichromated gelatin is thought to be a good substitute for photographic emulsions in some uses. The results of a systematic study of the effect of the pH of the developer on the diffraction efficiency of volume holographic gratings recorded in dye sensitized dichromated gelatin are presented.

© 1986 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. H. M. Smith, Ed., Holographic Recording Materials, Topics in Applied Physics (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1977), Vol. 20, pp. 75–99.
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. J. Chang, “DCG Holograms and Their Applications,” Opt. Eng. 19, 642 (1980).
  3. A. Graube, “Holograms Recorded with Red Light in Dye Sensitized Dichromated Gelatin,” Opt. Commun. 8, 251 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. G. Kogelnik, “Coupled Wave Theory for Thick Holograms,” Bell, Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
  5. N. J. Phillips, A. A. Ward, R. Cullen, D. Porter, “Advances in Holographic Bleaches,” Photo. Sci. Eng. 24, 120 (1980).
  6. A. Graube, D. H. Close, “Materials for Holographic Optical Elements,” Tech. Rep. AFML-TR-73-267 (1973).
  7. T. Kubota, T. Ose, M. Sasaki, K. Honda, “Hologram Formation with Red Light in Methylene Blue Sensitized Dichromated Gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 15, 556 (1976).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. T. Kubota, T. Ose, “Methods of Increasing the Sensitivity of Methylene Blue Sensitized Dichromated Gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 18, 2538 (1979).
    [CrossRef]

1980 (2)

B. J. Chang, “DCG Holograms and Their Applications,” Opt. Eng. 19, 642 (1980).

N. J. Phillips, A. A. Ward, R. Cullen, D. Porter, “Advances in Holographic Bleaches,” Photo. Sci. Eng. 24, 120 (1980).

1979 (1)

1976 (1)

1973 (1)

A. Graube, “Holograms Recorded with Red Light in Dye Sensitized Dichromated Gelatin,” Opt. Commun. 8, 251 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

H. G. Kogelnik, “Coupled Wave Theory for Thick Holograms,” Bell, Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

Chang, B. J.

B. J. Chang, “DCG Holograms and Their Applications,” Opt. Eng. 19, 642 (1980).

Close, D. H.

A. Graube, D. H. Close, “Materials for Holographic Optical Elements,” Tech. Rep. AFML-TR-73-267 (1973).

Cullen, R.

N. J. Phillips, A. A. Ward, R. Cullen, D. Porter, “Advances in Holographic Bleaches,” Photo. Sci. Eng. 24, 120 (1980).

Graube, A.

A. Graube, “Holograms Recorded with Red Light in Dye Sensitized Dichromated Gelatin,” Opt. Commun. 8, 251 (1973).
[CrossRef]

A. Graube, D. H. Close, “Materials for Holographic Optical Elements,” Tech. Rep. AFML-TR-73-267 (1973).

Honda, K.

Kogelnik, H. G.

H. G. Kogelnik, “Coupled Wave Theory for Thick Holograms,” Bell, Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

Kubota, T.

Ose, T.

Phillips, N. J.

N. J. Phillips, A. A. Ward, R. Cullen, D. Porter, “Advances in Holographic Bleaches,” Photo. Sci. Eng. 24, 120 (1980).

Porter, D.

N. J. Phillips, A. A. Ward, R. Cullen, D. Porter, “Advances in Holographic Bleaches,” Photo. Sci. Eng. 24, 120 (1980).

Sasaki, M.

Ward, A. A.

N. J. Phillips, A. A. Ward, R. Cullen, D. Porter, “Advances in Holographic Bleaches,” Photo. Sci. Eng. 24, 120 (1980).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Bell, Syst. Tech. J. (1)

H. G. Kogelnik, “Coupled Wave Theory for Thick Holograms,” Bell, Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Graube, “Holograms Recorded with Red Light in Dye Sensitized Dichromated Gelatin,” Opt. Commun. 8, 251 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

B. J. Chang, “DCG Holograms and Their Applications,” Opt. Eng. 19, 642 (1980).

Photo. Sci. Eng. (1)

N. J. Phillips, A. A. Ward, R. Cullen, D. Porter, “Advances in Holographic Bleaches,” Photo. Sci. Eng. 24, 120 (1980).

Other (2)

A. Graube, D. H. Close, “Materials for Holographic Optical Elements,” Tech. Rep. AFML-TR-73-267 (1973).

H. M. Smith, Ed., Holographic Recording Materials, Topics in Applied Physics (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1977), Vol. 20, pp. 75–99.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Diffraction efficiency η vs pH of the first developing bath in DSDCG based volume holographic gratings recorded on 8 Apr. 1985.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Diffraction efficiency η vs pH of the first development bath in DSDCG based volume holographic gratings recorded on 29 Aug. 1985.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Diffraction efficiency η vs pH of the first developing bath as a function of storage time in DSDCG based volume holographic gratings recorded on 8 Apr. 1985.

Tables (2)

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Table I Procedures for Making the DSDCG Holograms

Tables Icon

Table II Experimental Values of pH and η for the DSDCG Holograms

Equations (2)

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Q = 2 π λ d n 0 Λ 2 ,
η = I 1 I T ,

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