Abstract

We report the experimental results of the resonance characteristics of the backscattering in an optical passive ring-resonator gyro (OPRG). This resonance has two peaks with a separation equal to the Sagnac phase shift when rotation is given. The experimental results are in good agreement with the theory that we have already presented. This phenomenon degrades the gyro linearity almost 10% in a high sensitivity OPRG with the frequency output. A method to eliminate this noise is proposed.

© 1986 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. A. Bergh, H. C. Lefevre, H. J. Shaw, “Overview of Fiber-Optic Gyroscopes,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 91 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. Hotate, “Fiber Optics Gyroscope,” in JARECT, Optical Devices and Fibers, Vol. 17, Y. Suematsu, Ed. (OHM and North-Holland, Tokyo, 1985), pp. 333–348.
  3. K. Hotate, N. Okuma, M. Higashiguchi, N. Niwa, “Rotation Detection by Optical Heterodyne Fiber Gyro with Frequency Output,” Opt. Lett. 7, 331 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. N. Fuerstenau, V. Wetzing, E. Luebeck, G. Siol, W. Auch, M. Koch, “Drift and Scale Factor Tests on SEL Fiber Gyro in Controlled Environment,” presented at Symposium on Gyro Technology, Stuttgart (1984), pp. 3.0–3.30.
  5. B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, “Gated Phase-Modulation Approach to Fiber-Optic Gyroscope with Linearized Scale Factor,” Opt. Lett. 9, 375 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. H. C. Lefevre, P. Graindorge, H. J. Arditty, S. Vatoux, M. Papuchon, “Double Closed-Loop Hybrid Fiber Gyroscope Using Digital Phase Ramp,” in Technical Digest, Third International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1985), postdeadline paper PDS7.
  7. K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Rayleigh Backscattering in Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyro,” presented at Second International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors, Stuttgart (1984), pp. 313–316.
  8. K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Effect of Rayleigh Backscattering in an Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyro,” Appl. Opt. 23, 3916 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Kerr Effect in Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyros,” in Technical Digest, Third International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1985), paper THGG13.
  10. K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Kerr Effect in an Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyro,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 645 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Eigenstate of Polarization in a Fiber Ring Resonator and Its Effect in an Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyro,” Appl. Opt. 25, 2606 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Only the preliminary experimental data have been presented in the following paper: K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Resonance Characteristics of Backscattering in Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyro,” Electron. Lett. 22, 135 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Kemmler, K. Kempf, W. Schroeder, “Static and Dynamic Optical Properties of a Fiber Ring Resonator,” in Technical Digest, Third International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1985), paper WBB6.
  14. R. E. Meyer, S. Ezekiel, D. W. Stowe, V. J. Tekippe, “Passive Fiber-Optic Ring Resonator for Rotation Sensing,” Opt. Lett. 8, 644 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. H. Yu, D. B. Hall, “Low Loss Fiber Ring Resonator,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 478, 104 (1984).
  16. After we submitted this paper, the following article was published which describes the detailed experiments on the component σ: F. Zarinetchi, S. Ezekiel, “Observation of Lock-In Behavior in a Passive Resonator Gyroscope,” Opt. Lett. 11, 401 (1986). Our experiments and analysis in this paper are concentrated on the component 〈I3〉.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986

K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Kerr Effect in an Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyro,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 645 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Only the preliminary experimental data have been presented in the following paper: K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Resonance Characteristics of Backscattering in Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyro,” Electron. Lett. 22, 135 (1986).
[CrossRef]

After we submitted this paper, the following article was published which describes the detailed experiments on the component σ: F. Zarinetchi, S. Ezekiel, “Observation of Lock-In Behavior in a Passive Resonator Gyroscope,” Opt. Lett. 11, 401 (1986). Our experiments and analysis in this paper are concentrated on the component 〈I3〉.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Eigenstate of Polarization in a Fiber Ring Resonator and Its Effect in an Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyro,” Appl. Opt. 25, 2606 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984

B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, “Gated Phase-Modulation Approach to Fiber-Optic Gyroscope with Linearized Scale Factor,” Opt. Lett. 9, 375 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Effect of Rayleigh Backscattering in an Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyro,” Appl. Opt. 23, 3916 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Bergh, H. C. Lefevre, H. J. Shaw, “Overview of Fiber-Optic Gyroscopes,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 91 (1984).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Yu, D. B. Hall, “Low Loss Fiber Ring Resonator,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 478, 104 (1984).

1983

1982

Arditty, H. J.

H. C. Lefevre, P. Graindorge, H. J. Arditty, S. Vatoux, M. Papuchon, “Double Closed-Loop Hybrid Fiber Gyroscope Using Digital Phase Ramp,” in Technical Digest, Third International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1985), postdeadline paper PDS7.

Auch, W.

N. Fuerstenau, V. Wetzing, E. Luebeck, G. Siol, W. Auch, M. Koch, “Drift and Scale Factor Tests on SEL Fiber Gyro in Controlled Environment,” presented at Symposium on Gyro Technology, Stuttgart (1984), pp. 3.0–3.30.

Bergh, R. A.

R. A. Bergh, H. C. Lefevre, H. J. Shaw, “Overview of Fiber-Optic Gyroscopes,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 91 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Ezekiel, S.

Fuerstenau, N.

N. Fuerstenau, V. Wetzing, E. Luebeck, G. Siol, W. Auch, M. Koch, “Drift and Scale Factor Tests on SEL Fiber Gyro in Controlled Environment,” presented at Symposium on Gyro Technology, Stuttgart (1984), pp. 3.0–3.30.

Graindorge, P.

H. C. Lefevre, P. Graindorge, H. J. Arditty, S. Vatoux, M. Papuchon, “Double Closed-Loop Hybrid Fiber Gyroscope Using Digital Phase Ramp,” in Technical Digest, Third International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1985), postdeadline paper PDS7.

Hall, D. B.

M. H. Yu, D. B. Hall, “Low Loss Fiber Ring Resonator,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 478, 104 (1984).

Higashiguchi, M.

K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Eigenstate of Polarization in a Fiber Ring Resonator and Its Effect in an Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyro,” Appl. Opt. 25, 2606 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Only the preliminary experimental data have been presented in the following paper: K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Resonance Characteristics of Backscattering in Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyro,” Electron. Lett. 22, 135 (1986).
[CrossRef]

K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Kerr Effect in an Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyro,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 645 (1986).
[CrossRef]

K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Effect of Rayleigh Backscattering in an Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyro,” Appl. Opt. 23, 3916 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hotate, N. Okuma, M. Higashiguchi, N. Niwa, “Rotation Detection by Optical Heterodyne Fiber Gyro with Frequency Output,” Opt. Lett. 7, 331 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Rayleigh Backscattering in Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyro,” presented at Second International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors, Stuttgart (1984), pp. 313–316.

K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Kerr Effect in Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyros,” in Technical Digest, Third International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1985), paper THGG13.

Hotate, K.

K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Kerr Effect in an Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyro,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 645 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Only the preliminary experimental data have been presented in the following paper: K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Resonance Characteristics of Backscattering in Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyro,” Electron. Lett. 22, 135 (1986).
[CrossRef]

K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Eigenstate of Polarization in a Fiber Ring Resonator and Its Effect in an Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyro,” Appl. Opt. 25, 2606 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Effect of Rayleigh Backscattering in an Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyro,” Appl. Opt. 23, 3916 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hotate, N. Okuma, M. Higashiguchi, N. Niwa, “Rotation Detection by Optical Heterodyne Fiber Gyro with Frequency Output,” Opt. Lett. 7, 331 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Rayleigh Backscattering in Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyro,” presented at Second International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors, Stuttgart (1984), pp. 313–316.

K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Kerr Effect in Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyros,” in Technical Digest, Third International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1985), paper THGG13.

K. Hotate, “Fiber Optics Gyroscope,” in JARECT, Optical Devices and Fibers, Vol. 17, Y. Suematsu, Ed. (OHM and North-Holland, Tokyo, 1985), pp. 333–348.

Iwatsuki, K.

K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Eigenstate of Polarization in a Fiber Ring Resonator and Its Effect in an Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyro,” Appl. Opt. 25, 2606 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Only the preliminary experimental data have been presented in the following paper: K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Resonance Characteristics of Backscattering in Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyro,” Electron. Lett. 22, 135 (1986).
[CrossRef]

K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Kerr Effect in an Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyro,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 645 (1986).
[CrossRef]

K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Effect of Rayleigh Backscattering in an Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyro,” Appl. Opt. 23, 3916 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Kerr Effect in Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyros,” in Technical Digest, Third International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1985), paper THGG13.

K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Rayleigh Backscattering in Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyro,” presented at Second International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors, Stuttgart (1984), pp. 313–316.

Kemmler, M.

M. Kemmler, K. Kempf, W. Schroeder, “Static and Dynamic Optical Properties of a Fiber Ring Resonator,” in Technical Digest, Third International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1985), paper WBB6.

Kempf, K.

M. Kemmler, K. Kempf, W. Schroeder, “Static and Dynamic Optical Properties of a Fiber Ring Resonator,” in Technical Digest, Third International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1985), paper WBB6.

Kim, B. Y.

Koch, M.

N. Fuerstenau, V. Wetzing, E. Luebeck, G. Siol, W. Auch, M. Koch, “Drift and Scale Factor Tests on SEL Fiber Gyro in Controlled Environment,” presented at Symposium on Gyro Technology, Stuttgart (1984), pp. 3.0–3.30.

Lefevre, H. C.

R. A. Bergh, H. C. Lefevre, H. J. Shaw, “Overview of Fiber-Optic Gyroscopes,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 91 (1984).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Lefevre, P. Graindorge, H. J. Arditty, S. Vatoux, M. Papuchon, “Double Closed-Loop Hybrid Fiber Gyroscope Using Digital Phase Ramp,” in Technical Digest, Third International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1985), postdeadline paper PDS7.

Luebeck, E.

N. Fuerstenau, V. Wetzing, E. Luebeck, G. Siol, W. Auch, M. Koch, “Drift and Scale Factor Tests on SEL Fiber Gyro in Controlled Environment,” presented at Symposium on Gyro Technology, Stuttgart (1984), pp. 3.0–3.30.

Meyer, R. E.

Niwa, N.

Okuma, N.

Papuchon, M.

H. C. Lefevre, P. Graindorge, H. J. Arditty, S. Vatoux, M. Papuchon, “Double Closed-Loop Hybrid Fiber Gyroscope Using Digital Phase Ramp,” in Technical Digest, Third International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1985), postdeadline paper PDS7.

Schroeder, W.

M. Kemmler, K. Kempf, W. Schroeder, “Static and Dynamic Optical Properties of a Fiber Ring Resonator,” in Technical Digest, Third International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1985), paper WBB6.

Shaw, H. J.

R. A. Bergh, H. C. Lefevre, H. J. Shaw, “Overview of Fiber-Optic Gyroscopes,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 91 (1984).
[CrossRef]

B. Y. Kim, H. J. Shaw, “Gated Phase-Modulation Approach to Fiber-Optic Gyroscope with Linearized Scale Factor,” Opt. Lett. 9, 375 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Siol, G.

N. Fuerstenau, V. Wetzing, E. Luebeck, G. Siol, W. Auch, M. Koch, “Drift and Scale Factor Tests on SEL Fiber Gyro in Controlled Environment,” presented at Symposium on Gyro Technology, Stuttgart (1984), pp. 3.0–3.30.

Stowe, D. W.

Tekippe, V. J.

Vatoux, S.

H. C. Lefevre, P. Graindorge, H. J. Arditty, S. Vatoux, M. Papuchon, “Double Closed-Loop Hybrid Fiber Gyroscope Using Digital Phase Ramp,” in Technical Digest, Third International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1985), postdeadline paper PDS7.

Wetzing, V.

N. Fuerstenau, V. Wetzing, E. Luebeck, G. Siol, W. Auch, M. Koch, “Drift and Scale Factor Tests on SEL Fiber Gyro in Controlled Environment,” presented at Symposium on Gyro Technology, Stuttgart (1984), pp. 3.0–3.30.

Yu, M. H.

M. H. Yu, D. B. Hall, “Low Loss Fiber Ring Resonator,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 478, 104 (1984).

Zarinetchi, F.

Appl. Opt.

Electron. Lett.

Only the preliminary experimental data have been presented in the following paper: K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Resonance Characteristics of Backscattering in Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyro,” Electron. Lett. 22, 135 (1986).
[CrossRef]

IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol.

K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Kerr Effect in an Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyro,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 645 (1986).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Bergh, H. C. Lefevre, H. J. Shaw, “Overview of Fiber-Optic Gyroscopes,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 91 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.

M. H. Yu, D. B. Hall, “Low Loss Fiber Ring Resonator,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 478, 104 (1984).

Other

M. Kemmler, K. Kempf, W. Schroeder, “Static and Dynamic Optical Properties of a Fiber Ring Resonator,” in Technical Digest, Third International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1985), paper WBB6.

K. Hotate, “Fiber Optics Gyroscope,” in JARECT, Optical Devices and Fibers, Vol. 17, Y. Suematsu, Ed. (OHM and North-Holland, Tokyo, 1985), pp. 333–348.

N. Fuerstenau, V. Wetzing, E. Luebeck, G. Siol, W. Auch, M. Koch, “Drift and Scale Factor Tests on SEL Fiber Gyro in Controlled Environment,” presented at Symposium on Gyro Technology, Stuttgart (1984), pp. 3.0–3.30.

H. C. Lefevre, P. Graindorge, H. J. Arditty, S. Vatoux, M. Papuchon, “Double Closed-Loop Hybrid Fiber Gyroscope Using Digital Phase Ramp,” in Technical Digest, Third International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1985), postdeadline paper PDS7.

K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Rayleigh Backscattering in Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyro,” presented at Second International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors, Stuttgart (1984), pp. 313–316.

K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, “Kerr Effect in Optical Passive Ring-Resonator Gyros,” in Technical Digest, Third International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1985), paper THGG13.

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