Abstract

Successful operation of a compact linear array external cavity laser exhibiting wavelength control of five (widely spaced) individual diode elements and phase-locked operation was demonstrated. The locked array output was tunable over a 15-nm range.

© 1986 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. Felming, A. Mooradian, “Spectral Characteristics of External-Cavity Controlled Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 44 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Ito, T. Kimura, “Oscillation Properties of AlGaAs DH Lasers with an External Grating,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 69 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Olson, C. L. Tang, “Electrooptically Tuned External-Cavity CW Semiconductor Laser and FM Optical Communications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1085 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. L. Tang, V. Kreismanis, J. Ballantyne, “Wide-Band Electro-Optical Tuning of Semiconductor Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 113 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. T. Ho, A. Glass, E. Ippen, H. A. Haus, “Picosecond Pulse Generation with a CW GaAlAs Laser Diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 241 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. M. Philip-Rutz, “Spatially Coherent Radiation from an Array of GaAs Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 475 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. W. Crowe, W. E. Ahearn, “External Cavity Coupling and Phase Locking of Gallium Arsenide Injection Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 169 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. L. Cao, A. M. Vacher, C. H. Lee, “Synchronously Pumped Mode-Locked GaAs Laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 553 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K.-Y. Liou, C. A. Burrus, S. W. Granlund, C. B. Swan, R. A. Linke, I. P. Kaminow, “Single-Longitudinal-Mode Operation of GRIN Rod External Coupled-Cavity Semiconductor Lasers,” in Technical Digest, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1984), paper TUL 2.
  10. K.-Y. Liou, F. Bosch, C. A. Burrus, “Graded-Index-Rod External-Coupled-Cavity Laser with Backface-Output-Monitor Stabalized Single-Frequency Operation,” in Technical Digest, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1985), paper TUP4.
  11. Nippon Sheet Glass Co., Ltd., Minato-Ku, Koyo, Japan.

1981 (2)

M. Felming, A. Mooradian, “Spectral Characteristics of External-Cavity Controlled Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 44 (1981).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Cao, A. M. Vacher, C. H. Lee, “Synchronously Pumped Mode-Locked GaAs Laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 553 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

M. Ito, T. Kimura, “Oscillation Properties of AlGaAs DH Lasers with an External Grating,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 69 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

A. Olson, C. L. Tang, “Electrooptically Tuned External-Cavity CW Semiconductor Laser and FM Optical Communications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1085 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

P. T. Ho, A. Glass, E. Ippen, H. A. Haus, “Picosecond Pulse Generation with a CW GaAlAs Laser Diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 241 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

C. L. Tang, V. Kreismanis, J. Ballantyne, “Wide-Band Electro-Optical Tuning of Semiconductor Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 113 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

E. M. Philip-Rutz, “Spatially Coherent Radiation from an Array of GaAs Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 475 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

J. W. Crowe, W. E. Ahearn, “External Cavity Coupling and Phase Locking of Gallium Arsenide Injection Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 169 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Ahearn, W. E.

J. W. Crowe, W. E. Ahearn, “External Cavity Coupling and Phase Locking of Gallium Arsenide Injection Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 169 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Ballantyne, J.

C. L. Tang, V. Kreismanis, J. Ballantyne, “Wide-Band Electro-Optical Tuning of Semiconductor Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 113 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Bosch, F.

K.-Y. Liou, F. Bosch, C. A. Burrus, “Graded-Index-Rod External-Coupled-Cavity Laser with Backface-Output-Monitor Stabalized Single-Frequency Operation,” in Technical Digest, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1985), paper TUP4.

Burrus, C. A.

K.-Y. Liou, F. Bosch, C. A. Burrus, “Graded-Index-Rod External-Coupled-Cavity Laser with Backface-Output-Monitor Stabalized Single-Frequency Operation,” in Technical Digest, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1985), paper TUP4.

K.-Y. Liou, C. A. Burrus, S. W. Granlund, C. B. Swan, R. A. Linke, I. P. Kaminow, “Single-Longitudinal-Mode Operation of GRIN Rod External Coupled-Cavity Semiconductor Lasers,” in Technical Digest, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1984), paper TUL 2.

Cao, W. L.

W. L. Cao, A. M. Vacher, C. H. Lee, “Synchronously Pumped Mode-Locked GaAs Laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 553 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Crowe, J. W.

J. W. Crowe, W. E. Ahearn, “External Cavity Coupling and Phase Locking of Gallium Arsenide Injection Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 169 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Felming, M.

M. Felming, A. Mooradian, “Spectral Characteristics of External-Cavity Controlled Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 44 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Glass, A.

P. T. Ho, A. Glass, E. Ippen, H. A. Haus, “Picosecond Pulse Generation with a CW GaAlAs Laser Diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 241 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Granlund, S. W.

K.-Y. Liou, C. A. Burrus, S. W. Granlund, C. B. Swan, R. A. Linke, I. P. Kaminow, “Single-Longitudinal-Mode Operation of GRIN Rod External Coupled-Cavity Semiconductor Lasers,” in Technical Digest, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1984), paper TUL 2.

Haus, H. A.

P. T. Ho, A. Glass, E. Ippen, H. A. Haus, “Picosecond Pulse Generation with a CW GaAlAs Laser Diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 241 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Ho, P. T.

P. T. Ho, A. Glass, E. Ippen, H. A. Haus, “Picosecond Pulse Generation with a CW GaAlAs Laser Diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 241 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E.

P. T. Ho, A. Glass, E. Ippen, H. A. Haus, “Picosecond Pulse Generation with a CW GaAlAs Laser Diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 241 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Ito, M.

M. Ito, T. Kimura, “Oscillation Properties of AlGaAs DH Lasers with an External Grating,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 69 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Kaminow, I. P.

K.-Y. Liou, C. A. Burrus, S. W. Granlund, C. B. Swan, R. A. Linke, I. P. Kaminow, “Single-Longitudinal-Mode Operation of GRIN Rod External Coupled-Cavity Semiconductor Lasers,” in Technical Digest, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1984), paper TUL 2.

Kimura, T.

M. Ito, T. Kimura, “Oscillation Properties of AlGaAs DH Lasers with an External Grating,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 69 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Kreismanis, V.

C. L. Tang, V. Kreismanis, J. Ballantyne, “Wide-Band Electro-Optical Tuning of Semiconductor Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 113 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C. H.

W. L. Cao, A. M. Vacher, C. H. Lee, “Synchronously Pumped Mode-Locked GaAs Laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 553 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Linke, R. A.

K.-Y. Liou, C. A. Burrus, S. W. Granlund, C. B. Swan, R. A. Linke, I. P. Kaminow, “Single-Longitudinal-Mode Operation of GRIN Rod External Coupled-Cavity Semiconductor Lasers,” in Technical Digest, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1984), paper TUL 2.

Liou, K.-Y.

K.-Y. Liou, C. A. Burrus, S. W. Granlund, C. B. Swan, R. A. Linke, I. P. Kaminow, “Single-Longitudinal-Mode Operation of GRIN Rod External Coupled-Cavity Semiconductor Lasers,” in Technical Digest, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1984), paper TUL 2.

K.-Y. Liou, F. Bosch, C. A. Burrus, “Graded-Index-Rod External-Coupled-Cavity Laser with Backface-Output-Monitor Stabalized Single-Frequency Operation,” in Technical Digest, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1985), paper TUP4.

Mooradian, A.

M. Felming, A. Mooradian, “Spectral Characteristics of External-Cavity Controlled Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 44 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Olson, A.

A. Olson, C. L. Tang, “Electrooptically Tuned External-Cavity CW Semiconductor Laser and FM Optical Communications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1085 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Philip-Rutz, E. M.

E. M. Philip-Rutz, “Spatially Coherent Radiation from an Array of GaAs Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 475 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Swan, C. B.

K.-Y. Liou, C. A. Burrus, S. W. Granlund, C. B. Swan, R. A. Linke, I. P. Kaminow, “Single-Longitudinal-Mode Operation of GRIN Rod External Coupled-Cavity Semiconductor Lasers,” in Technical Digest, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1984), paper TUL 2.

Tang, C. L.

A. Olson, C. L. Tang, “Electrooptically Tuned External-Cavity CW Semiconductor Laser and FM Optical Communications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1085 (1979).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Tang, V. Kreismanis, J. Ballantyne, “Wide-Band Electro-Optical Tuning of Semiconductor Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 113 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Vacher, A. M.

W. L. Cao, A. M. Vacher, C. H. Lee, “Synchronously Pumped Mode-Locked GaAs Laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 553 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

C. L. Tang, V. Kreismanis, J. Ballantyne, “Wide-Band Electro-Optical Tuning of Semiconductor Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 113 (1977).
[CrossRef]

P. T. Ho, A. Glass, E. Ippen, H. A. Haus, “Picosecond Pulse Generation with a CW GaAlAs Laser Diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 241 (1978).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Philip-Rutz, “Spatially Coherent Radiation from an Array of GaAs Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 475 (1975).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Cao, A. M. Vacher, C. H. Lee, “Synchronously Pumped Mode-Locked GaAs Laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 553 (1981).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (4)

J. W. Crowe, W. E. Ahearn, “External Cavity Coupling and Phase Locking of Gallium Arsenide Injection Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 169 (1968).
[CrossRef]

M. Felming, A. Mooradian, “Spectral Characteristics of External-Cavity Controlled Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 44 (1981).
[CrossRef]

M. Ito, T. Kimura, “Oscillation Properties of AlGaAs DH Lasers with an External Grating,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 69 (1980).
[CrossRef]

A. Olson, C. L. Tang, “Electrooptically Tuned External-Cavity CW Semiconductor Laser and FM Optical Communications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1085 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

K.-Y. Liou, C. A. Burrus, S. W. Granlund, C. B. Swan, R. A. Linke, I. P. Kaminow, “Single-Longitudinal-Mode Operation of GRIN Rod External Coupled-Cavity Semiconductor Lasers,” in Technical Digest, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1984), paper TUL 2.

K.-Y. Liou, F. Bosch, C. A. Burrus, “Graded-Index-Rod External-Coupled-Cavity Laser with Backface-Output-Monitor Stabalized Single-Frequency Operation,” in Technical Digest, Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1985), paper TUP4.

Nippon Sheet Glass Co., Ltd., Minato-Ku, Koyo, Japan.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Compact linear array external cavity configuration.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectral output of a five-element diode bar array.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral output of a frequency-locked array with successive diode elements blocked by an aperture.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectral output of a frequency-locked array indicating a partial tuning range.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Mutual coherence interferometer arrangement.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Mutual coherence interference as displayed on a video monitor.

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