Abstract

No abstract available.

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. Ishimaru, Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random Media (Academic, New York, 1977).
  2. L. S. Dolin, “Solution of the Radiation Transfer Equation in a Small-Angle Approximation for a Stratified Turbid Medium with Photon Path Dispersion Taken into Account,” Izv. Atmos. Ocean. Phys. 16, 34 (1980).
  3. C. L. Rino, “A Multiple-Scattering Layer Approximation for Propagation in Discrete Random Media,” at National Radio Science Meeting, Boulder, CO, 13 Jan. 1986.
  4. A. Zardecki, S. A. W. Gerstl, W. G. Tam, J. F. Embury, “Image-Quality Degradation in a Turbid Medium under Partially Coherent Illumination,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 393 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  5. V. S. MalKova, “Limits of Applicability of the Small-Angle Approximation in Clouds,” Izv. Atmos. Ocean. Phys. 8, 639 (1972).
  6. M. C. Wang, E. Guth, “On the Theory of Multiple Scattering, Particularly of Charged Particles,” Phys. Rev. 84, 1092 (1951).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. T. Scott, “The Theory of Small-Angle Multiple Scattering of Fast Charged Particles,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 35, 231 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. Tsang, A. J. Kong, R. T. Shin, Theory of Microwave Remote Sensing (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1985).

1986 (1)

1980 (1)

L. S. Dolin, “Solution of the Radiation Transfer Equation in a Small-Angle Approximation for a Stratified Turbid Medium with Photon Path Dispersion Taken into Account,” Izv. Atmos. Ocean. Phys. 16, 34 (1980).

1972 (1)

V. S. MalKova, “Limits of Applicability of the Small-Angle Approximation in Clouds,” Izv. Atmos. Ocean. Phys. 8, 639 (1972).

1963 (1)

W. T. Scott, “The Theory of Small-Angle Multiple Scattering of Fast Charged Particles,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 35, 231 (1963).
[CrossRef]

1951 (1)

M. C. Wang, E. Guth, “On the Theory of Multiple Scattering, Particularly of Charged Particles,” Phys. Rev. 84, 1092 (1951).
[CrossRef]

Dolin, L. S.

L. S. Dolin, “Solution of the Radiation Transfer Equation in a Small-Angle Approximation for a Stratified Turbid Medium with Photon Path Dispersion Taken into Account,” Izv. Atmos. Ocean. Phys. 16, 34 (1980).

Embury, J. F.

Gerstl, S. A. W.

Guth, E.

M. C. Wang, E. Guth, “On the Theory of Multiple Scattering, Particularly of Charged Particles,” Phys. Rev. 84, 1092 (1951).
[CrossRef]

Ishimaru, A.

A. Ishimaru, Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random Media (Academic, New York, 1977).

Kong, A. J.

L. Tsang, A. J. Kong, R. T. Shin, Theory of Microwave Remote Sensing (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1985).

MalKova, V. S.

V. S. MalKova, “Limits of Applicability of the Small-Angle Approximation in Clouds,” Izv. Atmos. Ocean. Phys. 8, 639 (1972).

Rino, C. L.

C. L. Rino, “A Multiple-Scattering Layer Approximation for Propagation in Discrete Random Media,” at National Radio Science Meeting, Boulder, CO, 13 Jan. 1986.

Scott, W. T.

W. T. Scott, “The Theory of Small-Angle Multiple Scattering of Fast Charged Particles,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 35, 231 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Shin, R. T.

L. Tsang, A. J. Kong, R. T. Shin, Theory of Microwave Remote Sensing (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1985).

Tam, W. G.

Tsang, L.

L. Tsang, A. J. Kong, R. T. Shin, Theory of Microwave Remote Sensing (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1985).

Wang, M. C.

M. C. Wang, E. Guth, “On the Theory of Multiple Scattering, Particularly of Charged Particles,” Phys. Rev. 84, 1092 (1951).
[CrossRef]

Zardecki, A.

Izv. Atmos. Ocean. Phys. (2)

L. S. Dolin, “Solution of the Radiation Transfer Equation in a Small-Angle Approximation for a Stratified Turbid Medium with Photon Path Dispersion Taken into Account,” Izv. Atmos. Ocean. Phys. 16, 34 (1980).

V. S. MalKova, “Limits of Applicability of the Small-Angle Approximation in Clouds,” Izv. Atmos. Ocean. Phys. 8, 639 (1972).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Phys. Rev. (1)

M. C. Wang, E. Guth, “On the Theory of Multiple Scattering, Particularly of Charged Particles,” Phys. Rev. 84, 1092 (1951).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

W. T. Scott, “The Theory of Small-Angle Multiple Scattering of Fast Charged Particles,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 35, 231 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

L. Tsang, A. J. Kong, R. T. Shin, Theory of Microwave Remote Sensing (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1985).

A. Ishimaru, Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random Media (Academic, New York, 1977).

C. L. Rino, “A Multiple-Scattering Layer Approximation for Propagation in Discrete Random Media,” at National Radio Science Meeting, Boulder, CO, 13 Jan. 1986.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Solid lines, RT; dashed lines, SAA. ka = 50. Lines A and B are calculated using s′ = sinθ and s″ = 2 sin(θ/2) in Eq. (2), respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Differences 100*(RT-SAA)/RT vs angle. ka = 50.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Differences 100*ABS((RT-SAA)/RT) vs ka at θ = 10° τ = 5.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Differences 100*ABS((RT-SAA)/RT) vs ka at θ = 10°. τ = 10.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

z I ( z , ρ ¯ , s ¯ ) + s ¯ · t I ( z , ρ ¯ , s ¯ ) = - ρ n σ t I ( z , ρ ¯ , s ¯ ) + ρ n σ t 4 π - p ( s ¯ - s ¯ ) I ( z , ρ ¯ , s ¯ ) d s ¯ ,
t = x x ^ + y y ^ ,
1 4 π p ( s ) d ω = albedo .
I ( τ , s ) = I 0 2 π 0 q d q J 0 ( s q ) × ( exp { - τ [ 1 - 1 2 0 2 p ( s ) J 0 ( s q ) s d s ] } ) ,

Metrics