Abstract

Simultaneous frequency and amplitude stabilization of a commercial internal-mirror He–Ne laser by a new simple method is reported. In this method, the back beam intensity of one polarization of the orthogonally polarized modes is fed back as a heater current to control the cavity length of the laser. The relative frequency stability and amplitude stability achieved are, respectively, ±2.5 × 10−9 and ±0.13% over a period of 1 h.

© 1986 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. Balhorn, H. Kunzmann, F. Lebowsky, “Frequency Stabilization of Internal-Mirror Helium-Neon Lasers,” Appl. Opt. 11, 742 (1972).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. J. Bennett, R. E. Ward, D. C. Wilison, “Comments on: Frequency Stabilization of Internal-Mirror He–Ne Lasers,” Appl. Opt. 12, 1406 (1973).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. P. E. Ciddor, R. M. Duffy, “Two-Mode Frequency-Stabilized He–Ne (633 nm) Lasers: Studies of Short- and Long-Term Stability,” J. Phys. E 16, 1223 (1983), and references therein.
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. W. Hansen, K. F. Rodgers, D. E. Thomas, “Amplitude Stabilization of a Single-Mode 6328 A, He–Ne Laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 39, 872 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Nowicki, “Output Power Stabilization of Helium–Neon Laser,” J. Phys. E 4, 274 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Yoshino, K. Kurosawa, “A New Method for the Intensity Stabilization of He–Ne Lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 21, 555 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Sasaki, T. Hayaski, “Amplitude and Frequency Stabilization of an Internal-Mirror He–Ne Laser, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 21, 1455 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Sasaki, “Simple Method for Single-Frequency Operation and Amplitude- and Frequency-Stabilization of an Internal-Mirror He–Ne Laser,” Jpn J. Appl. Phys. 22, 1538 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Sasaki, S. Ushimaru, T. Hayashi, “Simultaneous Output-and Frequency-Stabilization and Single-Frequency Operation of an Internal-Mirror He–Ne Laser by Controlling the Discharge,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 23, 593 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C.-L. Pan et al., “Comments on “A Simple Method for Single-Frequency Operation and Amplitude- and Frequency-Stabilization of an Internal-Mirror He–Ne Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 24, 883 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C.-L. Pan et al., “A Comparative Study of Frequency- and Amplitude-Stabilized Two-Mode Internal-Mirror He–Ne Lasers,” Proc. Natl. Sci. Council Part A (Taiwan) 10, 39 (1986).
  12. T. Yoshino, “Polarization Properties of Internal-Mirror He–Ne Lasers at 6328 A,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 11, 263 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  13. E. K. Hasle, “Polarization Properties of He–Ne Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 31, 206 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  14. P. N. Puntambekar, H. S. Dahiya, V. T. Chitnis, “Polarization Properties of Multimode Internal-Mirror He–Ne Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 41, 191 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  15. N. Brown, “Frequency Stabilized Lasers: Optical Feedback Effects,” Appl. Opt. 20, 3711 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. C.-L. Pan et al., “Sensitivity of Frequency Stability of Two-Mode Internal-Mirror He–Ne Lasers to Misalignment of Polarizing Optics,” Appl. Opt. 24, 3430 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

C.-L. Pan et al., “A Comparative Study of Frequency- and Amplitude-Stabilized Two-Mode Internal-Mirror He–Ne Lasers,” Proc. Natl. Sci. Council Part A (Taiwan) 10, 39 (1986).

1985 (2)

C.-L. Pan et al., “Comments on “A Simple Method for Single-Frequency Operation and Amplitude- and Frequency-Stabilization of an Internal-Mirror He–Ne Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 24, 883 (1985).
[CrossRef]

C.-L. Pan et al., “Sensitivity of Frequency Stability of Two-Mode Internal-Mirror He–Ne Lasers to Misalignment of Polarizing Optics,” Appl. Opt. 24, 3430 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984 (1)

A. Sasaki, S. Ushimaru, T. Hayashi, “Simultaneous Output-and Frequency-Stabilization and Single-Frequency Operation of an Internal-Mirror He–Ne Laser by Controlling the Discharge,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 23, 593 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983 (2)

P. E. Ciddor, R. M. Duffy, “Two-Mode Frequency-Stabilized He–Ne (633 nm) Lasers: Studies of Short- and Long-Term Stability,” J. Phys. E 16, 1223 (1983), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

A. Sasaki, “Simple Method for Single-Frequency Operation and Amplitude- and Frequency-Stabilization of an Internal-Mirror He–Ne Laser,” Jpn J. Appl. Phys. 22, 1538 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982 (3)

T. Yoshino, K. Kurosawa, “A New Method for the Intensity Stabilization of He–Ne Lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 21, 555 (1982).
[CrossRef]

A. Sasaki, T. Hayaski, “Amplitude and Frequency Stabilization of an Internal-Mirror He–Ne Laser, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 21, 1455 (1982).
[CrossRef]

P. N. Puntambekar, H. S. Dahiya, V. T. Chitnis, “Polarization Properties of Multimode Internal-Mirror He–Ne Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 41, 191 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

1979 (1)

E. K. Hasle, “Polarization Properties of He–Ne Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 31, 206 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

1972 (2)

R. Balhorn, H. Kunzmann, F. Lebowsky, “Frequency Stabilization of Internal-Mirror Helium-Neon Lasers,” Appl. Opt. 11, 742 (1972).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yoshino, “Polarization Properties of Internal-Mirror He–Ne Lasers at 6328 A,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 11, 263 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

R. Nowicki, “Output Power Stabilization of Helium–Neon Laser,” J. Phys. E 4, 274 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

J. W. Hansen, K. F. Rodgers, D. E. Thomas, “Amplitude Stabilization of a Single-Mode 6328 A, He–Ne Laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 39, 872 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Balhorn, R.

Bennett, S. J.

Brown, N.

Chitnis, V. T.

P. N. Puntambekar, H. S. Dahiya, V. T. Chitnis, “Polarization Properties of Multimode Internal-Mirror He–Ne Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 41, 191 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Ciddor, P. E.

P. E. Ciddor, R. M. Duffy, “Two-Mode Frequency-Stabilized He–Ne (633 nm) Lasers: Studies of Short- and Long-Term Stability,” J. Phys. E 16, 1223 (1983), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Dahiya, H. S.

P. N. Puntambekar, H. S. Dahiya, V. T. Chitnis, “Polarization Properties of Multimode Internal-Mirror He–Ne Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 41, 191 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Duffy, R. M.

P. E. Ciddor, R. M. Duffy, “Two-Mode Frequency-Stabilized He–Ne (633 nm) Lasers: Studies of Short- and Long-Term Stability,” J. Phys. E 16, 1223 (1983), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Hansen, J. W.

J. W. Hansen, K. F. Rodgers, D. E. Thomas, “Amplitude Stabilization of a Single-Mode 6328 A, He–Ne Laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 39, 872 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Hasle, E. K.

E. K. Hasle, “Polarization Properties of He–Ne Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 31, 206 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Hayashi, T.

A. Sasaki, S. Ushimaru, T. Hayashi, “Simultaneous Output-and Frequency-Stabilization and Single-Frequency Operation of an Internal-Mirror He–Ne Laser by Controlling the Discharge,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 23, 593 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Hayaski, T.

A. Sasaki, T. Hayaski, “Amplitude and Frequency Stabilization of an Internal-Mirror He–Ne Laser, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 21, 1455 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kunzmann, H.

Kurosawa, K.

T. Yoshino, K. Kurosawa, “A New Method for the Intensity Stabilization of He–Ne Lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 21, 555 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Lebowsky, F.

Nowicki, R.

R. Nowicki, “Output Power Stabilization of Helium–Neon Laser,” J. Phys. E 4, 274 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Pan, C.-L.

C.-L. Pan et al., “A Comparative Study of Frequency- and Amplitude-Stabilized Two-Mode Internal-Mirror He–Ne Lasers,” Proc. Natl. Sci. Council Part A (Taiwan) 10, 39 (1986).

C.-L. Pan et al., “Comments on “A Simple Method for Single-Frequency Operation and Amplitude- and Frequency-Stabilization of an Internal-Mirror He–Ne Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 24, 883 (1985).
[CrossRef]

C.-L. Pan et al., “Sensitivity of Frequency Stability of Two-Mode Internal-Mirror He–Ne Lasers to Misalignment of Polarizing Optics,” Appl. Opt. 24, 3430 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Puntambekar, P. N.

P. N. Puntambekar, H. S. Dahiya, V. T. Chitnis, “Polarization Properties of Multimode Internal-Mirror He–Ne Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 41, 191 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Rodgers, K. F.

J. W. Hansen, K. F. Rodgers, D. E. Thomas, “Amplitude Stabilization of a Single-Mode 6328 A, He–Ne Laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 39, 872 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, A.

A. Sasaki, S. Ushimaru, T. Hayashi, “Simultaneous Output-and Frequency-Stabilization and Single-Frequency Operation of an Internal-Mirror He–Ne Laser by Controlling the Discharge,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 23, 593 (1984).
[CrossRef]

A. Sasaki, “Simple Method for Single-Frequency Operation and Amplitude- and Frequency-Stabilization of an Internal-Mirror He–Ne Laser,” Jpn J. Appl. Phys. 22, 1538 (1983).
[CrossRef]

A. Sasaki, T. Hayaski, “Amplitude and Frequency Stabilization of an Internal-Mirror He–Ne Laser, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 21, 1455 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, D. E.

J. W. Hansen, K. F. Rodgers, D. E. Thomas, “Amplitude Stabilization of a Single-Mode 6328 A, He–Ne Laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 39, 872 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Ushimaru, S.

A. Sasaki, S. Ushimaru, T. Hayashi, “Simultaneous Output-and Frequency-Stabilization and Single-Frequency Operation of an Internal-Mirror He–Ne Laser by Controlling the Discharge,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 23, 593 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Ward, R. E.

Wilison, D. C.

Yoshino, T.

T. Yoshino, K. Kurosawa, “A New Method for the Intensity Stabilization of He–Ne Lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 21, 555 (1982).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshino, “Polarization Properties of Internal-Mirror He–Ne Lasers at 6328 A,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 11, 263 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (4)

J. Phys. E (2)

R. Nowicki, “Output Power Stabilization of Helium–Neon Laser,” J. Phys. E 4, 274 (1971).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Ciddor, R. M. Duffy, “Two-Mode Frequency-Stabilized He–Ne (633 nm) Lasers: Studies of Short- and Long-Term Stability,” J. Phys. E 16, 1223 (1983), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Jpn J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. Sasaki, “Simple Method for Single-Frequency Operation and Amplitude- and Frequency-Stabilization of an Internal-Mirror He–Ne Laser,” Jpn J. Appl. Phys. 22, 1538 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (5)

A. Sasaki, S. Ushimaru, T. Hayashi, “Simultaneous Output-and Frequency-Stabilization and Single-Frequency Operation of an Internal-Mirror He–Ne Laser by Controlling the Discharge,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 23, 593 (1984).
[CrossRef]

C.-L. Pan et al., “Comments on “A Simple Method for Single-Frequency Operation and Amplitude- and Frequency-Stabilization of an Internal-Mirror He–Ne Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 24, 883 (1985).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshino, K. Kurosawa, “A New Method for the Intensity Stabilization of He–Ne Lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 21, 555 (1982).
[CrossRef]

A. Sasaki, T. Hayaski, “Amplitude and Frequency Stabilization of an Internal-Mirror He–Ne Laser, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 21, 1455 (1982).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshino, “Polarization Properties of Internal-Mirror He–Ne Lasers at 6328 A,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 11, 263 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

E. K. Hasle, “Polarization Properties of He–Ne Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 31, 206 (1979).
[CrossRef]

P. N. Puntambekar, H. S. Dahiya, V. T. Chitnis, “Polarization Properties of Multimode Internal-Mirror He–Ne Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 41, 191 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Natl. Sci. Council Part A (Taiwan) (1)

C.-L. Pan et al., “A Comparative Study of Frequency- and Amplitude-Stabilized Two-Mode Internal-Mirror He–Ne Lasers,” Proc. Natl. Sci. Council Part A (Taiwan) 10, 39 (1986).

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

J. W. Hansen, K. F. Rodgers, D. E. Thomas, “Amplitude Stabilization of a Single-Mode 6328 A, He–Ne Laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 39, 872 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic representations of an arbitrary laser gain profile, (a) total laser intensity, (b) intensities of the orthogonally polarized output of the laser, and (c) difference in intensities of the two polarizations as a function of laser cavity length L. λ is the wavelength of the laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Block diagram of the experimental apparatus: P, polarizer; PD1–PD4, photodiode detectors; BS, beam splitter; PBS; polarizing beam splitter; A, amplifier; D.A, differential amplifier.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Control circuits for laser stabilization. All the operational amplifiers used are 13741.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Typical results for (a) frequency and (b) amplitude stabilization by the single-polarization method.

Metrics