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  1. R. Kingslake, Optical System Design (Academic, New York, 1983), pp. 86, 274.
  2. M. C. Anderson, “Light Relations of Terrestrial Plant Communities and their Measurement,” Biol. Rev. 39, 425 (1964).
  3. M. C. Anderson, “Studies of the Woodland Light Climate. I. The Photographic Computation of Light Condition,” J. Ecol. 52, 27 (1964).
  4. G. C. Evans, D. E. Coombe, “Hemispherical and Woodland Canopy Photography and the Light Climate,” J. Ecol. 47, 103 (1959).
  5. G. C. Evans, P. Freeman, O. Rackham, “Developments in Hemispherical Photography” in Light as an Ecological Factor II, G. C. Evans, R. Bainbridge, O. Rackham, Eds. (Blackwell, Oxford, 1975), p. 549.
  6. H. A. I. Madgwick, G. L. Brumfield, “The Use of Hemispherical Photographs to Assess Light Climate in the Forest,” J. Ecol. 57, 537 (1969).
  7. R. Lee, Forest Microclimatology (Columbia U.P., New York, 1978), p. 216.
  8. D. J. Pope, P. S. Lloyd, “Hemispherical Photography, Topography, and Plant Distribution,” in Light as an Ecological Factor II, G. C. Evans, R. Bainbridge, O. Rackham, Eds. (Blackwell, Oxford, 1975), p. 385.
  9. K. Miyamoto, “Fish Eye Lens,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 1060 (1964).

1969 (1)

H. A. I. Madgwick, G. L. Brumfield, “The Use of Hemispherical Photographs to Assess Light Climate in the Forest,” J. Ecol. 57, 537 (1969).

1964 (3)

K. Miyamoto, “Fish Eye Lens,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 1060 (1964).

M. C. Anderson, “Light Relations of Terrestrial Plant Communities and their Measurement,” Biol. Rev. 39, 425 (1964).

M. C. Anderson, “Studies of the Woodland Light Climate. I. The Photographic Computation of Light Condition,” J. Ecol. 52, 27 (1964).

1959 (1)

G. C. Evans, D. E. Coombe, “Hemispherical and Woodland Canopy Photography and the Light Climate,” J. Ecol. 47, 103 (1959).

Anderson, M. C.

M. C. Anderson, “Light Relations of Terrestrial Plant Communities and their Measurement,” Biol. Rev. 39, 425 (1964).

M. C. Anderson, “Studies of the Woodland Light Climate. I. The Photographic Computation of Light Condition,” J. Ecol. 52, 27 (1964).

Brumfield, G. L.

H. A. I. Madgwick, G. L. Brumfield, “The Use of Hemispherical Photographs to Assess Light Climate in the Forest,” J. Ecol. 57, 537 (1969).

Coombe, D. E.

G. C. Evans, D. E. Coombe, “Hemispherical and Woodland Canopy Photography and the Light Climate,” J. Ecol. 47, 103 (1959).

Evans, G. C.

G. C. Evans, D. E. Coombe, “Hemispherical and Woodland Canopy Photography and the Light Climate,” J. Ecol. 47, 103 (1959).

G. C. Evans, P. Freeman, O. Rackham, “Developments in Hemispherical Photography” in Light as an Ecological Factor II, G. C. Evans, R. Bainbridge, O. Rackham, Eds. (Blackwell, Oxford, 1975), p. 549.

Freeman, P.

G. C. Evans, P. Freeman, O. Rackham, “Developments in Hemispherical Photography” in Light as an Ecological Factor II, G. C. Evans, R. Bainbridge, O. Rackham, Eds. (Blackwell, Oxford, 1975), p. 549.

Kingslake, R.

R. Kingslake, Optical System Design (Academic, New York, 1983), pp. 86, 274.

Lee, R.

R. Lee, Forest Microclimatology (Columbia U.P., New York, 1978), p. 216.

Lloyd, P. S.

D. J. Pope, P. S. Lloyd, “Hemispherical Photography, Topography, and Plant Distribution,” in Light as an Ecological Factor II, G. C. Evans, R. Bainbridge, O. Rackham, Eds. (Blackwell, Oxford, 1975), p. 385.

Madgwick, H. A. I.

H. A. I. Madgwick, G. L. Brumfield, “The Use of Hemispherical Photographs to Assess Light Climate in the Forest,” J. Ecol. 57, 537 (1969).

Miyamoto, K.

Pope, D. J.

D. J. Pope, P. S. Lloyd, “Hemispherical Photography, Topography, and Plant Distribution,” in Light as an Ecological Factor II, G. C. Evans, R. Bainbridge, O. Rackham, Eds. (Blackwell, Oxford, 1975), p. 385.

Rackham, O.

G. C. Evans, P. Freeman, O. Rackham, “Developments in Hemispherical Photography” in Light as an Ecological Factor II, G. C. Evans, R. Bainbridge, O. Rackham, Eds. (Blackwell, Oxford, 1975), p. 549.

Biol. Rev. (1)

M. C. Anderson, “Light Relations of Terrestrial Plant Communities and their Measurement,” Biol. Rev. 39, 425 (1964).

J. Ecol. (3)

M. C. Anderson, “Studies of the Woodland Light Climate. I. The Photographic Computation of Light Condition,” J. Ecol. 52, 27 (1964).

G. C. Evans, D. E. Coombe, “Hemispherical and Woodland Canopy Photography and the Light Climate,” J. Ecol. 47, 103 (1959).

H. A. I. Madgwick, G. L. Brumfield, “The Use of Hemispherical Photographs to Assess Light Climate in the Forest,” J. Ecol. 57, 537 (1969).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Other (4)

R. Kingslake, Optical System Design (Academic, New York, 1983), pp. 86, 274.

R. Lee, Forest Microclimatology (Columbia U.P., New York, 1978), p. 216.

D. J. Pope, P. S. Lloyd, “Hemispherical Photography, Topography, and Plant Distribution,” in Light as an Ecological Factor II, G. C. Evans, R. Bainbridge, O. Rackham, Eds. (Blackwell, Oxford, 1975), p. 385.

G. C. Evans, P. Freeman, O. Rackham, “Developments in Hemispherical Photography” in Light as an Ecological Factor II, G. C. Evans, R. Bainbridge, O. Rackham, Eds. (Blackwell, Oxford, 1975), p. 549.

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Equations (2)

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ζ = ζ + a 1 sin ( π ζ / ζ max ) + a 2 sin ( 2 π ζ / ζ max ) + a 3 sin ( 3 π ζ / ζ max ) + a 4 sin ( 4 π ζ / ζ max ) + a 5 sin ( 5 π ζ / ζ max ) .
ζ = c 1 ζ + c 2 ζ 2 + c 3 ζ 3 + c 4 ζ 4 + c 5 ζ 5 + c 6 ζ 6

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