Abstract

The results of refractive-index measurements in ZrF4–BaF2–LaF3–AlF3 glass and the effects of the addition of NaF are described. The dispersion properties are not enhanced by the addition of NaF, as shown by increased material dispersion M at long wavelengths and decreased crossover wavelength λ0.

© 1985 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. H. L. Goodman, “Devices and Materials for 4 μm-band Fiber Optical Communication,” Solid State Electron. Devices 2, 129 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. R. Gannon, “Optical Fiber Materials for Operating Wavelengths Longer than 2 μm,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 42, 239 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. G. Drexhage, K. P. Quinlan, C. T. Moynihan, M. Saleh Boulos, Advances in Ceramics, Vol. 2: Physics of Fiber Optics, B. Bendow, S. Mitra, Eds. (American Ceramic Society, Columbus, Ohio, 1981), pp. 57–73.
  4. S. Shibata, M. Horiguchi, K. Jinguji, S. Mitachi, T. Kanamori, T. Manabe, “Prediction of Loss Minima in Infrared Optical Fibers,” Electron. Lett. 17, 775 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. Bendow, M. G. Drexhage, H. G. Lipson, “Infrared Absorption in Highly Transparent Fluorozirconate Glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 52, 1460 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. Bendow, M. G. Drexhage, H. G. Lipson, P. K. Banerjee, J. Goltman, S. S. Mitra, C. T. Moynihan, “Infrared Absorption in Fluorozirconate Glass in the 200–1800-cm−1 Frequency Regime,” Appl. Opt. 20, 2875 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. G. Drexhage et al., “Extended IR Absorption of Multicom-ponent Glasses Based on the Fluorides of Thorium, Barium and Other Metals,” Appl. Opt. 21, 971 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. B. Bendow, R. N. Brown, H. G. Lipson, M. G. Drexhage, C. T. Moynihan, “Infrared Edge Absorption in Fluorohafnate Glass,” Appl. Opt. 21, 4393 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. D. C. Tran, G. H. Sigel, K. H. Levin, R. J. Ginther, “Rayleigh Scattering in ZrF4-Based Glasses,” Electron. Lett. 18, 1046 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Poignant, D. C. Tran, “Viscosity and Optical Measurement on Fluoride Glasses,” Electron. Lett. 18, 1044 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Schroeder et al., “Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses with Low Intrinsic Rayleigh Scattering,” Electron. Lett. 20, 860 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. C. Tran, K. H. Levin, C. F. Fisher, M. J. Burk, G. H. Sigel, “Rayleigh Scattering in Fluoride Glass Optical Fibers,” Electron. Lett. 19, 165 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. C. Tran et al., “Fluoride Glass Optical Fibers,” Third International Symposium on Halide Glasses, Rennes, France (June 1985).
  14. M. G. Drexhage, “Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses,” Treatise on Materials Science and Technology, Vol. 26: Glass IV, M. Tomozawa, R. H. Doremus, Eds. (Academic, New York, 1985), pp. 151–243.
  15. J. J. Hutta, M. J. Suscavage, M. G. Drexhage, O. H. El-Bayoumi, “Techniques for the Preparation of Bulk High Optical Quality Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 484, 83 (1984).
  16. J. Schroeder, M. Fox-Bilmont, B. G. Pazol, V. Tsoukala, M. G. Drexhage, O. H. El-Bayoumi, “Rayleigh and Brillouin Scattering in Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 484, 61 (1984).
  17. E. D. McAlister, J. J. Villa, C. D. Salzberg, “Rapid and Accurate Measurement of Refractive Index in the Infrared,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 485 (1956); M. J. C. Flude, K. J. Habell, A. Jackson, “Recording Refractometer for Measuring Refractive Indices of Optical Glasses over a Wide Range of Wavelengths,” J. Sci. Instrum. 38, 445 (1961); R. Hilton, C. E. Jones, “The Thermal Change in the Nondispersive Infrared Refractive Index of Optical Materials,” Appl. Opt. 6, 1513 (1967); W. Primak, “Refractive Index of Silicon,” Appl. Opt. 10, 759 (1971); M. S. Mangir, R. W. Hellwarth, “Refractive Index Measurements and Nonlinear Moment Parameters for Polycrystalline ZnSe,” Phys Rev. B 16, 856 (1977).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. S. H. Wemple, “Material Dispersion in Optical Fibers,” Appl. Opt. 18, 31 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. S. H. Wemple, M. DiDomenico, “Behavior of the Electronic Dielectric Constant in Covalent and Ionic Materials,” Phys. Rev. B 3, 1338 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. DiDomenico, “Material Dispersion in Optical Fiber Waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 11, 652 (1972).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. S. J. Louisnathan, F. D. Bloss, E. J. Korda, “Measurement of Refractive Indices and Their Dispersion,” Am. Mineral. 63, 394 (1978).
  22. H. Poignant, “Dispersive and Scattering Properties of a ZrF4 Based Glass,” Electron. Lett. 17, 973 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  23. B. Bendow, R. N. Brown, M. G. Drexhage, T. J. Loretz, R. L. Kirk, “Material Dispersion of Fluorozirconate-type Glasses,” Appl. Opt. 20, 3688 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. L. Jeunhomme, H. Poignant, M. Monerie, “Material Dispersion Evaluation in a Fluoride Glass,” Electron. Lett. 17, 808 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  25. K. Jinguji, M. Horiguchi, S. Shibata, T. Kanamori, S. Mitachi, T. Manabe, “Material Dispersion in Fluoride Glasses,” Electron. Lett. 18, 164 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  26. S. Mitachi, T. Miyashita, “Refractive Index Dispersion for BaF2–GdF3–ZrF4–AlF3 Glasses,” Appl. Opt. 22, 2419 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. K. Nassau, S. H. Wemple, “Material Dispersion Slope in Optical Fiber Waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 18, 450 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  28. K. H. Sun, “Fluoride Glasses,” Glass Technol. 20, 36 (1979).
  29. A. Lecoq, M. Poulain, “Lanthanum Fluorozirconate Glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 34, 101 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  30. J. Mansfield, “Evaluation of Multicomponent Fluoride Glass Candidates for Double Crucible Drawn Optical Fiber,” Final Report RADC-TR-83-130 under U.S. Air Force contract F19628-81-C-0073.
  31. J. Schroeder, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute; private communication. Incorrect index-matching oil was used.
  32. M. G. Drexhage et al., “Preparation and Properties of Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses Containing Ytterbium or Lutetium Fluoride,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 65, C168 (1982).
    [CrossRef]

1984 (3)

J. Schroeder et al., “Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses with Low Intrinsic Rayleigh Scattering,” Electron. Lett. 20, 860 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Hutta, M. J. Suscavage, M. G. Drexhage, O. H. El-Bayoumi, “Techniques for the Preparation of Bulk High Optical Quality Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 484, 83 (1984).

J. Schroeder, M. Fox-Bilmont, B. G. Pazol, V. Tsoukala, M. G. Drexhage, O. H. El-Bayoumi, “Rayleigh and Brillouin Scattering in Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 484, 61 (1984).

1983 (2)

D. C. Tran, K. H. Levin, C. F. Fisher, M. J. Burk, G. H. Sigel, “Rayleigh Scattering in Fluoride Glass Optical Fibers,” Electron. Lett. 19, 165 (1983).
[CrossRef]

S. Mitachi, T. Miyashita, “Refractive Index Dispersion for BaF2–GdF3–ZrF4–AlF3 Glasses,” Appl. Opt. 22, 2419 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1982 (7)

M. G. Drexhage et al., “Extended IR Absorption of Multicom-ponent Glasses Based on the Fluorides of Thorium, Barium and Other Metals,” Appl. Opt. 21, 971 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Bendow, R. N. Brown, H. G. Lipson, M. G. Drexhage, C. T. Moynihan, “Infrared Edge Absorption in Fluorohafnate Glass,” Appl. Opt. 21, 4393 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. G. Drexhage et al., “Preparation and Properties of Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses Containing Ytterbium or Lutetium Fluoride,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 65, C168 (1982).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tran, G. H. Sigel, K. H. Levin, R. J. Ginther, “Rayleigh Scattering in ZrF4-Based Glasses,” Electron. Lett. 18, 1046 (1982).
[CrossRef]

H. Poignant, D. C. Tran, “Viscosity and Optical Measurement on Fluoride Glasses,” Electron. Lett. 18, 1044 (1982).
[CrossRef]

K. Jinguji, M. Horiguchi, S. Shibata, T. Kanamori, S. Mitachi, T. Manabe, “Material Dispersion in Fluoride Glasses,” Electron. Lett. 18, 164 (1982).
[CrossRef]

K. Nassau, S. H. Wemple, “Material Dispersion Slope in Optical Fiber Waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 18, 450 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (6)

H. Poignant, “Dispersive and Scattering Properties of a ZrF4 Based Glass,” Electron. Lett. 17, 973 (1981).
[CrossRef]

L. Jeunhomme, H. Poignant, M. Monerie, “Material Dispersion Evaluation in a Fluoride Glass,” Electron. Lett. 17, 808 (1981).
[CrossRef]

S. Shibata, M. Horiguchi, K. Jinguji, S. Mitachi, T. Kanamori, T. Manabe, “Prediction of Loss Minima in Infrared Optical Fibers,” Electron. Lett. 17, 775 (1981).
[CrossRef]

B. Bendow, M. G. Drexhage, H. G. Lipson, “Infrared Absorption in Highly Transparent Fluorozirconate Glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 52, 1460 (1981).
[CrossRef]

B. Bendow, R. N. Brown, M. G. Drexhage, T. J. Loretz, R. L. Kirk, “Material Dispersion of Fluorozirconate-type Glasses,” Appl. Opt. 20, 3688 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Bendow, M. G. Drexhage, H. G. Lipson, P. K. Banerjee, J. Goltman, S. S. Mitra, C. T. Moynihan, “Infrared Absorption in Fluorozirconate Glass in the 200–1800-cm−1 Frequency Regime,” Appl. Opt. 20, 2875 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

J. R. Gannon, “Optical Fiber Materials for Operating Wavelengths Longer than 2 μm,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 42, 239 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979 (3)

K. H. Sun, “Fluoride Glasses,” Glass Technol. 20, 36 (1979).

A. Lecoq, M. Poulain, “Lanthanum Fluorozirconate Glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 34, 101 (1979).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Wemple, “Material Dispersion in Optical Fibers,” Appl. Opt. 18, 31 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1978 (2)

S. J. Louisnathan, F. D. Bloss, E. J. Korda, “Measurement of Refractive Indices and Their Dispersion,” Am. Mineral. 63, 394 (1978).

C. H. L. Goodman, “Devices and Materials for 4 μm-band Fiber Optical Communication,” Solid State Electron. Devices 2, 129 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

1971 (1)

S. H. Wemple, M. DiDomenico, “Behavior of the Electronic Dielectric Constant in Covalent and Ionic Materials,” Phys. Rev. B 3, 1338 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1956 (1)

Banerjee, P. K.

Bendow, B.

Bloss, F. D.

S. J. Louisnathan, F. D. Bloss, E. J. Korda, “Measurement of Refractive Indices and Their Dispersion,” Am. Mineral. 63, 394 (1978).

Brown, R. N.

Burk, M. J.

D. C. Tran, K. H. Levin, C. F. Fisher, M. J. Burk, G. H. Sigel, “Rayleigh Scattering in Fluoride Glass Optical Fibers,” Electron. Lett. 19, 165 (1983).
[CrossRef]

DiDomenico, M.

M. DiDomenico, “Material Dispersion in Optical Fiber Waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 11, 652 (1972).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Wemple, M. DiDomenico, “Behavior of the Electronic Dielectric Constant in Covalent and Ionic Materials,” Phys. Rev. B 3, 1338 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Drexhage, M. G.

J. Schroeder, M. Fox-Bilmont, B. G. Pazol, V. Tsoukala, M. G. Drexhage, O. H. El-Bayoumi, “Rayleigh and Brillouin Scattering in Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 484, 61 (1984).

J. J. Hutta, M. J. Suscavage, M. G. Drexhage, O. H. El-Bayoumi, “Techniques for the Preparation of Bulk High Optical Quality Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 484, 83 (1984).

B. Bendow, R. N. Brown, H. G. Lipson, M. G. Drexhage, C. T. Moynihan, “Infrared Edge Absorption in Fluorohafnate Glass,” Appl. Opt. 21, 4393 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. G. Drexhage et al., “Extended IR Absorption of Multicom-ponent Glasses Based on the Fluorides of Thorium, Barium and Other Metals,” Appl. Opt. 21, 971 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. G. Drexhage et al., “Preparation and Properties of Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses Containing Ytterbium or Lutetium Fluoride,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 65, C168 (1982).
[CrossRef]

B. Bendow, M. G. Drexhage, H. G. Lipson, P. K. Banerjee, J. Goltman, S. S. Mitra, C. T. Moynihan, “Infrared Absorption in Fluorozirconate Glass in the 200–1800-cm−1 Frequency Regime,” Appl. Opt. 20, 2875 (1981).
[CrossRef]

B. Bendow, R. N. Brown, M. G. Drexhage, T. J. Loretz, R. L. Kirk, “Material Dispersion of Fluorozirconate-type Glasses,” Appl. Opt. 20, 3688 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Bendow, M. G. Drexhage, H. G. Lipson, “Infrared Absorption in Highly Transparent Fluorozirconate Glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 52, 1460 (1981).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Drexhage, “Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses,” Treatise on Materials Science and Technology, Vol. 26: Glass IV, M. Tomozawa, R. H. Doremus, Eds. (Academic, New York, 1985), pp. 151–243.

M. G. Drexhage, K. P. Quinlan, C. T. Moynihan, M. Saleh Boulos, Advances in Ceramics, Vol. 2: Physics of Fiber Optics, B. Bendow, S. Mitra, Eds. (American Ceramic Society, Columbus, Ohio, 1981), pp. 57–73.

El-Bayoumi, O. H.

J. Schroeder, M. Fox-Bilmont, B. G. Pazol, V. Tsoukala, M. G. Drexhage, O. H. El-Bayoumi, “Rayleigh and Brillouin Scattering in Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 484, 61 (1984).

J. J. Hutta, M. J. Suscavage, M. G. Drexhage, O. H. El-Bayoumi, “Techniques for the Preparation of Bulk High Optical Quality Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 484, 83 (1984).

Fisher, C. F.

D. C. Tran, K. H. Levin, C. F. Fisher, M. J. Burk, G. H. Sigel, “Rayleigh Scattering in Fluoride Glass Optical Fibers,” Electron. Lett. 19, 165 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Fox-Bilmont, M.

J. Schroeder, M. Fox-Bilmont, B. G. Pazol, V. Tsoukala, M. G. Drexhage, O. H. El-Bayoumi, “Rayleigh and Brillouin Scattering in Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 484, 61 (1984).

Gannon, J. R.

J. R. Gannon, “Optical Fiber Materials for Operating Wavelengths Longer than 2 μm,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 42, 239 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Ginther, R. J.

D. C. Tran, G. H. Sigel, K. H. Levin, R. J. Ginther, “Rayleigh Scattering in ZrF4-Based Glasses,” Electron. Lett. 18, 1046 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Goltman, J.

Goodman, C. H. L.

C. H. L. Goodman, “Devices and Materials for 4 μm-band Fiber Optical Communication,” Solid State Electron. Devices 2, 129 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Horiguchi, M.

K. Jinguji, M. Horiguchi, S. Shibata, T. Kanamori, S. Mitachi, T. Manabe, “Material Dispersion in Fluoride Glasses,” Electron. Lett. 18, 164 (1982).
[CrossRef]

S. Shibata, M. Horiguchi, K. Jinguji, S. Mitachi, T. Kanamori, T. Manabe, “Prediction of Loss Minima in Infrared Optical Fibers,” Electron. Lett. 17, 775 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Hutta, J. J.

J. J. Hutta, M. J. Suscavage, M. G. Drexhage, O. H. El-Bayoumi, “Techniques for the Preparation of Bulk High Optical Quality Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 484, 83 (1984).

Jeunhomme, L.

L. Jeunhomme, H. Poignant, M. Monerie, “Material Dispersion Evaluation in a Fluoride Glass,” Electron. Lett. 17, 808 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Jinguji, K.

K. Jinguji, M. Horiguchi, S. Shibata, T. Kanamori, S. Mitachi, T. Manabe, “Material Dispersion in Fluoride Glasses,” Electron. Lett. 18, 164 (1982).
[CrossRef]

S. Shibata, M. Horiguchi, K. Jinguji, S. Mitachi, T. Kanamori, T. Manabe, “Prediction of Loss Minima in Infrared Optical Fibers,” Electron. Lett. 17, 775 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Kanamori, T.

K. Jinguji, M. Horiguchi, S. Shibata, T. Kanamori, S. Mitachi, T. Manabe, “Material Dispersion in Fluoride Glasses,” Electron. Lett. 18, 164 (1982).
[CrossRef]

S. Shibata, M. Horiguchi, K. Jinguji, S. Mitachi, T. Kanamori, T. Manabe, “Prediction of Loss Minima in Infrared Optical Fibers,” Electron. Lett. 17, 775 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Kirk, R. L.

Korda, E. J.

S. J. Louisnathan, F. D. Bloss, E. J. Korda, “Measurement of Refractive Indices and Their Dispersion,” Am. Mineral. 63, 394 (1978).

Lecoq, A.

A. Lecoq, M. Poulain, “Lanthanum Fluorozirconate Glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 34, 101 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Levin, K. H.

D. C. Tran, K. H. Levin, C. F. Fisher, M. J. Burk, G. H. Sigel, “Rayleigh Scattering in Fluoride Glass Optical Fibers,” Electron. Lett. 19, 165 (1983).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tran, G. H. Sigel, K. H. Levin, R. J. Ginther, “Rayleigh Scattering in ZrF4-Based Glasses,” Electron. Lett. 18, 1046 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, H. G.

Loretz, T. J.

Louisnathan, S. J.

S. J. Louisnathan, F. D. Bloss, E. J. Korda, “Measurement of Refractive Indices and Their Dispersion,” Am. Mineral. 63, 394 (1978).

Manabe, T.

K. Jinguji, M. Horiguchi, S. Shibata, T. Kanamori, S. Mitachi, T. Manabe, “Material Dispersion in Fluoride Glasses,” Electron. Lett. 18, 164 (1982).
[CrossRef]

S. Shibata, M. Horiguchi, K. Jinguji, S. Mitachi, T. Kanamori, T. Manabe, “Prediction of Loss Minima in Infrared Optical Fibers,” Electron. Lett. 17, 775 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Mansfield, J.

J. Mansfield, “Evaluation of Multicomponent Fluoride Glass Candidates for Double Crucible Drawn Optical Fiber,” Final Report RADC-TR-83-130 under U.S. Air Force contract F19628-81-C-0073.

McAlister, E. D.

Mitachi, S.

S. Mitachi, T. Miyashita, “Refractive Index Dispersion for BaF2–GdF3–ZrF4–AlF3 Glasses,” Appl. Opt. 22, 2419 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Jinguji, M. Horiguchi, S. Shibata, T. Kanamori, S. Mitachi, T. Manabe, “Material Dispersion in Fluoride Glasses,” Electron. Lett. 18, 164 (1982).
[CrossRef]

S. Shibata, M. Horiguchi, K. Jinguji, S. Mitachi, T. Kanamori, T. Manabe, “Prediction of Loss Minima in Infrared Optical Fibers,” Electron. Lett. 17, 775 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Mitra, S. S.

Miyashita, T.

Monerie, M.

L. Jeunhomme, H. Poignant, M. Monerie, “Material Dispersion Evaluation in a Fluoride Glass,” Electron. Lett. 17, 808 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Moynihan, C. T.

Nassau, K.

K. Nassau, S. H. Wemple, “Material Dispersion Slope in Optical Fiber Waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 18, 450 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Pazol, B. G.

J. Schroeder, M. Fox-Bilmont, B. G. Pazol, V. Tsoukala, M. G. Drexhage, O. H. El-Bayoumi, “Rayleigh and Brillouin Scattering in Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 484, 61 (1984).

Poignant, H.

H. Poignant, D. C. Tran, “Viscosity and Optical Measurement on Fluoride Glasses,” Electron. Lett. 18, 1044 (1982).
[CrossRef]

H. Poignant, “Dispersive and Scattering Properties of a ZrF4 Based Glass,” Electron. Lett. 17, 973 (1981).
[CrossRef]

L. Jeunhomme, H. Poignant, M. Monerie, “Material Dispersion Evaluation in a Fluoride Glass,” Electron. Lett. 17, 808 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Poulain, M.

A. Lecoq, M. Poulain, “Lanthanum Fluorozirconate Glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 34, 101 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Quinlan, K. P.

M. G. Drexhage, K. P. Quinlan, C. T. Moynihan, M. Saleh Boulos, Advances in Ceramics, Vol. 2: Physics of Fiber Optics, B. Bendow, S. Mitra, Eds. (American Ceramic Society, Columbus, Ohio, 1981), pp. 57–73.

Saleh Boulos, M.

M. G. Drexhage, K. P. Quinlan, C. T. Moynihan, M. Saleh Boulos, Advances in Ceramics, Vol. 2: Physics of Fiber Optics, B. Bendow, S. Mitra, Eds. (American Ceramic Society, Columbus, Ohio, 1981), pp. 57–73.

Salzberg, C. D.

Schroeder, J.

J. Schroeder et al., “Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses with Low Intrinsic Rayleigh Scattering,” Electron. Lett. 20, 860 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Schroeder, M. Fox-Bilmont, B. G. Pazol, V. Tsoukala, M. G. Drexhage, O. H. El-Bayoumi, “Rayleigh and Brillouin Scattering in Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 484, 61 (1984).

J. Schroeder, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute; private communication. Incorrect index-matching oil was used.

Shibata, S.

K. Jinguji, M. Horiguchi, S. Shibata, T. Kanamori, S. Mitachi, T. Manabe, “Material Dispersion in Fluoride Glasses,” Electron. Lett. 18, 164 (1982).
[CrossRef]

S. Shibata, M. Horiguchi, K. Jinguji, S. Mitachi, T. Kanamori, T. Manabe, “Prediction of Loss Minima in Infrared Optical Fibers,” Electron. Lett. 17, 775 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Sigel, G. H.

D. C. Tran, K. H. Levin, C. F. Fisher, M. J. Burk, G. H. Sigel, “Rayleigh Scattering in Fluoride Glass Optical Fibers,” Electron. Lett. 19, 165 (1983).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tran, G. H. Sigel, K. H. Levin, R. J. Ginther, “Rayleigh Scattering in ZrF4-Based Glasses,” Electron. Lett. 18, 1046 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Sun, K. H.

K. H. Sun, “Fluoride Glasses,” Glass Technol. 20, 36 (1979).

Suscavage, M. J.

J. J. Hutta, M. J. Suscavage, M. G. Drexhage, O. H. El-Bayoumi, “Techniques for the Preparation of Bulk High Optical Quality Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 484, 83 (1984).

Tran, D. C.

D. C. Tran, K. H. Levin, C. F. Fisher, M. J. Burk, G. H. Sigel, “Rayleigh Scattering in Fluoride Glass Optical Fibers,” Electron. Lett. 19, 165 (1983).
[CrossRef]

H. Poignant, D. C. Tran, “Viscosity and Optical Measurement on Fluoride Glasses,” Electron. Lett. 18, 1044 (1982).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tran, G. H. Sigel, K. H. Levin, R. J. Ginther, “Rayleigh Scattering in ZrF4-Based Glasses,” Electron. Lett. 18, 1046 (1982).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tran et al., “Fluoride Glass Optical Fibers,” Third International Symposium on Halide Glasses, Rennes, France (June 1985).

Tsoukala, V.

J. Schroeder, M. Fox-Bilmont, B. G. Pazol, V. Tsoukala, M. G. Drexhage, O. H. El-Bayoumi, “Rayleigh and Brillouin Scattering in Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 484, 61 (1984).

Villa, J. J.

Wemple, S. H.

K. Nassau, S. H. Wemple, “Material Dispersion Slope in Optical Fiber Waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 18, 450 (1982).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Wemple, “Material Dispersion in Optical Fibers,” Appl. Opt. 18, 31 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Wemple, M. DiDomenico, “Behavior of the Electronic Dielectric Constant in Covalent and Ionic Materials,” Phys. Rev. B 3, 1338 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Am. Mineral. (1)

S. J. Louisnathan, F. D. Bloss, E. J. Korda, “Measurement of Refractive Indices and Their Dispersion,” Am. Mineral. 63, 394 (1978).

Appl. Opt. (7)

Electron. Lett. (9)

D. C. Tran, G. H. Sigel, K. H. Levin, R. J. Ginther, “Rayleigh Scattering in ZrF4-Based Glasses,” Electron. Lett. 18, 1046 (1982).
[CrossRef]

H. Poignant, D. C. Tran, “Viscosity and Optical Measurement on Fluoride Glasses,” Electron. Lett. 18, 1044 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Schroeder et al., “Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses with Low Intrinsic Rayleigh Scattering,” Electron. Lett. 20, 860 (1984).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Tran, K. H. Levin, C. F. Fisher, M. J. Burk, G. H. Sigel, “Rayleigh Scattering in Fluoride Glass Optical Fibers,” Electron. Lett. 19, 165 (1983).
[CrossRef]

S. Shibata, M. Horiguchi, K. Jinguji, S. Mitachi, T. Kanamori, T. Manabe, “Prediction of Loss Minima in Infrared Optical Fibers,” Electron. Lett. 17, 775 (1981).
[CrossRef]

L. Jeunhomme, H. Poignant, M. Monerie, “Material Dispersion Evaluation in a Fluoride Glass,” Electron. Lett. 17, 808 (1981).
[CrossRef]

K. Jinguji, M. Horiguchi, S. Shibata, T. Kanamori, S. Mitachi, T. Manabe, “Material Dispersion in Fluoride Glasses,” Electron. Lett. 18, 164 (1982).
[CrossRef]

K. Nassau, S. H. Wemple, “Material Dispersion Slope in Optical Fiber Waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 18, 450 (1982).
[CrossRef]

H. Poignant, “Dispersive and Scattering Properties of a ZrF4 Based Glass,” Electron. Lett. 17, 973 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Glass Technol. (1)

K. H. Sun, “Fluoride Glasses,” Glass Technol. 20, 36 (1979).

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

M. G. Drexhage et al., “Preparation and Properties of Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses Containing Ytterbium or Lutetium Fluoride,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 65, C168 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

B. Bendow, M. G. Drexhage, H. G. Lipson, “Infrared Absorption in Highly Transparent Fluorozirconate Glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 52, 1460 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

J. R. Gannon, “Optical Fiber Materials for Operating Wavelengths Longer than 2 μm,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 42, 239 (1980).
[CrossRef]

A. Lecoq, M. Poulain, “Lanthanum Fluorozirconate Glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 34, 101 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

S. H. Wemple, M. DiDomenico, “Behavior of the Electronic Dielectric Constant in Covalent and Ionic Materials,” Phys. Rev. B 3, 1338 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (2)

J. J. Hutta, M. J. Suscavage, M. G. Drexhage, O. H. El-Bayoumi, “Techniques for the Preparation of Bulk High Optical Quality Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 484, 83 (1984).

J. Schroeder, M. Fox-Bilmont, B. G. Pazol, V. Tsoukala, M. G. Drexhage, O. H. El-Bayoumi, “Rayleigh and Brillouin Scattering in Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 484, 61 (1984).

Solid State Electron. Devices (1)

C. H. L. Goodman, “Devices and Materials for 4 μm-band Fiber Optical Communication,” Solid State Electron. Devices 2, 129 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

M. G. Drexhage, K. P. Quinlan, C. T. Moynihan, M. Saleh Boulos, Advances in Ceramics, Vol. 2: Physics of Fiber Optics, B. Bendow, S. Mitra, Eds. (American Ceramic Society, Columbus, Ohio, 1981), pp. 57–73.

D. C. Tran et al., “Fluoride Glass Optical Fibers,” Third International Symposium on Halide Glasses, Rennes, France (June 1985).

M. G. Drexhage, “Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses,” Treatise on Materials Science and Technology, Vol. 26: Glass IV, M. Tomozawa, R. H. Doremus, Eds. (Academic, New York, 1985), pp. 151–243.

J. Mansfield, “Evaluation of Multicomponent Fluoride Glass Candidates for Double Crucible Drawn Optical Fiber,” Final Report RADC-TR-83-130 under U.S. Air Force contract F19628-81-C-0073.

J. Schroeder, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute; private communication. Incorrect index-matching oil was used.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Index of refraction vs wavelength.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Plots of l/(n2 − 1) vs the square of the photon energy.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Plots of n2 − 1 vs λ2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Material dispersion vs wavelength.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table I Parameters Derived from Fitting Straight Lines to Data Plots

Tables Icon

Table II Crossover Wavelengths

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Table III Index at Na-D Line and Abbe Numbers

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n 2 1 = E d E 0 / ( E 0 2 E 2 ) E 1 2 / E 2 .
1 / ( n 2 1 ) = E 0 / E d E 2 / E d E 0 .
n 2 1 = E d / E o E 1 2 / E 2 .
M = ( λ / c ) ( d 2 n / d λ 2 ) ,
λ 0 = 1.63 ( E d / E 0 3 E 1 2 ) 1 / 4 ( μ m ) .
ν D = ( n D 1 ) / ( n F n C ) ,

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