Abstract

A Fizeau wavemeter using a sealed airspaced wedge is described. Off-axis geometry is employed to produce a compact instrument with good temperature stability. Calibration using a cw multimode dye laser and an argon discharge lamp is described. A precision of 2 in 107 and an accuracy better than 2 in 106 have been achieved.

© 1985 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. J. Snyder, “Laser Wavelength Meters,” Laser Focus 18, 55 (1982).
  2. J.-P. Monchalin et al., “Accurate Laser Wavelength Measurement with a Precision Two-Beam Scanning Michelson Interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 20, 736 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. L.-S. Lee, A. L. Schawlow, “Multiple-Wedge Wavemeter for Pulsed Lasers,” Opt. Lett. 6, 610 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. Yu. Volkov, V. I. Pelipenko, V. V. Smirnov, “Computer-Controlled Laser Radiation Wavelength Meter Based on the Fizeau Interferometer,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 380 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  5. N. Konishi, T. Suzuki, Y. Taira, H. Kato, T. Kasuya, “High Precision Wavelength Meter with Fabry-Perot Optics,” Appl. Phys. 25, 311 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. J. Snyder, “Fizeau Wavelength Meters,” in Laser Spectroscopy III, J. L. Hall, J. L. Carsten, Eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1977), p. 419.
  7. J. J. Snyder, “Compact Static Wavelength Meter for Both Pulsed and cw Lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 8, 959 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. J. Snyder, “Fizeau Wavemeter,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 288, 258 (1981).
  9. M. B. Morris, T. J. Mcllrath, J. J. Snyder, “Fizeau Wavemeter for Pulsed Laser Wavelength Measurement,” Appl. Opt. 23, 3862 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. L. Gardner, “Wave-Front Curvature in a Fizeau Wavemeter,” Opt. Lett. 8, 91 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. R. J. Roark, Formulas for Stress and Strain (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1954), Chap. 10.
  12. J. J. Snyder, “Algorithm for Fast Digital Analysis of Interference Fringes,” Appl. Opt. 19, 1223 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. B. A. Palmer, R. A. Keller, R. Engleman, “An Atlas of Uranium Emission Intensities in a Hollow Cathode Discharge,” LASL Rep. LA-8251-MS (Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, 1980).
  14. A. R. Striganov, N. S. Sventitskii, Table of Spectral Lines of Neutral and Ionized Atoms (IFI/Plenum, New York, 1968).
  15. D. M. Kane, “Optogalvanic Signals Generated in a Neon Positive Column Discharge by Resonant Chopped cw Radiation at 588.2 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 56, 1267 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Savitsky, M. J. E. Golay, “Smoothing and Differentiation of Data by Simplified Least Squares Procedures,” Anal. Chem. 36, 1627 (1964).
    [CrossRef]
  17. F. E. Jones, “The Refractivity of Air,” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 86, 27 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  18. D. Lu, Z. Wu, “A Method for Calculating the Wedge Spacing of a Fizeau Wavelength Meter,” Opt. Laser Technol. 16, 206 (1984).
    [CrossRef]

1984 (3)

D. M. Kane, “Optogalvanic Signals Generated in a Neon Positive Column Discharge by Resonant Chopped cw Radiation at 588.2 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 56, 1267 (1984).
[CrossRef]

D. Lu, Z. Wu, “A Method for Calculating the Wedge Spacing of a Fizeau Wavelength Meter,” Opt. Laser Technol. 16, 206 (1984).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Morris, T. J. Mcllrath, J. J. Snyder, “Fizeau Wavemeter for Pulsed Laser Wavelength Measurement,” Appl. Opt. 23, 3862 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1983 (1)

1982 (2)

S. Yu. Volkov, V. I. Pelipenko, V. V. Smirnov, “Computer-Controlled Laser Radiation Wavelength Meter Based on the Fizeau Interferometer,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 380 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Snyder, “Laser Wavelength Meters,” Laser Focus 18, 55 (1982).

1981 (5)

J. J. Snyder, “Fizeau Wavemeter,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 288, 258 (1981).

N. Konishi, T. Suzuki, Y. Taira, H. Kato, T. Kasuya, “High Precision Wavelength Meter with Fabry-Perot Optics,” Appl. Phys. 25, 311 (1981).
[CrossRef]

L.-S. Lee, A. L. Schawlow, “Multiple-Wedge Wavemeter for Pulsed Lasers,” Opt. Lett. 6, 610 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-P. Monchalin et al., “Accurate Laser Wavelength Measurement with a Precision Two-Beam Scanning Michelson Interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 20, 736 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. E. Jones, “The Refractivity of Air,” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 86, 27 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

1979 (1)

J. J. Snyder, “Compact Static Wavelength Meter for Both Pulsed and cw Lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 8, 959 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1964 (1)

A. Savitsky, M. J. E. Golay, “Smoothing and Differentiation of Data by Simplified Least Squares Procedures,” Anal. Chem. 36, 1627 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Engleman, R.

B. A. Palmer, R. A. Keller, R. Engleman, “An Atlas of Uranium Emission Intensities in a Hollow Cathode Discharge,” LASL Rep. LA-8251-MS (Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, 1980).

Gardner, J. L.

Golay, M. J. E.

A. Savitsky, M. J. E. Golay, “Smoothing and Differentiation of Data by Simplified Least Squares Procedures,” Anal. Chem. 36, 1627 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Jones, F. E.

F. E. Jones, “The Refractivity of Air,” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 86, 27 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Kane, D. M.

D. M. Kane, “Optogalvanic Signals Generated in a Neon Positive Column Discharge by Resonant Chopped cw Radiation at 588.2 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 56, 1267 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Kasuya, T.

N. Konishi, T. Suzuki, Y. Taira, H. Kato, T. Kasuya, “High Precision Wavelength Meter with Fabry-Perot Optics,” Appl. Phys. 25, 311 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Kato, H.

N. Konishi, T. Suzuki, Y. Taira, H. Kato, T. Kasuya, “High Precision Wavelength Meter with Fabry-Perot Optics,” Appl. Phys. 25, 311 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Keller, R. A.

B. A. Palmer, R. A. Keller, R. Engleman, “An Atlas of Uranium Emission Intensities in a Hollow Cathode Discharge,” LASL Rep. LA-8251-MS (Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, 1980).

Konishi, N.

N. Konishi, T. Suzuki, Y. Taira, H. Kato, T. Kasuya, “High Precision Wavelength Meter with Fabry-Perot Optics,” Appl. Phys. 25, 311 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Lee, L.-S.

Lu, D.

D. Lu, Z. Wu, “A Method for Calculating the Wedge Spacing of a Fizeau Wavelength Meter,” Opt. Laser Technol. 16, 206 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Mcllrath, T. J.

Monchalin, J.-P.

Morris, M. B.

Palmer, B. A.

B. A. Palmer, R. A. Keller, R. Engleman, “An Atlas of Uranium Emission Intensities in a Hollow Cathode Discharge,” LASL Rep. LA-8251-MS (Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, 1980).

Pelipenko, V. I.

S. Yu. Volkov, V. I. Pelipenko, V. V. Smirnov, “Computer-Controlled Laser Radiation Wavelength Meter Based on the Fizeau Interferometer,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 380 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Roark, R. J.

R. J. Roark, Formulas for Stress and Strain (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1954), Chap. 10.

Savitsky, A.

A. Savitsky, M. J. E. Golay, “Smoothing and Differentiation of Data by Simplified Least Squares Procedures,” Anal. Chem. 36, 1627 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Schawlow, A. L.

Smirnov, V. V.

S. Yu. Volkov, V. I. Pelipenko, V. V. Smirnov, “Computer-Controlled Laser Radiation Wavelength Meter Based on the Fizeau Interferometer,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 380 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Snyder, J. J.

M. B. Morris, T. J. Mcllrath, J. J. Snyder, “Fizeau Wavemeter for Pulsed Laser Wavelength Measurement,” Appl. Opt. 23, 3862 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Snyder, “Laser Wavelength Meters,” Laser Focus 18, 55 (1982).

J. J. Snyder, “Fizeau Wavemeter,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 288, 258 (1981).

J. J. Snyder, “Algorithm for Fast Digital Analysis of Interference Fringes,” Appl. Opt. 19, 1223 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Snyder, “Compact Static Wavelength Meter for Both Pulsed and cw Lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 8, 959 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Snyder, “Fizeau Wavelength Meters,” in Laser Spectroscopy III, J. L. Hall, J. L. Carsten, Eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1977), p. 419.

Striganov, A. R.

A. R. Striganov, N. S. Sventitskii, Table of Spectral Lines of Neutral and Ionized Atoms (IFI/Plenum, New York, 1968).

Suzuki, T.

N. Konishi, T. Suzuki, Y. Taira, H. Kato, T. Kasuya, “High Precision Wavelength Meter with Fabry-Perot Optics,” Appl. Phys. 25, 311 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Sventitskii, N. S.

A. R. Striganov, N. S. Sventitskii, Table of Spectral Lines of Neutral and Ionized Atoms (IFI/Plenum, New York, 1968).

Taira, Y.

N. Konishi, T. Suzuki, Y. Taira, H. Kato, T. Kasuya, “High Precision Wavelength Meter with Fabry-Perot Optics,” Appl. Phys. 25, 311 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Volkov, S. Yu.

S. Yu. Volkov, V. I. Pelipenko, V. V. Smirnov, “Computer-Controlled Laser Radiation Wavelength Meter Based on the Fizeau Interferometer,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 380 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Z.

D. Lu, Z. Wu, “A Method for Calculating the Wedge Spacing of a Fizeau Wavelength Meter,” Opt. Laser Technol. 16, 206 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Chem. (1)

A. Savitsky, M. J. E. Golay, “Smoothing and Differentiation of Data by Simplified Least Squares Procedures,” Anal. Chem. 36, 1627 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. (1)

N. Konishi, T. Suzuki, Y. Taira, H. Kato, T. Kasuya, “High Precision Wavelength Meter with Fabry-Perot Optics,” Appl. Phys. 25, 311 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. M. Kane, “Optogalvanic Signals Generated in a Neon Positive Column Discharge by Resonant Chopped cw Radiation at 588.2 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 56, 1267 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. (1)

F. E. Jones, “The Refractivity of Air,” J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 86, 27 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Laser Focus (1)

J. J. Snyder, “Laser Wavelength Meters,” Laser Focus 18, 55 (1982).

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

D. Lu, Z. Wu, “A Method for Calculating the Wedge Spacing of a Fizeau Wavelength Meter,” Opt. Laser Technol. 16, 206 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

J. J. Snyder, “Fizeau Wavemeter,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 288, 258 (1981).

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (2)

S. Yu. Volkov, V. I. Pelipenko, V. V. Smirnov, “Computer-Controlled Laser Radiation Wavelength Meter Based on the Fizeau Interferometer,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 380 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Snyder, “Compact Static Wavelength Meter for Both Pulsed and cw Lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 8, 959 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

J. J. Snyder, “Fizeau Wavelength Meters,” in Laser Spectroscopy III, J. L. Hall, J. L. Carsten, Eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1977), p. 419.

B. A. Palmer, R. A. Keller, R. Engleman, “An Atlas of Uranium Emission Intensities in a Hollow Cathode Discharge,” LASL Rep. LA-8251-MS (Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, 1980).

A. R. Striganov, N. S. Sventitskii, Table of Spectral Lines of Neutral and Ionized Atoms (IFI/Plenum, New York, 1968).

R. J. Roark, Formulas for Stress and Strain (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1954), Chap. 10.

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Isometric view of the optical assembly sectioned through the center.

Tables (1)

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Table I Vacuum Wavelengths of Ar Calibration Lines and Calibration Error

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