Abstract

Theoretical analysis of the writing mechanism of textured optical storage media revealed a fundamental sensitivity advantage due to the absence of an energy barrier other than melting the material. The melting limited optical writing has been experimentally achieved both in textured germanium samples and textured silicon samples. The analysis also predicted that an instability exists in the fluid motion of the textured column during spot formation, which grows exponentially on a subnanosecond time scale. This instability coupled with the excessive Laplace-Young surface pressure ensures the spot formation before the resolidifica-tion of the molten material. This writing process facilitates the optimization of a given medium and greatly simplifies the materials research.

© 1985 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. W. Goldberg, “Large Memory Applications for Optical Disk,” in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Data Storage (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1983), paper MA31.
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. B. Shaffer, J. W. Schelin, D. T. Thomas, “Data Base and File Management Approach for Large Optical Disk System,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 421, 20 (1983).
  3. K. Bulthuis, M. G. Carasso, J. P. J. Heemskerk, P. J. Kivits, W. J. Kleuters, P. Zaim, “Ten Billion Bits on a Disk,” IEEE Spectrum (Aug.1978), p. 26.
  4. W-Y. Lee, R. H. Geiss, “Degradation of Thin Tellurium Films,” J. Appl. Phys. 54, 1351 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, “Microscopically Textured Optical Storage Media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 532 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, R. W. Smith, D. A. Snyder, “Textured Optical Storage Media,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 329, 202 (1982).
  7. H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, J. E. Sweeney, D. M. Tennant, “Textured Surfaces: Optical Storage and Other Applications,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. 20, 316 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, P. F. Liao, D. M. Tennant, J. E. Sweeney, “Textured Germanium Optical Storage Medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 662 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Y. Suh, “Optical Writing Process in Textured Media,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 382, 196 (1983).
  10. L. M. Schiavone, H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, J. L. Shay, “Studies of Fabrication Parameters of Textured Storage Media,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 390, 144 (1983).
  11. M. O. Aboelfotoh, R. J. von Gutfeld, “Effects of Pulsed Laser Radiation on Thin Aluminum Films,” J. Appl. Phys. 43, 3789 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Feldman, J. M. Moran, R. L. Ruth, R. R. Goham, “Integrated Circuit Artwork Generation by Laser Machining,” Solid State Technol. 20, 52 (1977).
  13. D. Maydan, “Micromachining and Image Recording on Thin Films by Laser Beams,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 50, 1761 (1971).
  14. R. Sard, D. Maydan, “A Structural Investigation of the Laser Machining of Thin Bismuth Films,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5084 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. Corcoran, H. Ferrier, “Melting Holes in Metal Films for Real-Time High Density Digital Data Storage,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 123, 17 (1977).
  16. M. Tenao, K. Shigematsu, M. Ojima, Y. Taniguchi, S. Horigome, S. Yonezawa, “Chalcogenide Thin Films for Laser-Beam Recordings by Thermal Creation of Holes,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 6881 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  17. R. C. Miller, R. H. Willens, H. A. Watson, L. A. D'Asaro, M. Feldman, “A Gallium-Arsenide Laser Facsimile Printer,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 58, 1909 (1979).
  18. P. Kivits, R. De Bont, B. Jacobs, P. Zaim, “The Hole Formation Process in Tellurium Layers for Optical Data Storage,” Thin Solid Films 87, 215 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. J. Wrobel, A. B. Marchant, D. G. Howe, “Laser Marking of Thin Organic Films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 928 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  20. S. Y. Suh, D. A. Snyder, D. L. Anderson, “Writing Process in Ablative Optical Recording,” Appl. Opt. in press.
  21. C. Isenberg, The Science of Soap Films and Soap Bubbles (Wood Spring Press, Somerset, England, 1978).
  22. M. Mansuripur, G. A. N. Connell, J. W. Goodman, “Laser-Induced Local Heating of Multilayers,” Appl. Opt. 21, 1106 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. M. Mansuripur, G. A. N. Connell, “Laser-Induced Local Heating of Moving Multilayer Media,” Appl. Opt. 22, 666 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. S. Y. Suh, D. L. Anderson, “Latent Heat Effects of Pulsed Laser Beam Induced Temperature Profiles in Optical Recording Thin Films,”Appl. Opt. 23, 3965 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. U. C. Paek, A. Kestenbaum, “Thermal Analysis of Thin-Film Micromachining with Lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2260 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  26. G. A. Niklasson, H. G. Craighead, “Threshold Laser Powers of Textured Optical Storage Media,” Opt. Eng. 23, 443 (1984).
    [CrossRef]

1984 (2)

1983 (5)

M. Mansuripur, G. A. N. Connell, “Laser-Induced Local Heating of Moving Multilayer Media,” Appl. Opt. 22, 666 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Shaffer, J. W. Schelin, D. T. Thomas, “Data Base and File Management Approach for Large Optical Disk System,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 421, 20 (1983).

W-Y. Lee, R. H. Geiss, “Degradation of Thin Tellurium Films,” J. Appl. Phys. 54, 1351 (1983).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Suh, “Optical Writing Process in Textured Media,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 382, 196 (1983).

L. M. Schiavone, H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, J. L. Shay, “Studies of Fabrication Parameters of Textured Storage Media,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 390, 144 (1983).

1982 (6)

H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, R. W. Smith, D. A. Snyder, “Textured Optical Storage Media,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 329, 202 (1982).

H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, J. E. Sweeney, D. M. Tennant, “Textured Surfaces: Optical Storage and Other Applications,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. 20, 316 (1982).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, P. F. Liao, D. M. Tennant, J. E. Sweeney, “Textured Germanium Optical Storage Medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 662 (1982).
[CrossRef]

M. Mansuripur, G. A. N. Connell, J. W. Goodman, “Laser-Induced Local Heating of Multilayers,” Appl. Opt. 21, 1106 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Kivits, R. De Bont, B. Jacobs, P. Zaim, “The Hole Formation Process in Tellurium Layers for Optical Data Storage,” Thin Solid Films 87, 215 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Wrobel, A. B. Marchant, D. G. Howe, “Laser Marking of Thin Organic Films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 928 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, “Microscopically Textured Optical Storage Media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 532 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1979 (2)

M. Tenao, K. Shigematsu, M. Ojima, Y. Taniguchi, S. Horigome, S. Yonezawa, “Chalcogenide Thin Films for Laser-Beam Recordings by Thermal Creation of Holes,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 6881 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Miller, R. H. Willens, H. A. Watson, L. A. D'Asaro, M. Feldman, “A Gallium-Arsenide Laser Facsimile Printer,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 58, 1909 (1979).

1978 (1)

K. Bulthuis, M. G. Carasso, J. P. J. Heemskerk, P. J. Kivits, W. J. Kleuters, P. Zaim, “Ten Billion Bits on a Disk,” IEEE Spectrum (Aug.1978), p. 26.

1977 (2)

M. Feldman, J. M. Moran, R. L. Ruth, R. R. Goham, “Integrated Circuit Artwork Generation by Laser Machining,” Solid State Technol. 20, 52 (1977).

J. Corcoran, H. Ferrier, “Melting Holes in Metal Films for Real-Time High Density Digital Data Storage,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 123, 17 (1977).

1973 (1)

U. C. Paek, A. Kestenbaum, “Thermal Analysis of Thin-Film Micromachining with Lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2260 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

M. O. Aboelfotoh, R. J. von Gutfeld, “Effects of Pulsed Laser Radiation on Thin Aluminum Films,” J. Appl. Phys. 43, 3789 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1971 (2)

D. Maydan, “Micromachining and Image Recording on Thin Films by Laser Beams,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 50, 1761 (1971).

R. Sard, D. Maydan, “A Structural Investigation of the Laser Machining of Thin Bismuth Films,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5084 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Aboelfotoh, M. O.

M. O. Aboelfotoh, R. J. von Gutfeld, “Effects of Pulsed Laser Radiation on Thin Aluminum Films,” J. Appl. Phys. 43, 3789 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, D. L.

Bulthuis, K.

K. Bulthuis, M. G. Carasso, J. P. J. Heemskerk, P. J. Kivits, W. J. Kleuters, P. Zaim, “Ten Billion Bits on a Disk,” IEEE Spectrum (Aug.1978), p. 26.

Carasso, M. G.

K. Bulthuis, M. G. Carasso, J. P. J. Heemskerk, P. J. Kivits, W. J. Kleuters, P. Zaim, “Ten Billion Bits on a Disk,” IEEE Spectrum (Aug.1978), p. 26.

Connell, G. A. N.

Corcoran, J.

J. Corcoran, H. Ferrier, “Melting Holes in Metal Films for Real-Time High Density Digital Data Storage,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 123, 17 (1977).

Craighead, H. G.

G. A. Niklasson, H. G. Craighead, “Threshold Laser Powers of Textured Optical Storage Media,” Opt. Eng. 23, 443 (1984).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Schiavone, H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, J. L. Shay, “Studies of Fabrication Parameters of Textured Storage Media,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 390, 144 (1983).

H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, P. F. Liao, D. M. Tennant, J. E. Sweeney, “Textured Germanium Optical Storage Medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 662 (1982).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, R. W. Smith, D. A. Snyder, “Textured Optical Storage Media,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 329, 202 (1982).

H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, J. E. Sweeney, D. M. Tennant, “Textured Surfaces: Optical Storage and Other Applications,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. 20, 316 (1982).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, “Microscopically Textured Optical Storage Media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 532 (1981).
[CrossRef]

D'Asaro, L. A.

R. C. Miller, R. H. Willens, H. A. Watson, L. A. D'Asaro, M. Feldman, “A Gallium-Arsenide Laser Facsimile Printer,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 58, 1909 (1979).

De Bont, R.

P. Kivits, R. De Bont, B. Jacobs, P. Zaim, “The Hole Formation Process in Tellurium Layers for Optical Data Storage,” Thin Solid Films 87, 215 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Feldman, M.

R. C. Miller, R. H. Willens, H. A. Watson, L. A. D'Asaro, M. Feldman, “A Gallium-Arsenide Laser Facsimile Printer,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 58, 1909 (1979).

M. Feldman, J. M. Moran, R. L. Ruth, R. R. Goham, “Integrated Circuit Artwork Generation by Laser Machining,” Solid State Technol. 20, 52 (1977).

Ferrier, H.

J. Corcoran, H. Ferrier, “Melting Holes in Metal Films for Real-Time High Density Digital Data Storage,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 123, 17 (1977).

Geiss, R. H.

W-Y. Lee, R. H. Geiss, “Degradation of Thin Tellurium Films,” J. Appl. Phys. 54, 1351 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Goham, R. R.

M. Feldman, J. M. Moran, R. L. Ruth, R. R. Goham, “Integrated Circuit Artwork Generation by Laser Machining,” Solid State Technol. 20, 52 (1977).

Goldberg, H. W.

H. W. Goldberg, “Large Memory Applications for Optical Disk,” in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Data Storage (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1983), paper MA31.
[CrossRef]

Goodman, J. W.

Heemskerk, J. P. J.

K. Bulthuis, M. G. Carasso, J. P. J. Heemskerk, P. J. Kivits, W. J. Kleuters, P. Zaim, “Ten Billion Bits on a Disk,” IEEE Spectrum (Aug.1978), p. 26.

Horigome, S.

M. Tenao, K. Shigematsu, M. Ojima, Y. Taniguchi, S. Horigome, S. Yonezawa, “Chalcogenide Thin Films for Laser-Beam Recordings by Thermal Creation of Holes,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 6881 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Howard, R. E.

L. M. Schiavone, H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, J. L. Shay, “Studies of Fabrication Parameters of Textured Storage Media,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 390, 144 (1983).

H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, R. W. Smith, D. A. Snyder, “Textured Optical Storage Media,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 329, 202 (1982).

H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, P. F. Liao, D. M. Tennant, J. E. Sweeney, “Textured Germanium Optical Storage Medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 662 (1982).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, J. E. Sweeney, D. M. Tennant, “Textured Surfaces: Optical Storage and Other Applications,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. 20, 316 (1982).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, “Microscopically Textured Optical Storage Media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 532 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Howe, D. G.

J. J. Wrobel, A. B. Marchant, D. G. Howe, “Laser Marking of Thin Organic Films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 928 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Isenberg, C.

C. Isenberg, The Science of Soap Films and Soap Bubbles (Wood Spring Press, Somerset, England, 1978).

Jacobs, B.

P. Kivits, R. De Bont, B. Jacobs, P. Zaim, “The Hole Formation Process in Tellurium Layers for Optical Data Storage,” Thin Solid Films 87, 215 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kestenbaum, A.

U. C. Paek, A. Kestenbaum, “Thermal Analysis of Thin-Film Micromachining with Lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2260 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Kivits, P.

P. Kivits, R. De Bont, B. Jacobs, P. Zaim, “The Hole Formation Process in Tellurium Layers for Optical Data Storage,” Thin Solid Films 87, 215 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kivits, P. J.

K. Bulthuis, M. G. Carasso, J. P. J. Heemskerk, P. J. Kivits, W. J. Kleuters, P. Zaim, “Ten Billion Bits on a Disk,” IEEE Spectrum (Aug.1978), p. 26.

Kleuters, W. J.

K. Bulthuis, M. G. Carasso, J. P. J. Heemskerk, P. J. Kivits, W. J. Kleuters, P. Zaim, “Ten Billion Bits on a Disk,” IEEE Spectrum (Aug.1978), p. 26.

Lee, W-Y.

W-Y. Lee, R. H. Geiss, “Degradation of Thin Tellurium Films,” J. Appl. Phys. 54, 1351 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Liao, P. F.

H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, P. F. Liao, D. M. Tennant, J. E. Sweeney, “Textured Germanium Optical Storage Medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 662 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Mansuripur, M.

Marchant, A. B.

J. J. Wrobel, A. B. Marchant, D. G. Howe, “Laser Marking of Thin Organic Films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 928 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Maydan, D.

D. Maydan, “Micromachining and Image Recording on Thin Films by Laser Beams,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 50, 1761 (1971).

R. Sard, D. Maydan, “A Structural Investigation of the Laser Machining of Thin Bismuth Films,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5084 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Miller, R. C.

R. C. Miller, R. H. Willens, H. A. Watson, L. A. D'Asaro, M. Feldman, “A Gallium-Arsenide Laser Facsimile Printer,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 58, 1909 (1979).

Moran, J. M.

M. Feldman, J. M. Moran, R. L. Ruth, R. R. Goham, “Integrated Circuit Artwork Generation by Laser Machining,” Solid State Technol. 20, 52 (1977).

Niklasson, G. A.

G. A. Niklasson, H. G. Craighead, “Threshold Laser Powers of Textured Optical Storage Media,” Opt. Eng. 23, 443 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Ojima, M.

M. Tenao, K. Shigematsu, M. Ojima, Y. Taniguchi, S. Horigome, S. Yonezawa, “Chalcogenide Thin Films for Laser-Beam Recordings by Thermal Creation of Holes,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 6881 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Paek, U. C.

U. C. Paek, A. Kestenbaum, “Thermal Analysis of Thin-Film Micromachining with Lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2260 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Ruth, R. L.

M. Feldman, J. M. Moran, R. L. Ruth, R. R. Goham, “Integrated Circuit Artwork Generation by Laser Machining,” Solid State Technol. 20, 52 (1977).

Sard, R.

R. Sard, D. Maydan, “A Structural Investigation of the Laser Machining of Thin Bismuth Films,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5084 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Schelin, J. W.

J. B. Shaffer, J. W. Schelin, D. T. Thomas, “Data Base and File Management Approach for Large Optical Disk System,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 421, 20 (1983).

Schiavone, L. M.

L. M. Schiavone, H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, J. L. Shay, “Studies of Fabrication Parameters of Textured Storage Media,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 390, 144 (1983).

Shaffer, J. B.

J. B. Shaffer, J. W. Schelin, D. T. Thomas, “Data Base and File Management Approach for Large Optical Disk System,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 421, 20 (1983).

Shay, J. L.

L. M. Schiavone, H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, J. L. Shay, “Studies of Fabrication Parameters of Textured Storage Media,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 390, 144 (1983).

Shigematsu, K.

M. Tenao, K. Shigematsu, M. Ojima, Y. Taniguchi, S. Horigome, S. Yonezawa, “Chalcogenide Thin Films for Laser-Beam Recordings by Thermal Creation of Holes,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 6881 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. W.

H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, R. W. Smith, D. A. Snyder, “Textured Optical Storage Media,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 329, 202 (1982).

Snyder, D. A.

H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, R. W. Smith, D. A. Snyder, “Textured Optical Storage Media,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 329, 202 (1982).

S. Y. Suh, D. A. Snyder, D. L. Anderson, “Writing Process in Ablative Optical Recording,” Appl. Opt. in press.

Suh, S. Y.

S. Y. Suh, D. L. Anderson, “Latent Heat Effects of Pulsed Laser Beam Induced Temperature Profiles in Optical Recording Thin Films,”Appl. Opt. 23, 3965 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Suh, “Optical Writing Process in Textured Media,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 382, 196 (1983).

S. Y. Suh, D. A. Snyder, D. L. Anderson, “Writing Process in Ablative Optical Recording,” Appl. Opt. in press.

Sweeney, J. E.

H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, P. F. Liao, D. M. Tennant, J. E. Sweeney, “Textured Germanium Optical Storage Medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 662 (1982).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, J. E. Sweeney, D. M. Tennant, “Textured Surfaces: Optical Storage and Other Applications,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. 20, 316 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Taniguchi, Y.

M. Tenao, K. Shigematsu, M. Ojima, Y. Taniguchi, S. Horigome, S. Yonezawa, “Chalcogenide Thin Films for Laser-Beam Recordings by Thermal Creation of Holes,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 6881 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Tenao, M.

M. Tenao, K. Shigematsu, M. Ojima, Y. Taniguchi, S. Horigome, S. Yonezawa, “Chalcogenide Thin Films for Laser-Beam Recordings by Thermal Creation of Holes,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 6881 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Tennant, D. M.

H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, P. F. Liao, D. M. Tennant, J. E. Sweeney, “Textured Germanium Optical Storage Medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 662 (1982).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, J. E. Sweeney, D. M. Tennant, “Textured Surfaces: Optical Storage and Other Applications,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. 20, 316 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, D. T.

J. B. Shaffer, J. W. Schelin, D. T. Thomas, “Data Base and File Management Approach for Large Optical Disk System,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 421, 20 (1983).

von Gutfeld, R. J.

M. O. Aboelfotoh, R. J. von Gutfeld, “Effects of Pulsed Laser Radiation on Thin Aluminum Films,” J. Appl. Phys. 43, 3789 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Watson, H. A.

R. C. Miller, R. H. Willens, H. A. Watson, L. A. D'Asaro, M. Feldman, “A Gallium-Arsenide Laser Facsimile Printer,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 58, 1909 (1979).

Willens, R. H.

R. C. Miller, R. H. Willens, H. A. Watson, L. A. D'Asaro, M. Feldman, “A Gallium-Arsenide Laser Facsimile Printer,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 58, 1909 (1979).

Wrobel, J. J.

J. J. Wrobel, A. B. Marchant, D. G. Howe, “Laser Marking of Thin Organic Films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 928 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Yonezawa, S.

M. Tenao, K. Shigematsu, M. Ojima, Y. Taniguchi, S. Horigome, S. Yonezawa, “Chalcogenide Thin Films for Laser-Beam Recordings by Thermal Creation of Holes,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 6881 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Zaim, P.

P. Kivits, R. De Bont, B. Jacobs, P. Zaim, “The Hole Formation Process in Tellurium Layers for Optical Data Storage,” Thin Solid Films 87, 215 (1982).
[CrossRef]

K. Bulthuis, M. G. Carasso, J. P. J. Heemskerk, P. J. Kivits, W. J. Kleuters, P. Zaim, “Ten Billion Bits on a Disk,” IEEE Spectrum (Aug.1978), p. 26.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

J. J. Wrobel, A. B. Marchant, D. G. Howe, “Laser Marking of Thin Organic Films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 928 (1982).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, “Microscopically Textured Optical Storage Media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 532 (1981).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, P. F. Liao, D. M. Tennant, J. E. Sweeney, “Textured Germanium Optical Storage Medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 662 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (2)

D. Maydan, “Micromachining and Image Recording on Thin Films by Laser Beams,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 50, 1761 (1971).

R. C. Miller, R. H. Willens, H. A. Watson, L. A. D'Asaro, M. Feldman, “A Gallium-Arsenide Laser Facsimile Printer,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 58, 1909 (1979).

IEEE Spectrum (1)

K. Bulthuis, M. G. Carasso, J. P. J. Heemskerk, P. J. Kivits, W. J. Kleuters, P. Zaim, “Ten Billion Bits on a Disk,” IEEE Spectrum (Aug.1978), p. 26.

J. Appl. Phys. (5)

W-Y. Lee, R. H. Geiss, “Degradation of Thin Tellurium Films,” J. Appl. Phys. 54, 1351 (1983).
[CrossRef]

M. Tenao, K. Shigematsu, M. Ojima, Y. Taniguchi, S. Horigome, S. Yonezawa, “Chalcogenide Thin Films for Laser-Beam Recordings by Thermal Creation of Holes,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 6881 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. Sard, D. Maydan, “A Structural Investigation of the Laser Machining of Thin Bismuth Films,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5084 (1971).
[CrossRef]

M. O. Aboelfotoh, R. J. von Gutfeld, “Effects of Pulsed Laser Radiation on Thin Aluminum Films,” J. Appl. Phys. 43, 3789 (1972).
[CrossRef]

U. C. Paek, A. Kestenbaum, “Thermal Analysis of Thin-Film Micromachining with Lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2260 (1973).
[CrossRef]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. (1)

H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, J. E. Sweeney, D. M. Tennant, “Textured Surfaces: Optical Storage and Other Applications,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. 20, 316 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

G. A. Niklasson, H. G. Craighead, “Threshold Laser Powers of Textured Optical Storage Media,” Opt. Eng. 23, 443 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (5)

J. Corcoran, H. Ferrier, “Melting Holes in Metal Films for Real-Time High Density Digital Data Storage,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 123, 17 (1977).

J. B. Shaffer, J. W. Schelin, D. T. Thomas, “Data Base and File Management Approach for Large Optical Disk System,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 421, 20 (1983).

S. Y. Suh, “Optical Writing Process in Textured Media,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 382, 196 (1983).

L. M. Schiavone, H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, J. L. Shay, “Studies of Fabrication Parameters of Textured Storage Media,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 390, 144 (1983).

H. G. Craighead, R. E. Howard, R. W. Smith, D. A. Snyder, “Textured Optical Storage Media,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 329, 202 (1982).

Solid State Technol. (1)

M. Feldman, J. M. Moran, R. L. Ruth, R. R. Goham, “Integrated Circuit Artwork Generation by Laser Machining,” Solid State Technol. 20, 52 (1977).

Thin Solid Films (1)

P. Kivits, R. De Bont, B. Jacobs, P. Zaim, “The Hole Formation Process in Tellurium Layers for Optical Data Storage,” Thin Solid Films 87, 215 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

H. W. Goldberg, “Large Memory Applications for Optical Disk,” in Technical Digest of Topical Meeting on Optical Data Storage (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1983), paper MA31.
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Suh, D. A. Snyder, D. L. Anderson, “Writing Process in Ablative Optical Recording,” Appl. Opt. in press.

C. Isenberg, The Science of Soap Films and Soap Bubbles (Wood Spring Press, Somerset, England, 1978).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Geometry of a molten column. V(t) is the volume defined by plane Z = 0 and by the free surface f(x,y,z,t) = 0.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Surface energy of textured media: h, height of the column; r0, radius of the column; D, diameter of the laser beam spot;f, project area fraction occupied by the column; n, number of columns inside the laser beam spot; a, aspect ratio; σ, surface tension; Es, surface energy.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Viscous and inertial dissipation energy: h′, thickness of the ablative thin film; ∇υ, velocity gradient; ω, acceleration.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Threshold power as a function of pulse time for textured amorphous germanium. Dots denote experimental data obtained from Ref. 26: -·-, r m = r w / 2; —, rm = rw/2; ---,rm =0.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Textured germanium. Contrast ratio is defined by |(RaRb)/(Ra + Rb)|, where Ra and Rb are reflection coefficients before and after the optical writing. Optical writing pulse length is 100 nsec for all three cases: —▵—▵—, 1-min etched sample; —●—●—, 2-min etched sample; —○—○—, 4-min etched sample.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Textured silicon. All the experimental conditions are the same as those of Fig. 5 except the sample preparation parameters: —, 4-min etched sample; ---, 6-min etched sample.

Equations (44)

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R e = inertial force viscous force = ρ ( σ / μ ) L / μ
v = 0 ;
ρ [ v t + ( v ) v ] = P + μ 2 v ,
ρ [ υ x t + υ x υ x x + υ y υ x y + υ z υ x t ] = P x + μ 2 υ x x 2 ,
P ~ σ L and P x ~ σ L 2 ,
P x μ 2 υ x x 2 .
μ υ x 2 x 2 ~ μ υ x L 2 ,
υ x ~ σ μ .
ρ [ υ x υ x x + υ y υ x y + υ z υ x z ] ~ ρ υ 2 / L .
| ρ ( v ) v μ 2 v | ~ ρ ( σ μ ) L / μ ,
ρ [ v t + ( v ) v ] = P .
v = ψ ,
v = 2 ψ = 0 .
( P P 0 ) / ρ = ψ t 1 2 [ ( ψ x ) 2 + ( ψ y ) 2 + ( ψ z ) 2 ]
2 ψ = 0
υ z = ψ z = 0 ,
ψ f = f t ,
P = σ κ + P 0 ,
ψ t ½ [ ψ ] 2 = σ κ / ρ
ψ = ψ 1 ( r , θ ) cos ( k z ) cos ( α t + ɛ ) ,
2 ψ 1 r 2 + 1 r ψ 1 r + 1 r 2 2 ψ 1 θ 2 k 2 ψ 1 = 0 ,
ψ 1 = I n ( k r ) cos ( n θ ) , n = 0 , 1 , ,
r = r 0 + Φ ( θ , z , t )
Φ = [ k I n ( k r 0 ) / α ] cos ( n θ ) cos ( k z ) sin ( α t + ɛ ) ,
κ = 1 r o [ k I n ( k r 0 ) / α r 0 2 ] ( n 2 + k 2 r 0 2 1 ) × cos ( n θ ) cos ( k z ) sin ( α t + ɛ ) .
P ρ = ψ t = α ψ 1 ( r 0 , θ ) cos ( k z ) sin ( α t + ɛ ) ,
Δ P = ( κ 1 r 0 ) σ .
α 2 = ( σ ρ r 0 3 ) [ k r 0 I n ( k r 0 ) / I n ( k r 0 ) ] ( n 2 + k 2 r 0 2 1 ) .
k r 0 < 1 .
k = 2 π λ .
λ > 2 π r 0 ,
τ ρ r 0 3 / σ ~ 0.3 nsec ,
Δ E S T = π D 2 f a σ ,
Δ E S A = π D 2 [ ½ ½ ( σ s σ ) ( 2 π h D ) 1 / 2 ] σ ,
[ υ T υ A ] 4 h r 0 h = O ( 10 2 ) ,
ω T ω A h 2 D = O ( 10 1 ) ,
Δ P σ > ρ λ 1 2 τ 2 + 2 μ λ 2 2 h 2 τ ,
λ 1 ( 1 f ) h ,
λ 2 [ 3 r 2 h 4 ] 1 / 3 .
Δ P σ = σ [ 1 r 1 + 1 r 2 ] ,
Δ σ > ρ μ D 2 8 h τ + ρ h D 2 4 τ 2
t T ( r , t ) = D T ( r , t ) + Q ( r , t ) ,
Δ T = [ 1 + 2 C s ρ s ( D s t ) 1 / 2 π ρ f C f h ] 1 ( A I 0 t C f h ) ,
P t = f [ 1 + 2 C s ρ s D S t π ρ f C f h ] ( π r 0 2 h ρ f C f A t ) Δ T m exp [ ( r m r w ) 2 ] ,

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